Published on January 18, 2008
Occupational Health and Safety Management System, Hong Kong: Occupational Health and Safety Management System, Hong Kong Review of F&IU Occupational Safety and Health Ordinance Common workplace hazards Safety Management system Industrial Accident: Industrial Accident ( 星 島 日 報 報 道 ) 屯 門 掃 管 笏 路 一 個 水 務 署 鋪 設 排 水 渠 地 盤 ， 昨 午 發 生 塌 泥 活 埋 工 人 慘 劇 。 兩 名 地 盤 雜 工 在 地 坑 中 工 作 時 ， 疑 因 連 日 天 雨 沖 失 泥 土 ， 逾 噸 重 的 沙 泥 突 然 蓋 下 ， 其 中 一 人 及 時 走 避 ， 另 一 人 則 不 幸 遭 活 埋 。 消 防 員 花 兩 小 時 才 將 其 挖 出 ， 惟 已 告 回 天 乏 術 … 勞 工 處 人 員 事 後 到 場 調 查 ， 發 現 地 坑 內 並 無 安 全 措 施 設 置 ， 初 步 懷 疑 有 人 為 疏 忽 釀 成 意 外 ， 但 真 正 原 因 仍 要 進 一 步 了 解 。 勞 工 處 人 員 表 示 ， 一 般 情 況 下 ， 地 盤 負 責 人 有 責 任 在 工 程 前 進 行 危 險 評 詁 ， 顯 然 這 個 地 盤 無 進 行 此 項 工 作 。 Industrial Accident: Industrial Accident （ 星 島 日 報 報 道 ） 觀 塘 月 華 街 兩 個 月 前 造 成 一 死 兩 傷 的 簷 篷 倒 塌 意 外 ， 引 起 各 方 關 注 。 屋 宇 署 調 查 報 告 指 出 ， 意 外 是 由 於 拆 卸 非 法 鐵 籠 ， 而 引 致 簷 篷 倒 塌 。 該 署 已 將 報 告 轉 交 律 政 司 考 慮 進 一 步 行 動 。 法 律 界 人 士 說 ， 這 宗 個 案 將 涉 及 複 雜 的 訴 訟 程 序 ， 但 有 關 單 位 業 主 及 承 建 商 ， 均 可 能 面 對 入 獄 及 罰 款 的 刑 責 。 法 律 界 人 士 說 ， 這 宗 意 外 將 會 涉 及 復 雜 的 訴 訟 程 序 ， 業 主 作 為 僭 建 物 擁 有 人 ， 一 定 要 承 擔 法 律 責 任 Definitions : Definitions Occupational injuries are injury cases (including those of industrial accidents) arising from work accidents resulting in death or incapacity for work of over three consecutive days, and reported under the Employees’ Compensation Ordinance Definitions: Definitions Industrial accidents refer to injuries and deaths arising from industrial activities in an industrial undertaking as defined under the Factories and Industrial Undertakings (F&IU) Ordinance. Since 1.1.98, occupational injuries and industrial accidents have been recorded by the date of occurrence rather than the date of reporting as had been the case in previous years. Definitions: Definitions Occupational diseases are the notifiable occupational diseases covered by the Schedule 2 to the Occupational Safety and Health Ordinance (Chapter 509) and diseases caused by accidental inhalation of noxious gas at the workplace. Occupational Injuries: Occupational Injuries Industrial Accidents: Industrial Accidents Industrial Accident Rates in Certain Industries: Industrial Accident Rates in Certain Industries Occupational Diseases: Occupational Diseases Number of Confirmed Occupational Diseases in 2001: Number of Confirmed Occupational Diseases in 2001 Accident Statistics for 2001 and the Ten –Year Trend: Accident Statistics for 2001 and the Ten –Year Trend The Total of 28518 industrial accident were recorded in 2001 A drop of 15.3% compared with the figure of the previous year. Common Workplace Hazards: Common Workplace Hazards Fire and preventions Safety in Lifting Operations Machinery Safety Working at Heights Chemical Safety Welding and Cutting Safety Electrical Safety Office Fire: Fire combustible materials used for partitions, fixtures and furniture increase the fire loading in the premises. Due to the lack of proper maintenance and carelessness of staff, fire would be easily occurred. common causes of fire smoking materials left unattended use of flammable liquid and dangerous substances electrical fire due to short circuit or overloading of electrical apparatuses mishandling or naked flame (e.g. lighters, matches,candles etc) arson obstruction in means of escape Fire: Fire Fire prevention smoking materials use of electrical equipment use of flammable liquids good housekeeping maintenance of Fire Services Installation and Equipment (FSI) Safety in Lifting operation: Safety in Lifting operation Life appliance crab, winch, teagle, pulley block, crane, sheerlegs, excavators, pile driver, pile extractor, dragline, aerial ropeway, aerial cable-way transporter, overhead runaway lifting gear chain sling, ring, link, hook, plate clamp, shackle, swivel/eyebolt Safety in Lifting operation: Safety in Lifting operation causes of lifting accidents lack of training poor maintenance correct plant and equipment not available misuse of plant and equipment hurry to get the job done Machinery Safety: Machinery Safety Hazards associated with machines traps impact contact entanglement ejection Provision of effective machine layout spacing lighting cables and pipes ergonomics Machinery Safety: Machinery Safety machine layout spacing : to facilitate access of operation, supervision, maintenance, adjustment and cleaning lighting: general and local (for specific operations) cable and pipes: to allow safe access and to avoid tripping, with sufficient headroom ergonomics: provision of seating, correct placing of controls, positioning of operating stations and height of work tables Working at Heights: Working at Heights works at height - definition any person who is working at a level liable to fall a distance more than 2 meters examples fall of person due to collapse of scaffold or ladder fall from height fall from working platform, gangway, lift shaft and stairway falling objects Working at Heights: Working at Heights provision of suitable measures safe use of scaffold provision of working platform, gangways and runs provision of guard rails safe use of ladders correct pitch (1 meter for every 4 m vertical height) when locate in doorway, have a man to look after the bottom of the ladder inspect ladder before use and regularly Chemical Safety: Chemical Safety Classification of dangerous substances explosive harmful flammable toxic corrosive oxidizing irritant Chemical Safety: Chemical Safety Steps to reduce risk labels on containers and receptacles planning for chemical safety identification of the hazard to be controlled assessment of the risk control of the risk training of staff monitoring the effectiveness of the strategy necessary record-keeping Welding and Cutting Safety: Welding and Cutting Safety Hazards burns caused by flying spatter toxic fumes and gas skin irritation electrical shock hot material surfaces fire and explosion Welding and Cutting Safety: Welding and Cutting Safety Safety measures for arc welding work within the control or permit system make sure there is personal protective gear make sure bench is effectively earthed provision of good ventilation Safety measures for gas welding work within the control or permit system make sure there is personal protective gear keep fire extinguishing equipment available open cylinder valve slowly, close valve not in use Electrical Safety: Electrical Safety Hazards electrical shock arc eyes ignition of combustible materials overheating and damage to equipment electrical explosion causes damaged insulation inadequate systems of work inadequate over current protection (e.g.. fuse, CB) inadequate earthing carelessness loose contacts and connectors unprotect connectors poor maintenance and testing Office – Potential Risk in office: Office – Potential Risk in office Visible Risk Working with computer Occupational Safety and Health (Display Screen Equipment) Regulation Personal Health Poor Working Condition temperature, air quality, sound level, lighting Invisible Work pressure 《職業安全及健康(顯示屏幕設備)規例》 : 《職業安全及健康(顯示屏幕設備)規例》 「職業安全及健康（顯示屏幕設備）規例」生效日期公告已於二零零三年五月九日在憲報刊登，該規例已於二零零三年七月四日開始實施。 規例旨在保障長時間使用顯示屏幕設備工作的僱員的安全及健康。規例主要有以下規定： 工作地點的負責人須在規例實施後的十四天內，對現有的工作間進行危險評估。新的工作間則必須於他們首次供使用者使用前，作出危險評估。若工作間已有顯著改變，又或最近一次對工作間作出的評估的情況已有顯著改變，則工作地點的負責人須檢討該危險評估。 負責人須在合理地切實可行的範圍內備存所有危險評估的紀錄，並在該工作間不再由任何使用者使用後，保留該紀錄最少兩年；並須出示紀錄以供查閱。 《職業安全及健康(顯示屏幕設備)規例》: 《職業安全及健康(顯示屏幕設備)規例》 負責人須採取步驟，把危險評估中所確定的危險，減至在合理地切實可行的範圍內屬最低的水平。 負責人須在合理地切實可行的範圍內，向使用者提供危險評估紀錄以及在評估後所採取的行動的紀錄。 負責人須在合理地切實可行的範圍內，確保工作地點的工作間對使用者的安全及健康是適合的。 僱主須在合理地切實可行的範圍內，確保其所僱用的使用者獲提供有關使用工作間之安全及健康方面的所需訓練。 在工作地點的工作間的使用者須在合理地切實可行的範圍內，遵從工作制度及工作常規，並遵守減低危險的措施。 Role of Labour Department: Role of Labour Department Labour Department is responsible for the execution and coordination of major labour administration including labour relation employment services employee right and benefits safety and health at work A Brief Guide to the Occupational Safety and Health Ordinance : A Brief Guide to the Occupational Safety and Health Ordinance Purposes of the Ordinance General Duties of Employers Duties of Occupier of Premises Duties of Employees Duties of Person Responsible for a Workplace F&IU ordinance chapter 59 OHS ordinance chapter 509 Purposes of the Ordinance : Purposes of the Ordinance To ensure the safety and health of employees when they are at work; To prescribe measures that will make the workplaces of employees safer and healthier for them; To improve the safety and health standards applicable to certain hazardous processes, plant and substances used or kept in workplaces; And. To improve the safety and health aspects of working environments of employees. General Duties of Employers : General Duties of Employers Provide and maintain plant and system of work that are safe and without risks to health; Make arrangements for ensuring safety and absence of risks to health in connection with the use, handling, storage or transport of plant or substances; Provide information, instruction, training and supervision as may be necessary to ensure the safety and health at work; Maintain workplace including the means of access to and egress from the workplace in a condition that is safe and without risks to health; And Provide and maintain workplace and working environment that are safe and without risks to health. Duties of Occupier of Premises : Duties of Occupier of Premises To ensure that the premises, the means of access to and egress from the premises and any plant or substances kept at the premises are safe and without risks to health. Duties of Employees : Duties of Employees Take care for the safety and health of himself and of other persons who are at the workplace. Co-operate with employer or other person so far as may be necessary to enable safety and health requirements are complied with. do not damage or obstruct means of escape from a workplace. do not damage or interfere with fire safety measures. use the mechanical aid and protective equipment provided by the employer for use in manual handling operations and conform to the system of work and work practices established by the employer for these operations. Duties of Person Responsible for a Workplace : Duties of Person Responsible for a Workplace Accident Prevention Fire Precautions Workplace Environments Hygiene at Workplaces First Aid at Workplaces Manual Handling Operations Risk assessment Preventive and protective measures Penalty : Penalty Employee maximum fine of $50,000 and 6 months' imprisonment. The person responsible for a workplace maximum fine of $200,000 and 12 months' imprisonment. F & IU Ordinance: F & IU Ordinance Factories and Industrial Undertakings Ordinance, Chapter 59 specify health and safety requirements 30 subsidiary regulations outline details rules and safety and health for specific trades and process offense liable to a fine of $500,000 and up to imprisonment for 6 months F&IU: F&IU 1.1.1 General Duties of a proprietor It shall be the duty of every proprietor of an industrial undertaking to ensure, as far as is reasonable practicable, the health and safety at work of all persons employed by him at the industrial undertaking F&IU: F&IU 2.1.1 General duties of person employed it shall be the duty of every person employed at an industrial undertaking while at work to take reasonable care for the health and safety of himself and of other persons who may be affected by his acts or omissions at work; and as regards any duty or requirement imposed … F&IU Regulations: F&IU Regulations Under the ordinance, there are more than 30 regulations Construction Sites (Safety) Regulations F&IU (lifting Appliance & lifting gear) regulation F&IU (Abrasive Wheels) F&IU (Guarding and operation of machinery) regulation F&IU (Cargo Handling) regulations : : F&IU (Fire Precautions in Notifiable Workplaces) regulations Example of a regulation: Example of a regulation apply to lifting appliance and lifting gear used for raising or lowering or as a means of suspension in any industrial undertaking lifting appliance lifting gear competence examiner competence person signaler test & examination site overhead power cables stability crane markings automatics safe load indicator chains, slings and lifting gear F&IU (lifting Appliance & lifting gear) regulation OSH ordinance, Chapter 509: OSH ordinance, Chapter 509 Occupational Safety and Health Ordinance two parts Occupational Safety and Health Ordinance effective on 23 May 1997 to protect safety and health of all employees at work to allow employers, occupiers and employees to prepare themselves to cope with the new legislative requirements, one year grace period for the general duties provision have been given extends the protection under the F&IU Ordinance extend coverage from 800,000 (industrial sectors) to 2.2 million employees (non- industrial sectors) Occupational Safety and Health Regulation Occupational Safety and Health Ordinance: Occupational Safety and Health Ordinance employers and occupiers of premises have the general duties to ensure the safety and health of all their employees at work and others working in their premises employees also have the responsibility to take care of themselves and others whilst at work, and to co-operate with their employers and the occupiers of the premises on measures taken to ensure safety and health at work. Occupational Safety and Health Ordinance: Occupational Safety and Health Ordinance OSH Ordinance is an enabling legislation a set of regulations is made under the new Ordinance OSH Regulation - for general requirements on safety and health in working environment subsidiary regulation to regulate personal protective equipment at work handling of dangerous substances use of visual display equipment and use of machinery and equipment Occupational Safety and Health Regulation: Occupational Safety and Health Regulation sets out provisions on safety and health in the working environment in provision of fire safety measures at workplaces workplace environments hygienic condition in workplace first aid facilities in workplace risk in workplace: manual handling, safety and health training Enforcement of the Ordinance : Enforcement of the Ordinance The Commissioner for Labour is empowered to issue improvement notices and suspension notices against activity of workplace which may create an imminent hazard to the employees. Failure to comply with the notices constitutes an offence punishable by a fine of HK$200,000 and HK$500,000 respectively and imprisonment of up to 12 months. Occupational Safety and Health Regulation : Occupational Safety and Health Regulation The Occupational Safety and Health Regulation, made under the above ordinance, sets down some basic requirements for accident prevention, fire precaution, workplace environment control, hygiene at workplaces, first aid, as well as what employers and employees are expected to do in manual handling operations. The main provisions of the Regulation are: Safety measures: Safety measures To prevent accidents by: ensuring that the plant is properly designed, constructed and maintained and that all dangerous parts are effectively guarded; ensuring that all dangerous areas are securely fenced. To provide a safe and healthy work environment by: keeping the workplace clean and ensuring that it is adequately lit and ventilated; providing adequate drainage. Safety measures (2): Safety measures (2) To prevent fire by: providing illuminated 'EXIT' signs over all exits and clear directions to them; keeping all means of escape in a safe condition and free from obstruction; making sure that all exit doors can easily be opened from inside the workplace or are unlocked; providing suitable and adequate fire safety measures. To ensure hygiene by: providing adequate lavatory and washing facilities, as well as adequate supply of drinking water. Safety measures (3): Safety measures (3) To provide first aid by: keeping adequate first aid facilities on the premises and appointing designated employees to look after them To ensure safe manual handling operations by: assessing and reviewing risks to the safety and health of employees who undertake manual handling operations; providing proper training and other necessary protective measures for employees who undertake manual handling operations. What is OHSMS?: What is OHSMS? OHSMS a framework for managing OHS responsibilities a process of achieving continuously improved OHS performance and complying with legislation OHSAS 18001 is an assessment specification for OHSMS With the Ordinance and Regulation in Occupational Health and Safety, why we need Occupational Health and Safety Management System? Concepts of OHSMS: Concepts of OHSMS To extent these few general steps in safety measures, it is necessary to adopt the concept of OHSMS (also known as SMS) in work place thorough planning of the operation, along with selection, provision and use of suitable equipment and precautions. maintenance, examination and testing of equipment supervised by trained and competent personnel with all necessary authority provision of all test certificates and other relevant document prevention of unauthorized use or movement of equipment Benefits of OHSMS: Benefits of OHSMS direct benefits reduce hazard and risk in Working Place Reduce cost of accident and improve efficiency Improve safety culture within the organization legal requirement, in some industry, it is the regulatory obligation compliance indirect benefits reduce downtime and improve performance With the registration of OHSAS 18001, organization reputation can be improved Background of 18001: Background of 18001 Occupational Health and Safety Management System An assessment specification for Occupational Health and Safety System registration Developed by 13 national standards organizations and international certification bodies Used for assessment and certification of a safety management system compatible with the ISO 9001 (Quality) and ISO 14001 (Environmental) management systems standards Elements of Safety Management System (SMS): Elements of Safety Management System (SMS) 1.1 Safety Policy 1.2 Safety organization 1.3 Safety Training 1.4 In-house Safety Rules and Regulations 1.5 Safety Committee 1.6 Program for inspection of hazard condition 1.7 Job Hazard Analysis 1.8 Personal Protection Program 1.9 Accident / incident investigation Elements of Safety Management System (SMS): Elements of Safety Management System (SMS) 1.10 Emergency Preparedness 1.11 Safety Promotion 1.12 Health Assurance Program 1.13 Evaluation, selection and control of sub-contractors Model of OHSMS: Model of OHSMS Audit External factors Initial and periodic status review Policy Organizing Planning and implementing Measuring Performance Internal factors Control link Information link 1.1 Safety Policy: 1.1 Safety Policy A policy is a statement about an issue in the workplace and says what the business intends to do about the issue. The policy statement should indicate, in clear and simple term, the company’s health and safety policy objectives and the arrangements to achieve those objectives, including the allocation of functions and responsibilities. It should be signed and dated by the director or equivalent, of the organization. 1.1 Safety Policy: 1.1 Safety Policy Once the organization's vision has been set and the mission statement formalized and understood Based on the general mission and vision statement, agree on a mission in Health and Safety. which highlight 'where we want to be?‘ next step is to identify 'where we are now?'. The policy gives the overall view and objectives within an organization. 1.1 Safety Policy: 1.1 Safety Policy A safety management system should be structured according the following principles: There are a number of different levels to be considered in policy development: VISION – A simple statement of the company's long term aspiration. POLICY –One or two pages setting out the company's intentions, outlining how they will be accomplished, the organization and responsibilities. . OBJECTIVES –Specific elements of the vision and policy which must be met. TARGETS –used to assess progress towards the achievement of the objectives. 1.2 Safety organization: 1.2 Safety organization Responsibility for health and safety at workplace rests with top management. Managers designated as responsibility for safety should direct the safety programme in such a manner as to ensure that incidents resulting in injuries, damage or business interruption are prevented or kept to a minimum. 1.2 Safety organization: 1.2 Safety organization It is the process to organizing for health and safety in designing and establishing the responsibilities and relationships fundamental requirements for establishing a safety organization within a company: definition of responsibilities; reporting relationships and effective communication channels; relevant documentation; training for required competencies; provision of specialist OH and S advice. 1.3 Safety Training: 1.3 Safety Training Training programs should convey health and safety information to employees. They should address safety and health hazards and explain how safety procedures and controls can prevent work injuries and illness. 1.4 In-house Safety Rules and Regulations: 1.4 In-house Safety Rules and Regulations The essential feature in effective accident prevention programmes seems to be early induction in safe job procedures, with follow-up instructions to reinforce these. In house safety and regulations may cover: Organizational rules General safety rules Specialized work rules 1.5 Safety Committee: 1.5 Safety Committee The committee should explore broad workplace health and safety issues and develop health and safety policies, procedures and programs which contribute to workplace health and safety. Within agree objectives, certain specific functions for the committee could include: Assisting in the development of health and safety policies and procedures Studying accident and disease statistics and trends, preparing reports for senior management and making recommendations for action; 1.5 Safety Committee (2): 1.5 Safety Committee (2) Examining health and safety audit reports and recommending a course of action to implement changes flowing from the report findings; Considering and discussion reports and information supplied by Government, or outside consultants; Considering and discussion reports by health and safety representations or management representations responsibility for health and safety on issues such as chemical storage and handling or emergency procedures. Developing systems to integrate health and safety issues into the overall workplace management system. 1.6 Program for inspection of hazard condition: 1.6 Program for inspection of hazard condition Effective inspection programs are one of the most important preventive measures that can be taken to ensure a safe and health working environment. In sections can take various forms: Routine hazard inspections of the workplace Routine inspections of particular activities, processes or areas Specific inspection arising from complaints by members of a designated work group or/an investigation decided upon by the health and safety committee. 1.6 Program for inspection of hazard condition (2): 1.6 Program for inspection of hazard condition (2) When developing inspection systems it is important to establish: The emphases and scopes of the inspections; How they are to be conducted and what from reports should take; How often they are to be carried out; Who should be involved in the inspections; Who is responsible for ensuring that suggested improvement are presented to management and implemented; What checks should be carried out to ensure that corrective action has been taken; 1.7 Job Hazard Analysis: 1.7 Job Hazard Analysis Job hazard analysis is the system used to examine the jobs to support the development of effective procedures and practices. It involves identifying all the possible situations or events where plant or associated systems of work could harm people, to assess the risks they present and develop ways of controlling them. The hazard identification process : The hazard identification process List the plant in your work place Develop checklists & a worksheet to sue in physically inspecting the workplace Inspect the workplace, and talk to employees who work with the plant Records hazard identified examine company records to see if they reveal any hazards 1.8 Personal Protection Program: 1.8 Personal Protection Program The needs for personal protective program (PPP) depends on the control systems presents. The PPP administrative program should include records of the following: The process to select personal protective equipment (PPE) Training on proper use of PPE Upkeep, cleaning, and storage of PPE Evaluating physical ability to use PPE Supervisory methods to ensure PPE is used properly Personal Protective Equipment: Personal Protective Equipment OUTDOOR Industrial Safety Helmets Compressed Air Breathing Ear Plug/Ear Muff Eye-protectors, Shields and Fixed Shields Personal Protective Equipment (2): Personal Protective Equipment (2) Indoor-- Office Computer Filter Gel-filled wrist rests Foot rest Cord trunk Edge protector 1.9 Accident / incident investigation: 1.9 Accident / incident investigation All work injuries involving compensation must be reported. The objectives of accident reporting are: To achieve uniformity and efficiency in the information gathering system on all accidental occurrences which involve the organization To establish the facts of each accident in order to analyze the causes as a precursor to remedial action To enable an efficient control system to be established over the occurrence and frequency of accidents of all kinds To facilitate the administration of all claims for compensation 1.10 Emergency Preparedness: 1.10 Emergency Preparedness Plans for creation of emergency procedures should be developed to cover fire, lifting appliances failures, typhoons, heavy rainstorms, etc. requiring first aid, rescue, means of escape, ventilation to protect employees and the general public. An emergency plan specifics the organization and procedures for handling sudden unexpected situations which require immediate attention. Development of the plan begins with a risk assessment, coupled with consideration of required countermeasures and necessary resources. 1.11 Safety Promotion: 1.11 Safety Promotion It is necessary to consider additional or alternative means for encouraging general employee involvement. In normal daily contacts, opportunities occur for executives and supervisors to elicit employees’ review and interest in safety and health matters, this can be carried further by regular an planned supervisor tool-box talks or discussions on safety and health matters with individual employees or groups. Suggestion schemes may be used to encourage and reward ideas for improved safety. 1.11 Safety Promotion (2): 1.11 Safety Promotion (2) Issue covered Regular meetings of employee discussion groups Exhibitions of safety posters Issue of pamphlets and booklets Safety exhibitions Awards of trophies and certificate for best performance within the organization 1.12 Health Assurance Program: 1.12 Health Assurance Program A health assurance program is the unbiased collection, evaluation, and reporting of workplace information. The program examine physical, chemical, ergonomic and biological factors, and their associated administrative, engineering and management control systems Program elements Chemical substance management Emergency preparedness Exposure characterization Exposure controls Noise and hearing conservation Ergonomics Asbestos Biohazards Radiation Hazard communications training 1.13 Evaluation, selection and control of sub-contractors: 1.13 Evaluation, selection and control of sub-contractors Anyone entering premises for the purposes of carrying out specialized work for the client, owner of occupier must be regarded as a “contractor/sub-contractor” – to who duties are owned, and indeed who owes duties with regard to health and safety matters. Because of this, the same kinds of control measures must be applied to all who work on premises. It is clearly necessary to work out a system aimed at ensuring that a contractor / sub-contractor with knowledge of safety standards and record of putting them into practice selected for the work. The element refers to the application of audit techniques to a workplace. The audit items are grouped under three sections for other activities. Management of the place of work Management of task and operations Management of equipment, plant, materials and services Summary: Summary Review of F&IU highlight of Ordinary and its regulations Occupational Safety and Health Ordinance May 1997, override F&IU highlight of Occupational Safety and Health regulations Common workplace hazards Fire, Lifting Operations, Machinery, Working at Heights, Chemical, Welding and Cutting, Electrical Safety Safety Management system Based on ISO 18001 – OHSAS: 1996 13 causes in OHS18001 Summary Elements of OHSAS 18001: Summary Elements of OHSAS 18001 Policy and commitment Hazard identification, risk assessment & risk controls Legal requirements Objectives & Programs Organization & personnel Training, Communication & Consultation Documentation & records Operational Controls Emergency Readiness Measurement & monitoring Accident & incident investigation, corrective & preventive action Audit & Review Case Studies: Case Studies Companies have been given OHSAS 18001 Certificate: Companies have been given OHSAS 18001 Certificate MTR Corporation China Light Power Hip Hing Construction Co.Ltd. HK and China Gas Company Ltd. Case Study: Case Study Hip Hing Construction Co.Ltd Background One of the most competent and active construction groups in Hong Kong for more than forty years. Projects Macau Ferry Terminal Hong Kong Convention & Exhibition Centre Phase II Extension Times Square Hip Hing Construction Co.Ltd.: Hip Hing Construction Co.Ltd. Commitment Safety Management Committee to take care of all safety affairs Safeguard health and safety of all persons involved Safety as important as production, quality and efficiency Target accident rate below 45 per 1000 workers Carry out safety audit in every 6 months Hip Hing Construction Co.Ltd.: Hip Hing Construction Co.Ltd. Effort Increase resources of Safety Department Training - Managerial and Employees Green Card working system Off-site fabrication Increase site safety facilities and activities No working on Sundays Internal and external Safety Audit Hip Hing Construction Co.Ltd.: Hip Hing Construction Co.Ltd. Safety Training On-site safety officers conduct training to site personnel Arrangement is also made for Hip Hing's own or sub-contractors staff to attend safety-relevant training organised by authorised bodies e.g. the Labour Department Given the paramount effort by organizing an unprecedented over-13,000 people (including both Hip Hing & sub-contractors' employees) to attend Green Card Training. Chai Wan Safety Training Centre : Chai Wan Safety Training Centre Cope with the increasing demand on safety training Set up a safety training centre at Chai Wan Utilize the company's resource to deal with the latest safety training standard and statutory requirement Awarding of OHSAS 18001:1999 Certificate: Awarding of OHSAS 18001:1999 Certificate Invited The Hong Kong Quality Assurance Agency (HKQAA) to conduct an independent safety audit in December 2001 on the company's Safety Management System Attained the OHSAS 18001:1999 certificate in January 2002. Safety data measured: Safety data measured Other data measured: Other data measured Case Study: Case Study Background HEC is an electricity utility first established in January 1889. The Company's principal activity is the generation and supply of electricity to Hong Kong Island and Lamma Island. HEC's has currently 536,000 customers. The Group has a total workforce of approximately 2,200 employees. Policy: Policy The Hongkong Electric Co., Ltd. will ensure the health and safety of all its employees. Management shall provide the necessary information, instructions, training, supervision and a properly engineered environment for all employees to ensure health and safety at work. Management shall regularly monitor and review health and safety plans and performance targets for continual improvement to achieve the ultimate goal of an accident-free operation. SMS in Hongkong Electrics: SMS in Hongkong Electrics Since 1987, HEC has set up a safety management system (SMS) for its activities . T&D has taken the initiative to review its SMS to gear up with this specification, which was considered beneficial to the operation of T&D. Organizing: Organizing Planning & implementing: Planning & implementing 1987 - BS 8800 - Guide to Occupational Health and Safety System ; 1997 - SMS of T&D was certified to ISO 9002 by an independent external certification body ; 2000 - T&D planned for the certification of its SMS to OHSAS 1800 ; 2001 - T&D's SMS was certified to OHSAS 18001 by HKQAA. Planning & implementing: Planning & implementing Safety Incentive Scheme Quality & Safety Circle Safety Activities Participation. Some examples Conducting safety management study tours ; Health and Safety Exhibition and Health and Safety Month for T&D employees etc… Audit: Audit Initial and periodic status review Apart from routine audits and reviews to ensure that all operational activities are in compliance with established safety requirements, HEC has established health and safety monitoring systems and formal audit programmed. The health and safety management system audits are carried out annually by Registered Safety Auditors. Measuring performance: Measuring performance Safety Performance Highlights Number of Disabling Injuries 1994-2003* Summary of Case Studies: Summary of Case Studies work place become safer working efficiently increase working more smoothly… All are beneficial to both company and employee (win-win).