2 Use of Biomass in Industrial Boilers

Information about 2 Use of Biomass in Industrial Boilers

Published on January 10, 2008

Author: Tibald

Source: authorstream.com

Content

Use of Biomass in Industrial Boilers:  Use of Biomass in Industrial Boilers Yoshio HIRAYAMA TechnoSoft Co.,Ltd. Function of Boiler and Required Conditions :  Function of Boiler and Required Conditions Classification of Boilers (1):  Classification of Boilers (1) Boiler Special Boiler Water Tube Boiler Fire Tube Boiler (Cylindrical Boiler) Cast-iron Boiler Steel Boiler Through Flow Forced Circulation Bent Tube Straight Tube Natural Circulation External-combustion Internal-combustion Longitudinal Tube Transversal Tube Indirect Heating Special Fuel Waste Heat Classification of Boilers (2):  Classification of Boilers (2) Classification of Boilers (3):  Classification of Boilers (3) * Some boilers can use more than one type of fuel. ** Water-tube boilers are more amenable to solid fuels like coal and wood waste than fire-tube boilers. Fire-tube and Water-tube:  Fire-tube and Water-tube Combustion Gas Water Fire-tube and Water-tube:  Fire-tube and Water-tube Fire-Tube Water-Tube Straight and Bent Tube Boiler (Water Tube) :  Straight and Bent Tube Boiler (Water Tube) Bent Tube Type Straight Tube Type Steam Drum Super Heater Gas Exhaust Steam Inlet Water Drum Burner Burners Vaporizer Blower Water Chamber Burner Water Tube Water Chamber Advantage and Disadvantage of Straight Tube Boiler:  Advantage and Disadvantage of Straight Tube Boiler Type and Feature of Incinerator (Boiler):  Type and Feature of Incinerator (Boiler) Combustion Facilities of Moving Bed Type:  Combustion Facilities of Moving Bed Type Loading Conveyer Automatic Discharging Silo Feeding Conveyer Softening Facilities Water Tank Chemical Pump Feed Pump Air Heater Safety Valve Steam Chimney Induced Fan Dust Collector Forced Fan Ignition Burner Adjusting Silo Oil Pressure Cylinder LP Stoker Ash Banker Ash Pit Ash Conveyer Sand Injector Biomass Feeder Ash Treatment Fluidized Bed Boiler:  Fluidized Bed Boiler Steam Drum Flue Gas Tube Bank Water Chamber Air Super Heater Outlet Manifold Super Heater Furnace Wall Tube Coal Feeder Bed Material Feeder Bed Material Discharge Rotary Kiln Boiler:  Rotary Kiln Boiler 1st Stage Combustion Air Flue Gas Rotary Kiln Driving Machinery Solid Fuel 2nd Stage Combustion Air Ignition Burner 2nd Stage Fire Box Stoker Ash Discharging Conveyer Ash Heating Value of Typical Biomass Fuels :  Heating Value of Typical Biomass Fuels Bagasse:  Bagasse Bark and Wood Waste:  Bark and Wood Waste Palm Waste:  Palm Waste Corn Waste:  Corn Waste Fluidized bed type Incineration Rice Husk:  Rice Husk Fluidized bed type Incineration How to use Woody Biomass 1) Wood chip as Alternative for Heavy Oil:  How to use Woody Biomass 1) Wood chip as Alternative for Heavy Oil Wood chip is used as the fuel of boilers in wood work factories for drying woods and space heating. Fuel price of wood chip is cheaper than heavy oil. Biomass boilers are more expensive than heavy oil boilers. ( 2-5 times) Cheaper and automatic-controllable biomass boilers are expected. How to use Woody Biomass 2) Pellet Fuel as Alternative of Kerosene:  How to use Woody Biomass 2) Pellet Fuel as Alternative of Kerosene Wood pellet for boiler fuel is small and uniform. Accordingly it is suitable for controlling room temperature and automatic operation of boilers for home use. Cost down and good distribution system of wood pellets,and development of low price biomass boiler (heater) will expand use of pellet fuel. How to use Woody Biomass 3) Bio Ethanol etc. as Alternatives of Gasoline:  How to use Woody Biomass 3) Bio Ethanol etc. as Alternatives of Gasoline Cellulose, main component of woody biomass, is consist of glucose. It is useful as a raw material of bio ethanol by cracking with sulfuric acid. Bio ethanol can be used as an automobile fuel. Recently development of bio ethanol has started in many countries. Liquid fuel is made from thermal cracked gas of woody biomass. How to use Woody Biomass 4) Generation using Woody Biomass:  How to use Woody Biomass 4) Generation using Woody Biomass Biomass electricity generation from woody biomass is popular in the North Europe. There are some biomass generation systems. Steam turbine Gasification engine Starling engine Small size generation systems are less profitable than large systems. Cogeneration system is preferable. RDF and RPF:  RDF and RPF RDF: Refuse Derived Fuel 4,000~5,000 kcal/kg RPF: Refuse Paper & Plastic Fuel A kind of RDF. It is made from waste plastics and waste paper. 6,000~8,000 kcal/kg Shape and Bulk of Biomass Energy:  Shape and Bulk of Biomass Energy Wooden Chip Sugarcane Rice Husk Corn Waste Palm Waste Wooden Chip Wooden Pellet Refuse Derived Fuel (RDF) Refuse Derived Fuel (RDF):  Refuse Derived Fuel (RDF) Biomass Crasher Dryer Wind Sorting Machine Compression Molding Machine RDF Inflammable Sorting Machine Inflammable Molding machine of RDF and RPF:  Molding machine of RDF and RPF Flat dies type Screw dies type Ring dies type Characteristics of RPF:  Characteristics of RPF Quality is stable. Calorie control is possible. Higher calorie than RDF. Easy handling Easy countermeasure to exhaust emission Economical fuel Price is 1/4 - 1/3 of coal. Ash is ½ of coal. 7. Contributes to global warming prevention (Reduction of GHG) Raw material of RPF and Heat quantity:  Raw material of RPF and Heat quantity

Related presentations


Other presentations created by Tibald

Delta Sigma Data Converters
09. 01. 2008
0 views

Delta Sigma Data Converters

african trypanosomes
11. 01. 2008
0 views

african trypanosomes

Lecture 14
13. 01. 2008
0 views

Lecture 14

127 barto p
16. 01. 2008
0 views

127 barto p

TacSat Path Web OV 6 1 04
22. 01. 2008
0 views

TacSat Path Web OV 6 1 04

april croatia aepc
24. 01. 2008
0 views

april croatia aepc

102 Gerbec Kontic
09. 01. 2008
0 views

102 Gerbec Kontic

Bootstrapping Entrepreneurship
11. 02. 2008
0 views

Bootstrapping Entrepreneurship

freeze drying effects
25. 01. 2008
0 views

freeze drying effects

CPD146 private equity admin
07. 02. 2008
0 views

CPD146 private equity admin

Social Psychology
17. 01. 2008
0 views

Social Psychology

leaf
20. 02. 2008
0 views

leaf

Ped Resp
20. 02. 2008
0 views

Ped Resp

Baroque
26. 02. 2008
0 views

Baroque

licenciamento
10. 01. 2008
0 views

licenciamento

Russian Military Expenditures
05. 03. 2008
0 views

Russian Military Expenditures

FIPSE
11. 03. 2008
0 views

FIPSE

The Urban Mosaic Part I
14. 03. 2008
0 views

The Urban Mosaic Part I

Multimedia Markets
19. 03. 2008
0 views

Multimedia Markets

Ase Hedemark Gallofsta05
28. 01. 2008
0 views

Ase Hedemark Gallofsta05

NotationAndEncoding
15. 01. 2008
0 views

NotationAndEncoding

IndeedNETPresentatio n07 07
08. 04. 2008
0 views

IndeedNETPresentatio n07 07

values
16. 04. 2008
0 views

values

An2F03 IGweek09
12. 02. 2008
0 views

An2F03 IGweek09

gpmems
11. 01. 2008
0 views

gpmems

waddell
24. 04. 2008
0 views

waddell

s shashikant
08. 05. 2008
0 views

s shashikant

2005 JRC Workshop Eisele
02. 05. 2008
0 views

2005 JRC Workshop Eisele

Writing ISAT
18. 02. 2008
0 views

Writing ISAT

vetit 3 resz
28. 02. 2008
0 views

vetit 3 resz

EinarLovdal
16. 01. 2008
0 views

EinarLovdal

AN RBC CRight open
25. 01. 2008
0 views

AN RBC CRight open

comets 1
16. 01. 2008
0 views

comets 1

Cabinet integrated present
21. 01. 2008
0 views

Cabinet integrated present

Almeida ITSAPT
22. 01. 2008
0 views

Almeida ITSAPT

F Couvreux ihop juin04
25. 02. 2008
0 views

F Couvreux ihop juin04

santTOPch02
29. 01. 2008
0 views

santTOPch02

thinking allowed
15. 01. 2008
0 views

thinking allowed

pulso
10. 01. 2008
0 views

pulso