Agriculture - India

Information about Agriculture - India

Published on December 6, 2009

Author: arvindtirkey

Source: authorstream.com

Content

Slide 1: 1 Slide 2: 2 Slide 3: 3 Slide 4: 4 Slide 5: 5 Slide 6: 6 AGRICULTURE : 7 AGRICULTURE PREPARED BY: ARVIND TIRKEY CHAPTER-10 CLASS - X AGRICULTURE : 8 AGRICULTURE ETYMOLOGICAL MEANING AGRICULTURE : 9 AGRICULTURE LAND CULTIVATION TILLING OF LAND SOWING OF SEEDS IRRIGATION HARVESTING SELLING ANIMAL HUSBANDRY BREEDING UPBRINGING FOOD SELLING REARING OF LIVESTOCK BREEDING UPBRINGING FOOD & OTHER NEEDS – EGGS, MILK, MEAT, HIDES & SKIN, WOOL etc. AGRICULTURAL SEASONS : 10 AGRICULTURAL SEASONS KHARIF : 11 KHARIF RAINY SEASON TO AUTUMN SEASON (JUNE TILL BEGINNING OF NOVEMBER) MAJOR CROPS RICE, MAIZE, COTTON, JUTE & GROUNDNUT ETC. RABI : 12 RABI WINTER SEASON (OCT-NOV TO MAR-APR) MAJOR CROPS WHEAT, GRAINS, TOBACCO & MUSTARD ETC. ZAID : 13 ZAID EXTRA CROP SUMMER MONTH OF APRIL, MAY & JUNE MAJOR CROPS (FRUITS & VEGETABLES) TYPES OF FARMING : s.s.i.e.p.m.c 14 TYPES OF FARMING SHIFTING AGRICULTURE SUBSISTENCE AGRICULTURE INTENSIVE AGRICULTURE EXTENSIVE AGRICULTURE PLANTATION FARMING MIXED FARMING COMMERCIAL AGRICULTURE S.S.I.E.P.M.C TYPES OF FARMING : 15 TYPES OF FARMING MONOCULTURE (SINGLE CROP PLANTATION) HUMID FARMING IRRIGATED FARMING DRY FARMING M.H.I.D Slide 16: 16 INDIAN AGRICULTURE: PROBLEMS : 17 INDIAN AGRICULTURE: PROBLEMS UNRELIABLE RAINFALL LANDHOLDING TENANCY PRACTICE SOIL EROSION SUBSISTENCE AGRICULTURE REPETITIVE CULTIVATION OF TWO STAPLE CROPS INSUFFICIENT IRRIGATION LOW PRODUCTIVITY PLANTATION AND COMMERCIAL CROPS HUMAN FACTORS SHIFTING CULTIVATION SOLUTIONS : 18 CONTINUOUS IRRIGATION HIGH YIELDING VARIETIES (HYV) SEEDS CONSOLIDATION OF LANDHOLDINGS FERTILISERS INSECTICIDES & PESTICIDES LAND REFORMS IMPROVED RURAL INFRASTRUCTURE RURAL ELECTRIFICATION AGRICULTURAL CREDIT AGRICULTURAL UNIVERSITIES SOLUTIONS

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