Published on September 13, 2010
Slide 1: Architecture as Power Slide 2: Historical Monuments Religious monuments: Buildings that have been built for religious purposes. Eg: temples, churches, synagogues and stupas Secular monuments: Buildings that have been built for any purpose other than religion. Eg: palaces, forts, residential houses Slide 3: Architecture between 800 to 1200 Many temples were built during this era. Temples were built in north and south India. Dilwara Jain Temple, Mount Abu Somnath Temple, Gujarat Slide 4: shikhara Kandariya Mahadeva Temple, Khajuraho pavilions Slide 5: Lingaraj Temple, Bhubaneshwar Sun Temple, Konark The wheel of the chariot of Sun God Jagannath Temple, Puri Slide 6: Temples of South India Mandapa Vimana Brihadeshwara Temple Slide 7: Temples of South India Hoysaleswara Temple Slide 8: Islamic Architecture Alai Darwaza, Qutb True arch dome Slide 9: C H A R M I N A R H Y D E R A B A D Slide 10: Gol Gumbaz, Bijapur Slide 11: Architecture of Rajasthan Man Singh Palace, Gwalior Slide 12: Havelis of Rajasthan They are magnificent mansions with colourful paintings on the walls and intricate carvings. Main highlight of the havelis is the outstanding murals painted on the outside and inside walls. Havelis are famous for their dense interlocking of structure and their architectural devices which keep out the heat and dust. Slide 13: Power of architecture Panch Mahal, Fatehpur Sikri The historical value of a monument would depend upon its association with a great king or a saint. Rulers tried to show their power and position through the monuments. Islamic ‘power architecture’ begins with military and defensive architecture in the form of forts with imposing gateways. Akbar built the city of Fatehpur Sikri with its different buildings to show his independence and power. Slide 14: Red Fort, New Delhi Slide 15: Shalimar Gardens, Kashmir Slide 16: Building Materials The materials used for constructing monuments differed from region to region. The earliest buildings in most parts of India were built of mud and timber. These buildings did not survive for many years. Later buildings were made of stone. White marble and red sandstone were famous in North India. In South India temples and palaces were built of granite and sandstone. Buildings made of brick can also been seen in many parts of India. Slide 17: Finance, Labour & Rules for Monuments Only kings and well-to-do traders could afford to make grand monuments. Labour and specialists had to be brought from all over the world. Labourers and artisans were paid according to their work. Artisans and craftsmen organised themselves into guilds or associations. The guilds helped members against exploitation by cruel kings and also provided loans and technical advice to the members.