Published on January 29, 2010
Il divino Michelangelo : Il divino Michelangelo Italian Sculptor, Painter, Architect , Poet Michelangelo Buonarroti : Michelangelo Buonarroti Perhaps the greatest influence on western art in the last five centuries, Michelangelo was an Italian sculptor, architect, painter and poet in the period known as the High Renaissance. Along with contemporaries Leonardo da Vinci and Raphael, he is considered one of the greatest masters in the history of European art. Biography : Biography A Florentine—born March 6, 1475, in the small village of Caprese near Arezzo Second of the five brothers Ludovico hoped that with his studies, Michelangelo could become a successful merchant or businessman, thereby preserving the Buonarroti position in societ Michelangelo wanted to become an artist Enrolled in the studio of Ghirlandiao Slide 4: When I told my father that I wish to be an artist, he flew into a rage, 'artists are laborers, no better than shoemakers." Slide 5: Domenico Ghirlandaio Domenico Ghirlandaio Italian Renaissance painter from Florence. Among his many apprentices was Michelangelo Lorenzo “ The Magnificent “ medici : Lorenzo “ The Magnificent “ medici Italian statesman ,ruler of the Florentine Republic during the Italian Renaissance. Famous patron of art as a sculptor …… : as a sculptor …… He studied human anatomy ~ corpses His sculptures perfected human anatomy “ anatomical seeing” Attention to details Life-like Body glorification . Sculptures : David - “ The Giant “ - The old Testament hero is depicted as a lithe nude youth , muscular and alert, looking off into the distance as if sizing up the enemy Goliath whom he has not yet encountered Sculptures Donatello's bronze david : Donatello's bronze david first freestanding nude male sculpture made since antiquity first unsupported standing work in bronze cast during the Renaissance period Slide 10: David, Michelangelo's most famous sculpture, became the symbol of Florence It is also an example of the contrapposto style of posing the human form. Moses “ Magnificent failure “ : Moses “ Magnificent failure “ The muscular patriarch sits alertly in a shallow niche, holding the tablets of the Ten Commandments, his long beard entwined in his powerful hands. He looks off into the distance as if communicating with God. Horned Moses Pieta : Pieta The marble Pietà (1498-1500), still in its original place in Saint Peter's Basilica. Pietà was probably finished before Michelangelo was 25 years old, and it is the only work he ever signed. The youthful Mary is shown seated majestically, holding the dead Christ across her lap, a theme borrowed from northern European art. Instead of revealing extreme grief, Mary is restrained, and her expression is one of resignation. The Dying Slave : The Dying Slave The Bound Slave and the Dying Slave (both c. 1510-13), Musée du Louvre, Paris, Demonstrated Michelangelo's approach to carving. He conceived of the figure as being imprisoned in the block. By removing the excess stone, the form was released. Here, as is frequently the case with his sculpture, Michelangelo left the statues unfinished (non-finito), either because he was satisfied with them as is, or because he no longer planned to use them. Bacchus : Bacchus The over-life-size Bacchus (1496-98, Florence). One of the few works of pagan rather than Christian subject matter made by the master, it rivaled ancient statuary, the highest mark of admiration in Renaissance Rome. As a painter : As a painter Sistine Chapel : Sistine Chapel The ceiling of the Sistine Chapel in Rome (commissioned by Pope Julius II), was painted between 1508 and 1512. From the Movie :The agony and ecstacy of michelangelo (1965) : From the Movie :The agony and ecstacy of michelangelo (1965) Slide 22: Michelangelo was recalled to Rome by Pope Julius II in 1505 for two commissions. The most important one was for the frescoes of the Sistine Chapel ceiling. Working high above the chapel floor, lying on his back on scaffolding, Michelangelo painted, between 1508 and 1512, some of the finest pictorial images of all time. On the vault of the papal chapel, he devised an intricate system of decoration that included nine scenes from the Book of Genesis, beginning with God Separating Light from Darkness and including the Creation of Adam, the Creation of Eve, the Temptation and Fall of Adam and Eve, and the Flood. These centrally located narratives are surrounded by alternating images of prophets and sibyls on marble thrones, by other Old Testament subjects, and by the ancestors of Christ. Slide 23: In order to prepare for this enormous work, Michelangelo drew numerous figure studies and cartoons, devising scores of figure types and poses. These awesome, mighty images, demonstrating Michelangelo's masterly understanding of human anatomy and movement, changed the course of painting in the West. The Creation Of Man : The Creation Of Man The Creation of the Heavens : The Creation of the Heavens The Erythraean Sibyl : The Erythraean Sibyl The Fall From Grace : The Fall From Grace The Flood : The Flood The Prophet Zachariah : The Prophet Zachariah The Last Judgement : The Last Judgement In Rome, in 1536, Michelangelo was at work on the Last Judgment for the alter wall of the Sistine Chapel, which he finished in 1541. The largest fresco of the Renaissance, it depicts Judgment Day. Christ, with a clap of thunder, puts into motion the inevitable separation, with the saved ascending on the left side of the painting and the damned descending on the right into a Dantesque hell. As was his custom, Michelangelo portrayed all the figures nude, but prudish draperies were added by another artist (who was dubbed the “breeches-maker”) a decade later, as the cultural climate became more conservative. Michelangelo painted his own image in the flayed skin of St. Bartholomew. The Last Judgement : The Last Judgement Doni Tondo : Doni Tondo The Holy Family with the infant St. John the Baptist (the Doni Tondo) c. 1503-05 Slide 33: Sybille de Cummes ceiling of the Sistine Chapel in Vatican City Sibyls were female seers of ancient Greece and Rome. They were also known as oracles. Like the Jewish prophets of the Old Testament, many sibyls had their sayings recorded in books. Jewish prophets spoke unbidden, whereas sibyls tended to speak only if consulted on specific questions. They sometimes answered in riddles or rhetorical questions. Sistine Chapel Virtual Tour : Sistine Chapel Virtual Tour http://mv.vatican.va/3_EN/pages/x-Pano/CSN/Visit_CSN_Main.html Slide 35: Dome of St. Peter's Basilica Michelangelo's crowning achievement as an architect was his work at St. Peter's Basilica, where he was made chief architect in 1546. The building was being constructed according to Donato Bramante's plan, but Michelangelo ultimately became responsible for the altar end of the building on the exterior and for the final form of its dome. Michelangelo's Achievements : Michelangelo's Achievements During his long lifetime, Michelangelo was an intimate of princes and popes, from Lorenzo de' Medici to Leo X, Clement VIII, and Pius III, as well as cardinals, painters, and poets. Neither easy to get along with nor easy to understand, he expressed his view of himself and the world even more directly in his poetry than in the other arts. Much of his verse deals with art and the hardships he underwent, or with Neoplatonic philosophy and personal relationships. Slide 37: The great Renaissance poet Ludovico Ariosto wrote succinctly of this famous artist: “Michael more than mortal, divine angel.” Indeed, Michelangelo was widely awarded the epithet“divine” because of his extraordinary accomplishments. Two generations of Italian painters and sculptors were impressed by his treatment of the human figure: Raphael, Annabale Carracci, Pontormo, Rosso Fiorentino, Sebastiano del Piombo, and Titian. His dome for St. Peter's became the symbol of authority, as well as the model, for domes all over the Western world; the majority of state capitol buildings in the U.S., as well as the Capitol in Washington, D.C., are derived from it.