Information about architecture,dance..

Published on December 19, 2009

Author: rezagh



Slide 9: Nonverbal communication: (NVC) is usually understood as the process of communication through sending and receiving wordless messages. NVC can be communicated through gesture and touch (Hap tic communication), by body language or posture, by facial expression and eye contact. NVC can be communicated through object communication such as clothing, hairstyles or even architecture, symbols and info graphics. Physical environment Environmental factors such as furniture, architectural style, interior decorating, lighting conditions, colors, temperature, noise, and music affect the behavior of communicators during interaction. The furniture itself can be seen as a nonverbal message. Slide 10: proxemics: Slide 11: proxemics: Proxemics is the study of how people use and perceive the physical space around them. The space between the sender and the receiver of a message influences the way the message is interpreted. The perception and use of space varies significantly across cultures and different settings within cultures. Space in nonverbal communication may be divided into four main categories: intimate, social, personal, and public space.(Scott Mclean, 1969) The distance between communicators will also depend on sex, status, and social role. Slide 12: proxemics: PUBLIC SPACE SOCIAL SPACE PERSONAL SPACE INTIMATE SPACE Slide 13: PRIMARY territory: this refers to an area that is associated with someone who has exclusive use of it. For example, a house that others cannot enter without the owner’s permission. SECONDARY territory: unlike the previous type, there is no “right” to occupancy, but people may still feel some degree of ownership of a particular space. For example, someone may sit in the same seat on train every day and feel aggrieved if someone else sits there. PUBLIC territory: this refers to an area that is available to all, but only for a set period, such as a parking space or a seat in a library. Although people have only a limited claim over that space, they often exceed that claim. For example, it was found that people take longer to leave a parking space when someone is waiting to take that space. IINTERACTION territory: this is space created by others when they are interacting. For example, when a group is talking to each other on a footpath, others will walk around the group rather than disturb it proxemics: Slide 14: Chronemics: Chronemics is the study of the use of time in nonverbal communication. The way we perceive time, structure our time and react to time is a powerful communication tool, and helps set the stage for communication. Time perceptions include punctuality and willingness to wait, the speed of speech and how long people are willing to listen. The timing and frequency of an action as well as the tempo and rhythm of communications within an interaction contributes to the interpretation of nonverbal messages. BALL ROOM ha it’s own proxemics… Slide 15: proxemics: SPACE AND DISTANCE OR PROXEMICS-a person's use of space is directly related to the value system of his/her culture.- personal space- when your space is violated, you react; your reaction is a manifestation of your cultural background.US CULTURE TERRITORY;-0-18" intimates1-4' casual personal distance4-12' impersonal/social distance12'> public distance-seating furniture arrangement; illustrate power and relationship. Slide 16: proxemics: Slide 17: RHYTHM: might be described as, to the world of sound, what light is to the world of sight. RHYTHM is one of the principal translators between dream and reality. Rhythm Slide 18: RHYTHM: Rhythm provides a temporal framework that allows groups sharing an architecture to synchronize activities and expectations. With rhythm, stake- holders know when and on which activities to focus. Not only can organizations with rhythm coordinate planned activities, but they can also coordinate those tasks that do not show up on plans because they are performed by other organizations or are not visible enough to be included in the planning process. When rhythm is weak, dissonance between organizations emerges, paving the road to architecture breakdown Slide 19: RHYTHM: Tempo Tempo is the frequency with which the same type of handoff occurs between one group and another—for example, between the architecture team and prod- uct development engineers. The more predictable the timing of each handoff becomes, the easier each transition is to manage. As illustrated by Figure 4.2, there may be many different tempos. Some organizations have different inter- vals for major releases, minor releases, and bug fixes. DAILY BUILD ANDSMOKE TEST is one example of this notion of tempo [Cabrera99]. Microsoft has popularized this practice [Cusumano95][McCarthy95][McConnell96]. Regular release schedules are another example of tempo Slide 20: RHYTHM: Quality means that processes are followed to ensure that the architecture is free of deficiencies. 1 Organizations sometimes try to sustain their tempo by compromising on quality, for example, by skimping on testing, or by redefining what is required by a handoff. This situation is illustrated in Figure 4.6. Organizations may be able to accelerate their tempo by eliminating steps that do not add value, but if essential processes are truncated, rhythm will break down Slide 21: RHYTHM: Slide 22: RHYTHM: Slide 23: CONCLUSION: t is important to be aware of the dominance of the nonverbal message. If there is disagreement between the verbal and nonverbal message, the nonverbal will win. Also, the validity and reliability of verbal messages are checked by nonverbal actions. Again, if discrepancy exists, the nonverbal will dictate. Nonverbal communication cues can play five roles: Repetition: they can repeat the message the person is making verbally Contradiction: they can contradict a message the individual is trying to convey Substitution: they can substitute for a verbal message. For example, a person's eyes can often convey a far more vivid message than words and often do Complementing: they may add to or complement a verbal message. A boss who pats a person on the back in addition to giving praise can increase the impact of the message Accenting: they may accent or underline a verbal message. Pounding the table, for example, can underline a message. Slide 24: CONCLUSION: Dance is a form of nonverbal communication that requires the same underlying faculty in the brain for conceptualization, creativity and memory as does verbal language in speaking and writing. Means of self-expression, both forms have vocabulary (steps and gestures in dance), grammar (rules for putting the vocabulary together) and meaning. Dance, however, assembles (choreographs) these elements in a manner that more often resembles poetry, with its ambiguity and multiple, symbolic and elusive meanings. Slide 25: Dance and archotecture,both are nonverbal communication which discribes themselves without talking. Both of them should have rhythm and also they should be in a way that people catch their concepts and ideas by just seeing them… Both of them should stand in a proper structure couse bad structure may couse it failed. THE END

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