Ancient Egypt

Information about Ancient Egypt

Published on December 17, 2007

Author: lhuang



Ancient Egypt:  Ancient Egypt Libby Huang Economics:  Economics Origin People with farming and herding skills moving into Egypt when Sahara and Middle East dried out during 3500BCE. Slide3:  Ways to farm Use hands to dig holes and plant 3000BCE invented animal-drawn plow, farming became much easier. Slide4:  Food supply Wheat-bread, major meal Barley-beer-important in Egypt Dates-dessert Meat Wheat Slide5:  Dates Barley Slide6:  Internal trade People became different experts Trade with each other within the village to get the food or goods one cannot produce Slide7:  Roles of men and women Both work on the field Men cut grain Women picked and tied them up Military:  Military Leaders The pharaoh is always the highest leader Other leaders were first trained as scribes so they can read the orders properly Egyptian helmet Slide9:  Military technology Keep evolving from Archaic to New Kingdom From clubs to armors and chariots The most important change throughout Egypt history Slide10:  Pre-dynastic flint knife Throwing sticks Arrowhead Dagger Slide11:  Composition of soldiers Mostly are professional soldiers Most soldiers were regarded as highly as Nobles Some were hired from other country Two Hittite spies beaten up by Egyptian soldiers Slide12:  Egyptian soldier wood model 2040-1780BCE. Painted red hired Nubian soldier wood model 2040-1780BCE. Painted black Slide13:  The most notable The composite bowmen They were even remembered by the Romans The bow came from Middle East Composite Bow Slide14:  Military strength Were not super strong Became war machines during New Kingdom Empire stretch to Euphrates river Ahmose I defeating the Hyksos and starts the New Kingdom Government:  Government Characteristics Monarchy Revolved around the pharaoh Theocracy Slide16:  Taxation Most of the taxes were dealing with goods and labors Scribe who assessed taxes Slide17:  Changes The ways the government works were quite consistent Has large changes only during invasions or rebellions. A painting discovered during Napoleon’s invasion of Egypt Law and Court:  Law and Court Law system Pharaoh-always the head Vizier-often the judge Local councils Great Kenbet Local Kenbet Egyptian court Open court Slide19:  Laws No law codes survived Base on common senses View all people essentially equal State took on both prosecutor and judge during major cases Slide20:  Punishments Minor cases Fines, beating, exile Major cases Death penalty Could expend to their family Slide21:  Religion involvements During New Kingdom some decisions were made by asking deities yes or no question and they would answer through the actions of the priest Writing:  Writing Scribes Were first farmer after their training All kinds of jobs Writes in tombs Writes in temples In army In government Slide23:  Types of writing Hieroglyphs-the oldest Hieratic-cursive of Hieroglyphs Demotic-the most cursive Slide24:  Hieroglyphs Hieroglyphs(inscription) Slide25:  Hieratic Slide26:  Demotic Slide27:  Uses No dominate one Evolved into different and certain uses. Religion:  Religion Characteristics Polytheism Believe in afterlife and people will all be judged after all The journey to afterlife Slide29:  The weighing of hearts Slide30:  Priests Pharaoh are always the highest priest Other priests are considered a high and special level nobles Slide31:  Temples Believed to be the houses of the deities Buildings included many other parts other than the throne Slide32:  Religious involvements in other categories Ancient Egypt is a religious country Religion got involved in almost every category Akhenaten and Nefertiti being blessed by the Aten rays while holding their children Art:  Art Paintings Slide34:  Changes in content and style Daily lifehistorical Detailedsloppy Became mixed culture during invasions Egypt-Persian Egypt-Greek Egypt-Roman Coptic Islam Amarna painting Slide35:  Inscriptions Inscriptions in a temple Slide36:  A part of a noble’s house’s window Slide37:  Sculptures Slide38:  Pharaoh Mycerinus and his wife A sphinx statue Architecture:  Architecture Pyramids Slide40:  Temples Technology:  Technology General Make and use their own mud brick to build buildings Probably the first people to make yeast-rising bread House in general Slide42:  Nature observations Good ways of predict and measure how high the Nile flood would be Kept good records and good calendars Egyptian calendar Slide43:  Engineering Math Water moving-irrigations Building pyramids and temples Slide44:  Egyptian calculation Slide45:  Shadoof for Irrigation Slide46:  Pyramid Khufu Slide47:  Temple of Abu Simbel

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