admiralty papersandpublication s14

Information about admiralty papersandpublication s14

Published on November 6, 2007

Author: Herminia

Source: authorstream.com

Content

An overview of the Admiralty Act and Admiralty Rules:  An overview of the Admiralty Act and Admiralty Rules The Hon Justice James Allsop Federal Court of Australia 2 Admiralty Act:  2 Admiralty Act Admiralty Jurisdiction ss 9 and 10 The distinction between in rem and in personam proceedings is fundamental. s 9 is to be amended to include the FMC as an in personam court. The relevant bill is being introduced during this sitting of Parliament. 3 Admiralty Act:  3 Admiralty Act What kinds of Claim? s 4(1) - general maritime claim - proprietary maritime claim s 4(2) - proprietary maritime claim s 4(3) - general maritime claim Note that the list is closed, though it does not necessarily conform to the outer limits of, or exhaust the Constitutional head of power in, s 76(iii) of the Constitution: “of Admiralty and maritime jurisdiction” 4 Admiralty Act:  4 Admiralty Act No Geographical Restriction s 5 - on its face provides for unlimited worldwide jurisdiction Limits - service ex juris rules for in personam proceedings - requirement for presence of ship for service of in rem proceedings and arrest - forum non conveniens stay 5 Admiralty Act:  5 Admiralty Act Service In personam proceedings according to general Rules of Court as long as they are not inconsistent with Admiralty Rules In rem proceedings according to Part V of the Rules No service outside Australia: see ss 22 and 23 s 20 service on one ship 6 Admiralty Act:  6 Admiralty Act In rem proceedings and arrest The act does not provide for arrest, only the Rules. There can be no arrest unless there is statutory authority to entertain an in rem proceeding: see Rule 39. Part III – especially ss 14 to 19. s 14 the exclusivity of the in rem proceeding. An in rem proceeding is against the thing (the res), generally a ship. If there is no appearance, the claim proceeds against the res, judgment is obtained, the res is sold and the fund is used to pay creditors. If someone appears, and if that person is the “relevant person” the claim proceeds as a action in rem and in personam. 7 Admiralty Act:  7 Admiralty Act In rem proceedings and arrest (2) s 15 - maritime liens A maritime lien is a claim which attaches to the ship and passes with the ship to bind any new owner. Only certain types of maritime liens are recognised, by s 15. s 16 - proprietary maritime claims It is essential to understand the concept of “relevant person”. See definition in s 3(1): “a person who would be liable on the claim in a proceeding commenced as an action in personam” 8 Admiralty Act:  8 Admiralty Act The rights to proceed in rem provided for by ss 17, 18 and 19 depend on the confluence of a number of factors at various times. In tabular form, they can be set out as follows: 10 Admiralty Act:  10 Admiralty Act The timing can be critical – note the facts and the result in The MV‘Cape Moreton’ (2005) 219 ALR 48 “Owner” means true or beneficial owner – The ‘Iron Shortland’ (1995) 59 FCR 535; The ‘Maria Luisa’ (No 2) (2003) 130 FCR 12; and The MV ‘Cape Moreton’ (2005) 219 ALR 48. s 21 Limit on re-arrest s 24 Can proceed in rem against a fund. s 29 Note how arrest on security can be used for foreign proceedings. s 34 Damages for unjustified arrest 11 Admiralty Rules:  11 Admiralty Rules Part I Preliminary Part II Caveats against - arrest - release Part III Parties Part IV Process Part V Service of Process Part VI Arrest 12 Admiralty Rules:  12 Admiralty Rules Part VII Bail Part VIII Limitation proceedings Part IX Reference of damages and accounts to a Registrar Part X Valuation and sale Part XI Priorities Part XII Miscellaneous

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