2007 05 02 presentation rtas and the gats en

Information about 2007 05 02 presentation rtas and the gats en

Published on October 22, 2007

Author: CoolDude26

Source: authorstream.com

Content

RTAs and the GATS:  RTAs and the GATS Ruosi Zhang Trade in Services Division World Trade Organization Principle: GATS Article II (MFN Treatment):  Principle: GATS Article II (MFN Treatment) “With respect to any measure covered by this Agreement, each Member shall accord immediately and unconditionally to services and service suppliers of any other Member treatment no less favourable than that it accords to like services and service suppliers of any other country.” Exceptions to Article II:  Exceptions to Article II MFN Exemptions: Annex on Article II (MFN) Article V: Economic Integration Article VII: Recognition Other exceptions Article V: Economic Integration:  Article V: Economic Integration Article V provides coverage for preferences among Members within a framework of economic integration. No MFN exemption is required if the relevant conditions are met. RTAs generally cover goods and services: Article V provides. coverage for the services part or for a services-only RTA. Article V: Conditions:  Article V: Conditions Substantial sectoral coverage (volume of trade, number of sectors, and modes of supply) No a priori exclusion of modes of supply Absence or elimination of discrimination “in the sense” of Article XVII (national treatment) Should facilitate trade among parties and not raise overall barriers vis-à-vis other Members If GATS specific commitments are affected, renegotiation according to Article XXI is required Article V: Flexibility:  Article V: Flexibility Substantial sectoral coverage and elimination of all discrimination can be achieved over a reasonable timeframe Conditions are relaxed if developing countries are parties to the agreement Consideration may be given to the relationship with a wider process of economic integration No discrimination of established suppliers (juridical persons) of third countries, except for agreements among developing countries Article V: Examination:  Article V: Examination Notification to the Council for Trade in Services (CTS): existence, enlargement or significant modification of the agreement CTS transmits agreement to the Committee on Regional Trading Agreements (CRTA) for examination On conclusion of the examination, the CRTA makes recommendations to the CTS Since the creation of the GATT (1947), the CRTA never concluded the examination of an agreement ... ... but Article V may nevertheless be adjudicated in Dispute Settlement Article V: Notified RATs (1):  Article V: Notified RATs (1) As of April 2007, the notifications made pursuant to Article V:7(a) cover 42 RTAs on services. The majority were notified in the past 2-3 years. Among the notified RTAs, a lot of involve the EC and the US, such as: the EC-25; EC-EFTA; EC-Mexico; EC-Chile; NAFTA; US-CAFTA-DR; US-Australia; US-Bahrain; US-Chile; US-Jordan; US-Singapore; US-Australia; US-Morocco. A number of new RTAs have yet to be notified (e.g. US-Oman, US-Colombia, US-Israel, US-Peru, US-korea, US-Panama...) Article V: Notified RATs (2):  Article V: Notified RATs (2) Chile, Singapore and Mexico are those developing countries who are particularly active in RTAs on services. Services RTAS to which they are parties include: Chile-Canada; Chile-EC; Chile-EFTA; Chile-Mexico; Chile-El Salvador; Chile-Korea; Chile-Costa Rica; Chile-US Singapore-EFTA; Singapore-Australia; Singapore-New Zealand; Singapore-Japan; Singapore-Jordan; Singapore-Korea; Singapore-Panama; Singapore-US; Mexico-EC; Mexico-EFTA; Mexico-Chile; Mexico-Costa Rica; Mexico-EL Salvador; Mexico-Honduras; Mexico-Guatemala; Mexico-Nicaragua; Mexico-Japan; as well as NAFTA More Members have been involved in RTAs on services, such as: Australia, China, Japan; Korea; Thailand, New Zealand, etc. Possible Reasons for Negotiating RTAs on Services:  Possible Reasons for Negotiating RTAs on Services As part of the regional integration process (Protection of local/regional industries from global competition, enhance competitiveness) Reciprocal benefits easier to identify or deeper integration easier to achieve (mutual recognition, free movement of persons, etc.) or regulatory cooperation easier to achieve As first step towards multilateral engagement Extension to areas not (fully) covered by GATS (e.g. government procurement, strict subsidy disciplines) Negotiating economy: lower administrative costs in negotiating with a few partners; enhanced influence on outcome Political, strategic, or other reasons? Drawbacks associated with RTAs:  Drawbacks associated with RTAs Trade and investment diversion? Inefficiencies: sectoral and economy-wide? Diversion of resources from WTO efforts? Resource implications of negotiating and administering various arrangements? Creation of vested interests opposing more comprehensive liberalization? Overlapping membership: costs for traders, regulators and customs officials in meeting multiple sets of trade rules? Characteristics of RTAs Liberalizing Trade in Services:  Characteristics of RTAs Liberalizing Trade in Services Coverage Services only (governed by GATS Art V) Goods and services (governed by both GATT Art XXIV and GATS Art V) Services liberalization under RTAs: a relatively recent phenomenon, post NAFTA & GATS growing at a fast pace most RTAs concluded recently cover both goods & services keeping track of new RTAs: not all have been notified to WTO Approaches taken towards liberalization of trade in services in RTAs:  Approaches taken towards liberalization of trade in services in RTAs Positive list or negative list approach? GATS type: positive list Countries make specific commitments for liberalization in their Schedules NAFTA-type: negative list Everything is liberalized unless a reservation has been made for particular non-conforming measures Approaches taken towards liberalization of trade in services in RTAs:  Approaches taken towards liberalization of trade in services in RTAs Methods of liberalization Similar disciplines to GATS Most significant liberalization taking place through better market access and national treatment commitments What have RTAs achieved so far?:  What have RTAs achieved so far? Few commitments beyond status quo Commitments go beyond GATS in some sectors Some innovation in rule-making Some success in promoting regulatory cooperation. Will future agreements achieve more? Postal and courier services in RTAs:  Postal and courier services in RTAs This is an important service sector in RTA negotiations. For FTAs to which the US is a party, specific commitments on express delivery services are usually included. Like GATS commitments, parties to RTAs are reluctant to make commitments on postal services. When positive list approach is taken, commitments made in this sector are usually only about courier services. When negative list approach is taken, parties tend to make specific reservations on postal services, which are usually related to exclusive rights.

Related presentations


Other presentations created by CoolDude26

CH8 PowerPoint Robotics
31. 12. 2007
0 views

CH8 PowerPoint Robotics

challenging behavior
17. 09. 2007
0 views

challenging behavior

ch1
17. 09. 2007
0 views

ch1

IP P mohan
19. 09. 2007
0 views

IP P mohan

RMP October 2006 Data
11. 10. 2007
0 views

RMP October 2006 Data

standing2
12. 10. 2007
0 views

standing2

lam talk
15. 10. 2007
0 views

lam talk

Escher
15. 10. 2007
0 views

Escher

2006 Radicarbon History
16. 10. 2007
0 views

2006 Radicarbon History

pre b373
17. 10. 2007
0 views

pre b373

banderas2
22. 10. 2007
0 views

banderas2

ostrichsm
17. 09. 2007
0 views

ostrichsm

209 OASIS Ostrich presentation
17. 09. 2007
0 views

209 OASIS Ostrich presentation

ssec software development
07. 10. 2007
0 views

ssec software development

dianxinyezhuanxing
12. 10. 2007
0 views

dianxinyezhuanxing

africa presentation
23. 10. 2007
0 views

africa presentation

spatial databases
23. 10. 2007
0 views

spatial databases

vollhardt lecc2005
17. 10. 2007
0 views

vollhardt lecc2005

232nm13
29. 10. 2007
0 views

232nm13

ans321L2
17. 09. 2007
0 views

ans321L2

Plan Bleu partie2
24. 10. 2007
0 views

Plan Bleu partie2

05 galaxies
29. 08. 2007
0 views

05 galaxies

nuclearWeapons
23. 12. 2007
0 views

nuclearWeapons

ChristensenNov2
29. 08. 2007
0 views

ChristensenNov2

Unit3
03. 01. 2008
0 views

Unit3

como fazer palestra espirita
07. 01. 2008
0 views

como fazer palestra espirita

XES Architecture Vacuum v2
17. 09. 2007
0 views

XES Architecture Vacuum v2

2 tinyos
29. 10. 2007
0 views

2 tinyos

Lecture16 overheads
21. 08. 2007
0 views

Lecture16 overheads

Hip Injuries in Athletics PartI
01. 08. 2007
0 views

Hip Injuries in Athletics PartI

jsimon irvine
29. 08. 2007
0 views

jsimon irvine

GeorgeMiley LOFAR May06
29. 08. 2007
0 views

GeorgeMiley LOFAR May06

jim brady
05. 10. 2007
0 views

jim brady

automotive invitation
24. 10. 2007
0 views

automotive invitation

microscopy
15. 10. 2007
0 views

microscopy

General Psychopathology
16. 02. 2008
0 views

General Psychopathology

The Virus of Violence
20. 02. 2008
0 views

The Virus of Violence

cindy pragma grid
17. 10. 2007
0 views

cindy pragma grid

ASOCallPresentation2 006WBSD
18. 03. 2008
0 views

ASOCallPresentation2 006WBSD

China Korea Trip Info
25. 03. 2008
0 views

China Korea Trip Info

A105 021 GalI
29. 08. 2007
0 views

A105 021 GalI

widefield yan
29. 08. 2007
0 views

widefield yan

blain cosmoskyoto
29. 08. 2007
0 views

blain cosmoskyoto

Corporate Profile November 2007
27. 03. 2008
0 views

Corporate Profile November 2007

Cal Mrtg Watkins
10. 04. 2008
0 views

Cal Mrtg Watkins

pcreek
13. 04. 2008
0 views

pcreek

7 9 kraft
29. 08. 2007
0 views

7 9 kraft

neos innovation challenge short
14. 04. 2008
0 views

neos innovation challenge short

nslab diffserv 06a
16. 04. 2008
0 views

nslab diffserv 06a

podraza medicare
17. 04. 2008
0 views

podraza medicare

Capitalizing
18. 04. 2008
0 views

Capitalizing

Meyer
22. 04. 2008
0 views

Meyer

forbes manhattan presentation
28. 04. 2008
0 views

forbes manhattan presentation

cs4811 ch09 uncertainty
17. 09. 2007
0 views

cs4811 ch09 uncertainty

Managing Tough Decisions
17. 09. 2007
0 views

Managing Tough Decisions

David Ellis powerpoint
30. 04. 2008
0 views

David Ellis powerpoint

Anesthetic Machines
02. 05. 2008
0 views

Anesthetic Machines

ADSL NTT
09. 10. 2007
0 views

ADSL NTT

ABM12006
15. 10. 2007
0 views

ABM12006

Richstone Mitchell
29. 08. 2007
0 views

Richstone Mitchell

CIP TOA and Beyond 5 29 07
03. 01. 2008
0 views

CIP TOA and Beyond 5 29 07

Thomson top panic05
18. 06. 2007
0 views

Thomson top panic05

Thesis defense rev12
18. 06. 2007
0 views

Thesis defense rev12

tftge dec 02
18. 06. 2007
0 views

tftge dec 02

Temp bone trauma slides 051012
18. 06. 2007
0 views

Temp bone trauma slides 051012

tamara
18. 06. 2007
0 views

tamara

tactical euro condor06
18. 06. 2007
0 views

tactical euro condor06

Stolarz D 1603
18. 06. 2007
0 views

Stolarz D 1603

stoc04
18. 06. 2007
0 views

stoc04

stabicp slides
18. 06. 2007
0 views

stabicp slides

Sofia Sima 2 ext new
18. 06. 2007
0 views

Sofia Sima 2 ext new

slacbaryo genesis
18. 06. 2007
0 views

slacbaryo genesis

iyef project homeless connect
31. 10. 2007
0 views

iyef project homeless connect

SOFG
18. 06. 2007
0 views

SOFG

NorthStar
13. 11. 2007
0 views

NorthStar

rickwilliams
21. 08. 2007
0 views

rickwilliams

Noah s Ark
03. 10. 2007
0 views

Noah s Ark

ambertech
19. 11. 2007
0 views

ambertech

Soc RespI SOC02
17. 09. 2007
0 views

Soc RespI SOC02

Internet Protocol Addresses
15. 06. 2007
0 views

Internet Protocol Addresses

Colour Reconnection
15. 06. 2007
0 views

Colour Reconnection

Research & Development
15. 06. 2007
0 views

Research & Development

Low Frequency Gravitational Wave
15. 06. 2007
0 views

Low Frequency Gravitational Wave

vander Marel mgct2 win
29. 08. 2007
0 views

vander Marel mgct2 win

G020514 00
17. 09. 2007
0 views

G020514 00

aas calzetti
29. 08. 2007
0 views

aas calzetti

jokes riddles
17. 09. 2007
0 views

jokes riddles

vaulttutorial
19. 09. 2007
0 views

vaulttutorial

Ch90 ExtensionsToFOPC
17. 09. 2007
0 views

Ch90 ExtensionsToFOPC

Mercurio
29. 08. 2007
0 views

Mercurio

Eric Gawiser pire galclust
29. 08. 2007
0 views

Eric Gawiser pire galclust

Eric Gawiser pire galform
29. 08. 2007
0 views

Eric Gawiser pire galform

1 Dirk Van Braeckel
23. 10. 2007
0 views

1 Dirk Van Braeckel

directors roundtable 0407
02. 10. 2007
0 views

directors roundtable 0407

MWR
01. 08. 2007
0 views

MWR

01 Singleton
17. 09. 2007
0 views

01 Singleton

astro101 2000oct
15. 11. 2007
0 views

astro101 2000oct

CCAT06 Chapman
29. 08. 2007
0 views

CCAT06 Chapman

nips06 tutorial
17. 09. 2007
0 views

nips06 tutorial

90convexpo Jeff Tobe ppt
17. 09. 2007
0 views

90convexpo Jeff Tobe ppt