Published on October 4, 2007
Slide1: ENHANCING PRODUCTION/PRODUCTIVITY OF WHEAT Dr. N.B. Singh Agriculture Commissioner Government of India Department of Agriculture & Cooperation Ministry of Agriculture (September 14-15, 2006) Projected Production and Requirement of Wheat & Foodgrains: Projected Production and Requirement of Wheat & Foodgrains (Million Tonnes) # Present growth rate of foodgrains – 2.1% consists of rice 2.7%, wheat 0.2%, coarse cereals 4.5% $ Requirement includes consumption, buffer stock (4 million tonnes), availability of 15 days’ consumption in the open market of 2.9 million tonnes in 2006-07 and 3.12 million tonnes in 2011-12. Area, Production and Yield of Wheat (1980-81 to 2005-06): Area, Production and Yield of Wheat (1980-81 to 2005-06) Slide4: State-wise Area, Production and Yield of Wheat 2004-05 Slide5: Productivity trends in different States from 2000-1 to 2004-05 Regional Variation in Productivity : Regional Variation in Productivity Causes for Low Productivity of Wheat : Causes for Low Productivity of Wheat Delayed sowing in rice-wheat and in cotton-wheat system Low Seed Replacement Rate (SRR) Low and imbalanced use of fertilizers / nutrients Temperature rise during grain formation period Deficiency of micro and secondary nutrients Deceleration of factor productivity Soil degradation and loss of fertility Poor efficiency of irrigation water Escalating cost of inputs – (especially diesel) Slide8: Delayed sowing results in Yield Decline Based on multilocation long term (10 Years) trials of ICAR (DWR Bul. 2004) Slide9: A sample of Pattern of Plant Nutrients Application (2004-05) Slide10: Imbalanced use of Plant Nutrients Required Ratios : 4: 2 : 1 (N,P,K) 2004 - 05 Slide11: Wide spread deficiency of zinc Source: IISS, Bhopal(ICAR) Slide12: Deficiency of Manganese Source: IISS, Bhopal Source: IISS, Bhopal (ICAR) Slide13: Widespread Boron deficiency Source: IISS, Bhopal (ICAR) Slide14: Area Expansion 1 to 1.4 million ha in the States of U.P., M.P., Bihar, Rajasthan, Maharashtra and Gujarat Productivity Increase 25 to 40% Strategies for Production Enhancement Targeted States for Area Expansion: Targeted States for Area Expansion (Area in lakh ha) Productivity Enhancement : Productivity Enhancement Timely sowing (optimum sowing time between 15 Oct. to Mid Nov.) Promoting high temperature tolerant varieties Improved agricultural practices/sowing Promoting integrated nutrient/pest management Increasing water use efficiency through sprinkler Zero Till cum Seed Drill Increasing balanced use of fertilizer/application Slide17: Response of *N2 application on Wheat Productivity Based on multilocation / year data recorded by ICAR (DWR Bul. 20) * Accordingly ratio of Phosphorous and Potash to be added Slide18: * After 1990’s N2 application of 150kg / ha has recorded highest yield in entire wheat areas. * 50 % N2 Basal + 50% at the time of first irrigation has given best results * More than two splits of N2 is usually beneficial after application of 50% basal dose * Under Zero tillage also 150 kg N2/ha has recorded highest yield Lessons learnt about N2 Response in Wheat Slide19: Response of Potash Application on Wheat Action Plan : Action Plan Varietal Development Terminal heat tolerant varieties Suitable varieties with higher yield potential in Punjab, Haryana & western U.P. Early maturing cotton varieties in cotton-wheat system. Early maturing high yielding rice varieties for rice-wheat system. Improved wheat varieties for late sowing. Action Plan: Action Plan Improved sowing methods for different cropping system Direct seeding of rice in rice-wheat system Efficient fertilizer/micro-nutrients use Improved agronomic practices to address rise in temperature Weed management Mopping of Micronutrient deficiency MANAGEMENT PRACTICES Required Interventions for enhancing Productivity: Required Interventions for enhancing Productivity Identify Potential Regions / States i.e. Eastern UP, Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, West Bengal Identify the districts with high yield potential ; 138 districts identified Channelize input supply i.e. Seed fertilizer, farm machinery on priority Slide23: Identified districts and targeted areas for intervention Slide24: Action Plan 3 Year Plan for 138 districts : coverage 13 million ha. Slide25: Contd.. Slide26: Contd.. Slide27: Total Financial Requirement for 3 year Rolling Plan I Year 275.00 II Year 483.00 III Year 483.00 Total: 1241.00 Conntd. Slide28: Outline of the Scheme Total cost of the scheme Rs.2482 cr. over 3 years Proposed share (50%) of Central Government – Rs.1241 cr. Proposed share (30%) of State Government – Rs.548 cr. Rest contribution by beneficiary Slide29: State of preparedness for Rabi : 2006-07 Seed Requirement - 20.0 lakh Quintal; Available – 45 lakh qtls. Fertilizer Requirement - 127 lakh tonnes urea - 48 lakh tonnes DAP & - 19 lakh tonnes of MOP Micro-nutrients Available as per requirement Zero Till Machines Requirement : 6000 Zero till cum seed drill - Available Micro-Irrigation : Systems Available Slide30: Region wise Recommended varieties of Wheat Contd… *Durum Slide31: Contd…. *Durum Slide32: Thank you Slide33: Identified Districts of different States with potential for increasing production and productivity of Wheat Contd…. Slide34: Contd.. Slide35: Contd.. 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