Alkanes

Information about Alkanes

Published on January 16, 2008

Author: Bertrando

Source: authorstream.com

Content

Hydrocarbons:  Hydrocarbons Made only of carbon and hydrogen Alkanes:  Alkanes only single bonds CnH2n+2 Naming Alkanes:  Naming Alkanes identify the number of carbon atoms in the longest continuous chain and use the appropriate prefix Page 187 Prefixes for Hydrocarbons:  Prefixes for Hydrocarbons methane 1 ethane 2 propane 3 butane 4 pentane 5 hexane 6 heptane 7 octane 8 nonane 9 decane 10 The Alkanes - CnH2n+2:  The Alkanes - CnH2n+2 CH4 - Methane 2(1) +2 = 4 C2H6 - Ethane 2(2) +2 = 6 C3HX - Propane 2(3) +2 = X C4HY - Butane Y = _______ C5HZ - Pentane Z = _______ The Alkanes - CnH2n+2:  The Alkanes - CnH2n+2 How many hydrogen atoms are present in the six-carbon alkane? How many hydrogen atoms are present in the eight-carbon alkane? Slide7:  Ethane, C2H6 Slide8:  Ethane H H H-C-C-H H H Slide9:  Ethane H H H:C:C:H H H Slide10:  Propane Slide11:  Propane Slide12:  Propane Name these alkanes:  Name these alkanes C5H12 C8H18 CH3CH2CH2CH2CH2CH3 Write and label formulas (3) for:  Write and label formulas (3) for butane nonane hexane Write and label formulas (3) for:  Write and label formulas (3) for octane Define Isomer- Draw an isomer for octane Write and label formulas (3) for:  Write and label formulas (3) for Ethene C2H4 Butene C4H8 Benzene C6H6 Slide17:  Ethane, C2H6 The Molar Mass for Ethane is 30 g/mol 2 (12) + 6 (1) = 30 g/mol Number of atoms x mass number Slide18:  Name the alkane having a molar mass of : 16 g/mol 58 g/mol 114 g/mol Other Hydrocarbons:  Other Hydrocarbons Alkenes = have double bonds Alkynes = have triple bonds Cyclo- = bond into ring structures

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