4c

Information about 4c

Published on January 10, 2008

Author: Rachele

Source: authorstream.com

Content

Unit 4C: Keeping Warm:  Unit 4C: Keeping Warm Keeping Warm T Unit 4C: Vocabulary :  Unit 4C: Vocabulary Temperature Thermometer Degrees Celsius Thermal Conductor Thermal Insulator Insulate Conduct a measure of how hot an object is an instrument used to measure temperature the units used to measure temperature a material that lets heat pass through it a material that doesn’t let heat pass through it to keep heat in when heat travels through a material V Unit 4C: Hot and Cold:  Unit 4C: Hot and Cold Touch various objects around the room and decide how hot or cold they are A Unit 4C: Hot and Cold:  Unit 4C: Hot and Cold Work in pairs: 1 of you put a hand in the ‘cold’ bowl and 1 of you put your hand in the ‘hot’ bowl. After a few seconds, take your hands out of the water and into the 3rd bowl of water. Is the water hot or cold? Is touch the best way to determine if things are hot or cold? A Unit 4C: Measuring temperature:  Unit 4C: Measuring temperature We use a thermometer to measure temperature A Unit 4C: Measuring Temperature:  Unit 4C: Measuring Temperature Carefully take thermometer readings for each of the following situations: A Unit 4C: What happens to the temperature and why?:  Unit 4C: What happens to the temperature and why? after 1 min after 5 min after 15 min If an ice cube is left at room temperature what happens to it and why does this happen? If a cup of tea is left at room temperature what happens to it and why does this happen? D Unit 4C: Temperature around the classroom:  Unit 4C: Temperature around the classroom Draw a plan of the classroom. Select 3 or 4 different places to take the temperature which you think will have different temperatures. Which locations have you chosen? Why have you selected these particular locations? Set up a sensor in each of your chosen locations and leave them to record the temperature over a 24 hour period. A Unit 4C: Temperature around the classroom:  Unit 4C: Temperature around the classroom Look at the results you have obtained over the 24 hours. What do they show? Does the temperature change at different times of the day? If so, can you suggest any reasons why? Is the temperature different in the different locations? If so, can you explain why? Is it better to take temperatures with the sensors or a thermometer? Why do you think this? D Unit 4C: Keeping the half time drinks cool:  Unit 4C: Keeping the half time drinks cool In the World Cup 2006, the organisers are worried that the half time drinks will be too warm for the players by the end of the first half. Your task is to investigate a number of different materials that could be used to make a container to keep the drinks cold. The materials available to you are: Polythene Bubble wrap Sponge sheeting Aluminium foil Bubble wrap I Unit 4C: Keeping the half time drinks cool:  Unit 4C: Keeping the half time drinks cool Decide how you will carry out the investigation. What apparatus will you need? What will you use as a ‘cold drink’? How will you record your results? How many results will you take and how often? How will you decide which is the best material? How will you make sure it is a fair test? Which is the best material for the job? Try to explain why you think this one is the best. I Unit 4C::  Unit 4C: Unit 4C: Keeping the half time drinks cool- Support slide In the World Cup 2006, the organisers are worried that the half time drinks will be too warm for the players by the end of the first half. Your task is to investigate a number of different materials that could be used to make a container to keep the drinks cold. The materials available to you are: Polythene Sponge sheeting Aluminium foil Bubble wrap I Unit 4C: Keeping the half time drinks cool- Support slide:  Unit 4C: Keeping the half time drinks cool- Support slide For the ‘cold drink’ use a beaker of iced water as shown in the picture. Take the temperature at the start – time 0 – then every 2 minutes. To make the test fair only wrap the material round the beaker once. Record the results in a table I Unit 4C: Keeping the half time drinks cool- Support slide:  Unit 4C: Keeping the half time drinks cool- Support slide Which is the best material for the job? Try to explain why you think this one is the best. I Unit 4C: Keeping warm:  Unit 4C: Keeping warm What kind of clothes do we wear in the winter to keep warm? D Unit 4C::  Unit 4C: Unit 4C: Keeping the Professor’s soup warm Professor Mac likes to go bird watching in the winter. He always takes a flask of soup but finds that it goes cold too quickly when he pours it into his plastic mug. He needs you to investigate what material he could wrap around his mug to keep his soup hot for longer The materials he wants you to use are: Polythene Sponge sheeting Aluminium foil Bubble wrap I Unit 4C: Keeping the Professor’s soup warm:  Unit 4C: Keeping the Professor’s soup warm Decide how you will carry out the investigation. What apparatus will you need? What will you use as a ‘soup’? How will you record your results? How many results will you take and how often? How will you decide which is the best material? How will you make sure it is a fair test? Which is the best material for the job? Try to explain why you think this one is the best. I Unit 4C: Keeping the Professor’s soup warm:  Unit 4C: Keeping the Professor’s soup warm For the soup use a beaker of hot water as shown in the picture. Take the temperature at the start – time 0 – then every 2 minutes. To make the test fair only wrap the material round the beaker once. Record the results in a table I Unit 4C: Keeping the Professor’s soup warm:  Unit 4C: Keeping the Professor’s soup warm Which is the best material for the job? Try to explain why you think this one is the best. I Unit 4C: Thermal Insulators:  Unit 4C: Thermal Insulators Which material was the best at keeping the cold drink cold? Which material was the best at keeping the Professors soup hot? Is there anything you notice about this? What does a flask do? Keeps HOT things HOT Keeps COLD things COLD Good Thermal Insulators will keep HOT things HOT and COLD things COLD D Unit 4C: Thermal Insulators:  Unit 4C: Thermal Insulators Thermal Insulators D Unit 4C: Are metals good insulators?:  Unit 4C: Are metals good insulators? metal spoon plastic spoon wooden spoon hot water Which spoons would still feel cold after 5 minutes? Which spoons would feel hot after 5 minutes? A Unit 4C: Are metals good insulators?:  Unit 4C: Are metals good insulators? Why do saucepans normally have wooden or plastic handles? Wood and plastic are good INSULATORS of heat. “Think about the work you have done on ELECTRICAL CONDUCTORS and INSULATORS. What type of materials were good ELECTRICAL CONDUCTORS?” METALS METALS ARE GOOD AS BOTH THERMAL AND ELECTRICAL CONDUCTORS. HEAT ENERGY CAN TRAVEL ALONG THE METAL SPOON D Unit 4C: Uses of thermal insulators:  Unit 4C: Uses of thermal insulators D Unit 4C: Summary:  Unit 4C: Summary S

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