مجلة القانون والاقتصادى العدد الثالث الجزء الثالث

Information about مجلة القانون والاقتصادى العدد الثالث الجزء الثالث

Published on June 6, 2016

Author: legallab7

Source: slideshare.net

Content

1. 1 ٜ‫ف‬ ‫تذث‬ٗ ٛ‫اىْظز‬ ‫اإلؽار‬ٜ‫اىشزػ‬ ‫ى‬ ّّٜ٘‫اىقا‬‫ٍشارٝغ‬ ‫ذشغٞو‬ ٗ ‫تْاء‬ ً‫ْظا‬ ‫االطرثَار‬‫اىَثاشز‬‫ىيظيطح‬ ‫ذذ٘ٝيٖا‬ ٗ ‫اىؼاٍح‬ ‫قشٍار‬ ٚ‫ٍظطف‬ ‫ٍذَذ‬ ‫د.ّادٝا‬ : ‫إػذاد‬ ‫الحقوق‬ ‫بكلٌة‬ ‫المساعد‬ ‫األستاذ‬–‫فٌالدلفٌا‬ ‫جامعة‬–‫األردن‬ ، ‫عمان‬.

2. 2 ‫اىَذر٘ٝاخ‬ ‫فٖزص‬ ‫ٍيخض‬‫اىثذث‬‫تاىيغح‬‫اىؼزتٞح‬ٗ‫االّجيٞشٝح‬3 ‫ٍقذٍح‬5 ‫اىفظو‬‫األٗه‬:‫اإلؽار‬ٛ‫اىْظز‬ً‫ىْظا‬‫تْاء‬ٗ‫ذشغٞو‬‫ٍشا‬‫رٝغ‬‫االطرثَار‬ٗ‫ذذ٘ٝيٖا‬‫ىيظيطح‬‫اىؼاٍح‬.5 ‫حٌّزلغ‬‫ح٤ٚي‬:‫ؽز١ؼش‬ٚ‫هظخثض‬‫ػمٛى‬BOT..............................................................................................٘ ‫حٌّطٍذ‬‫ح٤ٚي‬:َٛٙ‫ِف‬‫ػمٛى‬BOT........................................................................................................ٙ ‫حٌّطٍذ‬ٌ‫ح‬ٟٔ‫ؼخ‬:‫هظخثض‬‫ػمٛى‬BOT...................................................................................................7 ‫حٌّزلغ‬ٟٔ‫حٌؼخ‬:ِ١١ّ‫ط‬‫ػمٛى‬BOTٓ‫ػ‬‫أشىخي‬‫حٌؼمٛى‬َٜ‫ح٤ه‬..............................................................................9 ‫حٌّطٍذ‬‫ح٤ٚي‬:َ‫ٔظخ‬‫حٌــ‬B.O.O.Tٚ‫ػمٛى‬BOT:......................................................................................9 ‫حٌّطٍذ‬ٌ‫ح‬ٟٔ‫ؼخ‬:‫ػمٛى‬‫حٌــ‬B.O.O.ٚ‫ػمٛى‬BOT:....................................................................................ٔٓ ‫حٌّطٍذ‬‫حٌؼخٌغ‬:‫ػمٛى‬‫حٌزٍض‬B.L.Tٚ‫ػمٛى‬BOT....................................................................................ٔٓ ‫حٌّطٍذ‬‫حٌَحرغ‬:‫ػمٛى‬ٛ‫حٌزظ‬B.T.Oٚ‫ػمٛى‬BOT.....................................................................................ٔٔ ‫حٌّطٍذ‬ِْ‫حٌوخ‬:‫ػمٛى‬ٛ‫حٌيرف‬D.B.F.Oٚ‫ػمٛى‬BOT..............................................................................ٔٔ ‫حٌّطٍذ‬ّ‫حٌٔخى‬:‫ػمٛى‬‫حٌّٛٚص‬:M.O.O.Tٚ‫ػمٛى‬BOT.........................................................................ٕٔ ‫حٌّزلغ‬‫حٌؼخٌغ‬:‫أؽَحف‬ٚ‫ِـخ٨ص‬‫ػمٛى‬BOT............................................................................................ٕٔ ‫حٌّطٍذ‬‫ح٤ٚي‬:‫أؽَحف‬‫ػمٛى‬BOT....................................................................................................ٕٔ ‫حٌّطٍذ‬ٟٔ‫حٌؼخ‬:‫ِـخ٨ص‬َ‫حٓظويح‬َ‫ٔظخ‬BOT..........................................................................................ٔٗ ‫اىفظو‬ّٜ‫اىثا‬:‫اإلؽار‬‫اى‬ّّٜ٘‫قا‬ً‫ىْظا‬‫تْاء‬ٗ‫ذشغٞو‬‫ٍشارٝغ‬‫االطرثَار‬ٗ‫ذذ٘ٝيٖا‬‫ىيظيطح‬‫اىؼاٍح‬.55 ‫حٌّزلغ‬‫ح٤ٚي‬:‫ِٛلغ‬‫ػمٛى‬BOTِٓ‫حٌؼمٛى‬‫حٌمخٔٛٔ١ش‬....................................................................................ٔ٘ ٌ‫ح‬‫ّزلغ‬ٟٔ‫حٌؼخ‬:َ‫حٌؼٕخط‬‫حٌمخٔٛٔ١ش‬‫ٌؼمٛى‬BOT............................................................................................ٔٙ ‫حٌّزلغ‬‫حٌؼخٌغ‬:‫حٌلمٛق‬ٚ‫حٌٛحؿزخص‬‫٤ؽَحف‬‫ػمٛى‬BOT...............................................................................ٔ9 ‫حٌّزلغ‬‫حٌَحرغ‬:‫حٌظى١١ف‬‫حٌشَػ‬ٟٟٔٛٔ‫حٌمخ‬‫ٌؼمٛى‬BOT..................................................................................ٕٓ ‫اىَزاجغ‬‫تؼذ‬ُ‫اىقزآ‬ٌٝ‫اىنز‬:55

3. 3 ‫ٍيخض‬‫اى‬‫ثذث‬‫اىؼزتٞح‬ ‫تاىيغح‬‫االّجيٞشٝح‬ ٗ ‫االستثمار‬ ‫مشارٌع‬ ‫تشغٌل‬ ‫و‬ ‫بناء‬ ‫لنظام‬ ً‫القانون‬ ‫و‬ ‫النظري‬ ‫اإلطار‬‫للسلطة‬ ‫تحوٌلها‬ ‫و‬ ‫المباشر‬ ‫العامة‬ ‫و‬ ‫القومية‬ ‫اقتصادياتيا‬ ‫ىيكمة‬ ‫إعادة‬ ‫مسؤولية‬ ‫منيا‬ ‫النامية‬ ‫الدوؿ‬ ‫تحديدا‬ ‫و‬ ‫الدوؿ‬ ‫عاتؽ‬ ‫عمى‬ ‫يقع‬ ‫كاف‬ ‫لما‬ ‫ىذه‬ ‫تحقيؽ‬ ‫تسييؿ‬ ‫بغية‬ ‫آليات‬ ‫عف‬ ‫البحث‬ ‫وجب‬ ‫التحتية‬ ‫البنية‬ ‫في‬ ‫خصوصا‬ ‫شاممة‬ ‫يع‬‫ر‬‫مشا‬ ‫بتنفيذ‬ ‫االضطالع‬ ‫و‬ ‫بؿ‬ ‫إلييا‬ ‫الوصوؿ‬ ‫و‬ ‫الغاية‬‫تشغيؿ‬ ‫و‬ ‫بناء‬ ‫عقود‬ ‫وىي‬ ‫ىذا‬ ‫بحثنا‬ ‫مدار‬ ‫اآلليات‬ ‫ىذه‬ ‫ومف‬ ، ‫فاعميتيا‬ ‫يادة‬‫ز‬ ‫العامة‬ ‫لمسمطة‬ ‫تحويميا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ات‬‫ر‬‫االستثما‬BOT. ‫اؿ‬ ‫عقود‬ ‫سنتناوؿ‬ ‫مفيدة‬ ‫و‬ ‫سمسة‬ ‫فعالة‬ ‫معمومة‬ ‫إلى‬ ‫لموصوؿ‬BOT‫يفي‬‫ر‬‫التع‬ ‫ي‬‫النظر‬ ‫اإلطار‬ ‫يف‬‫ر‬‫إطا‬ ‫في‬ :‫إطار‬ ‫لكؿ‬ ‫فصال‬ ‫خصصنا‬ ، ‫الفقيي‬ ‫القانوني‬ ‫اإلطار‬ ‫و‬‫لعقود‬ ‫ي‬‫النظر‬ ‫اإلطار‬ ‫فيو‬ ‫األوؿ‬ ‫الفصؿ‬ ‫أما‬BOT ‫أفردنا‬ ‫يتميز‬ ‫بضده‬ ‫الشئ‬ ‫كاف‬ ‫ولما‬ ، ‫خصائصو‬ ‫أىـ‬ ‫و‬ ‫العقود‬ ‫مف‬ ‫ع‬‫النو‬ ‫ىذا‬ ‫يؼ‬‫ر‬‫لتع‬ ‫دقيؽ‬ ‫توضيح‬ ‫فيو‬ ‫و‬ ، ‫عقود‬ ‫لتمييز‬ ‫مبحثا‬BOT‫كعقود‬ ‫لو‬ ‫المشابية‬ ‫ى‬‫األخر‬ ‫العقود‬ ‫عف‬BOOT‫و‬BOO‫و‬BLT‫و‬BTO،‫ىا‬‫غير‬ ‫و‬ ‫النظر‬ ‫اإلطار‬ ‫ىذا‬ ‫الستكماؿ‬ ‫و‬‫و‬ ‫الدولة‬ ‫العقود‬ ‫ىذه‬ ‫في‬‫ر‬‫ط‬ ‫لبياف‬ ‫األوؿ‬ ‫الفصؿ‬ ‫مف‬ ‫الثالث‬ ‫المبحث‬ ‫خصصنا‬ ‫ي‬ . ‫العقود‬ ‫مف‬ ‫ع‬‫النو‬ ‫ىذا‬ ‫مثؿ‬ ‫استخداـ‬ ‫مجاالت‬ ‫عرضنا‬ ‫ا‬‫ر‬‫أخي‬‫و‬ ‫تقسيماتيا‬ ‫و‬ ‫اعيا‬‫و‬‫بأن‬ ‫ع‬‫لممشرو‬ ‫المنفذة‬ ‫الشركة‬ ‫لعقود‬ ‫الفقيي‬ ‫القانوني‬ ‫اإلطار‬ ‫فيو‬ ‫الثاني‬ ‫الفصؿ‬ ‫أما‬BOT‫م‬ ‫العقود‬ ‫ىذه‬ ‫لموقع‬ ‫تبياف‬ ‫فيو‬ ‫و‬‫و‬ ‫القانوف‬ ‫ف‬ ‫اجبات‬‫و‬‫ال‬ ‫و‬ ‫الحقوؽ‬ ‫و‬ ‫العقود‬ ‫ىذه‬ ‫مثؿ‬ ‫في‬ ‫ىا‬‫افر‬‫و‬‫ت‬ ‫اجب‬‫و‬‫ال‬ ‫الفقيية‬ ‫القانونية‬ ‫العناصر‬ ‫و‬ ، ‫القانونية‬ ‫العقود‬ ‫األصعدة‬ ‫كؿ‬ ‫عمى‬ ‫تقدير‬ ‫و‬ ‫اـ‬‫ر‬‫احت‬ ‫مف‬ ‫ليا‬ ‫كاف‬ ‫ما‬ ‫اإلسالمية‬ ‫يعة‬‫ر‬‫لمش‬ ‫كاف‬ ‫لما‬ ‫و‬ ، ‫العقد‬ ‫ىذا‬ ‫اؼ‬‫ر‬‫ألط‬ ‫القانونية‬ ‫بالتك‬ ‫ىذا‬ ‫بحثنا‬ ‫ختمنا‬ ‫منيا‬ ‫القانونية‬ ‫حتى‬ ‫و‬. ‫العقود‬ ‫ليذه‬ ‫عي‬‫الشر‬ ‫القانوني‬ ‫ييؼ‬ Abstract

4. 4 Theoretical and Legal framework for building, operating of direct-investment projects and transferring them to the authority of public domain. States and developing countries -in particular- are obligated to enhance and restructure their national economies. In addition to conduct a comprehensive developmental projects especially infrastructure type’s .Consequently, ways and options for such achievements had been investigated. We discussed BOT agreements as it has been considered one of the major options; it means Building, Operation and Transfer. To end up with effective and useful series of information, BOT contract was discussed in the two frames: The theoretical framework and the legal jurisprudence framework. We specified a chapter per each frame. The first chapter was the theoretical framework of BOT in which we aimed to clarify the precise definition of this type of contracts and explained its characteristics. On the other hand, we distinguished BOT contracts from other similar contracts such as BOOT, BOO, BLT and BTO. To complement this theoretical framework we have dedicated the third part of this chapter to mention the parties of BOT agreement (the country’s government and the company executing the project whatever its subtypes and subdivisions) .Finally, we showed the implementation of such type of contracts. The second chapter is the legal framework. We commented on the jurisprudence point per view for BOT in compare to other legal contracts. Then we explained the jurisprudence and legal elements that should be met in such contract. We clarified the rights and legal obligations of its parties. Since the Islamic law have a great respect at all levels and even the legal ones, we ended our paper with characterization of some Islamic legitimates for BOT contract.

5. 5 ‫ٍقذٍح‬ ٟ‫ف‬ ‫طشٙي‬ ٟ‫حٌظ‬ ‫حٌٕخِ١ش‬ ‫حٌيٚي‬ ٟ‫ف‬ ‫حٌّؼخطَس‬ ‫حٌمؼخ٠خ‬ ُ٘‫ٚأ‬ َُ‫أر‬ ِٓ ‫ٚحٌظش١١ي‬ ‫حٌزٕخء‬ ‫لؼخ٠خ‬ َ‫طؼظز‬ ‫حٌىَٙرخ‬ ‫أٔشطش‬ ٟ‫ف‬ ‫حٌؼخٍِش‬ ‫حٌظلظ١ش‬ ‫حٌزٕ١ش‬ ‫ِشخٍ٠غ‬ ‫لطخع‬ ٟ‫ف‬ ‫شخٍِش‬ ‫طّٕ١ش‬ ‫حٌـي٠يس‬ ‫ح٤ٌف١ش‬ٖ‫ٚحٌّ١خ‬ ‫ء‬ ‫حٌؼّ٩لش‬ َٜ‫ح٤ه‬ ‫ح٤ٔشطش‬ ِٓ ‫ًٌه‬ َ١‫ٚغ‬ ٍٛٔ‫ٚحٌـ‬ ‫ٚحٌطَق‬ ‫ٚح٨طظخ٨ص‬ ٟ‫حٌظل‬ ‫ٚحٌظَف‬ ‫حٌٔ١خى٠ش‬ ‫حٌؼخِش‬ ‫حٌّٛحٍى‬ ِٓ ‫ؽخثٍش‬ ‫رّزخٌغ‬ ‫ٚطٕف١ٌ٘خ‬ ‫ٌٙخ‬ ‫حٌظوط١ؾ‬ ‫حٌيٚي‬ ٌٖ٘ ‫حػظخىص‬ ٟ‫حٌظ‬ .‫حٌيٌٚش‬ ‫ٌظٍه‬ ‫حٌؼخِش‬ ‫رخٌّٛحُٔخص‬ ‫حٌّوظظش‬ ٌّٛ‫ح‬ ‫ػخطك‬ ِٓ ‫حٌّشخٍ٠غ‬ ٌٖ٘ ً٠ّٛ‫ط‬ ‫طىٍفش‬ ‫ػذء‬ ‫ٌٚظوف١ف‬ُ‫كـ‬ ِٓ ‫ٚحٌلي‬ ‫حٌلىِٛ١ش‬ ‫حُٔخص‬ َ‫حٌّوخؽ‬ ٌٖ٘ ‫طُٛ٠غ‬ ً‫ح٤ل‬ ٍٝ‫ػ‬ ٚ‫أ‬ ‫حٌظلظ١ش‬ ‫حٌزٕ١ش‬ ‫ٌّشخٍ٠غ‬ ‫حٌّظخكزش‬ ً١‫ٚحٌظشغ‬ ٍ‫ح٨ٓظؼّخ‬ َ‫ِوخؽ‬ ‫حٌّظميِش‬ ‫رخٌيٚي‬ ‫حٌَحثيس‬ ‫حٌظـخٍد‬ ِٓ ‫حٌؼي٠ي‬ ‫أػزظض‬ ‫فمي‬ ،‫حٌؼخِش‬ ‫حٌٍٔطش‬ ‫رو٩ف‬ َٜ‫أه‬ ‫أؽَحف‬ ٓ١‫ر‬ ٠ٛ‫ٚحٌظل‬ ً١‫ٚحٌظشغ‬ ‫حٌزٕخء‬ ‫ػمٛى‬ َ‫ٔظخ‬ ٍٝ‫ػ‬ ‫ح٨ػظّخى‬ ‫أّ٘١ش‬ٌ١‫ٚطٕف‬ ‫طوط١ؾ‬ ِٓ ‫حٌؼخِش‬ ‫ٌٍٍٔطش‬ ً ‫حٌّشخٍ٠غ‬ ٌٖ٘ ‫َِٚحلزش‬Build-Operate-Transfer "B.O.T"‫ػمٛى‬ ٗ‫طَطز‬ ‫ٌّخ‬ ً‫ح‬َ‫ٚٔظ‬BOT ْ‫فب‬ ،‫حٌّوظٍفش‬ ‫أرؼخى٘خ‬ ِٓ ‫ٚطلٍ١ٍٙخ‬ ‫ىٍحٓظٙخ‬ ‫ػٍَٚس‬ ‫طٔظٛؿذ‬ ‫لخٔٛٔ١ش‬ ٍ‫ٚآػخ‬ َ‫ِٚوخؽ‬ ‫أػزخء‬ ِٓ ٌ‫ح‬ ٟ‫ف‬ ‫حٌّمزٛي‬ ٟٔٛٔ‫حٌمخ‬ َٞ‫حٌٕظ‬ ٍ‫ح٦ؽخ‬ ‫ط١خغش‬ ٍٝ‫ػ‬ ًّ‫٠ؼ‬ ‫حٌزلغ‬ ‫ٌ٘ح‬‫رٕخء‬ َ‫ٌٕظخ‬ َ‫حٌّؼخط‬ ‫ٛلض‬ ‫ٌ٘ح‬ ٟ‫ف‬ ‫حٌّزَِش‬ ‫حٌؼمٛى‬ ‫ٔٙخ٠ش‬ ‫رؼي‬ ‫حٌؼخِش‬ ‫ٌٍٍٔطش‬ ‫ٚطلٛ٠ٍٙخ‬ َ‫حٌّزخش‬ ٍ‫ح٨ٓظؼّخ‬ ‫ِشخٍ٠غ‬ ً١‫ٚطشغ‬ ‫حٌظي‬‫ى‬. ‫ىيظيطح‬ ‫ذذ٘ٝيٖا‬ ٗ ‫االطرثَار‬ ‫ٍشارٝغ‬ ‫ذشغٞو‬ ٗ ‫تْاء‬ ً‫ىْظا‬ ٛ‫اىْظز‬ ‫اإلؽار‬ : ‫األٗه‬ ‫اىفظو‬ ‫اىؼاٍح‬. ‫نوضح‬ ‫مباحث‬ ‫ثالثة‬ ‫الفصل‬ ‫هذا‬ ً‫ف‬ ‫بالبحث‬ ‫سنتناول‬ ‫و‬‫عقود‬ ‫خصائص‬ ‫و‬ ‫طبٌعة‬ ‫خاللها‬ ‫من‬ BOT‫نبٌن‬ ‫و‬‫أشكال‬ ‫عن‬ ‫العقود‬ ‫هذه‬ ‫تمٌز‬‫العقود‬‫األخرى‬‫عقود‬ ‫مجاالت‬ ‫و‬ ‫أطراف‬ ‫وأخٌرا‬ BOT. ‫ػق٘د‬ ‫خظائض‬ ٗ ‫ؽثٞؼح‬ : ‫األٗه‬ ‫اىَثذث‬BOT ‫رؼمٛى‬ ‫حٌّمظٛى‬ ‫ِخ‬ ٗ١‫ف‬ ‫ٔٛػق‬ ‫ح٤ٚي‬ ٓ١‫ِطٍز‬ ٌٝ‫ا‬ ٗ١‫ف‬ ‫حٌزلغ‬ ُٔ‫ٕٚٓم‬BOTٟ٘ ‫ِخ‬ ٟٔ‫حٌؼخ‬ ٚ . ‫حٌؼمٛى‬ ٌٖ٘ ‫هظخثض‬

6. 6 ‫اىَطي‬‫األٗه‬ ‫ة‬‫ػق٘د‬ ًٖ٘‫ٍف‬ :BOT ‫حٌٍّى١ش‬ ً‫ٚٔم‬ ً١‫ٚحٌظشغ‬ ‫حٌزٕخء‬ َ‫ٔظخ‬ ٝ‫كظ‬ ‫ٌمي‬BOTً‫ح‬َ‫ٔظ‬ ، ٌٝ‫حٌلخ‬ َْ‫حٌم‬ ً‫حٚحث‬ ٌِٕ ‫وز١َس‬ ‫رؤّ٘١ش‬ ‫ٍٚحء‬ ٝ‫ٚحٌٔؼ‬ ،‫حٌمِٛ١ش‬ ‫حلظظخى٠خطٙخ‬ ‫٘١ىٍش‬ ‫اػخىس‬ ٌٝ‫ا‬ ،‫ِٕٙخ‬ ‫حٌٕخِ١ش‬ ‫هخطش‬ ٌُ‫حٌؼخ‬ ‫ىٚي‬ ُ‫ِؼظ‬ ٖ‫٨طـخ‬ ٌ‫ح‬ ‫رَحِؾ‬ ‫ططز١ك‬ ٝ‫ف‬ ‫ٚح٦َٓحع‬ ، ‫ح٤ٓخٓ١ش‬ ‫رٕ١ظٙخ‬ ‫طلي٠غ‬‫ِٚلخٌٚش‬ ،‫أشىخٌٙخ‬ ‫رّوظٍف‬ ‫وظوظش‬ ‫طٛٓ١غ‬ ٝ‫ف‬ ‫حٌـخىس‬ ‫حٌَغزش‬ ٌٝ‫ا‬ ‫رخ٦ػخفش‬ ،‫حٌلىِٛ١ش‬ ‫حٌّٛحُٔخص‬ ً٘‫وخ‬ ٗ‫ر‬ ً‫حٌّؼم‬ ‫حٌؼذء‬ ‫طوف١ف‬ ٝ‫ف‬ ٗ‫ليٍحط‬ ِٓ ‫ٚح٨ٓظفخىس‬ ‫ؿي٠يس‬ ‫رظٍٛس‬ ِٝٛ‫حٌم‬ ‫ح٨لظظخى‬ ُ‫ىػ‬ ٝ‫ف‬ ‫حٌوخص‬ ‫حٌمطخع‬ ‫ِشخٍوش‬ ٍ‫ف‬ ،‫ًٌه‬ ٝ‫ف‬ ‫حٌّظغ١َحص‬ ِٓ َ١‫حٌىؼ‬ ُ٘‫ٓخ‬ ‫ك١غ‬ ،‫ح٤ٓخٓ١ش‬ ‫حٌزٕ١ش‬ ‫ِشَٚػخص‬‫حٌؼٍٛس‬ ‫أكيػض‬ ‫مي‬ ‫ِشَٚػخص‬ ٝ‫ف‬ ‫ِٕٙخ‬ ‫حٌـي٠ي‬ ‫رظطز١ك‬ ‫ٌ٧َٓحع‬ ‫حٌلىِٛخص‬ ٍٝ‫ػ‬ ‫حٌؼغٛؽ‬ ِٓ َ١‫حٌىؼ‬ ‫حٌظىٌٕٛٛؿ١ش‬ ‫ليٍطٙخ‬ ‫ِليٚى٠ش‬ ‫رٔزذ‬ ،ٗ‫ر‬ ‫حٌيٚي‬ ِٓ َ١‫ٌٍىؼ‬ ‫ؽخلش‬ ٨ ٌٌٜ‫ح‬ َِ٤‫ح‬ ٛ٘ٚ ،‫حٌـي٠يس‬ ‫ح٤ٓخٓ١ش‬ ‫حٌزٕ١ش‬ ِٛ‫حٌلى‬ ً٠ّٛ‫حٌظ‬ ‫ػآٌش‬ ٌٝ‫ا‬ ‫رخ٦ػخفش‬ ،‫حٌّٔظمزٍ١ش‬ ‫حٌّظيفمش‬ ‫ح٨كظ١خؿخص‬ ‫ٌّمخرٍش‬‫طٍه‬ َ‫أِخ‬ ٝ ْٛ٠‫حٌي‬ ِٓ ‫حٌٕخِ١ش‬ ‫حٌيٚي‬ ٖ‫طظىزي‬ ‫ٌّخ‬ ً‫ح‬َ‫ٚٔظ‬ ،‫ح٤ِٛحي‬ ّٚ‫ٍإ‬ ِٓ َ١‫حٌىؼ‬ ‫طٔظغَق‬ ٝ‫حٌظ‬ ‫حٌّشَٚػخص‬ ‫ح٨لظَحع‬ ٌٝ‫ا‬ ‫حٌٍـٛء‬ ‫طظـٕذ‬ ‫ٔـي٘خ‬ ،‫ػٍ١ٙخ‬ ‫حٌّظَحوّش‬ ‫ٚحٌفٛحثي‬ ‫حٌوخٍؿ١ش‬ٌُ‫حٌؼخ‬ ِٓ ‫ح٨ٓظيحٔش‬ ٚ‫أ‬ ٌ‫ا‬ ‫حٌٍـٛء‬ ً‫طفؼ‬ ُ‫ػ‬ ِٓٚ ،‫ػٍ١ٙخ‬ َ‫حٌؼخ‬ ٓ٠‫حٌي‬ ‫ػذء‬ ِٓ ‫طِ٠ي‬ ٨ ٝ‫كظ‬ ٝ‫حٌوخٍؿ‬‫حٌلي٠ؼش‬ ‫ح٤ٓخٌ١ذ‬ ٝ ‫ِٔجٌٛ١ش‬ ‫ٚط١خٔظٙخ‬ ‫ٚطشغ١ٍٙخ‬ ،‫أشخثٙخ‬ ‫ِٔجٌٛ١ش‬ ‫طؼي‬ ٝ‫ٚحٌظ‬ ،‫ح٤ٓخٓ١ش‬ ‫حٌزٕ١ش‬ ‫ِشَٚػخص‬ ً٠ّٛ‫ط‬ ٝ‫ف‬ ‫حٌلىِٛخص‬ ‫رٙخ‬ ‫طؼطٍغ‬ ْ‫أ‬ ‫٠ـذ‬ ‫أٓخٓ١ش‬(5) ً‫ٚٔم‬ ً١‫ٚحٌظشغ‬ ‫حٌزٕخء‬ َ‫ٔظخ‬ ‫ح٨ٓخٌ١ذ‬ ‫طٍه‬ ِٓٚ، ١‫حٌغَر‬ ‫حٌيٚي‬ ٝ‫ف‬ ‫ٌظطٍٛ٘خ‬ ٝ‫حٌّٛحط‬ ‫حٌّٕخم‬ ‫حٌظ١غش‬ ٌٖ٘ ‫ٚؿيص‬ ‫فٍمي‬ . ‫حٌٍّى١ش‬‫ٌِٛي٘خ‬ ْ‫فىخ‬ ،‫ش‬ ً‫خ‬ٍّٙ‫ِٔظ‬ ،‫حٌّؼخطَس‬ ‫ح٤ىر١خص‬ ٍٗ‫طظٕخل‬ ٌٌٜ‫ح‬ ‫حّٓٙخ‬ ْٛ‫٠ى‬ ْ‫أ‬ َٚ‫غ‬ ٩‫ف‬ ،‫ٕ٘خن‬ َ‫حٌّؼخط‬ ‫ٚططز١مٙخ‬ ‫ك١غ‬ ،‫حٌز٩ى‬ ً٘‫أ‬ ‫ٌغش‬ ِّٟٓٓ‫رخٌـ‬BOT‫رخٌٍغش‬ ‫وٍّخص‬ ‫ٌؼ٩ع‬ ٍ‫حهظظخ‬ ‫حٌغَد‬ ‫وؼخىس‬ ٛ٘ٚ ‫ح٦ٔـٍ١ِ٠ش‬ٟ٘( ‫حٌزٕخء‬ :Building( ً١‫ٚحٌظشغ‬ ،)Operating‫حٌٍّى١ش‬ ً‫ٚٔم‬ ،) (Transferring‫حٌٍّى١ش‬ ً‫ٚٔم‬ ً١‫ٚحٌظشغ‬ ‫حٌزٕخء‬ َ‫ٔظخ‬ ‫ٚ٠ؼَف‬ ،)BOTٟ‫ف‬‫حٌَّحؿغ‬ ‫رؼغ‬ ‫ح٤ؿٕز١ش‬ٗٔ‫أ‬ ٍٝ‫ػ‬(5) "BOT is the terminology for a model or structure that uses private investment to under take the infrastructure development that has historically been the preserve of the public sector" ‫ًّٔٛؽ‬ ٛ٘ ‫حٌٍّى١ش‬ ً‫ٚٔم‬ ً١‫ٚحٌظشغ‬ ‫حٌزٕخء‬ َ‫ٔظخ‬‫حٌوخص‬ ٍ‫ٌ٩ٓظؼّخ‬ ً‫٠ٛو‬ ْ‫أ‬ ٗٔ‫شؤ‬ ِٓ ،‫طَو١ذ‬ ٚ‫أ‬ ‫حٌظلظ١ش‬ ‫حٌزٕ١ش‬ َ٠ٛ‫طط‬ٟ‫حٌظ‬‫وخٔض‬ٟ‫ف‬ٟ‫حٌّخػ‬:ٍٝ‫ػ‬ ‫حٌظؼَ٠ف‬ ِ‫ٚ٠َو‬ .َ‫حٌؼخ‬ ‫حٌمطخع‬ ْ‫شؤ‬ ِٓ ٔ-‫حٌوخص‬ ‫حٌمطخع‬ َ‫حٓظويح‬ٟ‫ف‬.ٍ‫ح٨ٓظؼّخ‬ ٕ-َ‫ٔظخ‬ ‫حهظظخص‬BOT‫حٌظلظ‬ ‫حٌزٕ١ش‬ ‫رّشَٚػخص‬.‫١ش‬ ٖ-‫طخٍ٠و١خ‬ ‫وخٔض‬ ‫ٚططٛ٠َ٘خ‬ ‫حٌظلظ١ش‬ ‫حٌزٕ١ش‬ ‫رّشَٚػخص‬ َ‫حٌم١خ‬ ‫ِّٙش‬ ْ‫أ‬ ٍٝ‫ػ‬ ‫حٌظؤو١ي‬ ..َ‫حٌؼخ‬ ‫ٌٍمطخع‬ 1‫حٌٍّى١ش‬ ‫حٌؼٍّ١ش‬ ‫حٌـّؼ١ش‬ ،‫حٌٍّى١ش‬ ً‫ٚٔم‬ ً١‫ٚحٌظشغ‬ ‫حٌزٕخء‬ :)َ٩ٌٔ‫ح‬ ‫(ػزي‬ ‫حٌٕؼ١ّخص‬ ،)َ١ٙٓ( ‫حٌوط١ذ‬ ،)ٍٟ‫(ػ‬ ٞٚ‫حٌغِح‬-‫ٚحٌظيٍ٠ذ‬ ‫حٌلخٓٛد‬ ‫طىٌٕٛٛؿ١خ‬ ِ‫َِو‬ ، ْ‫ح٤ٍى‬ ،‫حٌظٕخػ١ش‬ ‫ٚحٌيٍحٓخص‬ٔ991‫طـ‬ ،ٕٓ،ٕٔ. 2-UNIDO: BOT, Guide Lines for Infrastructure Development through, Build – Operate – Transfer (BOT) Projects 1996, page 3.

7. 7 َ‫ٔظخ‬ ‫طؼَ٠ف‬ ٓ‫ٚ٠ّى‬BOTٗٔ‫رؤ‬«‫ٓٛحء‬ ‫ح٨ٓظؼّخٍ٠ش‬ ‫حٌّشَٚػخص‬ ً٠ّٛ‫ط‬ ٗ‫رّٛؿز‬ ُ‫٠ظ‬ ٌٌٜ‫ح‬ َ‫حٌٕظخ‬ ‫ػخِش‬ ‫وخٔض‬،‫حٌوخص‬ ‫حٌمطخع‬ ً‫لز‬ ِٓ ‫ٚط١خٔظٙخ‬ ،‫ٚاىحٍطٙخ‬ ،‫ٚأشخثٙخ‬ ،‫هخطش‬ ٚ‫أ‬ٌٌٞ‫ح‬ْٛ‫٠ى‬ ‫لي‬ ‫ِلٍ١ش‬ ‫هخطش‬ ‫شَوخص‬ ‫ػيس‬ ٚ‫ٚحكيس،أ‬ ‫هخطش‬ ‫شَوش‬،‫حٌّشَٚع‬ ‫شَوش‬ ‫ه٩ي‬ ِٓ ًّ‫طؼ‬ ،‫ػخٌّ١ش‬ ٚ‫أ‬ ٟ‫حٌظ‬‫ِؼ١ٕش‬ ‫ُِٕ١ش‬ ‫ٌفظَس‬ ‫حٌّشَٚع‬ ‫ٚط١خٔش‬ ،‫ٚاىحٍس‬ ،ٌ١‫ٚطٕف‬ ‫ربٔشخء‬ ‫طظؼٙي‬ُٟ٘‫ح٨ِظ١خ‬ ‫فظَس‬ ِٓ ٗ‫طىزيط‬ ‫ِخ‬ ‫حٓظَىحى‬ ِٓ ‫حٌّشَٚع‬ ‫شَوش‬ ‫حٌفظَس‬ ٌٖ٘ ٓ‫حٌّؼ١فش،ٚطّى‬ ‫حٌيٌٚش‬ ً‫لز‬ ِٓ ‫حٌّّٕٛكش‬ ‫طىخٌ١ف‬‫ف‬ٟ‫حٌّشَٚع‬ ‫شَوش‬ َٛ‫طم‬ ‫رؼي٘خ‬ ،‫حٌَرق‬ ِٓ ‫َِػ١ش‬ ‫ٔٔزش‬ ‫طلم١ك‬ ٌٝ‫ا‬ ‫رخ٦ػخفش‬ ،‫حٌّشَٚع‬ ‫ل١ي‬ ْٚ‫ى‬ ‫ؿ١يس‬ ‫كخٌش‬ ٝ‫ف‬ ٝ٘ٚ ،‫حٌّؼ١فش‬ ‫ٌٍيٌٚش‬ ‫حٌّشَٚع‬ ‫أطٛي‬ ‫ٍِى١ش‬ ً‫رٕم‬‫شَؽ‬ ٚ‫أ‬.»ِ‫٠َو‬ ٗ١ٍ‫ػ‬ :‫ِٕٙخ‬ ‫ٔمخؽ‬ ‫ػيس‬ ٍٝ‫ػ‬ ‫حٌٔخرك‬ ‫حٌظؼَ٠ف‬ (ٔ)‫اِىخٔ١ش‬َ‫ٔظخ‬ َ‫حٓظويح‬BOT‫حٌؼخِش‬ ‫حٌّشَٚػخص‬ ٟ‫ف‬ٓ ‫كي‬ ٍٝ‫ػ‬ ‫حٌوخطش‬ ٚ‫أ‬.‫ٛحء‬ (ٕ).‫حٌّشَٚع‬ ‫شَوش‬ ٍٝ‫ػ‬ ‫ٚحٌظ١خٔش‬ ‫ٚح٦ىحٍس‬ ً١‫ٚحٌظشغ‬ ‫ح٦ٔشخء‬ ‫ػٍّ١ش‬ َ‫لظ‬ (ٖ)‫ٚحكيس‬ ‫هخطش‬ ‫شَوش‬ ْٛ‫طى‬ ‫فمي‬ ‫ٌٍّشَٚع‬ ‫حٌّٕفٌس‬ ‫حٌشَوش‬ ‫أشىخي‬ ‫حهظ٩ف‬‫شَوخص‬ ‫ػيس‬ ٚ‫أ‬ ‫ِلٍ١ش‬ ‫شَوش‬ ْٛ‫طى‬ ‫ٚلي‬ ،‫هخطش‬َ‫ٔظخ‬ ‫٠ؼي‬ ‫ٚٓخػظٙخ‬ ‫ػخٌّ١ش‬ ‫شَوش‬ ٚ‫أ‬BOT‫ّٔخًؽ‬ ‫أكي‬ ‫ح٨ٓظ‬ ‫ٔشخؽ‬ ّٓ‫ػ‬ ً‫ٚ٠يه‬ ‫حٌيٌٚ١ش‬ ‫ح٤ػّخي‬ ‫اىحٍس‬َ‫حٌّزخش‬ ٟ‫ح٤ؿٕز‬ ٍ‫ؼّخ‬‫ّٔخًؽ‬ ‫أكي‬ ٚ‫أ‬ ‫ٓٛحء‬ ‫ٌ٥ؿخٔذ‬ ‫حٌٍّّٛوش‬ ‫حٌّشَٚػخص‬ ‫"طٍه‬ ‫رؤٔٙخ‬ ٗ‫ِشَٚػخط‬ ‫طؼَف‬ ٌٌٞ‫ٚح‬ ٌٟٚ‫حٌي‬ ٍ‫ح٨ٓظؼّخ‬ ‫وخٔض‬ َ‫أ‬ ‫ػخِش‬ ‫حٌٍّى١ش‬ ‫وخٔض‬‫رخ٨شظَحن‬‫حٌٔ١طَس‬ ‫ٌٙخ‬ ً‫٠ىف‬ ‫رّخ‬ ،ٟٕ‫حٌٛؽ‬ ‫حٌّخي‬ ّ‫ٍأ‬ ‫ِغ‬ ‫رٕٔزش‬ ‫حٌّشَٚع‬ ‫اىحٍس‬ ٍٝ‫ػ‬(5) ‫(كىِٛخص‬ ‫ح٤ؿٕز١ش‬ ‫"ح٤ِٛحي‬ ٟ٘ ٚ‫"أ‬-‫أفَح‬‫ى‬-‫طٕٔخد‬ ٟ‫حٌظ‬ )‫شَوخص‬ ‫رؼي‬ ‫ػٛحثي٘خ‬ ٌ‫ٚطؤه‬ ‫ح٤ؿٕز١ش‬ ‫حٌـٙش‬ ‫طٍّىٙخ‬ ‫ِشخٍ٠غ‬ ‫الخِش‬ ‫رمظي‬ ‫حٌّؼ١فش‬ ‫حٌيٌٚش‬ ً‫ىحه‬ ٌٝ‫ا‬ ‫حٌّؼ١فش‬ ‫حٌيٌٚش‬ ‫ِغ‬ ‫ػٍ١ٙخ‬ ‫٠ظفك‬ ‫شَٚؽ‬ ّٓ‫ٚػ‬ ،‫حٌؼٛحثي‬ ٌٖ٘ ِٓ ‫ٔٔزش‬ ‫ىفغ‬(5) " ‫رٍي‬ ٟ‫ف‬ ‫ٌٕشخؽ‬ ٟ‫ح٤ؿٕز‬ ‫حٌّخي‬ ‫ِّخٍٓش‬ ً‫خ‬‫أ٠ؼ‬ َٟ٘ٚ‫أه‬‫حٌظٕخػش‬ ‫ِـخي‬ ٟ‫ف‬ ‫ًٌه‬ ْ‫وخ‬ ‫ٓٛحء‬ َ‫ح٨ٓظو‬‫حؿ١ش‬‫ٚحٌوزَحص‬ ‫حٌظىٌٕٛٛؿ١ش‬ ‫حٔظمخي‬ ٍ‫ح٨ٓظؼّخ‬ ِٓ ‫حٌٕٛع‬ ‫ٌ٘ح‬ ‫٠َحفك‬ ‫رل١غ‬ ،‫حٌظلٛ٠ٍ١ش‬ ٚ‫أ‬ ‫ِغ‬ .‫حٌّشَٚع‬ ٍٝ‫ػ‬ َ‫حٌّزخش‬ ‫ٚح٦شَحف‬ ‫حٌٔ١طَس‬ ‫ِّخٍٓش‬ ‫ه٩ي‬ ِٓ ،َ‫ح٢ه‬ ‫حٌزٍي‬ ٌٝ‫ا‬ ‫حٌظمٕ١ش‬ َ‫ٔظخ‬ ْٛ‫٠ى‬ ْ‫أ‬ ‫رخٌؼٍَٚس‬ ْ١ٌ ٗٔ‫أ‬ ‫ِ٩كظش‬BOTَ‫ٔظخ‬ ْٛ‫٠ى‬ ‫لي‬ ٕٗ‫ٌٚى‬ ،ٗ‫كخٌظ‬ ً‫و‬ ٟ‫ف‬ ً‫خ‬١‫أؿٕز‬ ٍٟ‫ِل‬ ٍ‫حٓظؼّخ‬ٗ‫رظطز١م‬ ‫ىحهٍ١ش‬ ‫شَوخص‬ َ‫ل١خ‬ ‫كخٌش‬ ٟ‫ف‬ (ٗ)،‫ٌٙخ‬ ‫حٌّّٕٛف‬ ُ‫ح٨ِظ١خ‬ ‫كك‬ َ‫حٓظويح‬ ‫ه٩ي‬ ِٓ ‫حٌّؼ١فش‬ ‫حٌيٌٚش‬ ً‫ىحه‬ ‫حٌّشَٚع‬ ‫شَوش‬ ًّ‫طؼ‬ .‫ٌٙخ‬ ِٞ‫ِـ‬ ‫ػخثي‬ ‫طلم١ك‬ ‫ِغ‬ ٍ‫ح٨ٓظؼّخ‬ ‫طىخٌ١ف‬ ‫ٌىخفش‬ ‫حٌشَوش‬ ‫رخٓظَىحى‬ ‫طّٔق‬ ‫ٌّٚيس‬ (٘)‫حٌيٌٚش‬ ٌٝ‫ا‬ ٗ‫ٍِى١ظ‬ ً‫ٔم‬ ‫حٌّشَٚع‬ ‫شَوش‬ ٍٝ‫ػ‬ ٓ١‫٠ظؼ‬ ُ‫ح٨ِظ١خ‬ ‫فظَس‬ ‫حٔظٙخء‬ ‫ػٕي‬ْٛ‫طى‬ ْ‫أ‬ ٍٝ‫ػ‬ ‫ٚحٌظ١خٔش‬ ً١‫ٚحٌظشغ‬ ‫ٚحٌٔ٩ِش‬ ‫حٌـٛىس‬ َ١٠‫ِؼخ‬ ‫ػٍ١ٙخ‬ ‫ٚ٠ٕطزك‬ ‫ؿ١يس‬ ‫ٌٍّشَٚع‬ ‫حٌظشغ١ٍ١ش‬ ‫حٌلخٌش‬ .‫رخٌّشَٚع‬ ‫حٌّؼٕ١ش‬ ‫ح٤ؽَحف‬ ً‫لز‬ ِٓ ً‫خ‬‫ِٔزم‬ ‫حٌّليىس‬ ‫اى‬ ‫اىَطية‬ّٜ‫ثا‬‫ػق٘د‬ ‫خظائض‬ :BOT ‫ِشَٚػخص‬ ِ١ّ‫طظ‬‫ػمٛى‬ ٚBOT:‫أّ٘ٙخ‬ ‫حٌوظخثض‬ ِٓ ‫رؼيى‬ ٔ-ْ٤ ‫:ًٌٚه‬ ُٞ‫حِظ١خ‬ ‫ػمي‬ ٗٔ‫أ‬ً‫ح‬ُ‫حِظ١خ‬ ‫فظؼط١ٙخ‬ ‫حٌوخص‬ ‫حٌمطخع‬ ِٓ ‫شَوش‬ ٍ‫طوظخ‬ ‫حٌلىِٛش‬ ً٠ّٛ‫ٚط‬ ُ١ّ‫طظ‬ ِٓ ٍٗ‫َِحك‬ ‫رـّ١غ‬ ‫حٌظلظ١ش‬ ‫حٌزٕ١ش‬ ‫ِشخٍ٠غ‬ ‫أكي‬ ‫الخِش‬ ٗ‫رّٛؿز‬ ٌٝٛ‫طظ‬ (1)،ْ‫ح٤ٍى‬ ،ْ‫حٌٕفخث‬ ٍ‫ىح‬ ،ِٟ٩ٓ٦‫ح‬ ‫ح٨لظظخى‬ ‫ػٛء‬ ٟ‫ف‬ ‫ح٦ٓ٩ِ١ش‬ ‫حٌيٚي‬ ٟ‫ف‬ َ‫حٌّزخش‬ ٟ‫ح٤ؿٕز‬ ٍ‫ح٨ٓظؼّخ‬ :)ِ٠ِ‫حٌؼ‬ ‫ػزي‬ ‫(ِلّي‬ ‫ػزي‬ ‫هللا‬ ‫ػزي‬ٕٓٓ2‫ص‬ ،َٔ1. ،‫حٌؼخٔ١ش‬ ‫حٌطزؼش‬ ،‫ر١َٚص‬ ، ‫غٛ٠يحص‬ ‫ِٕشٍٛحص‬ ،ٌٟٚ‫حٌي‬ ٍ‫ح٨ٓظؼّخ‬ ،‫ِمٍي‬ ٍٟ‫ػ‬ ‫طَؿّش‬ :)ً١‫(ؿ‬ ْ‫رَطخ‬ٔ91ٕ‫طـ‬ ،َٔٔ.

8. 8 ٍّٛٙ‫حٌـ‬ ِٓ ٝ‫ٚطظمخػ‬ ،ُ‫ح٨ِظ١خ‬ ‫ِيس‬ ٟ٘ ‫ِؼ١ٕش‬ ‫ُِٕ١ش‬ ‫فظَس‬ ‫ه٩ي‬ ً١‫ٚطشغ‬ ‫ٚأشخء‬ .‫حٌّيس‬ ‫ٌ٘ح‬ ‫ه٩ي‬ ‫حٌّشَٚع‬ ‫هيِش‬ ِٓ ‫حٓظفخىٚح‬ ‫اًح‬ ً‫خ‬ٍِٛٓ ٕ-‫رؼ‬ٓ١‫ٚ٠ظؼ‬ ،‫ٌٍلىِٛش‬ ‫حٌّشَٚع‬ ‫اىحٍس‬ ً‫رٕم‬ ‫حٌّٔظؼَّس‬ ‫حٌشَوش‬ َٛ‫طم‬ ُ‫ح٨ِظ١خ‬ ‫فظَس‬ ‫حٔظٙخء‬ ‫ي‬ ‫ؽٛ٠ٍش‬ ُ‫ح٨ِظ١خ‬ ‫فظَس‬ ْٛ‫طى‬ ْ‫أ‬–ً‫خ‬١‫ٔٔز‬–ٟ‫ف‬ َّ‫حٌّٔظؼ‬ ‫حٌّخي‬ ّ‫ٍأ‬ ‫ٌظغط١ش‬ ٟ‫٠ىف‬ ٍ‫رمي‬ .‫ٌٍشَوش‬ ‫ِٕخٓذ‬ ‫ػخثي‬ ٚ‫أ‬ ‫ٍرق‬ ‫ِؼيي‬ ‫ٚ٠لمك‬ ‫حٌّشَٚع‬ ٖ-‫ٚ٠ظَط‬ ،‫حٌؼمٛى‬ ٌٖ٘ ٟ‫ف‬ ‫حٌّطٍٛرش‬ ‫ح٨ٓظؼّخٍحص‬ ُ‫كـ‬ َ‫وز‬َ‫ػي‬ ‫حٌوظ١ظش‬ ٌٖ٘ ٍٝ‫ػ‬ ‫ذ‬ ‫ىػخ‬ ٌٌٞ‫ح‬ َِ٤‫ح‬ ،‫حٌّشَٚػخص‬ ٌٖ٘ ِٓ َ١‫حٌىؼ‬ ً٠ّٛ‫ط‬ ٍٝ‫ػ‬ ‫حٌفَى‬ َّ‫حٌّٔظؼ‬ ‫ليٍس‬ ْٛ‫ِى‬ )ٍَٛ١‫(وٛٔٔظٛط‬ ٌٟ‫ِخ‬ ‫حطلخى‬ ٓ٠ٛ‫طى‬ ‫ػٍَٚس‬ ٌٝ‫ا‬ ‫حٌّشَٚػخص‬ ٌٖ٘ ٟ‫ف‬ ٓ٠َّ‫حٌّٔظؼ‬ .‫حٌّشَٚػخص‬ ٌٖ٘ ً٠ّٛ‫ٌظ‬ َٜ‫أه‬ ‫ِخٌ١ش‬ ‫ِٚئٓٔخص‬ ،‫حٌزٕٛن‬ ،‫حٌوخص‬ ‫حٌمطخع‬ ِٓ ٗ-‫رخٌو‬ ‫ح٨ٔظفخع‬ ‫ػِّٛ١ش‬‫ػيى‬ َ‫ٌىز‬ ‫٠َؿغ‬ ‫،ًٌٚه‬ ‫حٌؼمٛى‬ ٌٖ٘ ‫ِشخٍ٠غ‬ ‫طميِٙخ‬ ٟ‫حٌظ‬ ‫يِخص‬ .ٌُٙٛ‫ىه‬ ‫ِٔظٛ٠خص‬ ‫،ٚطٕٛع‬ ‫حٌّشَٚػخص‬ ٌٖ٘ ‫طميِٙخ‬ ٟ‫حٌظ‬ ‫ٌٍويِخص‬ ٓ١‫حٌّٔظٍٙى‬ ٘-‫حٌويِخص‬ ٌٖ٘ ِٓ َ١‫وؼ‬-‫حٌّشَٚػخص‬ ٌٖ٘ ‫طميِٙخ‬ ٟ‫حٌظ‬-ً‫ِؼ‬ ‫ٌٍّٔظٍٙه‬ ‫ػٍَٚ٠ش‬ ٘ ٍٝ‫ػ‬ ً‫خ‬‫ػغط‬ ‫٠وٍك‬ ‫ِّخ‬ ‫ٚغ١َ٘خ‬ ،ٖ‫،حٌّ١خ‬ ٍٛٔ‫،حٌـ‬ ‫حٌطَق‬ ، ‫حٌىَٙرخء‬.‫حٌّشَٚػخص‬ ٌٖ ٙ-.‫حٌّشَٚػخص‬ ٌٖ٘ ٍ‫حٓظَّح‬ ْ‫ٌؼّخ‬ ْ‫ح٤ك١خ‬ ‫رؼغ‬ ٟ‫ف‬ ‫حٌلىِٛش‬ ً‫ٌظيه‬ ‫حٌلخؿش‬ 7-.‫ح٦ىحٍس‬ ٚ‫أ‬ ُ١ّ‫حٌظظ‬ ٚ‫أ‬ ‫ح٦ٔشخء‬ ‫ػٍّ١خص‬ ٟ‫ف‬ ‫ٓٛحء‬ ‫حٌّٕٙ١ش‬ ‫ٌٍوزَحص‬ ‫حٌلخؿش‬ ‫طٔي‬ 1-‫ٌٙخ‬ ً٠ّٛ‫حٌظ‬ ‫٠وظٍف‬ ‫ك١غ‬ ،‫ٚطؼيى٘خ‬ ‫حٌّشَٚػخص‬ ٌٖ٘ ‫ٌٙخ‬ ‫طظؼَع‬ ٟ‫حٌظ‬ َ‫حٌّوخؽ‬ ‫طٕٛع‬ ٓٛ‫ِظ‬ ،‫ؽٛ٠ٍش‬ ‫لَٚع‬ ِٓ‫رؼٛحثي‬ ‫حٌمَٚع‬ ‫طٍه‬ ٍٝ‫ػ‬ ‫فٛحثي‬ ‫ٚؿٛى‬ ‫ِغ‬ ً‫ح٤ؿ‬ ‫لظ١َس‬ ،‫طش‬ ّٓ‫طظؼ‬ ‫حٌّظخؿَس‬ ‫رغَع‬ ُٙٓ‫أ‬ ٚ‫أ‬ ‫ِزخشَس‬ ‫ِٔخّ٘خص‬ ‫ؽَ٠ك‬ ٓ‫ػ‬ ٚ‫أ‬ ،‫ِظغ١َس‬ ٚ‫أ‬ ‫ػخرظش‬ .‫حٌّشَٚع‬ َ٠‫ِي‬ ٍٝ‫ػ‬ ‫ػزجخ‬ ً‫طشى‬ ‫ِٕظظّش‬ ‫أٍرخف‬ ٍٝ‫ػ‬ ‫حٌلظٛي‬ ‫ؽٍذ‬ 9-ٍ٨‫رخ‬ ٚ‫أ‬ ‫رخٌّزخشَس‬ ْ‫وخ‬ ‫ٓٛحء‬ ‫حٌؼمي‬ ‫ٌ٘ح‬ ‫ِٕظِٛش‬ ٟ‫ف‬ ‫ح٤ؽَحف‬ ِٓ َ١‫وز‬ ‫ػيى‬ ‫حشظَحن‬‫طزخؽ‬ ‫(حٌلىِٛش‬ َ‫حٌّزخش‬–‫حٌّشَٚع‬ ‫شَوخء‬–ْٛ‫حٌّمَػ‬–‫ٚحٌّمخٚ٨ص‬ ‫حٌزٕخء‬ ‫شَوخص‬– ‫حٌّؼيحص‬ ٚ‫ٍِٛى‬–‫حٌّخي‬ ّ‫ٍأ‬ َّٚ‫ِٔظؼ‬–‫حٌّشَٚع‬ ‫ٌّٕظـخص‬ ‫حٌّشظَ٠ش‬ ‫حٌـٙخص‬– .)‫حٌّٕظـخص‬ ‫طٍه‬ ِٛ‫ِٔظوي‬ ٔٓ-،‫حٌّشَٚع‬ ٌ١‫ٌظٕف‬ ‫لَٚع‬ ٞ‫أ‬ ‫طٔي٠ي‬ ‫حٌّؼ١ف‬ ‫حٌزٍي‬ ‫كىِٛش‬ ّٓ‫طؼ‬ ٨ ‫حٌؼمي‬ ‫ٌ٘ح‬ ‫رّٛؿذ‬ ‫٠ظ‬ ‫ٚأّخ‬.‫حٌّشَٚع‬ ‫٠يٍ٘خ‬ ٟ‫حٌظ‬ ‫حٌؼٛحثي‬ ٍٝ‫ػ‬ ‫حٌمَٚع‬ ٌٖ٘ ‫ٓيحى‬ ‫ٛلف‬ ٔٔ-‫ٚحٌفٔخى‬ ‫ٚحٌز١ٍٛلَحؽ١ش‬ ‫حٌظؼم١ي‬ ِٓ ‫،هخي‬ ٟ‫طل‬ ٍٞ‫حٓظؼّخ‬ ‫ِٕخم‬ ٟ‫ف‬ ٨‫ا‬ ‫حٌؼمٛى‬ ٌٖ٘ ُ‫طظ‬ ٨ ً‫خ‬‫ِٕخه‬ ‫ٚطٙ١ت‬ ‫ِٔظمَس‬ ‫ٓ١خٓ١ش‬ ‫لخػيس‬ ‫طؼغ‬ ْ‫أ‬ ‫حٌّؼ١فش‬ ‫حٌلىِٛش‬ ٍٝ‫ػ‬ ٓ١‫٠ظؼ‬ ‫؛ٌٌح‬ ٍٞ‫ح٦ىح‬ ٓ‫رخ‬ ‫حٌوخص‬ ‫حٌمطخع‬ َ‫ٌم١خ‬ ً‫خ‬١‫ِٛحط‬ ً‫خ‬١ٔٛٔ‫لخ‬‫ًٌه‬ ً‫ٚ٠ظّؼ‬ ً٠ٛ‫حٌط‬ ٜ‫حٌّي‬ ٍٝ‫ػ‬ ‫وز١َس‬ ‫ظؼّخٍحص‬ ٓ‫ػ‬ ً‫ح‬‫رؼ١ي‬ َٔ٠ٚ ‫رٌٔٙٛش‬ ‫حٌّطٍٛرش‬ ‫ح٦ىحٍ٠ش‬ ‫ٚحٌظظخٍ٠ق‬ ‫حٌّٛحفمخص‬ ٍ‫اطيح‬ ٟ‫ف‬ ‫ٚحٌّٛػٛػ١ش‬ ‫حٌؼيحٌش‬ ٟ‫طٛه‬ ‫ِغ‬ ‫حٌز١َٚلَحؽ١ش‬(5) ٕٔ-.‫ٚح٨ٓظغ٩ي‬ ‫حٌظش١١ي‬ ٟ‫َِكٍظ‬ ‫ؽٛحي‬ ‫ٚحٌَلخرش‬ ‫ح٦شَحف‬ ٟ‫ف‬ ‫ح٦ىحٍ٠ش‬ ‫حٌـٙش‬ ‫كك‬ ‫ػزٛص‬ 1 -‫ِشخٍ٠غ‬BOT،،‫ح٦ٓىٕيٍ٠ش‬ٍ‫حٌيح‬،‫حٌـخِؼ١ش‬‫حٌطزؼش‬،‫حٌؼخٔ١ش‬ٕٓٓٓ-ٌَٕٓٓٔ‫ؼزي‬ٍ‫حٌمخى‬‫ِلّي‬‫ػزي‬ٍ‫حٌمخى‬ ‫ص‬ ‫ػط١ش‬ٖٙٗ-ٙٗٙ-ٖٙٙ،ٟ‫ف‬ ٌٟ‫حٌظخ‬ ‫حٌَحرؾ‬ ‫ؽخٌغ‬ ‫ٌ٩ٓظِحىس‬:‫ح٨ٔظَٔض‬ ‫شزىش‬ http://www.iqtissadiya.com/archives_detail.asp?ida l1885&issue=291&category=loc

9. 9 ٖٔ-‫طظ‬ ‫حٌّشَٚع‬ ‫ٍِى١ش‬‫ح٦ىحٍ٠ش‬ ‫ٌٍـٙش‬ ‫ػخرظش‬ ً(5) ٔٗ-‫س‬ّ‫ي‬‫ػ‬ ‫أٚػلض‬ ‫فمي‬ ،‫حٌوخص‬ ‫ٌٍمطخع‬ ‫َِطفؼش‬ ً‫خ‬‫أٍرخك‬ ‫ح٤ٍٓٛد‬ ‫رـٌٙح‬ ٍ‫ح٨ٓظؼّخ‬ ‫٠لمك‬ ً‫طظ‬ ‫لي‬ ‫َِطفؼش‬ ‫ػٛحثي‬ ‫٠لمك‬ ‫حٌظلظ١ش‬ ‫حٌزٕ١ش‬ ‫ِشخٍ٠غ‬ ٟ‫ف‬ ٍ‫ح٨ٓظؼّخ‬ ْ‫أ‬ ‫ططز١م١ش‬ ‫ىٍحٓخص‬ ٌٝ‫ا‬ ‫حٌلخ٨ص‬ ‫رؼغ‬ ٟ‫ف‬9ٟٙ‫حٌظ‬ ‫حٌيٍحٓخص‬ ‫رؼغ‬ ‫ٔظخثؾ‬ ٌٟ‫حٌظخ‬ ‫حٌـيٚي‬ ‫ٚ٠ؼَع‬ .% ‫طّض‬.‫حٌّـخي‬ ‫ٌ٘ح‬ ٟ‫ف‬ : ّٜ‫اىثا‬ ‫اىَثذث‬‫ذَٞٞش‬‫ػق٘د‬BOTٙ‫األخز‬ ‫اىؼق٘د‬ ‫أشناه‬ ِ‫ػ‬ ‫حٌـ‬ ‫ػمي‬BOTٟ‫حٌظ‬ ‫ٚح٨لظظخى٠ش‬ ‫حٌويِ١ش‬ ‫حٌّشَٚػخص‬ ً٠ّٛ‫ط‬ ٟ‫ف‬ ‫طظزغ‬ ‫ػيس‬ ‫أشىخي‬ ِٓ ً‫شى‬ ، ‫ٍرل١خ‬ َ‫أ‬ ْ‫وخ‬ ‫هيِ١خ‬ ، ‫ِٕٙخ‬ ‫حٌّٕشٛى‬ ‫رخٌغَع‬ ‫ٌٍٛفخء‬ ‫طٙ١جظٙخ‬ ٟ‫ف‬ ‫حٌطخٌزش‬ ‫حٌـٙش‬ ‫ِٛحٍى‬ ٟ‫طىف‬ ٨ ‫حٌـ‬ َ‫ٔظخ‬ ٍ‫ؿٛح‬ ٌٝ‫فب‬B.O.T‫شز١ٙش‬ َٜ‫أه‬ ‫أٔظّش‬ ‫ٚؿيص‬‫ِطخٌذ‬ ‫ٓظش‬ ٟ‫ف‬ ‫ٔظخٌٚٙخ‬: ‫األٗه‬ ‫اىَطية‬‫اىــ‬ ً‫ّظا‬ :B.O.O.T‫ػق٘د‬ ٗBOT: ٟ‫حٌغَر‬ ‫ٌٍّظطٍق‬ ٍ‫حهظظخ‬ ٛ٘ٚBuild Operate Ownership Transfer: ٟٕ‫ٚطؼ‬ ‫شَوش‬ ْ‫أ‬ ) ‫حٌٍّى١ش‬ ً‫ٚٔم‬ ‫طٍّه‬ ( ٟ‫ِظطٍل‬ ِٓ ُٙ‫٠ف‬ ٨ٚ ، ‫حٌٍّى١ش‬ ً‫ٚٔم‬ ‫ٚطٍّه‬ ً١‫ٚطشغ‬ ‫رٕخء‬ ‫ح‬ ( ‫حٌّشَٚع‬َ‫وٕظخ‬ ٛ٘ ً‫ر‬ ، ‫ح٨طفخق‬ ‫فظَس‬ ‫ؽٛحي‬ ‫حٌّشَٚع‬ ‫طّظٍه‬ ) ‫ٌّّٛي‬B.O.T‫٠ي‬ ْٛ‫طى‬ ‫حٌـ‬ ‫ػمٛى‬ ْ‫فب‬ ‫حٌؼٍّ١ش‬ ‫حٌٕخك١ش‬ ِٓ ٗٔ‫أ‬ ٨‫ا‬ ، ‫ر١ٕخ‬ ‫وّخ‬ ‫ػخٍػش‬ ‫٠يح‬ ٗ١ٍ‫ػ‬ ‫حٌّشَٚع‬ ‫شَوش‬B.O.O.T ‫ػمٛى‬ ِٓ ‫أؽٛي‬ ‫ٌّيس‬ ‫طؼمي‬B.O.T‫ػخثي٘خ‬ ْٛ‫٠ى‬ ٟ‫حٌظ‬ ‫حٌّشَٚػخص‬ ٟ‫ف‬ ‫اٌ١ٙخ‬ ‫٠ٍـؤ‬ ‫ِخ‬ ‫ٚغخٌزخ‬ ، ‫حكظ١ؾ‬ ‫ٌٌح‬ ، ‫ػؼ١فخ‬، ‫ٔفمخص‬ ِٓ ٖ‫طىزي‬ ‫ِخ‬ ‫حٓظؼخىس‬ ِٓ ‫حٌّّٛي‬ ٓ‫ٌ١ظّى‬ ‫حٌطٛ٠ٍش‬ ‫حٌّيس‬ ٌٝ‫ا‬ ‫ف١ٙخ‬ ‫ػمٛى‬ ْ‫فب‬ ‫ًٌه‬ ٩‫ه‬ ‫ٚف١ّخ‬ ، ‫ِؼمٛي‬ ‫ػخثي‬ ‫ٚطلم١ك‬B.O.O.T‫ػمٛى‬ ‫ِغ‬ ‫طظفك‬B.O.T. ٚ‫ٚ٠زي‬( ٓ١ِ‫حٌٕظخ‬ ٓ١‫ر‬ ‫شزٙخ‬ ‫ػّش‬ ْ‫أ‬B.O.T،B.O.O.Tَ‫ٔظخ‬ ٛ٘ٚ ،ُٛ١‫ح٤ِف١ظ‬ َ‫ٚٔظخ‬ ) َ‫ٚأل‬ ، ٟٔ‫حٌَِٚخ‬ َ‫حٌؼظ‬ ‫أهَ٠خص‬ ٟ‫ف‬ ‫ػَف‬‫٠مٛي‬ ‫وّخ‬ ٗ‫ٚكم١مظ‬ ، ‫حٌلي٠غ‬ َٟٔٔ‫حٌف‬ ْٛٔ‫حٌمخ‬ ٖ ، َٖ١‫غ‬ ْ‫ِىخ‬ ً‫حٌَؿ‬ ‫الخِش‬ ٍٝ‫ػ‬ ‫ٚ٠طٍك‬ ، ‫ٚحٌظٍم١ق‬ َّ‫حٌغ‬ ٖ‫ِؼٕخ‬ ٟٔ‫٠ٛٔخ‬ ‫ٌفع‬ " ٓ١‫حٌزخكؼ‬ ‫رؼغ‬ َْٚ‫ػش‬ ‫ألٍٙخ‬ ‫ٌّيس‬ ٍ‫حٌؼمخ‬ ‫وَحء‬ : ٟ‫ح٨طط٩ك‬ ِٗٛٙ‫ِٚف‬ ، َّ‫حٌغ‬ ْ‫اِىخ‬ ‫ِغ‬ َ١‫حٌغ‬ ‫رٍّه‬ ‫ٚحٌظّظغ‬ ٌّ‫ح‬ َِ‫٠ٍظ‬ ٖ‫ٚرّمظؼخ‬ ،ْٛ‫ٚطٔؼ‬ ‫طٔغ‬ ‫ٚأوؼَ٘خ‬ ، ‫ٕٓش‬‫رـؼٍٙخ‬ ‫ح٤ٍع‬ ٚ‫أ‬ ٍ‫حٌؼمخ‬ ‫رظظٍ١ق‬ َ‫ٔظؤؿ‬ ْ‫ٚأ‬ ، َٕٗ٘٠ ْ‫أ‬ ٍٗ‫ف‬ ، ٟٕ١‫ػ‬ ‫كك‬ ‫حٌّٕشؤس‬ ٍٝ‫ػ‬ َ‫ٌٍّٚٔظؤؿ‬ ، ‫ػخىس‬ ‫ُ٘١يس‬ ‫رؤؿَس‬ ، ‫ٌٍٍِحػش‬ ‫طخٌلش‬ ٍَِ٠ ٨ٚ ، ‫طظَف‬ ً‫و‬ ِٓ ‫هخٌ١ش‬ ‫حٌّٔظؤؿَس‬ ٓ١‫حٌؼ‬ ‫رَى‬ ‫حٌّيس‬ ‫ٔٙخ٠ش‬ ‫ػٕي‬ َِ‫٠ٍظ‬ ٗٔ‫أ‬ ٍٝ‫ػ‬ ، ٗ‫٠ز١ؼ‬ ‫ح٦ط٩كخ‬ ِٓ َ‫حٌّٔظؤؿ‬ ٗ‫حٓظليػ‬ ‫ِخ‬ ً‫ِمخر‬ ‫شٟء‬ َ‫حٌّئؿ‬‫ص‬(5) . ‫حٌشـــَحف‬ ‫رؼغ‬ ‫ٚ٠ِٕع‬–ٗ‫ٔٛحفم‬ ٨ٚ-َ‫حٌلى‬ َ‫ٌٕظخ‬ ‫طخٍ٠و١خ‬ ٩‫أط‬ ُٛ١‫ح٤ِف١ظ‬ ٍ‫حػظزخ‬ ٌٝ‫ا‬(3) ٓ١‫ٚر‬ ٕٗ١‫ر‬ ‫ِخ‬ ْ‫فب‬ ‫لٍٕخ‬ ‫ٚوّخ‬B.O.Tُ‫أػ‬ ُ١ٍٔ‫ٚحٌظ‬ ‫ٚح٨ٓظغ٩ي‬ ‫حٌزٕخء‬ ‫ػمي‬ ْ‫فب‬ ٨‫ٚا‬ ، ٗ‫شز‬ ‫ِـَى‬ ‫لخٌٛح‬ ‫ٚوّخ‬ ،َّ‫ٚحٌغ‬ ‫رخٌٍِحػش‬ ‫ح٤ٍع‬ َ١ّ‫طؼ‬ ٍٝ‫ػ‬ ٨‫ا‬ ‫٠َى‬ ٨ ٌٌٞ‫ح‬ ُٛ١‫ح٤ِف١ظ‬ َِٓ‫ٌٍّٔظؤؿ‬ ْ‫فب‬ ٌٗٛ‫٠و‬ ‫ػ١ٕ١خ‬ ‫كمخ‬ ‫حٌّٔظليػخص‬ ٍٝ‫ػ‬–‫حٌؼمي‬ ‫ِيس‬ ‫ؽٛحي‬–ٟ‫ف‬ َِ٤‫ح‬ ‫وٌٌه‬ ْ١ٌٚ ، ‫حٌّخٌه‬ ‫ٍٓطخص‬ B.O.T. ‫ر١ٕخ‬ ‫وّخ‬ 1 -ُ١ٍٔ‫ٚحٌظ‬ ‫ٚح٨ٓظغ٩ي‬ ‫حٌظش١١ي‬ ‫ػمٛى‬b.o.tٟ‫حٌَٚر‬ ‫ِلّي‬ /ٍٛ‫ىوظ‬ ‫حٌوخص‬ ٌٟٚ‫حٌي‬ ْٛٔ‫حٌمخ‬ ٍ‫اؽخ‬ ٟ‫ف‬ ‫ىٍحٓش‬. 2-‫ص‬ . ِٟ٩ٓ٦‫ح‬ ٗ‫حٌفم‬ ٟ‫ف‬ َ‫حٌلى‬ ‫ػمي‬ َ‫أكىخ‬11. 3‫ص‬ ْ‫ؿٛٓظٕ١خ‬ ‫ِيٚٔش‬ ٍٝ‫ػ‬ ‫حٌظؼٍ١ك‬ ٟ‫ف‬ ّٟٙ‫ف‬ ِ٠ِ‫حٌؼ‬ ‫ػزي‬ ‫ًٌه‬ َ‫ًو‬ٕٖٓ‫ف‬ ‫حٌٛٓ١ؾ‬ ٟ‫ف‬ . ٌٍٕٞٛٙٔ‫ح‬ ‫حٌَُحق‬ ‫ػزي‬ ٍٛ‫ٚحٌيوظ‬ ،. ٟٔ‫حٌّي‬ ْٛٔ‫حٌمخ‬ ‫شَف‬ ٟ1/ٔ3ٖ2. ‫ص‬ َ‫حٌلى‬ َ‫أكىخ‬ ٓ‫ػ‬ ٩‫ٔم‬19

10. 10 ‫اى‬ ‫اىَطية‬‫اىــ‬ ‫ػق٘د‬ : ّٜ‫ثا‬B.O.O.ٗ‫ػق٘د‬BOT: ‫ٌٍّظطٍق‬ ٍ‫حهظظخ‬ ٛ٘ٚBuild Operate Ownershipً١‫ٚحٌظشغ‬ ‫حٌزٕخء‬ ٖ‫ِٚؼٕخ‬ ، ‫رٙخ‬ ‫ٚ٠مظي‬ ، ‫ٚحٌظٍّه‬، َّ‫ِٚٔظؼ‬ َ‫حٌؼخ‬ ْٛٔ‫حٌمخ‬ ‫أشوخص‬ ِٓ ‫شوض‬ ٓ١‫ر‬ ََ‫طز‬ ٟ‫حٌظ‬ ‫حٌؼمٛى‬ ‫طٍه‬ : ٍٝ‫ػ‬ ‫ٚح٦شَحف‬ ،ٗ‫ٚطٍّى‬ ، ٗٔ١ٓ‫ٚطؤ‬ ، ‫ِشَٚػخ‬ َّ‫حٌّٔظؼ‬ ‫الخِش‬ ‫رمظي‬ ، ٓ٠َّ‫ِٔظؼ‬ ‫ِـّٛػش‬ ٚ‫أ‬ ‫٠لممٙخ‬ ٟ‫حٌظ‬ ‫ح٦٠َحىحص‬ ِٓ ‫ٔظ١زخ‬ ‫حٌؼخِش‬ ‫ٌٍـٙش‬ ْٛ‫٠ى‬ ْ‫أ‬ ٍٝ‫ػ‬ ، ‫حٌّليىس‬ ‫حٌّيس‬ ‫ؽٛحي‬ ٍٗ١‫طشغ‬ ، ‫حٌؼمي‬ ‫ِيس‬ ‫ؽٛحي‬ ، ‫حٌّشَٚع‬ٟ‫ح٨فظَحػ‬ َّٖ‫ػ‬ ‫رخٔظٙخء‬ ‫حٌّشَٚع‬ ٗ‫٠ٕظ‬ ٌُ ْ‫فب‬–‫حٌؼمي‬ ‫ِيس‬ ‫رخٔظٙخء‬ -‫ٚفمخ‬ ، ‫حٌٍّى١ش‬ ‫كظض‬ ٓ‫ػ‬ ٗ‫طؼٛ٠ؼ‬ ‫ٚاِخ‬ ، َّ‫حٌّٔظؼ‬ ُ‫حِظ١خ‬ ‫طـي٠ي‬ ‫اِخ‬ ‫حٌؼخِش‬ ‫حٌـٙش‬ ٍٝ‫ػ‬ ٓ١‫طؼ‬ ‫ِغ‬ ‫حٌظؼخلي‬ ٚ‫أ‬ ‫حٌّشَٚع‬ ‫اىحٍس‬ ‫ح٦ىحٍ٠ش‬ ‫ٌٍـٙش‬ ‫٠لك‬ ٌ‫ٚكخٌج‬ ، ‫حٌّشَٚع‬ َٛ‫ٚهظ‬ ‫أطٛي‬ ُ١١‫ٌظم‬ ٩‫ه‬ ِٓ ، ٗ‫اىحٍط‬ ٍٝ‫ػ‬ ٓ٠َ‫آه‬. ‫أفؼٍٙخ‬ ٍ‫حهظ١خ‬ ُ‫٠ظ‬ ‫ِميِش‬ ‫ػطخءحص‬ ‫ي‬(5) ‫أشىخي‬ ِٓ ً‫شى‬ ‫ٌ٘ح‬ ْ‫ا‬ ، ‫حٌؼمي‬ ‫ِيس‬ ‫رخٔظٙخء‬ ‫حٌّشَٚع‬ ‫حٔظٙخء‬ ‫كخي‬ ٟ‫ف‬ ، ‫٠مخي‬ ْ‫أ‬ ‫ٚ٠ظق‬ َ‫ٔظخ‬ ٓ‫ػ‬ ‫ٚ٠وَؽ‬ ، ‫حٌوظوظش‬B.O.T(5) . )‫رـ(حٌَّطـــي‬ ِٟ٩ٓ٦‫ح‬ ٗ‫حٌفم‬ ٟ‫ف‬ ‫ػَف‬ ‫رّخ‬ ‫شزٙخ‬ َ‫حٌٕظخ‬ ‫ٌٌٙح‬ ْ‫فب‬ ‫حٌزمخء‬ ‫كخي‬ ٟ‫ٚف‬(3) ٚ‫أ‬ (ٍ‫ػ‬ ْ‫وخ‬ ‫ٚلي‬ )ٍ‫حٌمَح‬ ‫كك‬ُٖ‫رـٛح‬ ‫حٌمٛي‬ ‫ٚ٠ٕٔي‬ ، ٟ‫حٌٍّّٛو‬ َ‫حٌؼظ‬ ٟ‫ف‬ ‫حٌشخِ١ش‬ ٍ‫حٌي٠خ‬ ً٘‫أ‬ ًّ‫ػ‬ ٗ١ َ‫ِظؤه‬ ٗ‫ٚهَؿ‬ ، ‫حٌلٕخرٍش‬ ٌٝ‫ا‬ٗ‫ٌّظٍلظ‬ ‫حٌٛلف‬ ٍٝ‫ػ‬ ‫ح٨ٓظيحٔش‬ ُ‫كى‬ ِٓ ‫ح٤كٕخف‬ ٚ. ‫ح٨طفخق‬ ‫ف١مغ‬ ٍَٞٚ‫حٌؼ‬ َ١ّ‫حٌظؼ‬ ٌٝ‫ا‬ ‫ِلظخؽ‬ ، ‫ِٛلٛف‬ ٍ‫ػمخ‬ ٍٝ‫ػ‬ ‫ِؼخٍِش‬ : ‫حٌَطي‬ ‫ٚطٍٛس‬ –ًْ٦‫ح‬ ٚ‫أ‬–‫حٌّٔظؤؿ‬ ‫ٔفمش‬ ٍٝ‫ػ‬ َ١ّ‫رخٌظؼ‬ٍٝ‫ػ‬ ‫حٌَؿٛع‬ ‫رٕ١ش‬ ، ‫هيِش‬ ّٝٔ٠ ً‫ِؼـ‬ ‫رّخي‬ ، َ ‫حٌؼّخٍس‬ ْٛ‫طى‬ ْ‫أ‬ ٍٝ‫ػ‬ ، ‫ٕٓش‬ ً‫و‬ ٟ‫ف‬ ‫ح٤ؿَس‬ ِٓ ٗ‫حلظطخػ‬ ٚ‫أ‬ ، ٗ١‫ف‬ ‫ِخي‬ ‫كظٛي‬ ‫ػٕي‬ ‫حٌٛلف‬ ٍ‫حٌمَح‬ ‫كك‬ )َ‫حٌّٔظؤؿ‬ ( َّ‫ٌٍّٚؼ‬ ، ‫ٌٍٛلف‬. ٚ ‫حٌَّطي‬ ٓ١‫ر‬ ‫ِخ‬ َُ‫ٚأر‬B.O.O‫ػٍ١ٙخ‬ ‫ِظفك‬ ‫أؿَس‬ ‫حٌَّطي‬ ٟ‫ف‬ ‫حٌٛحؿذ‬ ْ‫أ‬ ٛ٘ ‫فَق‬ ِٓ ٌ‫ح‬ ٟ‫ٚف‬ ، ‫حرظيحء‬‫ــ‬B.O.Oٗ‫طٕظ‬ ٌُ ‫رخل١ش‬ ‫حٌؼمي‬ ‫ِيس‬ ‫ىحِض‬ ‫ِخ‬ ‫حٌّشَٚع‬ ‫ػخثي‬ ِٓ ‫ؿِء‬ ‫ٌٍّخٌه‬ ‫٠ؼزض‬ ٌٝ‫ا‬ ٗ‫اىحٍط‬ ‫إٓخى‬ ٚ‫أ‬ ، ‫حٌّشَٚع‬ ‫اىحٍس‬ ٟ‫ف‬ ‫حٌلك‬ ‫ٌٍّٚخٌه‬ ، ‫ٌ٩طفخق‬ ‫٠وؼغ‬ ‫فخٌّٔظلك‬ ‫حٔظٙض‬ ْ‫،فب‬ . َ‫آه‬ ‫اى‬ ‫اىَطية‬‫اىثيد‬ ‫ػق٘د‬ : ‫ثاىث‬B.L.T‫ػق٘د‬ ٗBOT: ‫ٌّظطٍق‬ ‫حهظظخٍح‬Build Lease Transfer‫ػم‬ : ٟٕ‫ٚطؼ‬،ً٠ٛ‫ٚحٌظل‬ َ١‫ٚحٌظؤؿ‬ ‫حٌزٕخء‬ ‫ٛى‬ ‫طؤؿ١َح‬ َ١‫ٌٍغ‬ ٚ‫أ‬ ‫ٌٍّخٌه‬ َٖ١‫طؤؿ‬ ُ‫ػ‬ ، ‫ِئلظخ‬ ٗ‫ٚطٍّى‬ ، ‫حٌّشَٚع‬ ‫رزٕخء‬ َّ‫حٌّٔظؼ‬ َٛ‫٠م‬ ٖ‫ٚرّمظؼخ‬ ‫حٌّشَٚػخص‬ ‫ِغ‬ ٌ‫٠ظو‬ ‫ِخ‬ ‫ٚػخىس‬ ، ‫حٌؼمي‬ ‫ِيس‬ ‫ٔٙخ٠ش‬ ٟ‫ف‬ ‫حٌيٌٚش‬ ٌٝ‫ا‬ ٗ‫ٍِى١ظ‬ ً٠ٛ‫طل‬ ُ‫ػ‬ ، ‫طّٛ٠ٍ١خ‬ ‫ٌظشغ١ٍٙخ‬ ‫ٍأّٓخٌ١ش‬ ‫ٚآ٨ص‬ ‫ِؼيحص‬ ٌٝ‫ا‬ ‫طلظخؽ‬ ٟ‫حٌظ‬ ‫ٚحٌَّحفك‬.َ‫ٔظخ‬ ٓ‫ػ‬ ‫ٚ٠وظٍف‬BOTْ‫أ‬ ٟ‫ف‬ ‫٠يفؼٙخ‬ ‫أؿَس‬ ‫ح٦ٔشخء‬ ً‫ِمخر‬ ٍٝ‫ػ‬ ً‫طلظ‬ ‫ٚأّخ‬ ، ‫ٚح٦ىحٍس‬ ً١‫حٌظشغ‬ ٌٝٛ‫طظ‬ ٨ ‫حٌّشَٚع‬ ‫شَوش‬ َ‫حٌّٔظؤؿ‬–‫ح٤ٍع‬ ‫ِخٌه‬ ٛ٘ َ‫حٌّٔظؤؿ‬ ْٛ‫٠ى‬ ‫ِخ‬ ‫ٚوؼ١َح‬–. ‫حٌؼمي‬ ‫ِيس‬ ‫ؽٛحي‬ ‫رخ٨ٓظظٕخع‬ ٍ‫ح٨ٓظؼّخ‬ ‫ط١غش‬ ‫٠وخٌف‬ َ‫حٌٕظخ‬ ‫ٌ٘ح‬ ‫٠ىخى‬ ٨ٚ(4) ‫ِؼَٚف‬ ٛ٘ ‫وّخ‬ ، ٗ‫ٚكم١مظ‬ –‫ِخٌه‬ ‫٠ظفك‬ ْ‫أ‬–ٗ‫ٔخثز‬ ٚ‫أ‬-‫ٚفك‬ ‫ح٤ٚي‬ ‫أٍع‬ ٍٝ‫ػ‬ ِٕٗ ً٠ّٛ‫رظ‬ ‫ِخ‬ ‫ِشَٚع‬ ٌ١‫طٕف‬ ٍٝ‫ػ‬ ‫ِّٛي‬ ‫ِغ‬ 1)‫ٚػمٛى‬ ‫ح٦ىحٍ٠ش‬ ‫.حٌؼمٛى‬ ٍ‫ري‬ ‫ٓ٩ِش‬ ‫أكّي‬ .‫ى‬ . ٕٝ‫حٌّؼ‬ ‫ٌ٘ح‬ ٟ‫ف‬B.O.T‫ص‬ٖ٘1‫ص‬ َ‫ؿؼف‬ ْٔ‫أ‬ ٍٛ‫حٌيوظ‬ ‫أٓظخًٔخ‬ ، ‫رؼي٘خ‬ ‫ِٚخ‬7ٙ، 2)‫ص‬ ‫كخِي‬ ‫ِلّي‬ َ٘‫ِخ‬ .‫ى‬ٖ7‫ص‬ ‫ٓخرك‬ . ‫حٌٍط١ف‬ ‫ػزي‬ ‫ِلّي‬ ‫ِلّي‬ .‫ى‬ ،. ‫رؼي٘خ‬ ‫ِٚخ‬97‫ِٚخ‬. ‫رؼي٘خ‬ 3)‫ص‬ ِٟ٩ٓ٦‫ح‬ ٗ‫حٌفم‬ ٟ‫ف‬ َ‫حٌلى‬ ‫ػمي‬ َ‫أكىخ‬ َ‫حٔظ‬1ٓ 4)‫ىٍحٓش‬ ٟ٘ٚ ، ‫حٌؼخٔ١ش‬ ‫حٌطزؼش‬ . ِٟ٩ٓ٦‫ح‬ ٗ‫حٌفم‬ ٟ‫ف‬ ‫حٌّمخٌٚش‬ ‫ػمي‬ ٚ‫أ‬ ، ‫ح٨ٓظظٕخع‬ ‫ػمي‬ . ‫وخٓذ‬ . ْ‫حٌزيٍح‬ .‫ى‬ : ‫ح٨ٓظظٕخع‬ َ‫أكىخ‬ ٟ‫ف‬ ‫ٍحؿغ‬ٍٝ‫ػ‬ ‫ٌٍلظٛي‬ ‫أػيص‬ ‫ِلّي‬ َ‫ح٦ِخ‬ ‫رـخِؼش‬ ٌٟ‫حٌؼخ‬ ‫حٌمؼخء‬ ‫ِؼٙي‬ ِٓ َ١‫حٌّخؿٔظ‬. ‫ِلّي‬ ٓ‫ر‬ ‫ِخؿي‬ ، ) ‫ٚؽخد‬ ٌٌ ‫ِخ‬ ً‫و‬ ِٓ ‫ؿّؼض‬ ( ‫حٌظخٌق‬ ْ‫ػؼّخ‬ ‫حٌش١ن‬ ‫ِمَظٙخ‬ ‫ٚ٠مٛي‬ ، ‫ٓؼٛى‬ ٓ‫ر‬

11. 11 ‫ٚ٠ٔيى‬ ، ٍٗ‫ٌ١ٔظغ‬ ، ‫حٌّشَٚع‬ ‫ح٤ٚي‬ ٍُٔ‫ط‬ ٌ١‫حٌظٕف‬ ُ‫ط‬ ٝ‫ِٚظ‬ ، ‫ٚػؼٙخ‬ ٟ‫حٌظ‬ ‫ٚح٤ٚطخف‬ ‫حٌّوططخص‬ (ً٠ّٛ‫ٚحٌظ‬ ٌ١‫حٌظٕف‬ ‫طٌٛض‬ ٟ‫حٌظ‬ ‫ٌٍـٙش‬ ‫ألٔخؽ‬ ٍٝ‫ػ‬ ، ‫حٌَرق‬ ‫شخٍِش‬ ، ٗ‫وٍفظ‬5 ‫حٌفم‬ ‫ِـّغ‬ ْ‫أ‬ ٍَٛ‫ِٚؼ‬ ، )ٗ ُ‫ٍل‬ ٍٖ‫رمَح‬ ‫ح٨ٓظظٕخع‬ ُ‫أؿخ‬ ‫لي‬ ِٟ٩ٓ٦‫ح‬7/ُٖ‫ٍل‬ ٍٖ‫رمَح‬ َ١ّ‫ٚحٌظؼ‬ ‫حٌّمخٌٚش‬ ُ‫ٚأؿخ‬ ،ٔٗ/ٖ ٗ‫أشز‬ ‫حٌّخٌه‬ َ١‫ٌغ‬ َ١‫حٌظؤؿ‬ ْ‫وخ‬ ْ‫فب‬ . ‫ٌٍّخٌه‬ َ١‫حٌظؤؿ‬ ‫ٚلغ‬ ْ‫ا‬ ‫،ٌٚ٘ح‬B.L.T‫رؼغ‬ ٟ‫ف‬ ‫حٌَّطي‬ ٟ‫٠ٔظٛف‬ ٝ‫كظ‬ َٖ١‫غ‬ ٌٝ‫ا‬ َ١‫رخٌظؤؿ‬ ٚ‫أ‬ ، ٗٔ‫رٕف‬ ٗ١‫ف١ٔظٛف‬ ،ٍ‫حٌمَح‬ ‫كك‬ َّ‫ٌٍّؼ‬ ‫٠ؼزض‬ ‫ك١غ‬ ، ِٗ‫أكىخ‬ ِ. ‫حرظيحء‬ ‫ِٔظؤؿَح‬ ‫حٌَّطي‬ ٟ‫ف‬ ‫حٌّّٛي‬ ْ‫وخ‬ ْ‫ٚا‬ ، ٗ‫أٔفم‬ ‫خ‬ ‫اى‬ ‫اىَطية‬٘‫اىثر‬ ‫ػق٘د‬ : ‫زاتغ‬B.T.O‫ػق٘د‬ ٗBOT ‫ٌّظطٍق‬ ‫حهظظخٍح‬OperateBuild Transfer‫حٌٍّى١ش‬ ً‫ٚٔم‬ ‫حٌزٕخء‬ : ٟٕ‫ٚطؼ‬ ‫حٌَّفك‬ ٚ‫أ‬ ، ‫حٌّشَٚع‬ ‫رٕخء‬ ٍٝ‫ػ‬ ‫حٌوخص‬ َّ‫حٌّٔظؼ‬ ‫ِغ‬ ‫حٌلىِٛش‬ ‫طؼخلي‬ : ‫رٙخ‬ ‫ٚ٠مظي‬ ، ً١‫ٚحٌظشغ‬ َ‫حٌؼخ‬ُ‫ح٨ِظ١خ‬ ‫فظَس‬ ‫ه٩ي‬ ،‫حٌّشَٚع‬ ً١‫ٚطشغ‬ ‫٦ىحٍس‬ ، َ‫آه‬ ‫ػميح‬ ٗ‫ِؼ‬ ََ‫طز‬ ٟ‫حٌظ‬ ‫حٌلىِٛش‬ ‫ٌلٔخد‬ ‫ح٦ىحٍس‬ ‫٠ي‬ ٓ‫ػ‬ ‫٠وَؽ‬ ٨ ‫حٌّشَٚع‬ ْ‫أ‬ ‫ٚٚحػق‬ ، ً١‫حٌظشغ‬ ‫ا٠َحىحص‬ ٍٝ‫ػ‬ ‫حٌلظٛي‬ ً‫ِمخر‬ ‫ًٌٚه‬ ، .ٟٔ‫حٌؼخ‬ ‫حٌؼمي‬ ٍٝ‫ػ‬ ‫رٕخء‬ ٨‫ا‬ ٌ‫ح‬ َٛ‫طم‬ ‫ك١غ‬ ، ‫حٌلٕ١ف‬ ‫فمٕٙخ‬ ٟ‫ف‬ ‫حٌّؼَٚف‬ ٓ١‫ح٦ؿخٍط‬ ‫ػمي‬ ً١‫لز‬ ِٓ ٍٗ‫ٌٚؼ‬ٟ‫ف‬ ‫حٌَحغزش‬ ‫ـٙش‬ ‫حٌّخٌىش‬ ‫ٌٍـٙش‬ ‫٠يفغ‬ ْ‫أ‬ ٍٝ‫ػ‬ ، ‫رؼّخٍطٙخ‬ ‫٠ظؼٙي‬ ٌّٓ ، ‫حٌوَرش‬ ٚ‫أ‬ ، ٍٛ‫حٌز‬ ‫ح٤ٍع‬ ‫ريفغ‬ ‫ح٦ك١خء‬ ‫الخِش‬ ٟ‫ف‬ ٌ‫ٚطٕف‬ ، ‫ٌٙخ‬ ‫ِمخٍرش‬ ٚ‫أ‬ ، ‫حٌّئؿَس‬ ٓ١‫حٌؼ‬ ‫ٌم١ّش‬ ‫ِٔخٚ٠ش‬ ْٛ‫ٚطى‬ : ‫:ِؼـٍش‬ ٓ١‫أؿَط‬ ‫ِزٍغ‬ ْٛ‫طى‬ ْ‫أ‬ ٚ‫طؼي‬ ٨ٚ ، ‫ػٍ١ٙخ‬ ‫حٌؼمي‬ ‫٠ظـيى‬ ‫ٕٓش‬ ً‫و‬ ‫ٚطيفغ‬ : ‫ِٚئؿٍش‬ . ‫حٌّشَٚع‬، ‫ٍِِ٠خ‬ ‫خ‬ .‫ػخٍػش‬ ‫٠ي‬ ‫حٌّٔظف١ي‬ ‫٠ي‬ ْ‫ٚأ‬ ، ‫ح٦٠ـخٍ٠ش‬ ‫حٌؼ٩لش‬ ‫اػزخص‬ ٗ‫غَػ‬ ‫اى‬ ‫اىَطية‬٘‫اىذتف‬ ‫ػق٘د‬ : ‫خاٍض‬D.B.F.O‫ػق٘د‬ ٗBOT ‫ٌّظطٍق‬ ‫حهظظخٍح‬Design Build Finance Operate‫ٚحٌزٕخء‬ ُ١ّ‫حٌظظ‬ ٟٕ‫ٚ٠ؼ‬ ، . ً١‫ٚحٌظشغ‬ ً٠ّٛ‫ٚحٌظ‬ ‫ػٕيِخ‬ َٙ‫طظ‬ ‫اٌ١ٙخ‬ ‫حٌلخؿش‬ ْ‫فب‬ ‫حّٓٙخ‬ ِٓ ‫ٚحػق‬ ٛ٘ ‫ٚوّخ‬‫ِّخ‬ ٝ‫حٌّزظغ‬ ‫حٌّشَٚع‬ ْٛ‫٠ى‬ ، ‫ٚٔلٛ٘خ‬ ، ‫ٚحٌّطخٍحص‬ ، ‫ٚح٤ٔفخق‬ ، ٍٛٔ‫حٌـ‬ ‫وزؼغ‬ ، ُ١ّ‫حٌظظ‬ ٟ‫ف‬ ‫هخطش‬ ‫ىلش‬ ٌٝ‫ا‬ ‫٠لظخؽ‬ ‫حٌّشَٚع‬ ‫اىحٍس‬ ٓٔ‫ٌل‬ ‫ٚحٌىخف‬ َّ‫حٌّٔظ‬ ً٠ّٛ‫،ٚحٌظ‬ ‫حٌزٕخء‬ ٍٝ‫ػ‬ ُ‫ػ‬ ، ُ١ّ‫حٌظظ‬ ٍٝ‫ػ‬ ‫ح٨طفخق‬ ‫ف١زظية‬ ‫حٌؼخثي‬ ِٓ ‫ٌ١ٔظَى‬ ‫حٌؼمي‬ ‫ِيس‬ ‫ه٩ي‬ ٍٗ١‫طشغ‬ ‫كك‬ َّ‫ٌٍّٔظؼ‬ ْٛ‫٠ى‬ ْ‫أ‬ ٍٝ‫ػ‬ ،‫ِغ‬ ‫ٔفمخص‬ ِٓ ٖ‫طىزي‬ ‫ِخ‬ . ‫ِؼمٛي‬ ‫ٍرق‬ ‫طلم١ك‬ َ‫ٔظخ‬ ٌٝ‫ا‬ ُ‫حٌٕظ‬ ‫ألَد‬ ٗٔ‫فب‬ ‫حٌشَحف‬ ‫٠مٛي‬ ‫ٚوّخ‬B.O.T‫٠ظؼٍك‬ ‫ف١ّخ‬ ٩١‫طفظ‬ َ‫أوؼ‬ ٗٔ‫أ‬ َ١‫غ‬ ، ً٠ّٛ‫ٚحٌظ‬ ُ١ّ‫رخٌظظ‬َ‫ٔظخ‬ ِٓ ‫ٚ٠مظَد‬B.O.O، ‫ح٤ٍع‬ ً‫ِمخر‬ ٍٝ‫ػ‬ ‫ح٦ىحٍس‬ ‫كظٛي‬ ‫ٔخك١ش‬ ِٓ ،ُ‫ح٨ِظ١خ‬ ‫حٌّشَٚع‬ ‫شَوش‬ ‫ِٕق‬ َ١‫ٔظ‬ ، ‫ح٦٠َحىحص‬ ِٓ ‫ٔٔزش‬ ٍٝ‫ٚػ‬‫ٌٍلىِٛش‬ ‫٠لك‬ ‫حٌّيس‬ ‫ٚرخٔظٙخء‬ ، ‫ِمظغ‬ ٌٗ ْ‫وخ‬ ْ‫،ا‬ ‫ِٕخٓذ‬ ‫طؼٛ٠غ‬ ‫ىفغ‬ ‫ِغ‬ ،َ‫آه‬ َّ‫ٌّٔظؼ‬ ٗ‫ِٕل‬ ٚ‫أ‬ ، ً١‫حٌظشغ‬ ُ‫حِظ١خ‬ ‫طـي٠ي‬ . ‫حٌّشَٚع‬ ‫ِخٌه‬ َّ‫ٌٍّٔظؼ‬ ‫ٌٍّخٌه‬ ‫حٌلك‬ َّ‫حٌّٔظؼ‬ ٟ‫٠ؼط‬ ‫ك١غ‬ ، ‫حٌّخٌه‬ ‫ٌظخٌق‬ ‫ِظٕخلظش‬ ‫ِشخٍوش‬ ْٛ‫طى‬ ْ‫أ‬ ٌٖ٘ ٗ‫ٚطشز‬ –‫حٌٛلف‬ ٚ‫أ‬ ‫ح٦ىحٍس‬-‫ح‬ ‫ٍِى١ش‬ ٟ‫ف‬ ٍٗ‫ِل‬ ‫حٌلٍٛي‬ ٟ‫ف‬‫حٌشَٚؽ‬ ٗ١‫طمظؼ‬ ‫كٔزّخ‬ ‫ىفؼخص‬ ٍٝ‫ػ‬ ‫ٌّشَٚع‬ ‫ص‬ ْ‫ػّخ‬ . ‫حٌٛحػي‬ ً١‫حٌـ‬ ‫ِىظزش‬ َ‫ٔش‬ . َ‫حٌّؼخط‬ ‫ٚحٌظطز١ك‬ ‫حٌّخٌ١ش‬ ‫حٌّؼخِ٩ص‬31ٔ-319ٜ‫ِٕظي‬ ‫أػّخي‬ ّٓ‫ػ‬ ‫حٌٛلف‬ ‫أِٛحي‬ ٍ‫حٓظؼّخ‬ . ِٝٓٛ ٓ‫ر‬ ‫هللا‬ ‫.ػزي‬ ٍ‫حٌؼّخ‬ .‫ى‬ ، ‫ل‬‫ح٤ٚي‬ ‫حٌفمٙ١ش‬ ‫حٌٛلف‬ ‫ؼخ٠خ‬.‫حٌىٛ٠ض‬ٔ3ٕ3/ٕٖٓٓ‫ص‬ ‫ح٤ٚي‬ ‫حٌـِء‬ٕٕ1. ‫رؼي٘خ‬ ‫ِٚخ‬ 1)‫ص‬ ٟ‫حٌٙ١ظ‬ ٍٛ‫حٌيوظ‬ ٕٝ‫حٌّؼ‬ ‫ٌ٘ح‬ ٟ‫ف‬17‫ص‬ ْ‫حٌزيٍح‬ ‫وخٓذ‬ ٍْ‫ٚلخ‬ ،٘9-ٙٔ‫ص‬ ٍ‫حٌؼّخ‬ .‫ى‬ ،ٕٕ1. ‫رؼي٘خ‬ ‫ِٚخ‬

12. 12 ، ‫شَػ١خ‬ ‫ٔظخ‬ ‫٠وخٌف‬ ‫ِخ‬ ‫ف١ٙخ‬ ْ١ٌٚ ، ‫ِشَٚػش‬ َ‫ػٕخط‬ ٓ١‫ر‬ ‫طـّغ‬ ‫ِؼخٍِش‬ ٌٖ٘ٚ " ‫ػٍ١ٙخ‬ ‫حٌّظفك‬ ." ‫ػخِش‬ ‫وٍ١ش‬ ‫لخػيس‬ ‫٠ٕخلغ‬ ٨ٚ ‫اى‬ ‫اىَطية‬َ٘‫اى‬ ‫ػق٘د‬ : ‫ظادص‬ٗ: ‫خ‬M.O.O.T‫ػق٘د‬ ٗBOT ‫ٌٍّظطٍق‬ ‫حهظظخٍح‬Modernize Own Operate Transfer‫حٌظل‬ ٟٕ‫ٚ٠ؼ‬‫ٚحٌظٍّه‬ ‫ي٠غ‬ ٓ‫ػ‬ ‫٠وظٍف‬ ٨ٚ ، ‫حٌٍّى١ش‬ ً‫ٚٔم‬ ً١‫ٚحٌظشغ‬B.O.Tً‫رخٌفؼ‬ ُ‫لخث‬ ‫ِشَٚع‬ ‫طلي٠غ‬ ٍٝ‫ػ‬ ٖ‫ٍٚٚى‬ ٟ‫ف‬ ٨‫ا‬ ‫٠َى‬ ٓ١‫ك‬ ٟ‫ف‬ ،B.O.Tٗ‫حٓظليحػ‬ ‫٠َحى‬ ‫ِشَٚع‬ ٍٝ‫ػ‬. ‫ٍجاالخ‬ ٗ ‫أؽزاف‬ : ‫اىثاىث‬ ‫اىَثذث‬‫ػق٘د‬BOT ‫ػمٛى‬ ‫هظخثض‬ ٚ ‫ؽز١ؼش‬ ‫ر١ٕخ‬ ‫رؼيِخ‬BOT‫حٌّش‬ َٜ‫ح٤ه‬ ‫ح٤شىخي‬ ٓ‫ػ‬ ‫ٌٙخ‬ ِ١١ّ‫ط‬ ‫ليِٕخ‬ ٚ‫ٌٙخ‬ ‫خرٙش‬ ‫ػمٛى‬ ‫أؽَحف‬ ‫ّ٘خ‬ ٚ ٓ١‫ِطٍز‬ ‫حٌّزلغ‬ ‫ٌ٘ح‬ ٟ‫ف‬ ‫ٔزلغ‬BOT‫حٌؼمٛى‬ ٌٖ٘ ‫ِـخ٨ص‬ ٚ ‫األٗه‬ ‫اىَطية‬‫ػق٘د‬ ‫أؽزاف‬ :BOT ،ِٗ‫اطّخ‬ ٟ‫ف‬ ‫حٌّشظَوش‬ ‫ٚحٌّئٓٔخص‬ ‫حٌـٙخص‬ ‫ٚطؼيى‬ ‫رىؼَس‬ ‫حٌٍّى١ش‬ ً‫ٚٔم‬ ً١‫ٚحٌظشغ‬ ‫حٌزٕخء‬ َ‫ٔظخ‬ ِ١ّ‫٠ظ‬ ‫ػش‬ ٌٝ‫ا‬ ‫ػيى٘خ‬ ً‫٠ظ‬ ‫لي‬ ٟ‫ٚحٌظ‬ ،ٗ‫رٛحٓطظ‬ ‫حٌّٕفٌس‬ ‫حٌّشَٚػخص‬ ٌ١‫ٚطٕف‬،‫ٚحٌّئٓٔخص‬ ‫حٌـٙخص‬ ‫َحص‬ ِٓ ْٛ‫٠ى‬ ‫ٍرّخ‬ ‫ٌٌٌه‬ .َ١‫حٌىؼ‬ َُ٘١‫ٚغ‬ ً٠ّٛ‫ٚحٌظ‬ ‫ٚحٌظٍٛ٠ي‬ ‫حٌّمخٌٚش‬ ‫ٚشَوخص‬ ‫حٌّؼ١فش‬ ‫رخٌيٌٚش‬ ‫طزيأ‬ ٟٔ‫حٌؼخ‬ ‫حٌطَف‬ ،‫حٌّؼ١فش‬ ‫حٌيٌٚش‬ ‫ح٤ٚي‬ ‫حٌطَف‬ .‫فمؾ‬ ٓ١‫رطَف‬ ‫حٌؼي٠يس‬ ‫حٌـٙخص‬ ٌٖ٘ ً١‫طّؼ‬ ‫حٌّٕخٓذ‬ ‫ٌٍّشَٚع‬ ‫حٌّٕفٌس‬ ‫حٌشَوش‬ : ‫اىَؼٞفح‬ ‫اىذٗىح‬ :‫األٗه‬ ‫اىطزف‬ َ‫طؼظز‬ً‫ّؼ‬ُ‫ط‬ ‫ك١غ‬ ،‫حٌؼمي‬ ٟ‫ف‬ ٟٔ١‫ٍث‬ ‫ؽَف‬ ‫حٌٍّى١ش‬ ً‫ٚٔم‬ ً١‫ٚحٌظشغ‬ ‫حٌزٕخء‬ َ‫ٔظخ‬ ٟ‫ف‬ ‫حٌيٌٚش‬ ٞٛ‫ٚ٠لظ‬ ٍٗ١‫ٚطشغ‬ ٗ‫أشخث‬ ‫حٌِِّغ‬ ‫حٌّشَٚع‬ ‫طخكزش‬ ‫٤ٔٙخ‬ ‫ًٌٚه‬ ،‫ٌٍّشَٚع‬ ‫حٌّؼ١ف‬ ‫حٌطَف‬ ِٓ ً‫ح‬‫ريء‬ ‫حٌّشَٚع‬ ٌ١‫رظٕف‬ ‫ٚحٌّؼٕ١ش‬ ‫حٌّشظَوش‬ ‫حٌّلٍ١ش‬ ‫ح٤ؽَحف‬ ِٓ ‫حٌؼي٠ي‬ ٍٝ‫ػ‬ ‫حٌيٌٚش‬ ّْٛ‫ِؼ‬ ‫رخٌّش‬ ‫حٌّوظظش‬ ‫حٌُٛحٍس‬ٚ ‫رخٌّشَٚع‬ ‫حٌؼ٩لش‬ ‫ًحص‬ ‫ٚحٌُٛحٍحص‬ ،‫ٓ١ٕشؤ‬ ٌٌٞ‫ح‬ َ‫حٌؼخ‬ ‫حٌَّفك‬ ٚ‫أ‬ ‫َٚع‬ ً‫ٚٔم‬ ً١‫ٚحٌظشغ‬ ‫حٌزٕخء‬ َ‫رٕظخ‬ ‫حٌّشَٚع‬ ‫أشخء‬ ٍٝ‫ػ‬ ٗ‫ِٛحفمظ‬ ٌ‫أه‬ ٓ١‫٠ظؼ‬ ٌٌٞ‫ح‬ ‫حٌٍُٛحء‬ ٍْ‫رّـ‬ ‫حٔظٙخء‬ ٟ‫حٌظ‬ ‫رخٌيٌٚش‬ ‫ٚح٨لظظخى٠ش‬ ‫ٚح٨ٓظؼّخٍ٠ش‬ ‫ٚحٌظشَ٠ؼ١ش‬ ‫ح٦ىحٍ٠ش‬ ‫حٌـٙخص‬ ‫وخفش‬ ٌٝ‫ا‬ ‫رخ٦ػخفش‬ .‫حٌٍّى١ش‬ ٙ١ٍ‫ػ‬ ٓ١‫٠ظؼ‬،ٗ‫اىحٍط‬ ٚ‫أ‬ ‫طشغ١ٍٙخ‬ ٚ‫أ‬ ‫أشخثٙخ‬ ‫أػٕخء‬ ‫حٌّشَٚع‬ ‫شَوش‬ ٗ‫طٛحؿ‬ ‫لي‬ ‫ػمزخص‬ ٞ‫أ‬ ً١ٌٌ‫ط‬ ‫خ‬ ‫حٌؼّخٌش‬ ‫رظيٍ٠ذ‬ ‫حٌّوظظش‬ ‫ٚحٌـٙخص‬ ،‫حٌّشَٚع‬ ‫شَوش‬ ‫ِٚظخرؼش‬ ‫َِحلزش‬ ‫ػٍ١ٙخ‬ ٓ١‫٠ظؼ‬ ٟ‫حٌظ‬ ‫ٚحٌـٙخص‬ .‫ٌٍشَوش‬ ‫حٌّّٕٛكش‬ ‫حٔظٙخء‬ ‫رؼي‬ ‫حٌّشَٚع‬ ‫٦ىحٍس‬ ‫ٚطؤ٘١ٍٙخ‬ ‫حٌّلٍ١ش‬ ٌ‫ح‬ ‫ِغ‬ ‫حٌّؼ١فش‬ ‫حٌيٌٚش‬ ًِ‫طظؼخ‬َّ‫ّٔظؼ‬ٌٍّ‫ح‬ ً‫ٚٔم‬ ً١‫ٚحٌظشغ‬ ‫حٌزٕخء‬ َ‫رٕظخ‬ْٚ‫ٚى‬ ،ً‫س‬َ‫ِزخش‬ ‫ى١ش‬ ٥‫طيه‬‫طٍٛ٠ي‬ ٚ‫حٌّشَٚع،أ‬ ً٠ّٛ‫رظ‬ ‫حٌوخطش‬ ‫وخٌشَوخص‬ ،َٜ‫أه‬ ‫أؽَحف‬ ‫ِغ‬ ‫ػ٩لخص‬ ‫الخِش‬ ٚ ‫ح٤ؽَحف‬ ٌٖ٘ ‫فـّ١غ‬ .‫ٚح٦ىحٍس‬ ‫ٚحٌظ١خٔش‬ ً‫حٌٕم‬ ‫شَوخص‬ ٚ‫حٌظىٌٕٛٛؿ١ش،أ‬ ‫حٌشَوخص‬ ٚ‫ِٔظٍِِخطٗ،أ‬ ١‫حٌّؼ‬ ‫ٌٍيٌٚش‬ ‫رخٌٕٔزش‬ ‫ػخٔٛ٠ش‬ ً‫خ‬‫أؽَحف‬ ‫طؼي‬ُ‫ٍٚغ‬ ،ٗ‫ر‬ ‫ٚػ١مش‬ ‫ػ٩لش‬ ‫ًحص‬ ‫وٛٔٙخ‬ ِٓ ُ‫ٚرخٌَغ‬ ،‫فش‬ ،‫حٌّؼ١فش‬ ‫حٌيٌٚش‬ ٓ‫ػ‬ ‫ِؼٙخ‬ ًِ‫حٌظؼخ‬ ‫ٔطخق‬ ‫٠وَؽ‬ ٓ‫ٌٚى‬ ،ٍٗ١‫ٚطشغ‬ ٌٖ١‫طٕف‬ ٟ‫ف‬ ‫ٚىٍٚ٘خ‬ ‫أّ٘١ظٙخ‬ ‫حٌٍّى١ش‬ ً‫ٚٔم‬ ً١‫ٚحٌظشغ‬ ‫حٌزٕخء‬ َ‫رٕظخ‬ َّ‫حٌّٔظؼ‬ ‫ِغ‬ ‫ح٤ؽَحف‬ ٌٖ٘ ‫ِغ‬ ًِ‫حٌظؼخ‬ َ‫ٚ٠ٕلظ‬‫٠طٍك‬ ‫ِخ‬ ٚ‫أ‬

13. 13 ‫حٌظؼخ‬ ‫حٌؼ٩لش‬ ً‫ٚطظ‬ .‫حٌّشَٚع‬ ‫شَوش‬ ُٓ‫ح‬ ٗ١ٍ‫ػ‬‫حٌٍّى١ش‬ ً‫ٚٔم‬ ً١‫ٚحٌظشغ‬ ‫حٌزٕخء‬ ‫ِشَٚػخص‬ ٟ‫ف‬ ‫لي٠ش‬ َّ‫ِٚٔظؼ‬ ‫حٌيٌٚش‬ ٓ١‫ر‬ ‫ِٕلظَس‬BOT.‫حٌّشَٚع‬ ‫شَوش‬ ٚ‫أ‬ :ٜ‫اىراى‬ ٌٝ‫ذقذ‬ ‫اىَؼٞفح‬ ‫اىذٗىح‬ ٚ‫ػي‬ ‫ٝرزذة‬ ‫اىؼالقح‬ ٓ‫ىٖذ‬ ً‫ا‬‫ٗٗفق‬ :ً‫ال‬ٗ‫أ‬‫حٌّشَٚع‬ ‫الخِش‬ ً‫ِل‬ ٟ٘ٚ ‫حٌّشَٚع‬ ‫أٍع‬ٗ١ٍ‫ػ‬ ‫ٓ١مخف‬ ٌٌٞ‫ح‬ ْ‫حٌّىخ‬ ٚ‫أ‬ ْٛ‫٠ى‬ ‫لي‬ ٌٌٞ‫ٚح‬ ‫حٌّشَٚع‬.‫ؿٛ٠ش‬ ‫ِٔخكش‬ ٚ‫رلَ٠ش،أ‬ ٗ‫ِٔخك‬ ٚ‫رَ٠ش،أ‬ ‫ِٔخكش‬ :ً‫ا‬ّٞ‫ثا‬ٟ‫ف‬ ‫ٚطزيأ‬ ،‫حٌيٌٚش‬ ِٓ ‫حٌّميِش‬ ‫رخ٤ٍع‬ ‫حٌّشَٚع‬ ‫شَوش‬ ‫طٕظفغ‬ ٗ‫رّٛؿز‬ ٌٌٞ‫ح‬ ُ‫ح٨ِظ١خ‬ ‫كك‬ .ٗ‫ٚاىحٍط‬ ٍٗ١‫ٚطشغ‬ ٖ‫ٚرٕخء‬ ‫حٌّشَٚع‬ ٌ١‫طٕف‬ :ً‫ا‬‫ثاىث‬.‫أٍػٙخ‬ ٍٝ‫ػ‬ ٟ‫ح٤ؿٕز‬ ٍ‫ح٨ٓظؼّخ‬ ‫ٍٚػخ٠ش‬ ‫رلّخ٠ش‬ ‫حٌىف١ٍش‬ ‫ٚحٌمخٔٛٔ١ش‬ ‫حٌظشَ٠ؼ١ش‬ ‫حٌؼّخٔخص‬ ‫ٌٍيٌٚش‬ ‫حٌؼٍ١خ‬ ‫ٚح٨لظظخى٠ش‬ ‫ٚحٌمِٛ١ش‬ ‫حٌٛؽٕ١ش‬ ‫حٌّظخٌق‬ ٍ‫ح٨ػظزخ‬ ٟ‫ف‬ ‫آهٌس‬(5) ‫ىيَشزٗع‬ ‫اىَْفذج‬ ‫اىشزمح‬ :ّٜ‫اىثا‬ ‫اىطزف‬: ‫ح٨طفخق‬ ‫كٔذ‬ ،‫حٌّشَٚع‬ ‫ٚاىحٍس‬ ً١‫ٚطشغ‬ ‫ٚطش١١ي‬ ‫ٚرٕخء‬ ً٠ّٛ‫رظ‬ َٛ‫طم‬ ٟ‫حٌظ‬ ‫حٌشَوش‬ ٟ٘ ‫رـٛحٔذ‬ ‫ٌٍّشَٚع‬ ‫حٌّٕفٌس‬ ‫حٌشَوش‬ ٕٝ‫ؼ‬ُ‫ط‬ٚ .‫حٌّشَٚع‬ ‫طخكزش‬ ‫حٌيٌٚش‬ ‫ِغ‬ ََ‫حٌّز‬‫حطوخً٘خ‬ ‫ػٕي‬ ‫وؼ١َس‬ َ‫رٕظخ‬ ٍ‫ح٨ٓظؼّخ‬ ٍ‫لَح‬BOT.‫رخ٘ظش‬ ‫ِخٌ١ش‬ ‫ٔفمخص‬ ‫طظىٍف‬ ٟ‫حٌظ‬ ‫ح٤ٓخٓ١ش‬ ‫حٌزٕ١ش‬ ‫ِشَٚػخص‬ ً٠ّٛ‫ٚط‬ ،‫حٌّشَٚع‬ ٌ١‫طٕف‬ ً‫طمز‬ ٝ‫ٚكظ‬‫فبٔٙخ‬‫ػخثي‬ ‫طلم١ك‬ ‫ٌٙخ‬ ً‫طىف‬ ،‫فؼٍ١ش‬ ‫رؼّخٔخص‬ ‫حٌّؼ١فش‬ ‫حٌيٌٚش‬ ‫ططخٌذ‬ ً‫خ‬١‫ًوخف‬ ‫ٔظ١زخ‬ ‫ٌٙخ‬ ٝ‫ٚ٠ظزم‬ ،‫أٔفمٙخ‬ ٟ‫حٌظ‬ ‫حٌٕفمخص‬ ٟ‫٠غط‬ ،‫حٌّشَٚع‬ ِٓ َ١‫وز‬ً‫ح‬َ١‫ٚأه‬ .‫ح٤ٍرخف‬ ِٓ ‫حطفخلخص‬ ٌ١‫طٕف‬ ٟ‫ف‬ ‫ػي٠يس‬ ‫أؽَحف‬ ً‫طظيه‬BOT.ً‫ح‬‫طؼم١ي‬ َ‫أوؼ‬ ‫ح٨طفخلخص‬ ٌٖ٘ ً‫٠ـؼ‬ ٌٌٞ‫ح‬ َِ٤‫ح‬ ، ٌٝٛ‫طظ‬ ٟ‫حٌظ‬ ‫حٌشَوش‬ ٟ٘ ‫ٌٍّشَٚع‬ ‫حٌّٕفٌس‬ ‫حٌشَوش‬ ْ‫أ‬ ‫حٌمٛي‬ ٓ‫ُّى‬٠ ‫اؿّخٌ١ش‬ ‫رظٍٛس‬ ٌ‫ح‬ ‫ِغ‬ ََ‫حٌّز‬ ‫ح٨طفخق‬ ‫كٔذ‬ ً‫ح‬‫ِليى‬ َ‫ػخ‬ ‫ِشَٚع‬ ‫ٚاىحٍس‬ ً١‫ٚطشغ‬ ‫ٚرٕخء‬ ً٠ّٛ‫ط‬ ‫ِٔئٌٚ١ش‬‫يٌٚش‬ ‫حٌّشَٚع‬ ‫طخكزش‬ ِٓ ‫ٌّـّٛػش‬ ً‫ح‬َ‫طؼخف‬ ْٛ‫طى‬ ‫ٚلي‬ ،‫ػخٌّ١ش‬ ٚ‫هخص)أ‬ ‫(لطخع‬ ‫ِلٍ١ش‬ ‫حٌّٕفٌس‬ ‫حٌشَوش‬ ْٛ‫طى‬ ‫لي‬ ‫ٚحكيس‬ ‫شَوش‬ ْٛ‫طى‬ ‫ٚلي‬ ‫حٌـٕٔ١ش‬ ‫ِٚظؼيىس‬ ‫ٚحٌؼخٌّ١ش‬ ‫حٌّلٍ١ش‬ ‫حٌشَوخص‬ْ‫أ‬ ٓ‫ٚ٠ّى‬ ،‫شَوخص‬ ‫ػيس‬ ٚ‫أ‬ ‫حٌّئٓٔش‬ ٓ‫ػ‬ ‫ٌٍّشَٚع‬ ‫حٌّٕفٌس‬ ‫حٌشَوش‬ ً‫طٕفظ‬ٟ‫حٌظ‬‫ٌي٠ٕخ‬ ْٛ‫٠ى‬ ‫ٕٚ٘خ‬ ‫حٌّشَٚع‬ ‫طّٛي‬:ْ‫ؽَفخ‬ ‫أ‬-:‫ىيَشزٗع‬ ‫اىرَ٘ٝيٞح‬ ‫اىَؤطظح‬ ٗ١ٍ‫ػ‬ ‫٠طٍك‬ ‫ِخ‬ ٛ٘ ٚ‫حٌـٕٔ١خص،أ‬ ‫ِظؼيىس‬ ‫حٌشَوخص‬ ٚ‫حٌوخطش،أ‬ ‫حٌشَوخص‬ ‫ِـّٛػش‬ ٟ٘ ٓ١ّ٘‫حٌّٔخ‬ ْ‫حثظّخ‬(5) -‫ِٔخّ٘ش‬ ٌٝ‫ا‬ ‫رخ٦ػخفش‬ ً٠ّٛ‫حٌظ‬ ٟ‫ف‬ ‫حٌوخص‬ ‫حٌمطخع‬ ‫ِٔخّ٘ش‬ ٕٝ‫ٚطؼ‬ ‫حٌلىِٛش‬–:ٌٝ‫ا‬ ‫ٌٍّشَٚع‬ ‫حٌظّٛ٠ٍ١ش‬ ‫حٌّئٓٔش‬ ٝ‫ٚطٔؼ‬ ‫ؿي‬ ‫ىٍحٓش‬ ًّ‫رؼ‬ َ‫حٌم١خ‬‫حٌّشَٚع‬ ٍٝ‫ػ‬ ‫رخ٨طفخق‬ ‫حٌشَٚع‬ ً‫لز‬ ‫ِٚخٌ١ش‬ ،‫فٕ١ش‬ ٜٚ .‫ٚحٌفٕ١ش‬ ‫ح٨لظظخى٠ش‬ ٜٚ‫حٌـي‬ ٜ‫ِي‬ ْ‫ٌز١خ‬ .‫ح٤ٍرخف‬ ِٓ ٓ‫ِّى‬ ٍ‫لي‬ َ‫أوز‬ ‫طلم١ك‬ .‫حٌّشَٚع‬ ً١‫رظشغ‬ ‫حٌَّطزطش‬ ‫ح٤ٓخٓ١ش‬ ‫حٌمَحٍحص‬ ٍٝ‫ػ‬ ‫حٌَلخرش‬ َ‫اكىخ‬ .‫حٌّشَٚع‬ ‫ٌٙخ‬ ‫٠ظؼَع‬ ْ‫أ‬ ٓ‫٠ّى‬ ٟ‫حٌظ‬ َ‫حٌّوخؽ‬ ِٓ ‫حٌلي‬ ‫كخٌش‬ ٟ‫ف‬ ‫حٌّشَٚع‬ ٟ‫ف‬ ‫كمٛلٙخ‬

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