Published on October 23, 2007
Food Safety - Foodborne Diseasesand value chain management for food safety: Food Safety - Foodborne Diseases and value chain management for food safety "Forging links between Agriculture and Health" CGIAR on Agriculture and Health Meeting in WHO/HQ 25 June 2007 Food safety issuesmicrobiological FB diseases: Food safety issues microbiological FB diseases Developing countries Diarrhea (foodborne or waterborne): estimated 2 million deaths per year Industrialized countries up to 30% of population affected up to 20 per million deaths Burden mostly on developing countries where capacities for prevention and control are usually limited. Slide3: Animal and food related diseases (zoonoses) seem to always catch us by surprise! Emerging and re-emerging microbial diseases affecting animals (many food animals) and humans 1996–2006: Brucellosis E Coli O157 Multidrug resistant Salmonella Plague Parasites/ Bacteria Cryptosporidiosis Letopsirosis Lyme Borreliosis Emerging and re-emerging microbial diseases affecting animals (many food animals) and humans 1996–2006 Viruses/ prions Ebola and CCHF Influenza H5N1 Lassa fever Monkey pox BSE Rift Valley Fever SARS CoV VEE West Nile Hendra/Nipah Rabies Marburg Slide5: BSE and vCJD vCJD 165 cases in the UK 22 in France very few elsewhere About 190 000 BSE cases confirmed in Europe and less than a 1000 cases in the rest of the world Realization by all including consumers that quality of animal feed was an essential component of human food safety – concept of farm to fork - SARS OUTBREAK, 2003: SARS OUTBREAK, 2003 Wildlife (farmed and free-ranging) as a source of diseases affecting global health security Slide7: Roles of farms of category 2 and 3 in AI emergence and of live animal (multispecies) markets ("wet markets") in viruses mixing and spread. Livestock revolution!: Livestock revolution! In developing countries average consumption will increase from 26 (8 in 1970) to 42 kg per capita per year in 2050. The developing world is expected to produced 300% more metric tones of meat than today in 2050. Asia will almost double the volume of meat it produces by 2050. Developed countries Developing countries In million of tons Slide9: Spatial distribution of humans, livestock and feed-crops around Bangkok, 2001 Can we influence certain practices? Food and agriculture practices form an important risk category in the emergence of zoonotic diseases. Current food and agriculture practices may need to be adjusted in order to reduce this risk. "food safety and foodborne disease" and " Value chain management for food safety" : "food safety and foodborne disease" and " Value chain management for food safety" 1/ What is the key outstanding research area at the intersection with agriculture? Research on effective, fair and equitable intersectoral collaboration for the prevention and control of animal-borne and food borne microbial ( zoonotic diseases) Development of packages for the prevention and control of animal-borne and food borne microbial ( zoonotic diseases) and chemical risks that are supported by both health and agriculture Joint development of prediction systems for the emergence and re-emergence of animal-borne and food borne microbial ( zoonotic diseases) microbiological/chemical risk assessment for certain key (zoonotic and other) agent/commodities (ongoing, to be continued) Research on new tools (vaccines, antiviral and others) for the prevention and control of specific animal and food-related microbial diseases Anthropological research on zoonoses prevention and research "food safety and foodborne disease" and " Value chain management for food safety" : "food safety and foodborne disease" and " Value chain management for food safety" 1/ What is the key outstanding research area at the intersection with agriculture? Joint Agriculture-Health discussions on the likelihood of the forecasts of the Green Revolution and the mitigation of the foreseeable impact of the Green Revolution on human and animal health. - the feasibility of developing a global economic instrument that would deal with the critical externalities from livestock production and related meat processing, including habitat loss and eco-containment, as they relate to animal disease and public health consequences. - both the Kyoto Protocol with its carbon finance unit (CFU) managed by the World Bank and the Global Environment Facility (GEF) of WB, UNEP and UNDP offer important inputs to developing such an instrument (further information is provided below). "food safety and foodborne disease" and " Value chain management for food safety" : "food safety and foodborne disease" and " Value chain management for food safety" 2/ Where do the opportunities and synergies lie? Increased recognition of the importance of the interface between health and agriculture Increased recognition of the importance of zoonotic diseases at this interface Emergence of the concept of "one world – one health" shared by many research and development groups (veterinarians, physicians, conservationists, wildlife specialists). Current development of predictive/early warning systems for the detection of emerging agents (such as AI) including in wildlife Development/refinement of model for MRA various initiatives for the assessment/re-assessment of the burden of a number of agents including foodborne and of zoonotic origin "food safety and foodborne disease" and " Value chain management for food safety" : 3/ Who should be involved in this research, and what partnerships are needed? FAO, WHO and their respective Collaborating Centres, CGIAR centres such as IFPRI, ILRI, Regional Organizations (EU, OUA/IBAR, Institut du Sahel…) , INGOs (WCS, WSPA…etc), private sector 4/ What funding mechanisms are available for such research? each organization has some research capabilities especially CGIAR centres, partnership programme to be developed for submission to the Agriculture Programme of the Gates Foundation.... 5/ What specific steps are needed to stimulate this research, and who should take the lead? Built on established partnerships, bring additional partners in. WHO and FAO in collaboration with IFPRI, ILRI to take the lead "food safety and foodborne disease" and " Value chain management for food safety"