3 Efforts for phasing out leaded petrol in Macedon

Information about 3 Efforts for phasing out leaded petrol in Macedon

Published on April 14, 2008

Author: Abbott

Source: authorstream.com

Content

Efforts for phasing-out leaded petrol in Macedonia :  Efforts for phasing-out leaded petrol in Macedonia Slavjanka Pejcinovska-Andonova, REC CO Macedonia, Project Manager Szentendre, 25-28.October 2005 Global World wide consensus to phase out leaded petrol:  Global World wide consensus to phase out leaded petrol Started in the 1970’s Between government representatives, the refineries, fuel distributors and health experts Due to: Concerns about health risks from lead exposure, especially to children (the driving force in US, for example) ; Widespread use of catalytic converters to reduce CO, HC and NOx emissions (the driving force in Brazil, Slovakia, Sweden and Thailand, for example) Lead emissions / environmental and health problems in Macedonia :  Lead emissions / environmental and health problems in Macedonia 2002 Statistical data showed 35,73 g Pb/ capita; According the fuel producer data - around 25 gPb/capita; The total lead emission in Macedonia was 47 t/year The usage of leaded petrol with 0.6 g Pb/l caused the serious health risk for population (according the NEHAP –1999); Circulatory system, the central nervous system and the renal system were impacted by lead; The most vulnerable are the children especially their central nervous system. The effect on the nervous system is most often reflected by decreased IQ (Intelligence Quotient), certain dysfunctions, weak attention, anxiety etc. Market share of unleaded petrol consumption (1996-2002):  Market share of unleaded petrol consumption (1996-2002) Types of petrol and lead content according the standards on fuel quality in force in Macedonia (2002):  Types of petrol and lead content according the standards on fuel quality in force in Macedonia (2002) Types of petrol on market Car fleet :  Car fleet The market share of vehicles run on petrol and diesel fuels Car fleet average age(2003):  Car fleet average age(2003) Preparation of the Master Plan for phasing-out leaded petrol in Macedonia:  Preparation of the Master Plan for phasing-out leaded petrol in Macedonia Under the Project “Strengthening the capacity of the Ministry of Environment and Physical Planning”; Funded by EU The main goal of the wider project: Approximation of the environmental legislation with the EU legislation; Started in July 2002-finished in October 2003 Project goals:  Project goals Preparation of Master Plan for phasing out leaded petrol National plan setting the various type of measures and activities to stimulate production and distribution of unleaded petrol/regulatory measures, economic measures and financial incentives Public awareness campaign for usage of unleaded petrol Promotion of wide usage of unleaded petrol considering environmental/health and financial benefits Working group team:  Working group team Representatives from Petrol industry: OKTA Refinery, Makpetrol Representatives from gov.institutions: Ministry of Environment and physical planning Ministry of Economy Ministry of Internal affairs Ministry of Finance Ministry of Health Ministry of Transport National technical and legal experts NGOs Preparation of the Master Plan for phasing-out leaded petrol in Macedonia:  Preparation of the Master Plan for phasing-out leaded petrol in Macedonia The document proposed that the phasing-out of leaded petrol could be efficiently achieved if it is implemented into two phases: First phase (started in 2003 last until 2005) - short-term phase, includes the reduction of the allowed lead content in the leaded petrol from the 0,6 g/l to 0,15 g/l, and an increasing share of the unleaded petrol in the total consumption of petrol. Second phase (will start in 2006) - final phase, includes a complete elimination of leaded petrol from use. It would be achieved by measures and activities fully implementing the Automotive Fuel Quality EC Directive 98/70/EC and its amendment the Directive 2003/17/EC. Main activities proposed in the Master plan for phasing-out leaded petrol (Phase I):  Main activities proposed in the Master plan for phasing-out leaded petrol (Phase I) Preparation of the new Macedonian standards for fuel quality (new fuel quality according the EU Directive 98/70/EC that will decrease lead amount for 75%, for 47t/year to 14 t/year); The amending and appending of the methodology of prices of fuels should be done; On 1st of September 2003 the Public awareness campaign on phasing out leaded petrol should be launched according to the planned activities given in the Communication Strategy on phasing out leaded petrol; Main activities proposed in the Master plan for phasing-out leaded petrol (Phase I):  Main activities proposed in the Master plan for phasing-out leaded petrol (Phase I) The current 44,7 % of unleaded petrol consumption from the total petrol consumption should be expected to increase to 60 % in the first 5 months of the campaign (by January 2004); Training for all opinion formers (representatives from filling stations, marketing departments in fuel producers, car repairs, media) for launching the public awareness campaign should be given at the end of August 2003 All activities proposed for Phase I were finished at the beginning of 2004 Main activities proposed in the Master plan for phasing-out leaded petrol (Phase II):  Main activities proposed in the Master plan for phasing-out leaded petrol (Phase II) The system for monitoring of fuel quality should be established; Encouraging phasing out leaded petrol by setting a date for the ban of marketing of leaded petrol ; Preparation of the new Book of regulations for establishing the new Macedonian standards on unleaded petrol fuel ; The technical Committee for standardization should prepare the new Macedonian standards for unleaded petrol only, including ammended EU requirements (EC 2003/17/EC Directive); Preparation of the Communication Strategy and public awareness campaign to inform all stakeholders about the date for the ban on leaded petrol; Main activities proposed in the Master plan for phasing-out leaded petrol (Phase II):  Main activities proposed in the Master plan for phasing-out leaded petrol (Phase II) Setting into force the customs and financial incentives including: Prohibition of import of vehicles using leaded petrol; Increasing the fee for vehicle registration according the age of the vehicle; Lower some expenses for purchasing the new vehicles; Amendments on the provisions for import of the non-leaded additives; Ensuring the appropriate market of VSR (Valve Seat Recession) additives Ensuring legal regulations for import of high-octane blending components as raw materials. Public awareness campaign on usage of unleaded petrol :  Public awareness campaign on usage of unleaded petrol It aimed to raise awareness and to inform about:  Environmental and health risks related to the use of leaded petrol; Technical possibilities for the use of unleaded petrol for car owners who already use leaded petrol with/without any technical interventions; Tax differentiation between leaded and unleaded petrol (unleaded is already 7% cheaper) The introduction of a new quality of petrol with 0.15 g Pb/l and the benefits for the vehicles. Results from PA Campaign Decrease of unleaded petrol consumption (2002-2004):  Results from PA Campaign Decrease of unleaded petrol consumption (2002-2004) What are the next steps?:  What are the next steps? Establishing the Monitoring Body on implementation of the Phase II of Master Plan for phasing out leaded petrol; Implementation of the activities under Phase II by responsible institutions according the time frame proposed in the Master Plan;

Related presentations


Other presentations created by Abbott

Fantastic Pictures
31. 07. 2007
0 views

Fantastic Pictures

jovanovi
02. 05. 2008
0 views

jovanovi

ours2
30. 04. 2008
0 views

ours2

golding
28. 04. 2008
0 views

golding

SandersD
22. 04. 2008
0 views

SandersD

MasterclassBasicsOfH edging
18. 04. 2008
0 views

MasterclassBasicsOfH edging

Energy Management Basics
17. 04. 2008
0 views

Energy Management Basics

jpn ma
13. 04. 2008
0 views

jpn ma

0802 Roderick Deane
10. 04. 2008
0 views

0802 Roderick Deane

Athirapally Vazhachaal Falls
26. 09. 2007
0 views

Athirapally Vazhachaal Falls

Lecture7
10. 10. 2007
0 views

Lecture7

qa overview cmu
16. 10. 2007
0 views

qa overview cmu

11 GUIDE presentation Porvoo 10
19. 10. 2007
0 views

11 GUIDE presentation Porvoo 10

Egyptian Quiz
21. 10. 2007
0 views

Egyptian Quiz

AGE200524122005
24. 10. 2007
0 views

AGE200524122005

Henry VIII wwt bam
21. 08. 2007
0 views

Henry VIII wwt bam

DOE LNG FORUM 14
07. 11. 2007
0 views

DOE LNG FORUM 14

matzgdh6
22. 10. 2007
0 views

matzgdh6

BdReviewFINAL2006 lq
16. 11. 2007
0 views

BdReviewFINAL2006 lq

session2
20. 11. 2007
0 views

session2

lecture26 fall 2003
19. 11. 2007
0 views

lecture26 fall 2003

WWF
26. 11. 2007
0 views

WWF

Chocolate 01
03. 10. 2007
0 views

Chocolate 01

MARE 494 Lecture 12
12. 10. 2007
0 views

MARE 494 Lecture 12

ErnestoRivera
22. 10. 2007
0 views

ErnestoRivera

InherentSafety Westray
10. 12. 2007
0 views

InherentSafety Westray

tema1
24. 10. 2007
0 views

tema1

Libecap powerpoint
04. 01. 2008
0 views

Libecap powerpoint

Assam
05. 01. 2008
0 views

Assam

Samuels Mol Pharm 11 03
24. 02. 2008
0 views

Samuels Mol Pharm 11 03

Stock Market Game
24. 02. 2008
0 views

Stock Market Game

nv specialitypp
29. 10. 2007
0 views

nv specialitypp

104 04MagnConst
13. 11. 2007
0 views

104 04MagnConst

clingan
04. 03. 2008
0 views

clingan

EARNIN x007E 1 2
23. 10. 2007
0 views

EARNIN x007E 1 2

aes
13. 03. 2008
0 views

aes

Semprini
16. 03. 2008
0 views

Semprini

KPMG PresentationSMEfinal
26. 03. 2008
0 views

KPMG PresentationSMEfinal

temple of Zeus
21. 08. 2007
0 views

temple of Zeus

Australia 2 March 20051
28. 09. 2007
0 views

Australia 2 March 20051

maillistnews
05. 10. 2007
0 views

maillistnews

feb 5
27. 09. 2007
0 views

feb 5

ykis06 K F Liu
15. 11. 2007
0 views

ykis06 K F Liu

schreiber
12. 10. 2007
0 views

schreiber

Pisani
30. 10. 2007
0 views

Pisani

200752414331362
11. 10. 2007
0 views

200752414331362

decisiontheoryreview
04. 01. 2008
0 views

decisiontheoryreview

a Macroecologia Alimentar 2
22. 10. 2007
0 views

a Macroecologia Alimentar 2

praesentationschule
02. 11. 2007
0 views

praesentationschule

Wireless Data Business
18. 06. 2007
0 views

Wireless Data Business

WHA userguide Customer2006
18. 06. 2007
0 views

WHA userguide Customer2006

wales
18. 06. 2007
0 views

wales

VON04s I2
18. 06. 2007
0 views

VON04s I2

UTeV Rick Field 12 14 06
18. 06. 2007
0 views

UTeV Rick Field 12 14 06

UDDI Overview Presentation
18. 06. 2007
0 views

UDDI Overview Presentation

2006 02 28T124652
25. 03. 2008
0 views

2006 02 28T124652

SoprolecheAgo 2005
23. 10. 2007
0 views

SoprolecheAgo 2005

ZadehTalk
18. 10. 2007
0 views

ZadehTalk

ihepccc hepix
24. 10. 2007
0 views

ihepccc hepix

jedwards
02. 10. 2007
0 views

jedwards

Wireless Mobile Platform OAEP
15. 06. 2007
0 views

Wireless Mobile Platform OAEP

Taverna Workbench
15. 06. 2007
0 views

Taverna Workbench

Job Services with Genius Portal
15. 06. 2007
0 views

Job Services with Genius Portal

MSN screenshots
15. 06. 2007
0 views

MSN screenshots

Caltech, Peck Fest Jan 05
15. 06. 2007
0 views

Caltech, Peck Fest Jan 05

rslt3218
17. 10. 2007
0 views

rslt3218

6 26
17. 10. 2007
0 views

6 26

vp sigmetrics 04 adversaries
18. 06. 2007
0 views

vp sigmetrics 04 adversaries

calcagno
22. 10. 2007
0 views

calcagno

LegoDesign
31. 12. 2007
0 views

LegoDesign

Ted Hanss Internet2
15. 06. 2007
0 views

Ted Hanss Internet2

Mary and Darnley
21. 08. 2007
0 views

Mary and Darnley

1 partie
17. 10. 2007
0 views

1 partie

Techmission Safe Families
15. 06. 2007
0 views

Techmission Safe Families

Camille Page CrocodileGuy MK8
11. 10. 2007
0 views

Camille Page CrocodileGuy MK8

Salandayia
04. 10. 2007
0 views

Salandayia

B4 Hamilton
03. 01. 2008
0 views

B4 Hamilton

SEC062804
25. 10. 2007
0 views

SEC062804