Published on June 15, 2007
Anime & MangaClick Anywhere to Start: Anime andamp; Manga Click Anywhere to Start Slide2: Anime andamp; Manga A n I n t r o d u c t i o n Slide3: Anime andamp; Manga A n I n t r o d u c t i o n From Creation to Finished Product: A Masterpiece in the Making….. Presentation by Misty Schmitt. All characters, music, and tv animation within is copyrighted by the respective creator/owner. Slide4: H e l p H e l p This page; explains navigation. H o m e Back to the menu! M o v e B a c k Moves to previous screen P a u s e / S t o p Resets the presentation M o v e N e x t Moves to next screen Slide5: M e n u M a n g a The who, what, when, where, why, and how of manga. I n f l u e n c e s America’s influences on Japanese cartoons; Japan’s influences on American Cartoons. S t o r i e s Different types of popular themes within Anime. A n i m a t i o n From Manga to Animated features. Slide6: W h a t I s M a n g a ? Brief overview of the genre. W r i t e r andamp; A r t i s t The creator of the story and the artist—they are not always one and the same! D i f f e r e n t J o b s Division of labor in the art world. D o u j i n s h i Fans like to make comics, too! M a n g a Slide7: What is Manga? Manga is a wildly popular medium of entertainment similar to American comics. Released in weekly or monthly installments, these little books contribute a large portion of profits to the Japanese publishing world. Manga has been around for centuries, dating back to Buddhist monks. These early forms were generally pictures of people and animals on scrolls, but they told a story nonetheless! Fans of manga range widely in ages and experiences. Many plots are so deep and complex that one would hardly label them 'childish.' Slide8: Writer and Artist Often, the creator of the manga series and the artist is not the same person. Many mangas are collaborative efforts—one person will pen the story while the other turns the text into a visual story. The 'robot' design of Neon Genesis Evangelion was a team effort. The creator entertained several versions of the giant robots and their adversaries from many artists before he settled on the final stunning designs. The manga artist is referred to as a manga-ka. This translates roughly as one who has mastered the genre of manga. Slide9: Different Jobs Often, to keep the workload on the manga creator reasonable and to meet tough weekly deadlines, labor is divided amongst a team of artists. The main artist will generally only draw the main characters and key scenes. He or she will then pen a plan which outlines any text, backgrounds, or other special instructions. The next artist will then follow those instructions to create the background or add other details to the finished work. Often, this work is done in pencil and then passed to a third set of artists for inking and shading. In the example to the left, from Rurouni Kenshin, the character would be penned by the creator, the background and text by another artist, and then finished by an inker. Slide10: Doujinshi: Fan Works Does the red-haired character to the left look familiar? Well, he should—you just saw him in manga form on the last page and anime form pictures of him were featured on this presentation’s splash page! Still don’t recognize him? That could be because this is the cover to a doujinshi, or fan-made comic and is drawn in a completely different style. Doujinshi’s often create alternate stories with characters from famous manga and anime series. These fan-produced books can be published with the original creator’s permission; however, there is the understanding that the story found within is completely unrelated to the main work from which it was inspired. Slide11: I n f l u e n c e s U S C o m i c s andamp; A s t r o b o y How American comics influenced Japanese artists. U S T o o n s : B a t andamp; B i g O American cartoons’ influences on Japanese cartoons. Specific look at the styles of Batman and The Big O. K i m b a andamp; S i m b a Same lion, different name. A m e r i c a n T o o n s Japanese cartoons’ influences on American cartoons. Slide12: US Comics andamp; Astroboy With Astroboy, manga creator Osamu Tezuka brought the manga sensation to life. Known in Japan as Tetsuwan Atom, this series is often cited as the first real manga. Although his style has unique characteristics, Osamu Tezuka’s US inspirations are obvious. Tezuka was heavily influenced by Disney cartoons of the 1930’s, as can bee seen by the large hands and glassy eyes in the illustration to the left. While modern manga generally looks nothing like Astroboy, the importance of this superkid cannot be denied. He carries the weight of an entire entertainment industry on his shoulders, small and cute though they may be. Slide13: US Toons: Bat andamp; Big O Older American cartoons are not the only US influence on Japanese animation. Many series in Japan display clear similarities to popular US animation—either in art style, storylines, or both. One example of an anime series that adopted a very distinct animation style from an American cartoon is The Big O (upper left). This animation is very blocky and angular with character designs similar to those of America’s Batman (lower left). Slide14: Kimba andamp; Simba American animators have also taken some cues from their Japanese counterparts. Of course, some animators take more than cues. Some take the entire story line. One of the most famous Disney movies, The Lion King, is not as original an idea as the producers would have the general public believe. Kimba, The White Lion is a story of a young lion cub whose kingly father dies. Kimba is destined to take on the throne, but many treacheries lie along his path. Sound familiar? Yes, this is nearly the same destiny that Simba finds for himself in Disney’s version. Only Kimba came first. Interesting. Slide15: American Toons Kimba and Simba aside, some American cartoons really do display Japanese influences—especially in the distinctive art style. As anime has become more widely popular in the US, animation studios have adopted many of its features to capitalize on the movement. Some shows, like Cartoon Network’s Samurai Jack are solid and emulate anime-esque themes. Sadly, not all shows created in the spirit of anime are solid. Many, like the featured series above, Totally Spies, are weak at best. Often, these 'ripoff shows' offend American anime fans by poorly imitating what many consider real cinematic works of art. Slide16: S t o r i e s B o y S t o r i e s : S h o u n e n Lots of fighting and no one really dies. G i r l S t o r i e s : S h o u j o Lots of romance, confusion, and everybody dies. B e w a r e ! ' O t h e r ' Other types of popular stories. Slide17: Boy Stories: Shounen Both anime and manga can be divided into sub-genres according to the plot and themes found within the stories. The first of these sub-genres at which we will look is Shounen. This is basically the story-type aimed at boys and men. Perhaps the most famous example of this is Dragonball Z (affectionately known as simply DBZ), by Akira Toriyama. Shounen stories generally involve male lead characters, epic battles to save the world (or at least Tokyo), and characters that defy death. DBZ (or one of its related series, Dragonball and Dragonball GT) can be seen on Cartoon Network’s Toonami. Slide18: Girl Stories: Shoujo The second main sub-genre of anime stories is Shoujo, or stories aimed at girls or women. The average plot of this story-type is often complex. Shoujo stories generally involve romantic twists and great tragedies and feature female lead characters. While the characters from Shounen stories are all but immortal, Shoujo characters are very susceptible to death. One can generally expect everybody important to die when watching these series—many times, even the heroine doesn’t live through the final moments of the show. Featured here is the quintessential Shoujo series, Fushigi Yuugi. It encompasses every aspect of the genre. Slide19: Beware! 'Other' Of course, anime is not as simple as 'boy' and 'girl' stories. There are many different 'other' categories that have elements of both of the main genres, as well as unique elements all their own. You never know what you’ll get. Two of the most famous 'other' subsections are mecha anime and magical-girl anime. Mecha shows, like Neon Genesis Evangelion, feature giant robots fighting for the freedom of Japan (or the world). Magical-girl anime, of which Sailormoon is the most famous, generally involves 15-year-old girls who possess great magical powers and frilly fighting costumes. The show featured at left, Gravitation, belongs to a new genre, musical drama. This emerging storyline often features bands or individuals trying to succeed in the music business. Slide20: A n i m a t i o n A n i m e G e n e s i s The beginnings of an anime. C h a r a c t e r C r e a t i o n Planning the show’s most important elements! C o m p l e t i n g A n i m a t i o n Other elements that a good show cannot neglect. V o i c e A c t o r s andamp; A c t r e s s e s Bringing the characters to life. A n i m e E x o d u s The finished product. Enjoy! Slide21: Anime Genesis Where do those anime directors get their ideas from?! Often, they get their ideas from the public. Remember that manga generates much of the revenue for Japanese publishing houses. All an entrepreneurial animator needs to do is see what manga series is drawing the most money—and magic is made. Often, however, the animators must change some elements of story to fit it into 13 or 26 episodes. Such is the case with the example above, Trigun. Many anime fans actually prefer the manga versions of their favorite shows! Slide22: Character Creation One of the first steps in creating a successful show is creating visually appealing characters. Because many anime start from popular manga with characters whose looks are already established, many animators have a solid base on which to begin their designs. In this example, one can see the strong similarities between Kenshin as seen in the manga (top left) and the character as seen in the anime (bottom left). Slide23: Completing Animation Beginning rough sketch: Ideas are fleshed out on paper. This may not reflect the final product. Finalized sketch: All details have been solidified. The sketch is lined with colors which reflect colors found in the final cel. Finished cel: The clear acetate sheet is lined using the pencil sketch and painted. To complete the scene, a matching background is attached Slide24: Voice Actors andamp; Actresses The final step in creating animation is selecting the person who will breathe life into the characters—the voice actors. These people are highly beloved of any anime fan. There are countless web shrines devoted to some of the most famous voice actors. These talented people solidify the characters in ways written lines on paper could never approach. Chichiri, upper left, is simply a masked monk with a silly streak on inked paper. When Tomokazu Seki, below left, voices him, however, he becomes a solid character with whom fans of the series can relate and sympathize. Slide25: Anime Exodus Cruel Angel’s Thesis: Opening from Neon Genesis Evangelion Click video screen to toggle on or off.