ambiguity

Information about ambiguity

Published on June 16, 2007

Author: Me_I

Source: authorstream.com

Content

AMBIGUITY & PUNSsee also “Jokes” and “Language Play”:  AMBIGUITY andamp; PUNS see also 'Jokes' and 'Language Play' by Alleen Pace Nilsen and Don L. F. Nilsen A NO. 1:  A NO. 1 Two graduates of Iona College in New Rochelle, New York, started a pizza shop that they named A No. 1. This was 'Iona' spelled packwards. The college sued on the grounds of 'a misuse of the Iona identity.' The judge sided with the graduates, saying, 'At best, the similarities that do exist can be interpreted as a satirical play on familiar symbolism.' (Nilsen andamp; Nilsen 190) THE AMBIGUITY PARADOX:  THE AMBIGUITY PARADOX 'Everything is ambiguous, as long as it is taken by itself, while nothing is strictly ambiguous if we look at it top-down, placing it in its proper, cognitive environment.' (Mey 86, Sperber and Wilson 205) AMBIGUITY:  AMBIGUITY Flying planes can be dangerous. The missionaries are ready to eat. Jacob Mey says, 'In real life, there is no such thing as ambiguity—excepting certain, rather special occasions, on which one tries to deceive one’s partner, or `keep the door open.’' (Mey 12) DEFINITION OF “PUN”:  DEFINITION OF 'PUN' The English meaning of pun, which comes from the Italian word puntiglio meaning 'fine point,' is the humorous use of a word in such a way as to suggest two or more of its meanings or the meaning of another word similar in sound. (Nilsen andamp; Nilsen 238) WHAT SAMUEL JOHNSON SAID ABOUT PUNS:  WHAT SAMUEL JOHNSON SAID ABOUT PUNS 'People that make puns are like wanton boys that put coppers on the railroad tracks…. They amuse themselves and the other children, but their little trick may upset a freight train of conversation for the sake of a battered witticism.' (Nilsen andamp; Nilsen 238) Slide7:  In spite of this criticism, Johnson’s poetry contains many puns, just as Shakespeare’s does. The best puns are those that fit so well into a conversation that they increase the level of understanding for those who catch on without interrupting the conversation’s flow for those who miss the point. For example in Romeo and Juliet, when Mercutio is bleeding to death he says, 'Ask for me tomorrow and you shall find me a grave man.' It was at this 'point' that Romeo and Juliet changed from a comedy into a tragedy, because now the mercurial and comic Mercutio was dead. MARKETING TIME MAGAZINE:  MARKETING TIME MAGAZINE Time flies (1924) Time marches on! (1932) Time to get the facts (1932) Time it’s brief (1938) It’s Time (1944) Time---to get it straight (1951) A man hardly ever has Time all for himself (1954) This is the time to start reading Time (1960) Make time for Time (1989) Understanding comes with Time (1994) (Nilsen andamp; Nilsen 238) JOHNNY CARSON AS KARNAK THE MAGNIFICENT:  JOHNNY CARSON AS KARNAK THE MAGNIFICENT On his Tonight Show routine as Karnak the Magnificent, Johnny Carson was given the answers to which he would provide the questions, which often relied on puns. The answer is Catch-22 The question is, 'What would the Los Angeles Dodgers do if they were hit 100 pop flies?' (Nilsen andamp; Nilsen 238) BOAT NAMES:  BOAT NAMES Nauti By Nature Ahoy-Vey Pier Pressure Berth Control Harvey Wharfbanger (Nilsen andamp; Nilsen 238) PUBLIC CUTESPEAK:  PUBLIC CUTESPEAK Mustard’s Last Stand (a hot dog restaurant) The Wizard of Ooze (a septic tank cleaner) Currier and Chives (a catering service) Wreck-Amended (an auto body shop) Curl Up and Dye (a beauty shop) Author Dennis Baron likens such names as these to 'overripe camembert.' He calls them 'public cutespeak' and conjectures that enjoying these names has to be 'an acquired taste.' (Nilsen andamp; Nilsen 238) PUNS THAT WORK:  PUNS THAT WORK The Ford V-8 was a car with a V-shaped block and 8 cylinders. V8 Vegitable juice reappropriated the term. Arby’s (from 'R.B.' the initials of Roast Beef) CULTURAL AMBIGUITY:  CULTURAL AMBIGUITY In 1960, when Jack Paar told a mildly risque story about a WC, the network censored him, causing him to walk off his show for a week. The story was about a Swiss schoolmaster who misunderstood a British woman’s request for information about the 'W.C.' The school master thought the woman was asking about the 'Wayside Chapel,' but was instead asking about the 'Water Closet' (British for toilet). Slide14:  The schoolmaster wrote, 'The W.C. is situated nine miles from the house. It is capable of holding 229 people and is open on Sunday and Thursday only. I would suggest that you come early, although there is plenty of standing room as a rule. A good number of people bring their lunch and make a day of it. It may interest you to know that my daughter was married in the W.C., and it was there that she met her husband. I can remember the rush there was for seats. There were 10 people to a seat usually occupied by one.' (Nilsen andamp; Nilsen 25) LEXICAL AMBIGUITY:  LEXICAL AMBIGUITY On a Garbage Truck: 'Our business is picking up.' Ad for Cheese: 'Cheese can make you a hero this weekend.' On a Drapery Shop: 'After 35 years, we’ve finally got the hang of it.' Optometrist’s Sign: 'There’s more to a vision examination than meets the eye.' Ad for Asperin: 'We go to a lot of pains.' (Nilsen andamp; Nilsen 25) SYNTACTIC AMBIGUITY:  SYNTACTIC AMBIGUITY A man goes into a restaurant draggng a 10-foot alligator. He manages to get the alligator stuffed under a table. When the waitress approaches, he asks her if they serve senior citizens here. 'Of course,' she says. 'Good,' he answers. 'Give my alligator a senior citizen, and I’ll have a cheeseburger.' MORE SYNTACTIC AMBIGUITY:  MORE SYNTACTIC AMBIGUITY Stan Kenton wrote a song entitled, 'Celery Stalks at midnight.' Charles Ulrich wrote a riddle: 'Q: Do you know what good clean fun is? A: No. What good is it?' In the Frank and Ernest comic strip, Frank says to a real estate agent, 'Sure, we’d like to see a model home. What time does she get off work?' (Nilsen andamp; Nilsen 26) Slide18:  In Bud Blake’s Tiger comic strip, a little boy reports, 'I’m gonna be in the school play.' When his mother asks, 'What part?' he responds, 'All of me.' (Nilsen andamp; Nilsen 26) !FROM LINGUISTICS TEXTBOOKS:  !FROM LINGUISTICS TEXTBOOKS The governor is a dirty street fighter. Did you ever see a horse fly? I cannot recommend him too highly. Could this be the invisible man’s hair tonic? He gave her dog biscuits. It’s the world’s largest war surplus store. Cynthia left directions for her Dad to follow. !!NORMAN STAGEBERG’S EXAMPLES:  !!NORMAN STAGEBERG’S EXAMPLES Dance Hall Sign: 'Clean and decent dancing every night except Monday.' Law School Questionnaire: 'How many faculty members do you have, broken down by sex?' Conference Speech: 'I have discussed the high cost of living with several women. Diner Sign: 'Wanted: Man to scrub floor and two waitresses.' !!!JOHN CROSBIE: THE PUNDIT:  !!!JOHN CROSBIE: THE PUNDIT In 1979, John Crosbie, a Canadian writer and publisher, founded the International Save the Pun Foundation, which publishes a monthly newsletter, The Pundit, and produces a list of the 'Ten Best Stressed Puns of the Year.' After Crosbie’s death in 1994, Norman Gilbert, a financial planner in Toronto became 'Chairman of the Bored.' More than 1,500 members from around the world belong to the organization, which also gives a POTY award to the Punster of the Year. The year that author and collector Richard Lederer won, he said as part of his acceptance speech at the annual April First dinner in Chicago, 'A good pun is like a good Steak---a rare medium well done.' Slide22:  References # 1: Baron, Dennis. Declining Grammar and Other Essays on the English Vocabulary Urbana, IL: National Council of Teachers of English, 1989. Chiaro, Delia. The Language of Jokes: Analyzing Verbal Play. New York, NY: Routledge, 1992. Culler, Jonathan, ed. On Puns: The Foundation of Letters New York, NY: Basil Blackwell, 1988. Hauptman, Don. Cruel and Unusual Puns. New York, NY: Dell/Laurel, 1991. Lederer, Richard. Anguished English. Charlston, SC: Wyrick and Co., 1987. Slide23:  References # 2: Lederer, Richard. The Bride of Anguished English. New York, NY: St Martin's Press, 2000. Lederer, Richard. Crazy English. New York, NY: Pocket Books, 1990. Lederer, Richard. The Cunning Linguist. New York, NY: St. Martin's/Griffin, 2003. Lederer, Richard. Fractured English. New York, NY: Pocket Books, 1997. Lederer, Richard. Get Thee to a Punnery. New York, NY: Laurel, 1988. Slide24:  References # 3: Lederer, Richard. More Anguished English. New York, NY: Delacorte, 1993. Lederer, Richard. Nothing Risque, Nothing Gained. Chicago, IL: Chicago Review Press, 1996. Lederer, Richard. Pun and Games. Chicago, IL: Chicago Review Press, 1996. Lodge, David. Paradise News. Harmondsworth, England: Penguin, 1992. Slide25:  References # 4: Mey, Jacob L. Pragmatics: An Introduction, 2nd Edition. Oxford, England, 201. Nilsen, Alleen Pace, and Don L. F. Nilsen. Encyclopedia of 20th Century American Humor. Westport, CT: Greenwood, 2000. Nilsen, Alleen Pace, and Don L. F. Nilsen. 'Tendentious Puns: Names with a Purpose.' Et Cetera 48.2 (1991): 146-152. Sperber, Dan and Deirdre Wilson. Relevance: Communication and Cognition, 2nd Edition. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1995. Stageberg, Norman C. 'Structural Ambiguity: Some Sources.' English Journal 55 (1966): 558-563.

Related presentations


Other presentations created by Me_I

body language
15. 06. 2007
0 views

body language

Pregnant Man Delivers Baby Girl
06. 07. 2008
0 views

Pregnant Man Delivers Baby Girl

Pregnant Man delivers baby girl
04. 07. 2008
0 views

Pregnant Man delivers baby girl

Interview guide
22. 04. 2008
0 views

Interview guide

Price
17. 04. 2008
0 views

Price

valuation models
17. 04. 2008
0 views

valuation models

Stan Mcmillen
14. 04. 2008
0 views

Stan Mcmillen

ABch11
13. 04. 2008
0 views

ABch11

IPStrategy mozambique
10. 04. 2008
0 views

IPStrategy mozambique

magaddinometrans01
09. 04. 2008
0 views

magaddinometrans01

lecture7 07 time cmp
07. 04. 2008
0 views

lecture7 07 time cmp

Easter
09. 07. 2007
0 views

Easter

PHSC1013 Reactions
02. 01. 2008
0 views

PHSC1013 Reactions

Digestive System Disorders
26. 03. 2008
0 views

Digestive System Disorders

ABC on HIV AIDS
16. 06. 2007
0 views

ABC on HIV AIDS

plateau
09. 07. 2007
0 views

plateau

4 YCCC 1500 Competition K1IR
16. 06. 2007
0 views

4 YCCC 1500 Competition K1IR

2DShapes
16. 06. 2007
0 views

2DShapes

Analyzing Political Cartoons 1
15. 06. 2007
0 views

Analyzing Political Cartoons 1

kwanza
09. 07. 2007
0 views

kwanza

7 passions
16. 06. 2007
0 views

7 passions

GreekDrama
09. 07. 2007
0 views

GreekDrama

L9medicine
12. 10. 2007
0 views

L9medicine

Business opportunities 2005
18. 10. 2007
0 views

Business opportunities 2005

Rocio Guirao Diaz
03. 09. 2007
0 views

Rocio Guirao Diaz

Jorge Tellez Fuentes
22. 10. 2007
0 views

Jorge Tellez Fuentes

87 81
22. 10. 2007
0 views

87 81

Active Aging Steps
27. 11. 2007
0 views

Active Aging Steps

Yafei ECG poster final
15. 11. 2007
0 views

Yafei ECG poster final

NACAA Conference FSEP
29. 12. 2007
0 views

NACAA Conference FSEP

chem 101 chapter 6 slides
04. 01. 2008
0 views

chem 101 chapter 6 slides

comp intel
03. 10. 2007
0 views

comp intel

03n 0203 ts00002 LEACH
19. 11. 2007
0 views

03n 0203 ts00002 LEACH

mikelle
28. 12. 2007
0 views

mikelle

Dear God
03. 10. 2007
0 views

Dear God

Team Leader Training 12 11 06
09. 07. 2007
0 views

Team Leader Training 12 11 06

Schneider and Schmitt
09. 07. 2007
0 views

Schneider and Schmitt

paraguay
09. 07. 2007
0 views

paraguay

mowbjan06
09. 07. 2007
0 views

mowbjan06

mlk 2
09. 07. 2007
0 views

mlk 2

Mayan Cosmology
09. 07. 2007
0 views

Mayan Cosmology

GCSE ART D of Dead
09. 07. 2007
0 views

GCSE ART D of Dead

Enter the 2007 Art Comp1
09. 07. 2007
0 views

Enter the 2007 Art Comp1

cases
24. 02. 2008
0 views

cases

a032405
09. 10. 2007
0 views

a032405

sfa ch2
01. 01. 2008
0 views

sfa ch2

6 12USAITAsecondpanel
22. 10. 2007
0 views

6 12USAITAsecondpanel

Gatekeepers 6
11. 12. 2007
0 views

Gatekeepers 6

EU New Member States Brno NA
18. 03. 2008
0 views

EU New Member States Brno NA

Rym Kefi
05. 01. 2008
0 views

Rym Kefi

Chinese Dynasties
25. 03. 2008
0 views

Chinese Dynasties

2 4 Adams Hallam
07. 10. 2007
0 views

2 4 Adams Hallam

Wings of the Centennial
09. 07. 2007
0 views

Wings of the Centennial

Creating a User Group 2005
30. 03. 2008
0 views

Creating a User Group 2005

Observation
09. 07. 2007
0 views

Observation

usingmypyramidadult
04. 03. 2008
0 views

usingmypyramidadult

Stefan Stanciugelu
15. 10. 2007
0 views

Stefan Stanciugelu

carreira
19. 06. 2007
0 views

carreira

Capitalization Part 2
19. 06. 2007
0 views

Capitalization Part 2

Caceres 2007
19. 06. 2007
0 views

Caceres 2007

CHETEMPOFA
18. 06. 2007
0 views

CHETEMPOFA

cervantes
18. 06. 2007
0 views

cervantes

CEIS 23 06
18. 06. 2007
0 views

CEIS 23 06

cartoon classics
18. 06. 2007
0 views

cartoon classics

cardiac2
19. 06. 2007
0 views

cardiac2

hphennalect
09. 07. 2007
0 views

hphennalect

Current Presentation March06
18. 06. 2007
0 views

Current Presentation March06

cul 18
18. 06. 2007
0 views

cul 18

competitive rviews
18. 06. 2007
0 views

competitive rviews

company wbc
18. 06. 2007
0 views

company wbc

City Guide Mobile web en
18. 06. 2007
0 views

City Guide Mobile web en

MICROIII Aula11
14. 11. 2007
0 views

MICROIII Aula11

comunicado2
22. 10. 2007
0 views

comunicado2

Camilla Schreiner UiO
19. 06. 2007
0 views

Camilla Schreiner UiO

verb som laanord
27. 09. 2007
0 views

verb som laanord

LCWS05 gao 1
12. 10. 2007
0 views

LCWS05 gao 1

all about burgers 1
16. 06. 2007
0 views

all about burgers 1

AGME 1
16. 06. 2007
0 views

AGME 1

Advanced ADO
16. 06. 2007
0 views

Advanced ADO

adolposter winkles
16. 06. 2007
0 views

adolposter winkles

AbrahamseOverviewAM
16. 06. 2007
0 views

AbrahamseOverviewAM

31 Presentation
16. 06. 2007
0 views

31 Presentation

303lec09
16. 06. 2007
0 views

303lec09

04 06 training
15. 06. 2007
0 views

04 06 training

Brian PM FINAL
15. 06. 2007
0 views

Brian PM FINAL

Berkeley ISSC Feb 07
15. 06. 2007
0 views

Berkeley ISSC Feb 07

Autism 06 BU handout
15. 06. 2007
0 views

Autism 06 BU handout

Attraction
15. 06. 2007
0 views

Attraction

Asali
15. 06. 2007
0 views

Asali

April Showers
15. 06. 2007
0 views

April Showers

APA San Diego
15. 06. 2007
0 views

APA San Diego

ap05blogs
15. 06. 2007
0 views

ap05blogs

anastasatos
15. 06. 2007
0 views

anastasatos

Analyzing Political Cartoons
15. 06. 2007
0 views

Analyzing Political Cartoons

analyzing cartoons incent asia
15. 06. 2007
0 views

analyzing cartoons incent asia

africanamericanhumor
16. 06. 2007
0 views

africanamericanhumor

americanpoplanguage
15. 06. 2007
0 views

americanpoplanguage

mainmenu2007changes jml
06. 03. 2008
0 views

mainmenu2007changes jml

StephenAbram RecreatingServices3
10. 03. 2008
0 views

StephenAbram RecreatingServices3

Joanna Krupa
03. 09. 2007
0 views

Joanna Krupa

HowtheWestWasWon
19. 02. 2008
0 views

HowtheWestWasWon

accidental humor
16. 06. 2007
0 views

accidental humor

keyes
03. 01. 2008
0 views

keyes

VolkswagenCoaching
16. 11. 2007
0 views

VolkswagenCoaching

07 kauai1
26. 02. 2008
0 views

07 kauai1

Urban Waters and Ports html
30. 12. 2007
0 views

Urban Waters and Ports html

awakening
15. 06. 2007
0 views

awakening

RR11 NIA Hodes
03. 01. 2008
0 views

RR11 NIA Hodes

AAAR diesel1
29. 02. 2008
0 views

AAAR diesel1

RSS AnnualMtg3
29. 09. 2007
0 views

RSS AnnualMtg3

USTC
29. 11. 2007
0 views

USTC

ESS Adv Plan Present 4 18
09. 07. 2007
0 views

ESS Adv Plan Present 4 18

CMR0101
18. 06. 2007
0 views

CMR0101