Agricultral Industrial Attachment Programme

Information about Agricultral Industrial Attachment Programme

Published on January 20, 2019

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1. A REPORT ON AGRICULTURAL INDUSTRIAL ATTACHMENT PROGRAMME AIAP 2016-2017 SUBMITED TO: - SUBMITED BY:- Dr. A.K. Senapati Sanjib Kumar Parida Assc.Professor & Chairman – Adm No. – 01A/13 AIAP

2. It is with a sense of great pleasure, I, Sanjib Kumar Parida (01A/13), am presenting this report of Agricultural Industrial Attachment Programme of Student Ready Programme 2016-17. I feel honoured to offer my sincere gratitude to all those people who have helped in completing this programme of “STUDENT’S READY” under which comes our Industrial Attachment Programme. I am extremely thankful to Dr. L.M. Garnayak sir , Dean,College of Agriculture and Vice Chancellor, OUAT for undertaking such a programme in the course curriculum due to which I have got a chance to gain a lot of practical based knowledge and experiences which will help me in the long run. Expressing my deep gratitude to Dr. A. K. Senapati sir & Agricultural Advisor Mr. Tribikram Praharaj sir, for their proper guidance during Industrial time period and for providing us theoretical knowledge prior to Industry attachment programme . I would also like to thank the supporting professors as our supervisor on the Student Ready programme. They immensely help us to remove all the obstacles throughout the programme. Last, but not the least, I would also like to thank my beloved friends who accompanied me in my tasks even during odd hours and made me keep up the enthusiasm regarding my tasks. Date: 24/01/17 Sanjib Kumar Parida Place: Bhubaneswar 01A/13

3. ORISSA UNIVERSITY OF AGRICULTURE & TECHNOLOGY College of Agriculture, Bhubaneshwar - 751003 CERTIFICATE This is to certify that the report entitled “Agricultural Industrial Attachment Programme(AIAP)”prepared and submitted under the Student Ready Programme 2016- 17 by Sanjib Kumar Parida ,Adm.No – 01A/13, is actually based on the day to day works under our guidance and supervision. All sorts of help and sources of information availed during this programme have been duly acknowledged. Dr.A.K.Senapati Mr.Tribikram Praharaj Assc.Professor & Chairman Agricultural Advisor – AIAP - AIAP

4. AIAP-2016-17 SANJIB KUMAR PARIDA 01A/13 CONTENTS SL.NO CHAPTERS PAGE NO. 1. Introduction 1 2. AIAP 2 3. Orientation programme 3 4. Arrival of Students & Interaction With Industrial Personnel 4 5. About SNM Group Of Companies 4-5 6. About farm (Jaydev project) 5-6 7. Inventory Survey Of The Industry 6-7 a. Land Area 6 b. Infrastructure 6 c. Manpower 6 d. Mechineries And Equipments 6-7 e. Water Source 7 f. Energy Source 7 8. Analysis Of Inputs & Products 7 a. Quantity Of Materials 7 b. Quality 7 c. Source of materials 7 9. Productivity Survey Of The Industry 7-8

5. AIAP-2016-17 SANJIB KUMAR PARIDA 01A/13 10. Problem Identification and Prioritization 8 11. Problem Cause Analysis 9 12. SWOT Analysis of Jaydev Project 10 13. Activities That Were Done During AIAP & Skill Learnt 11-16 A. Training & Pruning Operation in Guava plot 11-12 B. Stooling of Guava 12-13 C. Prunning of Rose 13 D. Management of Pod borer in Arhar 13 E. Management of Sawfly in Mustard 14 F. Layout for Establishment of Coconut Orchard 14 G. Honey Extraction from Beebox 14-15 H. Management of Anthracnose in Ivygourd 15 I. Determining the Test Weight of Paddy Rice 15-16 J. Application Of Seradix In Dahlia 16 14. Experienced Gained During AIAP 17 15. Feedback 18 16. Conclusion 19

6. AIAP 2016-17 Page 1 INTRODUCTION “Everything else may wait but not AGRICULTURE” -Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru The Agricultural Industrial Attachment Programme under STUDENTS READY is newly been introduced in the 7th semester under the course curriculum as per the 5th DEAN’S Committee. In this programme, all students are divided into different groups and are assigned to carry out different activities under the proper guidance of our respected teachers known as Agricultural Advisor(AA) and participation of the Farm workers. We are allotted to work in SNM Farm (Jaydev Project) situated in At: Prataprudrapur,Kenduli,Dist-Khurdha. This is a farm of around 22 acres and it is highly mechanized . During the In-farm activities, we were exposed to the Current Farm situation and we got a basic understanding of various on-farm activities. Each and every student developed Practical skills under this programme. Various exercises under this project developed knowledge of the student and revised all the courses that we studied for the last 3 years. I think the most important achievement of this AIAP program,Builds Entreprenureship development skills and became acquinted with new technologies. We also learned about Different methods of Commercial agriculture and Marketing channels.

7. AIAP 2016-17 Page 2 AGRICULTURAL INDUSTRIAL ATTACHMENT PROGRAMME (AIAP) Agricultural education is an important tool in ensuring increased agricultural productivity, sustainability and environmental and ecological security, profitability, job security and equity. It is a programme mainly aimed for preparing agricultural graduates for better career in agriculture. Providing agricultural graduates oriented education to face the challenges by acquiring knowledge and skill through the hands on experience.Learning by doing is the basic aim and theme of the programme. What is AIAP ? AIAP (Agricultural Industrial Attachment Programme) is a programme for imparting quality, practical and production oriented for agricultural degree. Importance of AIAP Programme  Preparing agricultural graduates for better career in agriculture.  Preparing agricultural graduates oriented education to face the challenges by acquiring knowledge & skill though hands on experience.  Developed Entreprenuial Skills . Objectives of AIAP  To expose the students to Industrial environment, which cannot be simulated in the university?  To familiarize the students with various Materials, Machines, Processes, Products and their applications along with relevant aspects of shop management.  To make the students understand the psychology of the workers, and approach to problems along with the practices followed at factory  To make the students understand the scope, functions and job responsibility-ties in various departments of an organization.  Exposure to various aspects of entrepreneurship during the programme period

8. AIAP 2016-17 Page 3 ORIENTATION PROGRAMME One day orientation programme was conducted by the College.Dr A.K.Senapati sir, being the main fulcrum behind this whole picture, explained the vision behind this programme telling how to participate in the programme, what are the tasks to be done and objectives to be fulfilled for the success of it. Several groups are made and allotted to different places of State and also outside the state. I am in a group of eight students allotted to SNM groups of Jaydev Pitha ,Prataprudrapur of Balipatana Block. Sl Name of the student Admission No. 1. Sanjib Kumar Parida 01A/13 2. Linkan Behera 43A/13 3. Ramakanta Behera 116A/13 4. Arpan Kumar Dash 76A/13 5. Prasanta Kumar Behera 193A/13 6. Kirttiranjan Baral 175A/13 7. Debasis Panda 130A/13 8. Debi Kalyan Jayasingh 152 A/13

9. AIAP 2016-17 Page 4 ARRIVAL OF STUDENTS & INTERACTION WITH INDUSTRIAL PERSONNEL  After the Orientation programme we , a group of 8 people got selected for SNM Farm ( jaydev project ) at Jaydev Pitha ,Prataprudrapur of Balipatana Block.  Next day , We visited our allotted industry .we reached nearly at 10 am, before we reached to the industry , Praharaj sir was already present there to welcome us .Then, he gave information about the SNM farm as well as jaydev project .Also he described the various units of that farm .  The intresting fact is that we got a chance in 1st day to Extract honey from the bee boxes and he encouraged us to get involved in the procedure itself.  Praharaj sir was very friendly and soft spoken , and he behaved us like his son . it is a great pleasure to be work with such a loveable person . he taught us various tips and tricks of different activities in the farm.  From the 1st day , Sir scheduled a work plan for us . ABOUT SNM GROUP OF COMPANIES Surendra Agritech Pvt. Ltd. is a comparatively new company floated by SNM Group especially for the development of marginal farmers of Odisha and currently having 14 no. of vegetables & fruits outlets in the brand name of “UDYAN FRESH” in Bhubaneswar & Cuttack.Established with a MOU between Directorate of Horticulture & Surendra Agritech Pvt. Ltd with an initiative on the side mentioned theme “Vegetables & fruits initiative under VIUC Scheme” with provision of cold chain solution to farm produce and assistance to FIG & FPO of the States with following objectives.  To provide market access to farmers.  To give remunerative prices for the produce.  To empower farmers by providing sustainable livelihood.  To provide quality & fresh vegetable to customer at a reasonable prices.

10. AIAP 2016-17 Page 5 The traditional way of selling vegetables and grocery is booming day by day. Each village have number of aggregators, each aggregators collect vegetables from farmers and sell it to traders, the traders then auction the vegetables at the best price they get. The vegetables then enter the Mandi and that picked up wholesalers, retailers and vegetable vendors at an auction price. Government will provide land to private partners to set up the outlets that will be managed in public private partnership mode. Surendra Agritech Pvt. Ltd introducing UdyanFresh . It has destructed this distribution chain and ties of with small older farmers. The farmers directly put all their productive vegetables directly to Udyan Fresh center. After the grading process starts where products are weighed, cleaned, stored, sorted, and packaged labelled. Only high quality packages are transferred to Udyan Fresh retail outlets in the different cities.In this process farmers will get a fair price and consumers will get fresher veggies at a fair rate. By this process, the farmers can increase their producer’s share on consumer rupee and as it being a private firm, by contractual farming, the farmers can be assured of their payment during harvest which would motivate them to go for best ways of crop production and also can have bumper produce ready to be at the doorstop of diposal. ABOUT SNM FARM (Jaydev Project) SNM Grp of companies, which is located at jaydevpitha, prataprudrapur , kenduli , Balianta block of khurda.It has passage way through tankapani road Sai temple of 24 kms which marks the birth place of poetic great and “GITAGOBINDA” creator Sri Jayadeva. It is situated near to Jaydev Pitha which is of serenic importance. The geographical coordinates of this location is 20 deg 12 min 57 secs N and 85 deg 59 min 28 sec E. The main innovation behind this whole setup is the conversions of traditional paddy land to horticultural ventyure which is the present motto of Agro-commercialisation. Area: 22 acres

11. AIAP 2016-17 Page 6 Crops taken: 1. Fruit & Flowers : Papaya, guava orchards, mango orchards,coconut orchard, Maize+mango intercultivation, banana, radish, ornamental flowers(marigold, rose, dahlia, gladiolus, ) 2. Vegetables: Corriander, cauliflower, cabbage, morringa, knol- khol,Cucumber , Capsicum, Brinjal etc. 3. Field Crops : Rice ,Arhar , Mustard , Maize ,Field pea etc. 4. Plantation crops:Australian teak 5. Integrated farming system : Fishery unit surroundexd by banna plantations. 6. Apiary units : 2 Boxes. 7. Spice crops: Cumin 8. Polyhouse : Turmeric, ginger, banana, coconut nursery, ivygourd, chilli, capsicum, tomato, okra. 9. Mixed croppoing; Maize, field pea, cauliflower Varieties undertaken: 1. Rice: Swarna sub-1, CR-1014 2. Mustard: Durga(120 days, 8 quinatl) 3. Coconut- chowghatorangedwarf 4. Papaya- Coorg Honeydew 5. Guava- VNR Kg 6. Marigold:Inka, African marigold, French marigold INVENTORY SURVEY OF THE INDUSTRY A. LAND AREA : 22 Acres or 8.90 ha B. INFRASTRUCTURE :  Farm house- 1100 square meter  Poly house – 1 acre or 4000 square meter  Store room –2 - 200 * 2 = 400 square meter  Pump house – 4 no. –50 * 4 = 200 square meter C. MANPOWER :There are 6 labourers working in this Industry . D. MECHINERIES AND EQUIPMENTS :  Pruning and cutting tools :- Secateurs , Bow & Pruning Saws , Hedgeshears , Lopping Shears , Replacement Blades.  Spade (Pharwa) – 4 no.

12. AIAP 2016-17 Page 7  ++Harvesting tools: Big sikle (Darati) , Small sikle (Daranti) , Gandasa (Chopper , Axe (Kulhari) .  Postharvest tools and implements : Sacks , Sieve , Winnower , Tokri , Bamboo basket .  Miscellaneous tools :Hammer, jumper, wedge and shovel and hand saw .  Powertiller , Tractor , Combine harvestor , Paddy thresher etc. E. WATER SOURCE : Ponds , tubewell and motor pumpsets . F. ENERGY SOURCE : Major Energy source through Electricity and Solar energy also. ANALYSIS OF INPUTS & PRODUCTS a. Quantity of materials : Inputs like fertilizer , Agro-chemicals , pesticides were used in that industry at huge quantity.sometimes quantity of materials used in improper ways ,therefore the yield quality was reduced or not gives good yield quantity . Sometimes Raw materials also affects on product quantity . b. Quality : Due to high quantity of raw materials are used in field , Lower the quality and gives bad taste .Quality certification by Seed testing labrotory , Directorate of Horticulture ,VIUC Scheme.Assist FIG & FPO of the States. c. Source of materials : Source of materials from different Agro industries or distributors, and private as well as govt. Agencies. PRODUCTIVITY SURVEY OF THE INDUSTRY Production  Rice-25 q  Mustard- 8 quintals  Cauliflower- 400 curds  Cabbage-300 curds  Marigold- 1 q  Apairy unit(honey yield)-  Papaya- 450 kg  Banana- 2 tonne

13. AIAP 2016-17 Page 8  Fishery unit- Rohu, carp and mrigal Fraction marketed through Udyaan Fresh  Cauliflower- 300 curds  Cabbage-200 curds  Papaya-400 kg  Banana-1.5 tonne The farm produced not only procured from owned farm but also from vegetables cooperative societies of Bhubaneswar regions. It has aimed to expand its unit to all over the district headquarters of the state. PROBLEM IDENTIFICATION AND PRIORITISATIONS Problem is a condition or a situation that the people after study with or without have decided need changing. Problem are the barrier for achieving goal or objective. OBJECTIVE :  To list out the problem present in Farm situation  For development of action plan  Severity of problems  Frequency of occurence  Distribution of problem PROCESS : Identification of problem was done by discussing with Agricultural Advisor. All the problems in area were collected and identified democratically through participation of Farm workers. The problems are given below that were being identified in the Farm “SNM FARM”. 1. Yellow stem borer in rice 2. Low yield in green gram 3. Black headed caterpillar attack in coconut seedlings 4. Irrigation problem in rabi season 5. Labour scarcity 6. Sigatokka disease of Banana 7. Anthracnose disease of Ivy gourd.

14. AIAP 2016-17 Page 9 PROBLEM CAUSE ANALYSIS Problems assocated with farm 1. Waterlogging conditions 2. Poor growth of mango trees 3. Clayey soil 4. Lack of water management practises 5. Scarcity of skilled workforce 6. Lack of cold storage units. 7. Dripper’s clogging by high iron content in water 8. Pod borer attack in arhar 9. Poor road connectivity 10. Water salinity 11. Lack of follow up action 12. Irregularity in maintainnence Remunerative Measures  Good drainage praticess  Importance to intercultural practises even in off seaon  Good and efficient irrigation facilities for micro irrigational setup.  Filteration system installation in drippers  Appropriate Real time plant protection measures  Reclaimation of salinity by flooding, sand casting  Sufficient organic manure incorporation  State assistance for support Authority aid: 1. Polyhouse :75 % 2. Guava orchard: 75% 3. Mango orchard: 75 % 4. Coconut orchard:subsidy from CDB

15. AIAP 2016-17 Page 10 SWOT ANALYSIS OF SNM FARM 1.STRENGTH  Irrigation through canal, pond , bore well etc.  Use of modern machinery in farm.  Basically agro based economy  Use of hybrid & HYV seeds.  Availability of farm inputs like seeds, fertilizer , 2nd pesticides.  Availability of Polyhouse . 2.WEAKNESS  Inadequate storage facility.  Lack of Market structure.  Lack of Labour resources .  Improper irrigation system.  Lack of system.  Unorganized Market. 3.OPPORTUNITIES  Establishment of storage structure.  Post harvest products and their sale .  Mushroom unit , vermiculture and apiary unit .  Expand operations to include planting and harvesting.  Developing organized market. 4.THREAT  Migration of labour.  Least linkage with credit institutions.  Yield reduction due to monkey and OX .  Irrigation problem.  Inferior Quality.  Government policy.

16. AIAP 2016-17 Page 11 ACTIVITIES THAT WERE DONE During AIAP& SKILL LEARNT A. TRAINING &PRUNING OPERATION IN GUAVA PLOT  Before going for the above mentioned procedure to given as task to us, at first Praharaj sir had asked for the concepts of ours related topic and mainly asked the reasons behind its application. He also added to the reasons for doing the process is to increase the summer yield as for rainy yield water availability is a problem.  Pruning is a horticultural and silvicultural practice involving the selective removal of parts of a plant, such as branches, buds, or roots. Reasons to prune plants include deadwood removal, shaping (by controlling or directing growth), improving or maintaining health, reducing risk from falling branches, preparing nursery specimens for transplanting, and both harvesting and increasing the yield or quality of flowers and fruits.The practice entails targeted removal of diseased, damaged, dead, non- productive, structurally unsound, or otherwise unwanted tissue from crop and landscape plants.  Training is originated by the observation that the branches horizontally disposed bear more fruit than the vertical one which are sky to bearing likewise the upper branches bear more fruit then the lower ones.By training we can keep the plant or vine in a manageable shape and can dispose the branches in desirable direction and position.  Likewise taking the secateurs and cutters we started our operation by cutting the side branches which mainly pointing downwards and also obstructing our path while going round the plant. We had to take utmost care while doing this operation for not getting injured the main plant and ourselves. We also had to ensure the main branch remains intact and get deprived of diseased and unnecessary branches for enhanced yield.

17. AIAP 2016-17 Page 12  After these process, at first Sir demonstrated the application of Blitox- 50 on those cut portions by using powdered formulations by touching a cloth piece with these powders and then dust it off on those cut portions.  He also showed us the key plant parts which are to be kept protected while going for procedure with a great emphasis on it about the fact being the subject of ignorance of farmers and farm owners or farm supervisors which has not only resulted in reduced yield but also a way of disease pest infestations. B. STOOLING OF GUAVA  A good way of using up failed grafted rootstocks from the previous year. If you do a lot of grafting it may be worth setting up a stool bed.  The easiest and cheapest method of plant propagation being followed in fruit crops.  Unlike to gooty, there is no need of applying the sphagnum moss after cutting the uppermost layer of the stem and then waiting for around a month to be separate as propagating material.  At first, select the desirable plant and plant the rootstock in the ground. If the failed graft is still attached, remove it, also any unhealthy-looking shoots. Make sure the ground is kept clean and free of weeds.  A year after planting cut the plant to near ground level. A cluster of small shoots should form in the spring. Again, watch out for aphids.  When the shoots reach a height of about 6 inches, earth them up with fine soil or compost, pressing it down firmly to a depth of about three inches.  Continue to earth up the plants for the rest of the season, but do not swamp the shoots, and don't earth up to more than about 6 inches in total.  The rooted shoots can be broken or cut off, and planted elsewhere. The larger ones may be graftable after the winter; the smaller ones have to be left until they're big enough.  The stool is replanted carefully. It should send up a cluster of new shoots in the following year,when the process can be repeated.  In making the pot mixtures, at first we need make a soil mixture of 50% sand and 50% FYM but we can also have 30% sand, 30% FYM and 40% soils

18. AIAP 2016-17 Page 13 of guava plots. Then we have to put those soil mixtures in black polythene bags having a hole at a point for maintaining the soil environment inside the polythene.  Firmly pressing the soil mixtures and watering it, keep it in well ventilated region where it must be deprived of direct sunlight. Marketing: Since stooled guava sapling is attractive among the farmers, they have a good market value . As per marketing survey one sapling fetches the rate of more than 100 rupess. No. of guava plants in orchard= 130 No. of stooled guava sapling from each plant= 10 Market value = 100*10= Rs 1000 from each plant Gross income from sapling= Rs 1000*130= RS 1,30,000 (approx.). C. PRUNNING OF ROSE  Rose garden needs hard pruning which enhances flowering in next season.  As per the instrucions of Praharaj sir, taking the secateurs I with my friends begun the task with pleasing mood and in the process, using clean sharp equipment making a cut at a 45 degree angle about ¼ inch above outward facing bud.  Then entirely removing all dead or dying plant parts followed by application of Blitox-50 on wound portions. D. MANAGEMENT OF POD BORER IN ARHAR  In this section, we were being made aware about the existing problems of low yield of arhar.  We were being asked by sir to look after the plot and recommend for problems. So we visited the plot and watching at close vicinity we identified the symptoms and then confirmed it to be the pod borer attack.Then we had brief discussion with ourselves and with sir, suggested following recommendations:  Application of [email protected] LE/ha  Spraying synthetic pyrethroids @ 1ml/lit  Spraying Quinalphos 25EC  Indoxacarb 14.5 SC @ 300ml/ha

19. AIAP 2016-17 Page 14 E. MANAGEMENT OF SAWFLY IN MUSTARD In this section, we were being made aware about the existing problems of low yield of Mustard. We were being asked by sir to look after the plot and recommend for problems. So we visited the plot and watching at close vicinity we identified the symptoms and then confirmed it to be the sawfly attack. Then we had brief discussion with ourselves and with sir, suggested following recommendations:  [email protected] 2ml/10lit  Dimethoate 2ml/lit F. LAYOUT FOR ESTABLISHMENT OF COCONUT ORCHARD For this, the whole land was we levelled properly and then we took the pre- requsite materials like pegs, measuring tapes, etc. By using Pythagoras theorem, we made the layout of 1 acre plot . Spacing- 7.5*7.5 m G. HONEY EXTRACTION FROM BEEBOX Bees are really great and easy to keep, even in the urban environment!,Bees are "gateway animal for urban farmers". The process of honey harvesting and extraction most likely happens on a separate days. We Extracted Honey from Beebox on our 1st day visit to SNM Farm,with the guidance of Praharaj sir. These are the tools required: Honey Harvest 1) Beekeepers suite - mesh helmet and folding veil would do it, with some layers of clothes 2) Smoker with fuel (dry branches, leaves, etc.) and a lighter 3) Frame super - where frames with honey combs will be put for transportation 4) Sting resistant gloves 5) Hive tool - to move the frames, scrape wax, etc.

20. AIAP 2016-17 Page 15 Honey Extraction 1) Heated knife - to unseal honey cells 2) Uncapping fork - to unseal honey cells missed by the heated knife 3) Tub for wax/honey 4) Extractor! - fancy cylindrical piece of equipment, used to extract honey 5) Food-grade bucket - to catch honey out of the extractor 6) Double sieve - catches wax and impurities as honey is poured from extractor 7) Containers - final destination of honey before consumption Marketing : Price of per honeybox-500rupess Total no. honey box- 5 Working condition- 2 Gross income- Rs 1000 H. MANAGEMENT OF ANTHRACNOSE IN IVYGOURD In this section, we were being made aware about the existing problems of low yield of Ivygourd. We were being asked by sir to look after the plot and recommend for problems. So we visited the plot and watching at close vicinity we identified the symptoms and then confirmed it to be the Anthracnose attack. Then we had brief discussion with ourselves and with sir, suggested following recommendations:  Spray Blitox [email protected]/lit. water. I. DETERMINING THE TEST WEIGHT OF PADDY RICE We Determined the importance of varietal purity and performed two procedures for its measurement: 1) Grain dimension and 2)1000-grain weight. Materials:  Enough paddy with a moisture content of no more than 14% to provide a 1000-grain sample  Scale for measuring 100-grain samples  Pen/pencil and paper and to record 1000-grain weight  Published 1000-grain weight for the variety you are testing  Simple plastic containers or small paper bags to hold grain

21. AIAP 2016-17 Page 16 Procedures : 1. From our paddy grain supply, counted 1,000 whole grains 2. Weighed the 1,000 grains. This was the 1,000-grain weight 3. We Compared 1000-grain weight measured with the published 1000-grain weight for that particular variety. Conclusion : We found based on our Test that The sample weighed for 100 seeds = 1.2gm Then for 1000 seeds it became approx. 11.5 gm , Hence we concluded that the 1000 seed sample can be categorized as Superfine rice grains. J. APPLICATION OF SERADIX IN DAHLIA  We started Dahlias at the beginning of the industry in a large pot filled with light compost. We mixed peat substitute based compost and perlite.  When the growth was about 4 inches a normal cutting had taken at the first joint above the tuber.  More cutting material was then grow from that spot. If only a few plants are required a heel from the tuber will increase survival rates but reduce the available cuttings.  We Made the cutting near a leaf joint and trim off all surplus foliage.  We Put up to 5 cuttings in a 3 inch pot of seed compost firming in with a dibber. We Did not cover as this encourages botrytis.  We dipped cuttings in a hormone like Seradix B  Avoided too much watering to avoid damping off.  We Potted on into there own 3 inch pots when rooted. Aim to keep plants growing without check. We made an Application of seradix in Dahlia and we ll see after some days how much the Dahlia will gives the best results.

22. AIAP 2016-17 Page 17 EXPERIENCE GAINED DURING AIAP  AIAP Programme is an exposure programme conducted to make the agricultural student acquainted with the real field situation to test the feasibility of knowledge gained during class room teaching and its application in the farmer’s field.  From orientation programme to till submission of report every moment in AIAP Programme has been exciting, exploring, enlightening, enriching, adventurous and unforgettable. THE FOLLOWING ASPECTS OF AIAP HELP ME A LOT : • It offers an opportunity to gain Industrial experience, their values, for making Industry programme successful. • It includes team spirit, working in group, cooperation between group members, time management and logical approach to problems. • It Creates a social relation between farm workers and us .We faced different problems and tried to slove these problems at grass root level . • It helps us to develop our Entreprenuial skills and inspire us to be a good Entreprenure in Future . • We applied the 3’R Credit concept i.e. Returns from investment,Repayment capacity and Risk bearing ability in that farm . • Then we got to know thoroughly about 3’Ps Concept i.e. People , Process and Product .

23. AIAP 2016-17 Page 18 FEEDBACK  This Agricultural Industrial Attachment Programme(AIAP) really helps us to know about real practical field problem and Farm situation. The knowledge and skill of both our and workers developed.  The training and demonstration programme helped us to know about new techniques and create venture for self-employment.  The Advisor & Farm workers are loving towards us and also very supportive.  And finally we convey our thanks to our Farm Advisor and other farm workers for their unconditional help and support.  We might not realize the image we’re giving off, so we need to be mindful of this. We all need people who will give us feedback.That’s how we improve – Bill Gates

24. AIAP 2016-17 Page 19 CONCLUSION The Industrial Attachment Programme was held at SNM groups of Jaydev Pitha ,Prataprudrapur of Balipatana Block from 19th December to 18th January . The farm unveils an efficient way of farm mechanization from land preparation till post harvest management. This programme proved to be an unforgettable experience as it proved the glim picture about what is the ground the reality of agro- industries in our state, the challenges it is facing and the inspiration to be there for the marginal and deprived ones. It also gave evidence of being the symbol of independent employmentcreatot instead of employment seeker. About SNM Group, the innovative initiatives taken up by them to make the ready availability of horticultural produce in their particular outlets. The future aspect of this project tends to online fruit and vegetable marketing which is the timebounding process for urban people. It helps in to protect the farmers from the attack of distressed sale “ONE DROP OF PRACTISE IS BETTER THAN OCEAN OF THEORIES”

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