Published on December 21, 2008
Units 2.15, 2.16,2.17 Social and Environmental effects of globalisation Managing Change for a Better World: Units 2.15, 2.16,2.17 Social and Environmental effects of globalisation Managing Change for a Better World In these unit, students consider whether globalisation has increased our ecological footprint, and how we can reduce the environmental and social costs of globalisation. By the end of these units most students should be able to: Environmental What are links between debt, trade, economic growth and deforestation What is debt for nature and how can it be used What are the effects of deforestation on climate change Social How tourism is a major driving force behind globalisation There are social and moral consequences for tourism in a number of countries .e.g. Cuba Management define ecological footprint and explain why less developed countries have smaller footprints than more developed countries give five examples of events that have raised the global conscience choose one event, find out about the issues it dealt with, and what has happened since outline the four challenges we face to reduce the social and environmental costs of globalisation explain why some countries will find it easier to meet the challenges than others Recap on Essay Question. “Examine the benefits and problems associated with globalisation using examples.”: Recap on Essay Question. “Examine the benefits and problems associated with globalisation using examples.” The important thing is to exemplify your points. 1… underline any examples you have used. Make a number of points benefits and problems. Number how many of each you made. Always use a conclusion. Mark scheme next And now the others you have done: And now the others you have done Using examples, explain how some countries have been affected by debt, and the impacts that this has had on them. (10) Using examples, assess how far TNC’s bring benefits and problems for their suppliers and consumers (10) Using the mark schemes you can have a go at marking one of the above for a colleague. What other consequences are there of globalisation: What other consequences are there of globalisation We have a number of consequences both positive and negative already. Lets get some more facts and figures. 2.15 – The environmental costs of globalisation. Qu. What reasons are there for the high losses of forest in Honduras, Nicaragua and Costa Rica – give figures. Are all environmental consequences of globalisation destructive? http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/in_depth/sci_tech/2004/planet/default.stm 2.16 Social Consequences of globalisation: 2.16 Social Consequences of globalisation What might these be for the local population of the UAE? What might be the environmental, social and economic consequences of tourism for the UAE. Do questions 4-7 on page 125 Slide8: 2.17 Managing Change for a Better World Slide9: Whoops –we’ve overshot. In 2008, humanity used about 40% more in one year than nature can regenerate that same year. That means it takes over a year and three months for the Earth to regenerate what humanity is using in one year. This problem -- using resources faster than they can regenerate and creating waste faster than it can be absorbed -- is called ecological overshoot. Slide10: What does this mean? Where has your life come from today?: Where has your life come from today? Make a brief globalisation diagram of everything about your life today that can be attributed to globalisation. http://www.earthday.net/footprint/flash.html : http://www.earthday.net/footprint/flash.html Slide13: The WWF rankings are measured in "global hectares" — the area of biologically productive land and sea needed to provide the resources consumed by an average person. The Emirates' ecological footprint measured 11.9 global hectares per person, compared to 9.6 hectares per person for the United States and a global average of 2.2 hectares a person. The country took the top spot because its energy consumption is high and emissions are spread among a small population, The country's landscape offers little help. Undulating sand dunes and jagged mountains of bare rock offer precious little greenery to soak up carbon emissions. Qu – How has globalisation allowed a desert country to grow so rapidly. Is it right? Scales of Response: Scales of Response Worldwide: The UN have since 1992 earth summit in Rio been trying to promote action at a variety of levels through Agenda 21. Kyoto protocol: what did this do? AGENDA 21: AGENDA 21 Agenda 21 is a programme run by the United Nations (UN) related to sustainable development. It is a comprehensive blueprint of action to be taken globally, nationally and locally by organizations of the UN, governments, and major groups in every area in which humans impact on theenvironment. The number 21 refers to the 21st century. Section I: Social and Economic Dimensions including combating poverty, changing consumption patterns, population and demographic dynamics, promoting health, promoting sustainable settlement patterns and integrating environment and development into decision-making. Section II: Conservation and Management of Resources for Development including atmospheric protection, combating deforestation, protecting fragile environments, conservation of biological diversity (biodiversity), and control of pollution. Section III: Strengthening the Role of Major Groups including the roles of children and youth, women, NGOs, local authorities, business and workers. Section IV: Means of Implementation including science, technology transfer, education, international institutions and mechanisms and financial mechanisms. Other scales: Other scales Abu Dhabi: The Masdar initiative is an one taken by the government of the UAE It is aimed at trying to make the development of the UAE more sustainable. Increased global conscience of the global village: Increased global conscience of the global village Large scale events such as live Earth Ethical shopping – demand for fair trade products and a reduction of food miles – but are these always positive? Carbon offsetting and trading Reduce – re-use and recycle Tasks: page 129 – question 3, 4, 5, 6, and exam question.