Published on March 5, 2008
A Perspective on Naval Science and Technology: A Perspective on Naval Science and Technology Spiro G. Lekoudis, Ph.D. Head, Engineering, Materials, and Physical Sciences S&T Department Presented to the Engineering Research Council 27 February 2001 http://www.onr.navy.mil Slide2: Introduction to Naval S&T Slide3: Concepts: Toward the Naval Services-After Next Slide4: 2001 Technology Perspectives Readiness Logistics Training Personnel Sealift AAAV F/A - 18E/F fighter New Attack Submarine DDG-51 Destroyer V-22 Osprey Tilt Rotor aircraft Trident II missile Tomahawk missile SSN-21 submarine combat systems LPD-17 (LX) Amphibious ship JSOW missile and AIM-9X missile DD-21 Missile Defense Electric Warship Non-Lethal Weapons DNA Vaccines Smart structures Multi-function RF Multi-spectral biosensors Non-petroleum based fuels UCAV, UAVs, UUVs Expeditionary Family of Fighting Vehicles LHD-1 Amphibious ship CVN - 74/75 Carrier Dragon Eye and lightweight 155mm gun T-45TS Traininer aircraft SH-60R Seahawk (LAMPS BLKIII) CVN - 77/CVN - 76 AN/SQQ-89(V)X sonar E2C aircraft reproduction 2000 2015 2030 2050 Today’s Naval Services Next Naval Services Naval Services After Next Naval S&T Vision: Naval S&T Vision To inspire and guide innovation that will provide technology-based options for future Navy and Marine Corps capabilities. 5 Slide6: Vertically integrate S&T (6.1, 6.2, & 6.3) Move Naval S&T Program closer to the customer (warfighter) Bridge the gap between short term needs and long term commitments Retain the historic connection to high quality world-class fundamental research Implementing the Vision 6 Naval S&T Investment StrategyNavy and Marine Corps Essential S&T: Naval S&T Investment Strategy Navy and Marine Corps Essential S&T Slide8: Naval S&T Resources and Performers (FY2000) $1,750 million = $374 million (6.1) $622 million (6.2) $754 million (6.3) 6.1 Performers 6.2 Performers 6.3 Performers Industry 13% Industry 61% Industry 44% Navy Labs 23% University/NFP 55% University/NFP 15% University/NFP 16% Navy Labs 41% Navy Labs 32% 8 Slide9: CNR Fleet/Force Initiatives FNCs Discovery and Invention …a look at tomorrow through the porthole of today... Slide10: Today’s Navy and Marine Corps CNR Fleet/Force Initiatives: CNR Fleet/Force Initiatives Swamp Works Naval Research Enterprise S&T Revitalization Slide12: Next Navy and Marine Corps Problem: Problem $ t Critical Mass But we need this... This means this... Declining total research funding for a stable number of programs reduces programs below transition critical mass Naval S&T Corporate BoardApproved FNCs: Information Distribution Time Critical Strike Decision Support System Organic MCM Autonomous Operations Littoral ASW Total Ownership Cost Platform Protection Missile Defense Expeditionary Logistics Capable Manpower Warfighter Protection Naval S&T Corporate Board Approved FNCs - A Work in Progress - Slide15: 1 Detect, classify, localize, track to support engagement of targets outside of threat weapons release range 2 Characterize the battle-space to provide content for a common tactical / environmental picture 3 Rapidly / covertly deploy and sustain surveillance systems for wide area search, detection and cueing 4 Engage/neutralize bottomed, surfaced or low Doppler targets beyond threat weapon release range 5 Proficiency technology to enhance performance 6 C4 for common tactical / environmental picture Future Naval Capability Enabling Capabilities Responsive Spikes & Supporting Technologies Littoral ASW Slide16: 1 Win or Avoid Engagements by Torpedoes /Mines 2 Win or Avoid Engagements by Weapons/Platforms, Asymmetric Threats, and Non-Lethal Weapons Threats Encountered in the Littorals 3 Win or Avoid Engagements by Airborne Weapons and Platforms Encountered at Sea 4 Approach, Enter, and Operate in Denied Areas Without Being Detected 5 Resist and Control Damage from Weapons While Preserving Operational Capability Future Naval Capability Enabling Capabilities Responsive Spikes & Supporting Technologies Platform Protection Slide17: Defeat Expeditionary Warfare Targets with Naval Fires Defeat Relocatable Targets at Range Defeat Short Dwell Mobile Targets at Range Defeat Moving Targets at Range Defeat Active Hard and Deeply Buried Targets at Range Time Critical Strike Future Naval Capability Enabling Capabilities Responsive Spikes & Supporting Technologies Slide18: Navy and Marine Corps After-Next Discovery & Invention: Discovery & Invention Building Blocks Grand Challenges National Naval Responsibilities Independent Laboratory Innovative Research Program (ILIR) DON S&T Basic Research & Generic Applied Research DON S&T Basic Research : DON S&T Basic Research Not curiosity driven Focused on Naval needs and potential capabilities Vertically integrated with higher S&T Intensely managed by a small cadre of professional Program Officers Not selected by committee Turnover is expected Risks are taken to seek breakthrough Defense Research Sciences PE 601153N: Defense Research Sciences PE 601153N Allocation by Naval Motivation Taxonomy Ocean & Space 38% Advanced Materials 18% Information Science 14% Sensors, Electronic Systems 12% Signature Reduction/ Platform Design 4% Energy Creation/ Propulsion/ Power 8% Human Performance 6% FY 01 appropriation: $378.5M. Slide22: Navy and Marine Corps Platforms Enhancing the Capabilities of Sailors and Marines Knowledge Management in the Network-Centric Environment Optimal Performance At and From the Sea The Naval S&T Marketplace Building Blocks ...for the Navy and Marine Corps After-Next Building Blocks: Navy and Marine Corps Platforms: Building Blocks: Navy and Marine Corps Platforms Electrically reconfigurable ships, craft, & fighting vehicles Dynamically interacting autonomous vehicles in the littoral zone On-demand stealth and shields for individuals, vehicles, and ships Precision firepower with extended reach and controllable lethality Sustained presence, operations, and logistics - being present when, where, and for as long as needed Zero maintenance systems and safe, automated damage control Building Blocks: Enhancing Capabilities of Sailors & Marines: Building Blocks: Enhancing Capabilities of Sailors & Marines Effective human performance under extreme stress and trauma Biomimetics and neuro-morphics for sensing and processing DNA vaccines Building Blocks:Knowledge Management in the Network-Centric Environment: Building Blocks: Knowledge Management in the Network-Centric Environment Shaping the form, content, and cognizance of information Full, flexible management of EM emissions Secure interoperability among disparate IT systems Information assimilating models/simulations and decision-support networks Space-based sensing and connectivity in the maritime environment Building Blocks: Optimal Performance At and From the Sea: Building Blocks: Optimal Performance At and From the Sea Automatic adaptation to the environment Navy and Marine Corps Operations in extreme environments “From Under the Sea” Building Blocks:The Naval S&T Marketplace: Building Blocks: The Naval S&T Marketplace ...Getting the best and using it wisely… ...“a war for people.” Naval S&T Grand Challenges: Naval S&T Grand Challenges Naval Battlespace Awareness Electric Power Sources for the Navy and Marine Corps Naval Materials by Design Multifunctional Electronics for Intelligent Naval Sensors Naval S&T National Naval Responsibilities: Naval S&T National Naval Responsibilities Naval environment is unique and complex DON S&T must maintain areas that are critical to ensuring Naval superiority: Robust U.S. research community Adequate pipeline of new scientists and engineers in Navy-unique disciplines Maintain the ability to provide S&T products necessary to our operational forces Slide30: Assessments focus on: Scope of naval responsibility Scope, degree, stability and trend of navy and non-Navy funding Performer base Infrastructure Knowledge-base pipeline Facilities and equipment Integration with and transitions to higher category programs Naval S&T National Naval Responsibilities Slide31: Ocean Acoustics (Approved) Undersea Weaponry (Approved) Under consideration: Hydrodynamics and Naval Architecture Precision Time and Time Transfer Energy Transfer in the Maritime Environment Tactical Oceanography Ocean Surveillance Mine Countermeasures Piezoelectric Materials Naval S&T National Naval Responsibilities ...the continuing dialogue: ...the continuing dialogue Success depends on continuing dialog and re-definition of the problem. Those who know what’s needed, and heed what’s possible... …those who know what’s possible, and heed what’s needed...