Published on November 10, 2014
Electric Vehicles Disrupting the Norwegian Grid â New Solutions are Underway Knut Eirik Gustavsen, Partner, Norwegian Centres of Expertise Smart Energy Markets
1. Berlin October 23, 2014 German Norwegian Energy Forum
2. NCE SMART ENERGY MARKETS â¢ A Norwegian cluster and a competence center â Network of 40 members within businesses, government bodies and research institutions that cooperate around energy and ICT related activities â Representing international oriented businesses with a total revenue of 21 billion Norwegian kroner â¢ A pioneer in energy market design and implementation â The cluster developed software for the first European electricity exchange, NordPool and the first European CO2 trade became conducted on a system delivered by the cluster â¢ NCE Smart Energy Markets1 became a Norwegian Centre of Expertise in 2009 â This secures us longâterm governmental funding and support 1) Smart Innovation Ãstfold AS is hosting company
3. A PIONÃR IN MARKET DESIGN
4. From upstream to downstream The overriding issue: How to use available flexibility to maximize profit by trading in the markets? History Future New IT solutions based on Big Data and Analytics
5. The Real IT Revolution â Starting Now Independent trends ââââ are merging into âââ The Nexus of Forces Disruptive Innovation the Way Forward For High Value Adding Economy The Nexus of Forces Source: Gartner 2013 Social Media Mobility Cloud Big Data
6. Exponential Growth and Disruptive Innovation
7. 5th Avenue New York City, April 15, 1900 Source: US National Archives A car
8. 5th Avenue New York City, March, 1913 Source: US National Archives A Horse
9. Disruptive Innovation Disruptive innovation â The process of developing new products or services to replace existing technologies and gain a competitive advantage. 1900 1913 From Horse to Cars during 13 years â There was nothing that horse carriage producers could do â It was a matter of time before car manufactures brought cost down and quality up The car was a Disruptive innovation & technology like PC vs. typewriters, Cell Phone vs. landline. Digital Camera vs. Film(Kodak) etc.
10. The Electric Vehicle â¢ Lower cost of the fuel or free fuel: 1,5 â 2 cent â¬ per km (Norway) â¢ Cheaper to maintain â 90% fewer moving parts â¢ Higher efficiency by as much as 400 to 600 percent over an internal combustion engine â¢ Far more powerful than an internal combustion engine â¢ No emissions or polluting byproducts because this car gets its power from batteries 15% â 20% efficiency 85% â 95% efficiency
11. Status and trend on EV cars in Norway â¢ Number of EV cars by September 2014: 34,000 â¢ Sales growth from 2013 to 2014 (Q1âQ3) is 284% â¢ Public and business charging infrastructure ha problems keeping up with this growth, especially in the larger cities â¢ Financial and traffic incentives has been established by the government and is effective until 2018, or until the 50,000 EV target is reached â The 50,000 target could already be met by early 2015 EV incentives in Norway: â¢ Exempt oneâtime fee on new cars â¢ Zero VAT â¢ Reduced annual traffic fee â¢ Free parking at public parking lots â¢ No charge for toll roads â¢ Free use of public transport lanes â¢ No car charge on public ferries
12. Fire Â«fastlandsÃ¸yerÂ» med veiforbindelse 6 800 installasjoner med AMS 4.300 hytter hvorav 70 % av eierne bor utenfor fylket. 50 kV radial forsyning 1 sekundÃ¦rstasjon, 30 MW 18 kV HS nett (11 mil luft) 206 NS
13. 50 kV single supply power line to the island of Hvaler
14. Two Case Studies â High Return Of Investment University College, Remmen in Halden, Norway Distribution grid the islands of Hvaler, Norway eSmartâs Offering â¢ Realâtime analysis â¢ Critical peak prediction â¢ Automatic control of flexible load â¢ Automatic control of local production Customerâs Outcome â¢ Postpone new grid expansion by 10 years â¢ Cost savings of $10m â¢ Social and environmental value for local community eSmartâs Offering â¢ Realâtime load, market and weather analysis â¢ Automated trading in spot market and balancing market â¢ HVAC integration and control Customerâs Outcome â¢ Reduced peak load by 1000 kW â¢ $20k savings per winter month â¢ Annual saving of $30k for 1 building alone â¢ Significant cost savings accumulated for all 2350 buildings annually
15. What does this mean for a normal household in Norway
16. What does this mean for a normal household in Norwayâ¦ â¦with an electric vehicle car!
17. Trends in the Norwegian energy market â¢ New electrical loads â Heat pumps â EV cars â Instant water heating â Induction powered cookers â¢ New renewable production â Small scale power plants â Wind power plants â Solar power plants â¢ Integrated market and cable infrastructure with the continent and UK
18. What challenges does this give? â¢ More dynamic load and production that gives less predictability â¢ Increased demand for flexible balancing resources and reserves â¢ Increased demand for transmission capacity (regional and national) â¢ Less challenge on transmission level (planned development), bigger challenge on distribution level due to lack of investments
19. Case: Â«Half the neighborhood has EV carsâ¦Â» â¢ Neighborhood with 20 houses â¢ 10 buys EV cars â¢ and charges at the same time
20. Case: Â«Half the neighborhood has EV carsâ¦Â» version 2 â¢ Neighborhood with 20 houses â¢ 10 buys EV cars â¢ Now with smart charging installed
21. Smart Charging Say that 10% of Norwayâs car park is EV cars in the near future: Â«End of the day chargingÂ» peak at 9PM can be 1000MW above todays afternoon peak.
22. An interesting PROSUMER concept !
23. Visit us at www.ncesmart.com Hilde Bekkevard General Manager Mob: +47 920 32 092 [email protected] Bernt Bremdal Professor II Narvik University College Special Advisor, NCE Mob: +47 900 61 173 [email protected]