Agrimi Workshop7 THC5

Information about Agrimi Workshop7 THC5

Published on October 17, 2007

Author: Melinda

Source: authorstream.com

Content

The IRC IRIDE experience in TTT A. Agrimi – Tecnopolis IRC IRIDE coordinator:  The IRC IRIDE experience in TTT A. Agrimi – Tecnopolis IRC IRIDE coordinator 1 - Innovation for competitiveness :  1 - Innovation for competitiveness In an increasingly global, increasingly knowledge-based economy, innovation assumes a greater importance than ever before. Competitiveness depends to a far larger extent today than in the past on the ability of manufacturing and service sectors to meet fast-changing market needs as quickly and efficiently as possible through the application of new technology. This capacity to assimilate and apply new knowledge in order to improve productivity and create new products and services relies on scientific inventiveness and entrepreneurial flair. 2 - Pervasive nature of innovation :  2 - Pervasive nature of innovation Innovation is pervasive and diverse. It does take place in firms of all size, in every region and in every sector, not just in ‘naturally innovative’ high-tech sectors such as biotechnology and information technology. Innovation policy which focuses exclusively on high technology therefore risks to miss the much larger opportunities for improved competitiveness and new products and processes in more traditional industries, which remain the EU’s major employers. New knowledge is not only created through research and development. It is also acquired as a result of investment in plant and machinery (Source: Innobarometer) and through human resources development. Even in the high-tech electrical and electronic equipment sector, R&D expenditure only amounts to 27% of overall investment in innovation (Source: CIS). 3 - Uneven innovation ability:  3 - Uneven innovation ability Although pervasive, innovation is unevenly distributed. The innovation performance of Member States, and of different regions within individual Member States, varies considerably. Many are making a vital contribution to technological progress, are achieving great success in international markets, and are growing rapidly. But these cases cannot mask the fact that the innovative capacity of most technology-using SMEs remains weak. SMEs tend to lack both the internal resources and the external networks necessary for easy access to the knowledge, skills, technologies and finance on which innovation depends. Furthermore, technology-oriented SMEs are disproportionately affected by many institutional barriers and costs – for 49%, fear of the cost of patent-defence litigation is a significant deterrent to investment in invention, for example. (Source: Study “Enforcing small firms patent rights”). 4 - Systemic nature of innovation:  4 - Systemic nature of innovation Innovation is systemic rather than linear. That is, the processes of innovation are multidimensional. They involve many different players, and often take place over extended periods of time. Successful innovation may entail a transfer of technology – for instance, from a university or research centre to a company – but this is rarely an isolated event. Innovation therefore requires the development, over time, of adequate networking and knowledge transfer mechanisms, which are crucial to exploit the potential of science industry links. Well functioning innovation systems in particular serve to ensure the free flow of information across the interfaces between large firms, researchers, entrepreneurs, investors of all kinds, consultants, patent agents and other intermediaries, local authorities and other actors. Such systems may have technical components but, above all, are networks of individuals. Proximity is an important feature of most innovation systems. 5 - The right context for innovation:  5 - The right context for innovation Apart from the identification and diffusion of “good practices”, it is important to assess whether the most important elements of a country’s “system of innovation” function well, namely: - The general framework conditions within which R+D and innovation are generated and used, particularly highly competitive markets, flexible, mobile and skilled labour force, and well functioning capital markets (including venture capital) - The overall knowledge base of the EU economies, in terms of well performing economic systems, and efficient public research and business R+D - Sufficient incentives for business R+D and adequate rewards for successful Discoveries - Adequate networking and knowledge transfer mechanisms to exploit the potential of science-industry links and improve the commercialisation of research both at a domestic and at the EU levels. What is Purpose of the IRC Network?:  What is Purpose of the IRC Network? The IRCs network has been established in 1995 by the European Commission in order to promote trans-national transfer of technologies. The IRCs act as bridging institutions linking agents belonging to different geographical contexts, playing the role of switching nodes within a structured network as well as favoring the transformation of information in operational knowledge. The Innovation Relay Centres:  The Innovation Relay Centres Such network consisted of 53 centres in their first period of activity (1995-1998) and of 68 centers in the second period (1998-2002). For the period 2004-2008 the European Commission has selected 71 nodes of the networks operating in 33 countries. The IRC network has become a leading European network for the promotion of technology partnerships and transfer mainly between small and medium-sized companies. IRC Network 2004- 2008 A European Network with international contacts:  IRC Network 2004- 2008 A European Network with international contacts 71 IRC consortia with 240 partner organisations and 1000 IRC staff 33 countries: EU, Bulgaria, Romania, Turkey, Chile, Iceland, Israel, Norway, Switzerland 6 Transnational IRCs: N England/Nord Manche S.Germany/E Switzerland W&S Sweden/Iceland Rhone-Alpes/W. Switzerland Luxembourg/Trier/Saarland N. Rhine Westphalia/Malta Main Objective of the Network:  Main Objective of the Network “As a trans-national network the IRC network drives innovation and competitiveness by connecting knowledge, technologies and people. “ How? Promoting innovative technologies Identifying innovative solutions for companies (mainly SMEs) Promotion of technology co-operation Allowing companies access to RTD Results TRANSNATIONAL TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER IRC definition of TTT:  IRC definition of TTT Transfer of know-how, technology, or expertise from one party to another party Transfer of technology from one industrial sector to another Transfer of RTD results to the market Not just a commercial activity there must be an element of INNOVATION Achieving technology transfer:  Achieving technology transfer BBS system a password protected website Technology Profiles exchanged via website Profiles stored in searchable database Automatic matching of profiles Organisation of Events TTT brokerage events SMEs trade & TTT missions IRC Thematic groups Industrial clusters of IRCs created in order to offer strong support services to SMEs in specific sectors IRC Support Services:  IRC Support Services The Advantages of the IRCs:  The Advantages of the IRCs Rooted in the region Deep knowledge of local companies & technology needs or strengths Members of a network Wide diffusion of information Strong links with other European networks EICs, BICs etc. Network Results:  Network Results Organised more than 300 technology brokerage events (source: calendar of events) Assisted between 13.000 – 27.000 client companies to meet their technology needs and to exploit their research results (IRC-S estimate) Published almost 8.500 Technology Offers and more than 2.500 Technology Requests on the BBS database (source: IT department, 9.11.2004) Enabled over 12.000 technology transfer negotiation (source: IRC-S database fed by IRCs’ activity reports) Network Results:  Network Results Enabled more than 1.700 signed agreements of trans-national transfers of technology (source: IRC-S databases fed by IRCs’ activity reports): Network Results:  Network Results Clients having signed agreements of trans-national transfers of technology (source: IRC-S databases fed by IRCs’ activity reports) are: Technical Cooperation Agreement :  Technical Cooperation Agreement Definition · Between parties to adapt a technology for a new application or sector. · Between parties to develop a technology to meet new market needs. · Co-development of a new product using the expertise of the Developer and the production facilities of the Recipient. · Between parties to develop a new version of an existing product to meet market need.   Technical Cooperation Agreement :  Technical Cooperation Agreement  Looking underwater with the IRC Network A small Greek technical development company has provided the expertise and equipment to allow a Swedish company to develop its robotic systems for underwater cleaning. The IRC network brought the two companies together, and will support their further co-operation. The underwater cleaning robot, with camera attached Technical Cooperation Agreement :  Dyeing helps medical science An IRC-network organised transnational technology transfer brokerage event allowed an Austrian research centre building a new microscope system to meet a German manufacturer of the fluorescent dyes the system required. This led to a technical co-operation agreement that has now resulted in a commercialised product. The CytoScout fluorescence microscope system. Technical Cooperation Agreement Technical Cooperation Agreement :  Quick change for street furniture Street furniture has to be cemented in to the ground for safety, so if a traffic light or barrier is damaged, heavy equipment is needed to dig it out and put in a replacement. A British company, has invented a universal foundation for street furniture that allows it to be replaced extremely quickly and cheaply with simple tools. A review by the local IRC showed that this technology had good partnership potential across Europe so it was put on the IRC network's Bulletin Board. As a result, the british company has signed a technical co-operation agreement with a Hungarian company working with fences and garden features. Outside London's Buckingham Palace, over 600 Poletech units support traffic islands, bollards and fences - they can be cleared rapidly for ceremonial occasions. Technical Cooperation Agreement Joint Venture:  Joint Venture Definition These types of agreements provide the most complete form of agreements between companies. They imply the creation of a formalised link between companies with the sharing of commercially sensitive information to allow development or production of new technologies, processes and products.   Joint Venture:  Joint Venture Patient cards go electronic A German software design company used an IRC brokerage event to find a partner in Hungary. The partners have devised a new mobile electronic system for the collection and retrieval of medical information about patients in hospitals and clinics. Heinz Vilsmeier with the VSWmobile® Licensing Agreement :  Licensing Agreement Definition The transfer of certain rights from the Developer of a technology, process or know how to the Recipient, in return for a fee or share of royalties. Remark: an industrial franchise can be regarded as a type of licensing agreement. Such an agreement allows the Franchise holder (Recipient) to obtain the Franchisee’s (Developer) know-how, or expertise in order to manufacture a product that will be distributed under the franchisee’s brand in a given territory. Licensing Agreement :  Licensing Agreement Safety in the sun IRC Hessen and IRC Scotland were key players in a technology transfer venture enabling a German inventor to exploit an idea and a Scottish SME to implement a new strategy. The result is a filter that warns sun lovers when sunburn threatens. Sunsure: this simple filter 'tells' sunbathers when it is time to get out of the sun. Manufacturing Agreement :  Manufacturing Agreement Definition These types of agreements are only valid if they involve some element of the transfer of expertise, know-how, technology and / or training 1. Subcontracting Capacity - the Developer transfers some of its know-how to the subcontractor to allow the subcontractor to perform the work required 2. Subcontracting Specialities - The Contractor selects the subcontractor on the basis of skills, expertise and know-how it possesses, to develop new processes and technologies. Manufacturing Agreement :  Manufacturing Agreement Extracting health from plants The IRC network has brought together German specialists in the isolation of bioactive natural compounds and a Spanish producer of botanical extracts. They form a perfect match for the isolation, identification and production of novel health-promoting products derived from plants. An extract of lemon verbena leaf, with bioactivity detected at Anoxymer's facility in Bavaria, is used to make the nutraceutical PlanoxL. Manufacturing Agreement :  Manufacturing Agreement Clever controls for HVAC systems Intelligent controls for heating, ventilation and air conditioning systems have the potential to deliver several important benefits. They are energy efficient, compact and respond quickly to changes in temperature. The IRC network has helped to set up a manufacturing agreement between a Swedish heating company and a German electronics company to produce improved control units. As well as a better product, the deal promises increased turnover for both companies. An ESBE actuator for controlling a valve in a heating or air conditioning system. Commercial Agreement with Technical Cooperation :  Commercial Agreement with Technical Cooperation Definition The provision of a number of services in support of, or essential to a transfer of technology. Technical assistance ensures the effective start-up and/or maintenance of the transferred technology, but also covers the installation of technology:      Assistance with starting up an installation      Advice on the use of a new process      Quality control      Technical Training/ Maintenance & machine repair . Commercial Agreement with Technical Cooperation :  Commercial Agreement with Technical Cooperation Networking in stained glass A Maltese craftsman's idea has stimulated the development of an innovative computer-driven glass-cutting machine that may find a niche market worldwide. The initial idea was supported and transformed by the intervention of the IRC network. A piece of work by G.M.C. Stained Glass. Commercial Agreement with Technical Cooperation :  Commercial Agreement with Technical Cooperation Water solutions flow East Environmentally friendly solutions for cleaning water storage tanks are being transferred from Germany to the Czech Republic and Slovakia. Expert local knowledge, provided by the Innovation Relay Centre, was crucial in gaining the necessary regulatory approval. A water tank before and after cleaning with the solutions manufactured by Floran Technologies. IRC IRIDE:  IRC IRIDE IRC IRIDE operates in four regions in Southern Italy, namely Basilicata, Campania, Molise and Puglia, and consists of four organizations with complementary skills: Science Park of Tecnopolis CSATA, Sviluppo Italia Basilicata (the national agency for the entrepreneurial development of Southern Italy), ENEA (the National Agency for New Technologies, Energy and Environment) COINOR - University of Naples Federico II. The IRC IRIDE services :  The IRC IRIDE services IRC-IRIDE helps to create a suitable environment for technological innovation by offering entrepreneurs a single point of access to the entire range of expert support to perform technology transfer. Several services are offered: ·     IRIDE helps transferors to disclosure their technologies, to disseminate information about their application, to develop an active marketing; ·      IRIDE helps transferees to audit their technological needs, to find suitable technologies and/or partners, to support their clients throughout all the steps of the technology transfer process, for example in assisting them in the negotiation process or by advising them or innovation financing. The experience of IRC IRIDE –1 (*):  The experience of IRC IRIDE –1 (*) The role of IRIDE is crucial in the joint venture establishment. The geographical distance of the potential partner made it difficult to preserve their cooperation efforts. IRIDE activity allowes for the retaining of the reciprocal linkages when the relationship began intensifying. In the direct process of knowledge exchange among the interacting parties, the role of IRIDE is crucial in developing a pattern of cooperation shaped by trust and hence, openness. The IRC’s active role emerges as basic factor that enable SMEs to cope with the lack of managerial skills and competence in engaging communication processes with geographically dispersed agents. (*) for a complete description of some case studies see “Ethno-linguistic approach to knowldege transfer” – Dr. Francesco Quatraro The experience of IRC IRIDE- 2:  The experience of IRC IRIDE- 2 The IRC performanceis relevant also for the effective comprehension between the two parties: difficulties emerged not only because they spoke different natural languages, but also because of the specificness of the used sub-codes. Skills and know-how of the IRC personnel are basic elements in the knowledge transfer process. The direct relationship between addresser and addressee is, in fact, articulated into three relationships. The ones between each IRC and its own client and the one between the IRCs. The consistency and coherence of IRCs receiving competences are necessary for a good interpretation of the exchanged knowledge. The need for a correct understanding of the clients set of cultural, technological and linguistic characteristics influencing communication is due to the interface role that services play in the process of knowledge exchange. The function performed by IRC has allowed for the correct matching among the clients knowledge needs and the knowledge possessed by the counterpart, contributing to the avoidance of is understandings that could have determined the failure of the communication act! Grazie!:  Grazie! Thanks for your attention! [email protected]

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