AS207 04 The European Theater WWII

Information about AS207 04 The European Theater WWII

Published on October 23, 2007

Author: Mentor

Source: authorstream.com

Content

The European Theater in World War II:  The European Theater in World War II The Use of Airpower in Europe: An Overview:  The Use of Airpower in Europe: An Overview U.S. enters the war -- background Allied strategy for winning WW II The role of airpower in European Theater and lessons learned North African campaign Strategic bombing of Germany U.S. Enters WW II -- Background:  U.S. Enters WW II -- Background Relations between U.S. and Germany deteriorate – U.S. destroyer sunk in Oct 41 Relations with Japan worsened in 1941 Japan continues Asian aggression Roosevelt froze Japanese assets in U.S. and halts all American trade with Japan -- Jul 41 Japan attacks Pearl Harbor -- Dec 7, 1941 Allied Strategy for Winning World War II:  Allied Strategy for Winning World War II Priority One -- Safeguard Britain and U.S. Priority Two -- Fight a decisive air offensive against the Axis powers in Europe and fight defensively in Asia Priority Three -- Sustained air offensive against Japan after the Axis powers were defeated in Europe Use land forces when, and if, necessary U.S. First Offensive Action of WW II North Africa:  U.S. First Offensive Action of WW II North Africa First use of U.S. ground forces against the Germans Provided valuable combat experience for ground and air forces Opportunity for British and U.S. to fight a combined arms campaign First defeat of the German forces since 1930 North Africa:  North Africa U.S. learned some valuable lessons concerning the employment of airpower in tactical situations Initial problems experienced by the Allies Air units were split among ground units Ground commanders didn’t share aircraft Airpower was used defensively Airpower was fragmented and inflexible North Africa (Cont):  North Africa (Cont) Allied airpower was reorganized in 1942 Command of the air forces went to airmen The air officer decided the missions and allocated forces Missions became offensive in nature Flexibility of Allied airpower was restored and air superiority was attained Allies achieve victory in North Africa in May 43 U.S. Strategic Bombing of Germany:  U.S. Strategic Bombing of Germany Heavily influenced by ACTS and bomber advocates Some felt strategic bombing alone would defeat Germany Others believed strategic bombing would weaken Germany and a ground invasion would be required for her surrender U.S. Bombing Strategy:  U.S. Bombing Strategy Committed to high-altitude, daylight precision bombing Belief heavy bombers, flying in formation, could fight their way to the target and back Fighter escorts were not necessary Targets identified by AWPD were best hit in day time Strategy ignored weather conditions, target obstruction, fighter opposition and anti-aircraft artillery Strategic Bombing of Germany Early Efforts:  Strategic Bombing of Germany Early Efforts Strategic bombing of Europe was responsibility of the 8th Air Force First raids were against marshaling yards in France little effect Late ‘42 and early ‘43 -- 8th attacked small targets in Europe -- good experience, little effect Casablanca Conference (Jan ‘43) established strategic bombing (destruction of German industry) as a major objective Strategic Bombing of Schweinfurt Germany:  Strategic Bombing of Schweinfurt Germany 8th Air Force bomb the ball-bearing plants at Schweinfurt in Summer 1943 Aug ‘43 -- 8th inflicts heavy damage but lost 36 B-17s and 360 crewmen Oct ‘43 -- AAF lost 60 bombers, had 138 aircraft damaged and 600 men lost Losses were unacceptable No fighter escorts - bombers vulnerable to enemy fighters and anti-aircraft artillery Strategic Bombing in Europe: Ploesti:  Strategic Bombing in Europe: Ploesti Aug ‘43 – USAF launch attacks against oil refineries at Ploesti, Romania 180 aircraft launched, 55 aircraft lost Raids were costly but needed to shorten the war Attacks were designed to reduce Germany’s oil and lubricant production Generally ineffective and deliveries increased until ‘44 when attacks resumed Strategic Bombing in Europe (Cont):  Strategic Bombing in Europe (Cont) Long-range fighter escorts arrived in theater in Dec ‘43 Took significant toll on German aircraft and their experienced pilot force 8th resumed raids into Germany in Feb ‘44 Launched a 1000 plane raid by end of Feb ‘44 Attacked Berlin in Mar ‘44 German POL production was reduced to 25% capacity by Sep ‘44 Strategic Bombing in Europe: Lessons Learned:  Strategic Bombing in Europe: Lessons Learned Target list was not what it should have been Attacks on sub-pens and ball bearing plants were ineffective Best targets were the POL production facilities and sources of electrical power Terror bombing of civilians was ineffective and did little to lower morale Bombers needed fighter escorts to and from the target

Related presentations


Other presentations created by Mentor

Johari Window
30. 10. 2007
0 views

Johari Window

ConsolServiceCorp
28. 04. 2008
0 views

ConsolServiceCorp

astwood
22. 04. 2008
0 views

astwood

Eco24 16
17. 04. 2008
0 views

Eco24 16

wipo smes uln 07 www 89155
16. 04. 2008
0 views

wipo smes uln 07 www 89155

taiex ghymers rijen2006 ppt
14. 04. 2008
0 views

taiex ghymers rijen2006 ppt

e future
13. 04. 2008
0 views

e future

sapir 12 2007
10. 04. 2008
0 views

sapir 12 2007

cbm47 441
09. 04. 2008
0 views

cbm47 441

Ocean
07. 04. 2008
0 views

Ocean

Closing Plenary PERUGIA
30. 03. 2008
0 views

Closing Plenary PERUGIA

The Ming and Qing Dynasties
25. 03. 2008
0 views

The Ming and Qing Dynasties

fables and morals
14. 09. 2007
0 views

fables and morals

Temperate Woodland
14. 09. 2007
0 views

Temperate Woodland

OB IDDRI 200104
12. 10. 2007
0 views

OB IDDRI 200104

NacTem2007XuUszkoreit
15. 10. 2007
0 views

NacTem2007XuUszkoreit

Leduff course 1
16. 10. 2007
0 views

Leduff course 1

WIM
16. 10. 2007
0 views

WIM

Shakespeare Presentation
19. 10. 2007
0 views

Shakespeare Presentation

Puska
07. 09. 2007
0 views

Puska

Mystery Animal
14. 09. 2007
0 views

Mystery Animal

CREATION to EVOLUTION
14. 09. 2007
0 views

CREATION to EVOLUTION

nw pall care bad news
29. 09. 2007
0 views

nw pall care bad news

SUPPLY LCS MDS
22. 10. 2007
0 views

SUPPLY LCS MDS

PRESENTACION GTI Malaga
24. 10. 2007
0 views

PRESENTACION GTI Malaga

ethics health disparities
29. 10. 2007
0 views

ethics health disparities

halt
23. 10. 2007
0 views

halt

BTL Fuels
16. 11. 2007
0 views

BTL Fuels

2005 CeladrinLecture
17. 11. 2007
0 views

2005 CeladrinLecture

newsletters
05. 10. 2007
0 views

newsletters

Moscow Presentation
23. 11. 2007
0 views

Moscow Presentation

6 338 Progress Presentation
28. 12. 2007
0 views

6 338 Progress Presentation

6 01 T P Analog Systems
03. 01. 2008
0 views

6 01 T P Analog Systems

Prepare Yourself
04. 10. 2007
0 views

Prepare Yourself

idruspresentation
07. 01. 2008
0 views

idruspresentation

8p
24. 10. 2007
0 views

8p

stewart
08. 10. 2007
0 views

stewart

lizhitang
11. 10. 2007
0 views

lizhitang

Inter scholastic Sports
09. 07. 2007
0 views

Inter scholastic Sports

High School Athletics
09. 07. 2007
0 views

High School Athletics

4479
09. 07. 2007
0 views

4479

42 sp101
09. 07. 2007
0 views

42 sp101

2005 Flag Football Clinic
09. 07. 2007
0 views

2005 Flag Football Clinic

lec TC strain gauge
16. 02. 2008
0 views

lec TC strain gauge

SNAP Propulsion
07. 11. 2007
0 views

SNAP Propulsion

Legend Powerpoint
28. 02. 2008
0 views

Legend Powerpoint

lect10
14. 09. 2007
0 views

lect10

bec
15. 10. 2007
0 views

bec

APS NW Poster
12. 03. 2008
0 views

APS NW Poster

UofWfAC06
10. 03. 2008
0 views

UofWfAC06

DrFlock
09. 07. 2007
0 views

DrFlock

health sports
09. 07. 2007
0 views

health sports

ASTR 2006 Presentation Template
29. 10. 2007
0 views

ASTR 2006 Presentation Template

4 DSM Design Guide
02. 01. 2008
0 views

4 DSM Design Guide

LiuhtoBaltic04
26. 10. 2007
0 views

LiuhtoBaltic04

STKU5 Larson
19. 06. 2007
0 views

STKU5 Larson

standard email
19. 06. 2007
0 views

standard email

Software Versions
19. 06. 2007
0 views

Software Versions

SDT Tech Briefing06 01 07
19. 06. 2007
0 views

SDT Tech Briefing06 01 07

SDT Tech Briefing
19. 06. 2007
0 views

SDT Tech Briefing

refresh cycle07
19. 06. 2007
0 views

refresh cycle07

Q2 FY07 Slides
19. 06. 2007
0 views

Q2 FY07 Slides

Q1 FY07 Slides
19. 06. 2007
0 views

Q1 FY07 Slides

psj 0 6 yukai e
19. 06. 2007
0 views

psj 0 6 yukai e

psj 06 schoenfeld e
19. 06. 2007
0 views

psj 06 schoenfeld e

PRI050 WH06
19. 06. 2007
0 views

PRI050 WH06

portal
19. 06. 2007
0 views

portal

usc csci 530 f06 l13
19. 06. 2007
0 views

usc csci 530 f06 l13

BOSC Markel
14. 09. 2007
0 views

BOSC Markel

PresentationBA avril06
23. 10. 2007
0 views

PresentationBA avril06

volvo 09
29. 02. 2008
0 views

volvo 09

qz qc mrt ridership
26. 03. 2008
0 views

qz qc mrt ridership

3a 3 Hellsten
14. 09. 2007
0 views

3a 3 Hellsten

1 IARU DoAST Presentation
09. 07. 2007
0 views

1 IARU DoAST Presentation

sicily03
19. 06. 2007
0 views

sicily03

norway
14. 12. 2007
0 views

norway

1999KC os tri
09. 07. 2007
0 views

1999KC os tri

Virgo Sigrav2004 SF
15. 11. 2007
0 views

Virgo Sigrav2004 SF

RICyT Innocom
25. 10. 2007
0 views

RICyT Innocom

Telekomunikacja Polska 1
14. 09. 2007
0 views

Telekomunikacja Polska 1

sas06 das
19. 06. 2007
0 views

sas06 das

parallel session 1
07. 09. 2007
0 views

parallel session 1

Kestrel PI Presentation
30. 10. 2007
0 views

Kestrel PI Presentation

Ch10rev 06
19. 02. 2008
0 views

Ch10rev 06

DemoStudents2005
03. 10. 2007
0 views

DemoStudents2005

interiorscapeplants2
07. 12. 2007
0 views

interiorscapeplants2

PRS328 Schechter
19. 06. 2007
0 views

PRS328 Schechter

ASEAN China
10. 10. 2007
0 views

ASEAN China

tpa 6040a4 overview
19. 06. 2007
0 views

tpa 6040a4 overview

2006 AHM Dissemination Update
17. 10. 2007
0 views

2006 AHM Dissemination Update

Bhat
21. 11. 2007
0 views

Bhat

Aho ealta2006
07. 09. 2007
0 views

Aho ealta2006

Fairness
14. 09. 2007
0 views

Fairness

Ch22
15. 11. 2007
0 views

Ch22

Ready Boost
19. 06. 2007
0 views

Ready Boost

05 asphalt institute
26. 02. 2008
0 views

05 asphalt institute

LightGina
20. 03. 2008
0 views

LightGina

Working Water Conaway
28. 12. 2007
0 views

Working Water Conaway

HERDING101Presentati on
19. 11. 2007
0 views

HERDING101Presentati on

currentshow
02. 11. 2007
0 views

currentshow

flowes class4
11. 12. 2007
0 views

flowes class4