Published on June 30, 2014
Literal and Inferred Meaning: Literal and Inferred Meaning Making Inferences What is literal meaning: What is literal meaning Literal means it is right there in the text… it is a FACT A Literal Question: A Literal Question The cat sat on the mat. Literal Questions Where did the cat sit? Who sat on the mat? What is inferred meaning?: What is inferred meaning? Inferred meaning is when we understand what the author meant because of the clues in the text AND our own knowledge. An inference is a conclusion you’ve made based on something the author is hinting at but doesn’t actually say. Inferences are OPINIONS . An Inferential question: An Inferential question The cat sat on the mat and fell asleep. Why did the cat sit on the mat? The Inference Equation: The Inference Equation An INFERENCE Clues in the Text What I already know PowerPoint Presentation: It was starting to get cold. Anna looked up at the dark, grey clouds. She decided to get her umbrella. Inferential Question Why did Anna get her umbrella? Clues in the text My prior knowledge The inference PowerPoint Presentation: “I told you not to kick the ball near the window!!!” yelled Mrs Murray, as she picked up the glass shards from the ground. Her face was going red as she yelled and gestured wildly with her hands. “Go and sit on a red spot now!” Inferential Question How was Mrs Murray feeling? Why was she feeling that way? Clues in the text My prior knowledge The inference PowerPoint Presentation: The boy was trying to concentrate but it was so boring! The teacher was going on and on about algebra when all he wanted to do was play soccer. Inferential Question Where was the boy ? Clues in the text My prior knowledge The inference PowerPoint Presentation: “ Sshhhhhhh ” Emily whispered to her brother. She was absorbed in what Princess Bubblegum and the Ice King were doing. Her noisy brother had already caused her to miss what Jake said to Finn. Where was the boy ? Clues in the text My prior knowledge The inference PowerPoint Presentation: Alice and Karen ran around the room like chickens with their heads cut off. “Murat AND Peter Phelps are on their way” we have to clean this room now! Inferential Question How were Alice and Karen feeling? Why were they feeling that way? Clues in the text My prior knowledge The inference PowerPoint Presentation: The audience clapped and cheered. I was one of the youngest children to master the didgeridoo ever at our school. Inferential Question Was the child a boy or a girl? Clues in the text My prior knowledge The inference Inference in Multimodal Texts: Inference in Multimodal Texts Inference is used in television shows, ads, music and movies. The audience will draw conclusions and make predictions based on what they already know. This makes stories easier to tell. Television Ads: Television Ads Superbowl Chevvy Ad http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ajxr-- uMXNE PowerPoint Presentation: What does the boy think he got for graduation? What was he typing on his phone? What did he really get? How will he feel when he finds out what her really got? Clues in the text My prior knowledge The inference Short Films: Short Films Bye Bye http:// www.youtube.com/watch?v=SzVrHMu-tK0 Pigeon Impossible http ://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jEjUAnPc2VA PowerPoint Presentation: What are the two men doing on the computer? Who is the third man? Why does the man say “bye bye ” at the end? Clues in the text My prior knowledge The inference PowerPoint Presentation: What was the man’s job? What did the pigeon want? Clues in the text My prior knowledge The inference Television Shows: Television Shows The Longest Daycare http:// www.youtube.com/watch?v=zoO0s1ukcqQ PowerPoint Presentation: Has Maggie been here before? How does she feel when her mum leaves? Why is she put in the second room? Do you think she belongs there? Is it a nice place? Why is Maggie running away from the other baby? Is the other baby a nice character? Clues in the text My prior knowledge The inference Pictures: Pictures PowerPoint Presentation: How does the woman feel? Who is she on the phone to? Clues in the text My prior knowledge The inference Your turn!: Your turn!