18iii Expansion under Roosevelt and Taft

Information about 18iii Expansion under Roosevelt and Taft

Published on October 22, 2007

Author: Jancis

Source: authorstream.com

Content

Expansion Under Roosevelt and Taft - Chapter 19:iii -:  Expansion Under Roosevelt and Taft - Chapter 19:iii - [Image source: America – Pathways to the Present, page 514] Riding a wave of popularity following the Spanish-American War, William McKinley was easily re-elected president in 1900.:  Riding a wave of popularity following the Spanish-American War, William McKinley was easily re-elected president in 1900. [Image source: http://www.answers.com/topic/united-states-presidential-election-1900] President William McKinley’s assassination in 1901 resulted in Theodore Roosevelt becoming the 26th president of the United States.:  President William McKinley’s assassination in 1901 resulted in Theodore Roosevelt becoming the 26th president of the United States. [Image source: http://ap.grolier.com/images/cache/046/uh032.jpg] “Teddy” Roosevelt pursued a foreign policy that supported America’s new role in the world.:  “Teddy” Roosevelt pursued a foreign policy that supported America’s new role in the world. [Image source: http://teachpol.tcnj.edu/amer_pol_hist/fi/00000104.jpg] The “White Man’s Burden” was an effort to export the “benefits” of civilization to non-Western cultures.:  The “White Man’s Burden” was an effort to export the “benefits” of civilization to non-Western cultures. [Image source: http://digitalmedia.upd.edu.ph/digiteer/yankee/White-Mans-Burden.jpg] The term “White Man’s Burden” originated with a poem by Rudyard Kipling warning about the problems with empires.:  The term “White Man’s Burden” originated with a poem by Rudyard Kipling warning about the problems with empires. [http://www.utep.edu/hist3101/gif/civilize.gif] The largest market in the world – then and now – was China.:  The largest market in the world – then and now – was China. [Source: America – Pathways to the Present, page 525.] In 1899, the American Secretary-of-State John Hay proposed the Open Door Policy regarding trade with China.:  In 1899, the American Secretary-of-State John Hay proposed the Open Door Policy regarding trade with China. [Image source: http://www.heritage.nf.ca/law/images/johnhay_550.jpg] In 1900, Chinese anger toward the “foreign devils” erupted in a conflict known as the Boxer Rebellion. :  In 1900, Chinese anger toward the “foreign devils” erupted in a conflict known as the Boxer Rebellion. [Image source: http://www.logoi.com/notes/img/boxer_rebellion.jpg] Members of secret societies believed that superstitious beliefs rooted in traditional culture could help them defeat the technologically superior foreigners.:  Members of secret societies believed that superstitious beliefs rooted in traditional culture could help them defeat the technologically superior foreigners. [Image source: http://www.library.yale.edu/div/graphics/boxerdrill.jpg] Western powers and Japan rushed forces to China to suppress the rebellion.:  Western powers and Japan rushed forces to China to suppress the rebellion. [Image source: http://www.historycentral.com/WStage/TheBoxers.jpg] The last great ruler of Qing China – Empress Cixi – hedged her bet by supporting both the Boxers and the Europeans. :  The last great ruler of Qing China – Empress Cixi – hedged her bet by supporting both the Boxers and the Europeans. [Image sources: http://www.topren.net/travel/culture/cixi.jpg] Many European nations and Japan participated in defeating the Boxers.:  Many European nations and Japan participated in defeating the Boxers. [Image source: http://voyage.typepad.com/lfc_images/Boxer_Rebellion_2.jpg] Fearful that imperialist nations would use the rebellion to justify seizing land in China, John Hay re-issued the Open Door Policy, in an effort to defuse the situation.:  Fearful that imperialist nations would use the rebellion to justify seizing land in China, John Hay re-issued the Open Door Policy, in an effort to defuse the situation. [Image source: http://www.heritage.nf.ca/law/images/johnhay_550.jpg] Slide15:  [Image source: http://www.cartoonstock.com/lowres/csl0155l.jpg] The Frenchman Ferdinand de Lesseps obtained a concession in 1879 to build a canal through the Isthmus of Panama.:  The Frenchman Ferdinand de Lesseps obtained a concession in 1879 to build a canal through the Isthmus of Panama. [Image source: http://www.trainweb.org/panama/maps/proposedroutesmap.jpg] Tropical diseases such as malaria and yellow fever, in addition to severe fiscal mismanagement, caused the French effort at canal-building to fail by 1889.:  Tropical diseases such as malaria and yellow fever, in addition to severe fiscal mismanagement, caused the French effort at canal-building to fail by 1889. [Image source: http://www.mcatmaster.com/medicine&war/yellowfever.htm] A canal through Panama would facilitate shifting naval assets between the two oceans.:  A canal through Panama would facilitate shifting naval assets between the two oceans. [Image source: http://img28.echo.cx/img28/7135/franklindelanoroosevelt1934usc.jpg] Colombia delayed in letting America purchase the French companies rights to build a canal. (They wanted more money!):  Colombia delayed in letting America purchase the French companies rights to build a canal. (They wanted more money!) [Image source: http://academic.brooklyn.cuny.edu/history/johnson/trcol.gif] Roosevelt encouraged a group of people to rebell against Colombia and establish a new Republic of Panama.:  Roosevelt encouraged a group of people to rebell against Colombia and establish a new Republic of Panama. [Image source: http://www.authentichistory.com/images/1900s/cartoons/190x_roosevelt_panama_canal.jpg] Warships such as the USS Nashville interfered with Columbian forces attempting to squash the rebellion.:  Warships such as the USS Nashville interfered with Columbian forces attempting to squash the rebellion. [Image source: http://www.pancanalsociety.org/images/ArticlesImg/PRRFH/prr7aa2.jpg] The Hay-Bunau-Varilla Treaty, 17th November 1903, granted the United States exclusive rights over the Canal Zone in central Panama. :  The Hay-Bunau-Varilla Treaty, 17th November 1903, granted the United States exclusive rights over the Canal Zone in central Panama. [Image source: http://www.historycentral.com/Samerica/PanamaIndepColumbia.jpg For $10 million, the United States purchased a ten-mile-wide right-of-way to construct a trans-isthmian canal across Panama.:  For $10 million, the United States purchased a ten-mile-wide right-of-way to construct a trans-isthmian canal across Panama. [Image source: http://www.vw.vccs.edu/vwhansd/HIS122/Teddy/Images/TRtoonPanama.jpg] The plan was to pierce the cordillera with a series of locks and dams.:  The plan was to pierce the cordillera with a series of locks and dams. [Image source: http://www.panamacanal-cruises.com/panama-canal-pictures/crosssections.jpg] Work began on the Canal in 1904, and was finished in 1914 – six months ahead of schedule and $23 million under budget! :  Work began on the Canal in 1904, and was finished in 1914 – six months ahead of schedule and $23 million under budget! [Image source: http://www.opm.gov/about_opm/tr/panamacanal.jpg] The first ship make the transit of the canal.:  The first ship make the transit of the canal. [Image source: http://web.umr.edu/~rogersda/umrcourses/ge342/SS%20Ancon%20first%20transit%20Panama%20Canal.jpg] Slide27:  [Image source: http://www.miras.cz/foto/america/panama-canal-03.jpg] Under Roosevelt, America took seriously its role as the constable of the western hemisphere.:  Under Roosevelt, America took seriously its role as the constable of the western hemisphere. [Image source: America – Pathways to the Present, page 530.] Roosevelt Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine:  “The US can use ‘international police power’ to prevent the intervention of foreign powers in neighboring countries.” Roosevelt Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine “It must be understood that under no circumstances will the United States use the Monroe Doctrine as a cloak for territorial aggression. We desire peace with all the world, but perhaps most of all with the other peoples of the American continent . . . . It is always possible that wrong actions toward this nation . . . may result in our having to take action to protect our rights; but such action will not be taken with a view to territorial aggression.”:  “It must be understood that under no circumstances will the United States use the Monroe Doctrine as a cloak for territorial aggression. We desire peace with all the world, but perhaps most of all with the other peoples of the American continent . . . . It is always possible that wrong actions toward this nation . . . may result in our having to take action to protect our rights; but such action will not be taken with a view to territorial aggression.” Theodore Roosevelt Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine (1904) Some people felt Roosevelt’s tactics could be heavy-handed at times.:  Some people felt Roosevelt’s tactics could be heavy-handed at times. [Image source: http://www.independent.org/images/article_images/tr.gif] Acquisition of islands in the Pacific extended our reach to the Orient.:  Guam Wake Baker Howland Samoa Midway Jarvis Johnston Palmyra Acquisition of islands in the Pacific extended our reach to the Orient. America’s new possessions promoted trade with the Orient and enhanced its defenses.:  America’s new possessions promoted trade with the Orient and enhanced its defenses. [Image source: America – Pathways to the Present, page 530.] When he ran for re-election in 1904, Roosevelt won in a landslide.:  When he ran for re-election in 1904, Roosevelt won in a landslide. [Image source: httphttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_presidential_election,_1904] Empires of the Pacific, circa 1900::  Empires of the Pacific, circa 1900: [Image source: http://www.uoregon.edu/~kimball/images/frn.MPR.1898+.USA.Anchor116.jpg] Slide38:  [Image source: http://www.portsmouthpeacetreaty.com/process/negotiations/negotiations3.html] Slide39:  [Image source: http://ocw.mit.edu/ans7870/21f/21f.027j/yellow_promise_yellow_peril/image/2002_5144_s.jpg] President Roosevelt received the Nobel Peace or negotiating an end to the Russo-Japanese War in 1905.:  President Roosevelt received the Nobel Peace or negotiating an end to the Russo-Japanese War in 1905. [Image source: http://jssgallery.org/Paintings/President_Theodore_Roosevelt.jpg] At the height of his popularity, Roosevelt sent the Great White Fleet around the world to “show the flag” in 1907.:  [Image source: http://www.ismpart.com/exh/korta/korta2l.jpg] At the height of his popularity, Roosevelt sent the Great White Fleet around the world to “show the flag” in 1907. The voyage was a big public-relations success, confirming the United States’ position as a major world power.:  The voyage was a big public-relations success, confirming the United States’ position as a major world power. [Image source: http://mars.ark.com/~camorris/gwfleet/GWF%20route.jpg] Slide43:  [Image source: http://www.worldsfinestnavy.com/GWF.2.jpg] Slide44:  [Image source: http://edbatista.typepad.com/edbatista/images/2006/01/Teddy_Roosevelt.JPG]

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