8 lessons learnt from nms

Information about 8 lessons learnt from nms

Published on March 18, 2008

Author: WoodRock

Source: authorstream.com

Content

Lessons learnt from CEE countries on public transport in the last 15 years :  Lessons learnt from CEE countries on public transport in the last 15 years Wojciech Suchorzewski, Warsaw University of Technology, Poland Regional Meeting on Sustainable Urban Transport Policies in South Eastern Europe Budapest, 21-22 June 2007 History 1990:  History 1990 Centrally planned economy: reliance on mass transport car ownership - low fares - low  subsidies 70-80% monopolistic UPT companies State - generous - owner and financier ambitious investment plans - not implemented Transition 1990+:  Transition 1990+ Economic shock therapy !! Systemic changes: decentralization liberalization/commercialisation transformation of public enterprises Impact on UPT prices reflect true costs decentralisation private sector encouraged to grow municipalities forced to reduce subsidies Slide4:  Impact of reforms on UT in some CEE countries the State withdrew - anomaly in UE15!! total responsibility to cities growth of motorization congestion/parking problems private sector – buses and paratransit – self-sustainable!!!! Impact on UTP - negative: :  Impact on UTP - negative: sharp fare increases modal shift: 80-85 %  50-60% ageing fleet and deteriorating infrastructure growing congestion => speed, reliability role of suburban railways reduced, shift to car and buses/minibuses. Poland -number of passengers 9  4 billion per year UPT financing system:  UPT financing system Self-financing (from farebox): Poland from 40%  75%  63% Prague - 30 % Bratislava - 40 % Amsterdam - 25 %, Vienna – 40% Belgrade – 65%, Skopje – 100%!! Istambul - 135??? Investment reduced Annual municipal budgeting Lack of compensation for services provided for social reasons!!!! Slide7:  The road to ruin? (J.Pucher, 1995) Deteriorating infrastructure Ageing fleet Investment almost stopped Falling patronage Worsening operational conditions because of congestion ONLY PARTIALLY TRUE !!!! Slide8:  Great efforts of cities separation of functions companies restructured contracts !!! competition started bus fleet renewal priorities for PT trams – change of treatment!!! Progress:  Progress adoption of sustainable UT policies restructuring of the sector increased efficiency of companies growing use of marketing and quality management progress in fare systems and operation control Slide10:  Sustainable urban transport policy adopted by city councils: Kraków (1993) Warszawa (1995) Strategy of sustainable development limiting the role of a car in a city and giving priority to mass transport and pedestrians/cycling Prague Budapest Tallin (ring toll!!) Slide12:  Measures difficult to implement priorities for public transport in traffic management: bus lanes, traffic ligths speed limit 50 km/h parking charging common ticket (rail/UPT) Other problems:  Other problems problem of inter-settlement transport services: good co-operation between neighbouring municipalities rare crisis in co-operation of railways and municipalities and urban and sub-urban transport companies attitude of staff and trade unions - deterrent role in transformations Summary 1990 - 2007:  Summary 1990 - 2007 POSITIVE !? restructuring PT separation of management and operation contracts – growing productivity and quality involvement of private sector local initiatives - search for solutions growing understanding that even motorized cities cannot function without good PT  growing interest in Sustainable Transport concepts participation of the public Investment in public transport:  Investment in public transport Historically, many cities in CEE countries planned metro construction (7 in Poland) In some constructed, but: high costs draining city resources deterioration of other means of rail transport share much lower than costs Generally highly valued by the public and politicians but viability of heavy rail projects discussed !!! Investment in public transport - 2:  Investment in public transport - 2 Changing attitude towards trams: In many cities extensive networks of tramway – deteriorated Renaissance of tramways in several EU cities - good example for planners and decision-makers Upgrading started in many cities (e.g. in Katowice and Warsaw). In some cities construction of new fast tram (Prague, Krakow, Poznan) Prague:  Prague Prague:  Prague Dresden:  Dresden Dresden :  Dresden Karlsruhre:  Karlsruhre Lyon:  Lyon Lyon :  Lyon Clermont-ferrand:  Clermont-ferrand Krakow:  Krakow Warsaw – Solidarity arterial – Tram/bus lane:  Warsaw – Solidarity arterial – Tram/bus lane Bankowy Sq, Railway station Length of section 2,6 km Metro Ratusz Stare Miasto Park Praski Dw. Wileński Warsaw – E-W Bridge – Tram/bus lane:  Warsaw – E-W Bridge – Tram/bus lane TYPOWY PRZEKRÓJ PRZYSTANEK STARE MIASTO Prospects:  Prospects The future of UPT not clear Growing understanding of UPT role even in motorized city but: strong pressure to develop road systems opposition of some groups against preference for UPT Preferences of the city inhabitants not taken into consideration Prospects - Reasons for optimism:  Prospects - Reasons for optimism so far no proposals to change policies formulated earlier growing number of cities adopt sustainable transport policies growing capacity of city governments to manage UPT restructuring of companies fleet renewal  share of modern vehicles, including AFV (alternative fuel vehicles) change in treatment of tram systems!!! Warsaw: Are you in favour of priorities for trams and buses even it will worsen traffic conditions for private car?:  Warsaw: Are you in favour of priorities for trams and buses even it will worsen traffic conditions for private car? Issue: Role of the State:  Issue: Role of the State since 1990 - no responsibility for UPT situation considered as anomalous impact on urban finances - discount fares and other privileges - no compensation no assistance: guidance, data, [email protected], etc. few exceptions: co-financing metro projects: Prague, Warsaw. Bucarest role of NGO's Example Poland: National Transport Policy 2001 and 2005:  Example Poland: National Transport Policy 2001 and 2005 Promotion of PT, especially in cities and metropolitan areas - one of 4 main challenges State will: participate in financing selected PT projects provide loan guaranties for upgrading projects promote best practices in UT arm municipalities with measures to generate financial resources (Parking charging, congestion pricing!!!) Implementation ??? Ways to improve sustainability of transportation decisions and their implementation:  Ways to improve sustainability of transportation decisions and their implementation National transport policy needed!!!! Co-operation at the regional/local level: within municipality within metropolitan area within the region Participation of stakeholders Education/communication Slide34:  Desirable involvement of central government: guidelines/recommending UT policies legislative initiatives regulations/specifications financial support of strategic and pilot projects sectoral databases research and development training/education Slide35:  Impact of international cooperation UNCHS Habitat World Bank, EBRD (national, cities) ECMT/OECD Projects on Sustainable Urban Travel Policies European Commission – policy and projects REC – project „Supporting Public Transport in CEE” Exchange of experience Findings of ECMT/OECD project INDENTIFIED BARRIERS TO IMPLEMENTATION:  Findings of ECMT/OECD project INDENTIFIED BARRIERS TO IMPLEMENTATION poor policy integration and co-ordination; Inefficient or counterproductive institutional roles and procedures, including inadequate or lack of co-ordination, (for example decentralisation of responsibilities for urban travel); an unsupportive legal or regulatory framework; weaknesses in the pricing/fiscal framework; poor data quality and quantity. Recomendations of ECMT/OECD WHAT CAN GOVERNMENTS DO? :  Recomendations of ECMT/OECD WHAT CAN GOVERNMENTS DO? Develop a national policy framework for sustainable urban travel; Co-ordinate national policy approaches on urban land-use, travel, health and the environment; Encourage effective public participation, partnerships and communication; Provide a supportive legal and regulatory framework; Ensure a comprehensive pricing and fiscal structure; Rationalise financing and investment streams; Improve data collection, monitoring and research. Impact of EC policy :  Impact of EC policy EU assistance/funds: first phase – mostly long-distance l transport infrastructure second phase – as above plus EDRF EDRF requirements: local policy and long-term plans and programs socio-economic efficiency Impact of EC policy :  Impact of EC policy White Paper–CTP till 2010 - time to decide: urban transport problems on the list Public Transport as a main mean to solve congestion problems tramways:”revitalisation – with a decidedly futuristic look” Ranking of proposals – examples-Poland: - Urban Traffic Management Systems and trams in Warsaw and Krakow on the top of the list Examples of EC projects:  Examples of EC projects POSSUM-Policy Scenarios for Sustainable Development QUATTRO -Quality in UT through Tendering and Contracting BEST/BOB - benchmarking REVENUE – 5FP - Revenue Use from Transport Pricing BESTUFS – urban freight transport NICHES- 6FP - Innovative Concepts for Sustainable Urban Mobility PILOT CURACAO SILENCE Niches-basic information:  Niches-basic information 6. PR UE project, priority 1.6.2 Sustainable land transport , Co-ordinating Action (CA) Consortium NICHES: urban transport experts: - consulting (Rupprecht Consul, PTV) - experience of cities (Sztokholm) - use of networking effect (POLIS, EUROCITIES, CMR) - academy (Warsaw University of Technology) Duration: 1 November 2004 – 31 March 2007 Work steps:  Work steps . Step 1 - Establish the state of the art ·    Step 2 - Assess success factors, barriers and transferability of innovative concepts ·    Step 3 - Integrated innovative concepts to coherent transport strategies ·    Step 4 - Derive roadmaps and policy recommendations ·    Step 5 - Disseminate and exploit the results Thematic Areas:  Thematic Areas Slide44:  Thank you for your attention !!! Wojciech Suchorzewski Warsaw University of Technology & Suchorzewski Konsulting [email protected]

Related presentations


Other presentations created by WoodRock

VoIP endfassung
18. 06. 2007
0 views

VoIP endfassung

Lone Wolf Presentation
22. 04. 2008
0 views

Lone Wolf Presentation

Guersenfinal
17. 04. 2008
0 views

Guersenfinal

10 bridge
16. 04. 2008
0 views

10 bridge

Reveiwfinal spring
14. 04. 2008
0 views

Reveiwfinal spring

ch03 edit
13. 04. 2008
0 views

ch03 edit

Howcroft CME
10. 04. 2008
0 views

Howcroft CME

ARPA07distribute
09. 04. 2008
0 views

ARPA07distribute

PowerPoint Presentation 2007
07. 04. 2008
0 views

PowerPoint Presentation 2007

Central Asia short
30. 03. 2008
0 views

Central Asia short

APALSAGeneralMeeting
27. 03. 2008
0 views

APALSAGeneralMeeting

elements compounds mixtures
04. 01. 2008
0 views

elements compounds mixtures

Moodle for english teachers
27. 06. 2007
0 views

Moodle for english teachers

YagerDOE2005
17. 09. 2007
0 views

YagerDOE2005

JESSICA2 HKJU Dec 18 2002
17. 09. 2007
0 views

JESSICA2 HKJU Dec 18 2002

wipo smes del 07 www 76775
24. 09. 2007
0 views

wipo smes del 07 www 76775

LDAP Integration
24. 09. 2007
0 views

LDAP Integration

SAR presentation Final
24. 09. 2007
0 views

SAR presentation Final

Politics ml Z
02. 10. 2007
0 views

Politics ml Z

sparkles
04. 10. 2007
0 views

sparkles

Extreme Makeover
17. 09. 2007
0 views

Extreme Makeover

current status ebxml cppa tc
29. 10. 2007
0 views

current status ebxml cppa tc

ast201 2007 lect11
28. 11. 2007
0 views

ast201 2007 lect11

judicial
28. 08. 2007
0 views

judicial

Laptop Security
28. 08. 2007
0 views

Laptop Security

hammer fatriv
28. 08. 2007
0 views

hammer fatriv

Air Monitoring
23. 10. 2007
0 views

Air Monitoring

CONFINED
07. 11. 2007
0 views

CONFINED

Kansas GRB 5
15. 11. 2007
0 views

Kansas GRB 5

ATS
16. 11. 2007
0 views

ATS

Lecture 4 Bioterrorism Dunne
17. 11. 2007
0 views

Lecture 4 Bioterrorism Dunne

wieser sybase
20. 11. 2007
0 views

wieser sybase

rushdie
21. 11. 2007
0 views

rushdie

Napoleon I
26. 11. 2007
0 views

Napoleon I

SonnetOL
11. 08. 2007
0 views

SonnetOL

Steve Lafferty optimized
11. 08. 2007
0 views

Steve Lafferty optimized

Tibetian test 2
11. 08. 2007
0 views

Tibetian test 2

Plumbing an Information Space
02. 01. 2008
0 views

Plumbing an Information Space

Tree of Life 3 11 03
11. 08. 2007
0 views

Tree of Life 3 11 03

savas dangerous offenders
11. 08. 2007
0 views

savas dangerous offenders

Memory Revisited
12. 10. 2007
0 views

Memory Revisited

Dermatology Revision
05. 01. 2008
0 views

Dermatology Revision

FROM THE DISCOVERY OF HELIX
16. 10. 2007
0 views

FROM THE DISCOVERY OF HELIX

504d AACR poster 2005 cfg
30. 10. 2007
0 views

504d AACR poster 2005 cfg

Zeeberg
17. 09. 2007
0 views

Zeeberg

sweep
11. 08. 2007
0 views

sweep

Industrialization Ideology
26. 10. 2007
0 views

Industrialization Ideology

CS438 08 Bridges
28. 12. 2007
0 views

CS438 08 Bridges

sa advocacy
24. 09. 2007
0 views

sa advocacy

CausalArguments
26. 11. 2007
0 views

CausalArguments

JostDeutschAwards
07. 01. 2008
0 views

JostDeutschAwards

Class24ImlicatureExp
19. 02. 2008
0 views

Class24ImlicatureExp

Lars Nord Presentation at HA2005
08. 10. 2007
0 views

Lars Nord Presentation at HA2005

ConEvals
27. 02. 2008
0 views

ConEvals

moodle themes
27. 06. 2007
0 views

moodle themes

Moodle lokalp
27. 06. 2007
0 views

Moodle lokalp

Moodle na UE final
27. 06. 2007
0 views

Moodle na UE final

SIRESENAC06
06. 03. 2008
0 views

SIRESENAC06

Seance 4 Alissa fr
24. 10. 2007
0 views

Seance 4 Alissa fr

SKita gesture
11. 08. 2007
0 views

SKita gesture

WORKING IN THE EU INSTITUTIONS
20. 03. 2008
0 views

WORKING IN THE EU INSTITUTIONS

semantic web applications
25. 03. 2008
0 views

semantic web applications

FutureofNews
05. 10. 2007
0 views

FutureofNews

sxu 1 05 06
11. 08. 2007
0 views

sxu 1 05 06

canarias
23. 10. 2007
0 views

canarias

Reintegration ProgramFinal
28. 12. 2007
0 views

Reintegration ProgramFinal

G Abaee
22. 11. 2007
0 views

G Abaee

tromsoe
11. 08. 2007
0 views

tromsoe

glazerbusan
12. 10. 2007
0 views

glazerbusan

Stockholm Tutorial June 2001
12. 03. 2008
0 views

Stockholm Tutorial June 2001

TF Rschede
18. 06. 2007
0 views

TF Rschede

telwisa 5
18. 06. 2007
0 views

telwisa 5

Teitler Framework
18. 06. 2007
0 views

Teitler Framework

STRUMENTI tris DI ATTUAZIONE
18. 06. 2007
0 views

STRUMENTI tris DI ATTUAZIONE

strategic plan
18. 06. 2007
0 views

strategic plan

STEROIDS
18. 06. 2007
0 views

STEROIDS

Slide musso taranto
18. 06. 2007
0 views

Slide musso taranto

V 005 Gierke
18. 06. 2007
0 views

V 005 Gierke

Vorlesung BGB AT 1
18. 06. 2007
0 views

Vorlesung BGB AT 1

violenza
18. 06. 2007
0 views

violenza

Varma
18. 06. 2007
0 views

Varma

usenix
18. 06. 2007
0 views

usenix

unter Mitglieder wenn das geht
18. 06. 2007
0 views

unter Mitglieder wenn das geht

Unterrichtsbeobachtu ng
18. 06. 2007
0 views

Unterrichtsbeobachtu ng

Traechtigkeit
18. 06. 2007
0 views

Traechtigkeit

todoslossantosanual
02. 11. 2007
0 views

todoslossantosanual

vortrag we mu 220602
18. 06. 2007
0 views

vortrag we mu 220602

SOR Legal Updates 2006 141962 7
11. 08. 2007
0 views

SOR Legal Updates 2006 141962 7

Bigwood 1
13. 03. 2008
0 views

Bigwood 1

lrec metadata
14. 11. 2007
0 views

lrec metadata

termininfo D2D Konferenz2006
18. 06. 2007
0 views

termininfo D2D Konferenz2006

3320 l09
17. 09. 2007
0 views

3320 l09

typologie
18. 06. 2007
0 views

typologie

antalya
03. 09. 2007
0 views

antalya

sermonpp thy will be done
11. 08. 2007
0 views

sermonpp thy will be done

gabriel
24. 09. 2007
0 views

gabriel

tack2
24. 09. 2007
0 views

tack2

VORTRAG BW
18. 06. 2007
0 views

VORTRAG BW

The Perils of Childhood Obesity
11. 08. 2007
0 views

The Perils of Childhood Obesity

GT TurkeyCountryPresent ation
23. 10. 2007
0 views

GT TurkeyCountryPresent ation

Open Everything 3 9
01. 10. 2007
0 views

Open Everything 3 9

arnaud
28. 09. 2007
0 views

arnaud

file1180026507
22. 10. 2007
0 views

file1180026507

yasinsky
24. 09. 2007
0 views

yasinsky

healthy body esteem
03. 10. 2007
0 views

healthy body esteem

moodle presentation epfl final
27. 06. 2007
0 views

moodle presentation epfl final

37 Yale SA Program Overview 07
24. 09. 2007
0 views

37 Yale SA Program Overview 07

song slides
11. 08. 2007
0 views

song slides

Stuttgart
18. 06. 2007
0 views

Stuttgart

site wsa
29. 02. 2008
0 views

site wsa

pearson
24. 09. 2007
0 views

pearson

09 s4 fr
11. 03. 2008
0 views

09 s4 fr

EPS
17. 10. 2007
0 views

EPS

OARS CRJ 2006
24. 09. 2007
0 views

OARS CRJ 2006

7Paul Hopkin
11. 12. 2007
0 views

7Paul Hopkin

Sofia 29 09 30 02
23. 11. 2007
0 views

Sofia 29 09 30 02

CSI NetSec2004
29. 10. 2007
0 views

CSI NetSec2004

santTOPch11
11. 08. 2007
0 views

santTOPch11

HumanCapitalFINAL
24. 09. 2007
0 views

HumanCapitalFINAL

Carmelo Polino
22. 10. 2007
0 views

Carmelo Polino

Poeplau ECLOUD07
03. 01. 2008
0 views

Poeplau ECLOUD07

peytonap
17. 09. 2007
0 views

peytonap

BUTE 2005feb Milano COST291
16. 10. 2007
0 views

BUTE 2005feb Milano COST291