Published on January 7, 2008
Slide1: The “Age of Limits” Slide2: The Age of Limits MAIN THEMES How existing social norms were greatly challenged and to some extent altered by movements of youth, ethnic minorities, and women. That President Nixon and his national security adviser, Henry Kissinger, believed that stability in a "multipolar" world could be achieved only by having the United States forge a new relationship with China and seek détente with the Soviet Union. How the scandals collectively known as Watergate brought about the downfall of Richard Nixon. That President Reagan's optimistic personality and his brand of conservatism, which included both a reduced role for government in the economy and a greater emphasis on military spending, combined to spell political success for the president and his Republican Party. How and why the New Right came to offer a significant challenge to the liberal consensus that had dominated American politics since the New Deal. Slide3: The Youth Culture The Counterculture The New Left SDS Berkeley revolts Anti-Militarism The Legacy? American Foreign Policy Political Cultural Slide4: The Mobilization of Minorities The Indian Civil Rights Movement Latino Activism Gay Liberation The New Feminism Slide5: The Indian Civil Rights Movement 1953-Termination Policy 1968- American Indian Movement (AIM) 1973/1890: Wounded Knee Leonard Peltier Slide6: Seeds of Indian Militancy Slide7: The Mobilization of Minorities Latino Activism 1980 – Marielitos Cubans Expanded immigration 1965 - Immigration Act (no national quotas) Cesar Chavez La Raza, Unida Slide8: Gay Liberation 1960 - “Stonewall Riot” -“Coming Out” -AIDS 1993- Do ask Don’t Tell Slide9: Women’s Liberation Slide10: The New Feminism 1960 - NOW Failure of Equal Rights Amendment The Abortion Controversy 1973 - Roe Vs. Wade Slide11: Politics and Economics Under Nixon Domestic Initiatives Affirmative Action Abolish OEO The Third World Portugal v. Angola Richard M. Nixon (Library of Congress) Slide12: Politics and Economics Under Nixon From the Warren Court to the Nixon Court Warren Court 1962 – Engel v. Fink (Prayer in Public School) 1966 - Miranda Vs. Arizona (Miranda Warning) Rhenquist Court 1971 – Swann v. Mecklenburg Board of Education (Busing) 1972 – Furman v. Georgia (Capital Punishment) 1973 – Roe v. Wade 1974 - Milliken Vs. Bradley (inter district school transfers) Slide13: Politics and Economics Under Nixon The Election of 1972 George Wallace Watergate Slide14: The Troubled Economy Slide15: Politics and Economics Under Nixon The Nixon Response Stagflation OPEC Slide16: The Watergate Crisis The Scandals The Fall of Richard Nixon “What did the president know and when did he know it?” Senator Howard Baker “Our long national nightmare is over.” Gerald Ford Slide17: Debating the Past: WATERGATE Slide18: Politics and Diplomacy After Watergate The Ford Custodianship Gerald Ford (Library of Congress) Slide19: The Trials of Jimmy Carter Slide20: Politics and Diplomacy After Watergate Human Rights and National Interests Jimmy Carter (Library of Congress) Slide21: Politics and Diplomacy After Watergate The Year of the Hostages Iranian fundamentalism Soviet invasion Slide22: The Rise of the American Right The Sunbelt and Its Politics Slide23: The Rise of the American Right The Tax Revolt Religious Revivalism and the Emergence of the New Right Evangelism “Christian Right” Conservatism Slide24: The Rise of the American Right The Campaign of 1980 Slide25: The “Reagan Revolution” Reagan in the White House Ronald Reagan (Library of Congress) Slide26: The “Reagan Revolution” “Supply-Side” Economics Slide27: The “Reagan Revolution” The Fiscal Crisis Deficit Spending Tax Cuts Cuts on Domestic Spending Slide28: The “Reagan Revolution” Reagan and the World SALT II Strategic Defense Initiative (SDI) Reagan Doctrine Slide29: The “Reagan Revolution” The Election of 1984 Slide31: OBJECTIVES A thorough study of Chapter 32 should enable you to understand: The reasons for the rise of the New Left and the counterculture. The problems of American Indians and Hispanics and the nature of their protest movements. The meaning of the new feminism. The Nixon-Kissinger policy for terminating the Vietnam War and the subsequent Paris peace settlement. The changes in American foreign policy necessitated by the new perception of the world as multipolar. The ways in which the Supreme Court in the Nixon years began a change to a more conservative posture and the reasons for this change. The reasons for the decline in the American economy in the early 1970s and President Nixon's reaction to the decline. The significance of Watergate as an indication of the abuse of executive power. Slide32: OBJECTIVES A thorough study of Chapter 33 should enable you to understand: The efforts of President Gerald Ford to overcome the effects of Richard Nixon's resignation. The rapid emergence of Jimmy Carter as a national figure and the reasons for his victory in 1976. Carter's emphasis on human rights and its effects on international relations. Carter's role in bringing about the Camp David agreement and the impact of this agreement on the Middle East. Why the United States had so much difficulty in freeing the hostages held by Iran and the effect of this episode on the Carter presidency. The political importance of the rise of the Sunbelt and the increasing strength of conservative evangelical Christianity. The nature of the "Reagan revolution" and the meaning of "supply-side" economics. The staunchly anticommunist Reagan foreign policy.