Automated Software Testing Traing By Quontra Solutions

Information about Automated Software Testing Traing By Quontra Solutions

Published on September 1, 2014

Author: quontra123

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Automated software testing: 1 Automated software testing Have a Free Demo with Us through Online Quontra Solutions Best Online IT Training Institute in United States Call Us : 404-900-9988 Email: [email protected] Topics: Topics Automated software testing. What? Why? Automated vs. Manual Common types of automated testing methods Automated software testing framework Summary 2 What is automated software testing?: What is automated software testing? A process which covers: the use of software to control the execution of tests the comparison of actual outcomes to predicted outcomes the setting up of test preconditions other test control and test reporting functions. 3 Why testing is critical?: Why testing is critical? 4 Why automated testing?: Why automated testing? A time savings translates directly into cost savings Improves testing productivity Improves accuracy Increases test coverage Does what manual testing cannot do 5 Effort and Cost: Effort and Cost Let’s assume 6 test cases Effort required to run all 6 manually => 10 min Effort required to write unit tests for all 6 cases => 10 min Effort required to run unit tests for all 6 cases => < 1 min Number of testing iterations => 5 Total manual testing time => 50 min Total unit testing time => 10 min 6 Release Manual Test Auto Test Manual Test Cumulative 1 10 10 10 2 10 0 20 3 10 0 30 4 10 0 40 5 10 0 50 Automated vs. Manual testing: Automated vs. Manual testing Not all tests can be automated and most times is difficult to decide what to automate and what to manually test. 7 Advantages: Advantages 8 Automated Testing Manual Testing • Need to run a set of tests repeatedly • Test cases have to be run a small number of times • Helps performing "compatibility testing" (on different configurations and platforms) • Allows the tester to perform more specific tests •Long term costs are reduced • Short term testing costs are reduced • Possible to run regressions on a code that is continuously changing and in shorter time • The more time tester spends testing a module the grater chance to find real bugs Disadvantages & other factors: Disadvantages & other factors 9 Automated Testing Manual Testing • It's more expensive to automate (bigger i nitial investments) • Manual tests can be very time consuming • You cannot automate everything, some tests still have to be done manually • For every release you must rerun the same set of tests which can be tiresome Other Factors • The performance of your test tools • The knowledge level of your testing team • The continuous growth of software to be tested Common types of automated testing methods: Common types of automated testing methods Monkey testing Capture / playback Code-based (Unit) testing Intelligent test automation 10 Monkey testing: Monkey testing Randomly selecting inputs from a large range of values and monitoring if exceptions are thrown. For example, a monkey test can enter random strings into text boxes to ensure handling of all possible user input. It applies not only for GUI or WEB testing, but also for Unit testing. 11 Tools example: Tools example Monkey – Android testing tools. The simplest way to use the monkey is with the following command, which will launch the application and send 500 pseudo-random events to it. $ adb shell monkey -v -p your.package.name 500 12 Capture / playback: Capture / playback It’s a set of software programs that capture user inputs and stores it into a script for later replay. Repeated testing can be performed quickly. Does not require programming skills. When the GUI changes, input sequences previously recorded may no longer be valid. Difficult to determine location of bugs. 13 Tools example: Tools example Autohotkey - Free keyboard macro program. Supports hotkeys for keyboard, mouse. 14 Code-based (Unit) testing: Code-based (Unit) testing Individual units of source code are tested to determine if they fit for use. Ideally, each test case is independent from the others Bugs can be found in early development stage Easy to test boundary cases Not effective for the integrated system testing 15 Unit test-case generation method: Unit test-case generation method Random Genetic Other… 16 Random: Random Input values generated randomly Run with generated inputs User checks output values (pass/fail) and saves them for later automatic checking (Oracle). 17 Genetic: Genetic This methods approach is to combine JML (JAVA model language) and genetic algorithms. JUnit is used as a test execution platform. 18 Tools examples: Tools examples Parasoft Jtest is an automated Java testing and static code analysis product 19 TestGen is a collection of open-source tools that automatically generates unit test cases. Intelligent test automation: Intelligent test automation A model-based method for generating tests from a description of an application’s behavior (UML) Models are simple to modify, so model-based tests are economical to maintain over the life of a project. Most of these methods are researched only theoretically. 20 OCL + UML : OCL + UML 21 Inputs generator UML + OCL Tested software Oracle Report Inputs Constraints Constraints Outputs pass / fail Automated testing framework: Automated testing f ramework A framework is an integrated system that sets the rules of automation of a specific product. This system integrates the function libraries, test data sources, object details and various reusable modules. The framework provides the basis of test automation and simplifies the automation effort. 22 Common types of frameworks: Common types of frameworks Data-driven testing Keyword-driven testing Hybrid testing 23 Data-driven testing: Data-driven testing Data-focused automation User defines just data sets to run tests with Data is defined in external data source and de-coupled from script Good fit for a single application testing, featuring multi-environment, big datasets, and rarely changing Test Cases 24 + - Good usability and re-usability Quality and coverage strongly depends on the automation skills of implementing person Good test flow coverage Continuous maintenance issues due to a big amount of the code Multi-environment support Manual validation is required Example: Example 25 Data set Test script Keyword-driven testing: Keyword-driven testing Good fit for a multi-application testing featuring multi-environment, big datasets, and a big number of short and straight Test Cases Users de-compose test cases into reusable action keywords Non-coders are able to author automated test cases with action keywords 26 + - Test development doesn’t require programming skills Due to keywords limit doesn’t allow covering very complicated Test Cases Good test flow coverage Meta-language specific training is required for staff Compact code Manual validation is required Example: Example 27 Hybrid testing: Hybrid testing Combines the best of data-driven and keyword-driven testing: User defines data sets to run tests with User also defines flow control through action keywords Data is separated from script and stored in external data source with action keywords 28 + - Test Plan / Test Scenario creation doesn’t require programming or training on the Testing Tool Requires initial investment for design and implementation of the framework Compact code and scalable architecture Built-in strict validation Framework components: Framework components Test generation (data and script generators). Tools might create specialized data such as randomized email messages, or populate databases etc. System configuration. Tools might preserve or reproduce system parameters. Test execution. Tools might operate the software itself, either simulating a user working through the GUI and using an alternative testable interface. Oracles. An oracle is any mechanism by which we detect failure or success. Tools might automatically detect certain kinds of error conditions in a product. Activity recording & coverage analysis. Tools might watch testing as it happens and retrospectively report what was and was not tested. Test management. Tools might record test results, organize test ideas or metrics. 29 General framework structure: General framework structure 30 Common functional automated test tools: Common functional automated test tools Tool + - IBM / Rational Functional Tester (RFT) Built as Eclipse plug-in with full IDE, Java support and source management Supports Web-based applications , .Net , Java, Siebel, SAP®, PowerBuilder, AJAX, Adobe Flex, Adobe PDF documents Full GUI Object Map repository License cost HP / Mercury Quick Test Pro (QTP) Supports Web 2.0, GWT, Dojo , YUI, Silverlight , Flex , Ajax , JAVA, .NET applications Full GUI Object Map repository Seamless integration with QualityCenter No IDE (changing in release 10) License cost VisualBasic scripting is limited Selenium RC & IDE Good browser support Good language support (JAVA, Ruby, C#) Can be easily extended as JUnit suite Open-source (no license cost) No GUI Object repository Only web-based application support Tool support is limited 31 Tools examples: Tools examples 32 Summary: Summary Automated testing improves productivity, accuracy, increases test coverage, saves time and cost Need to decide what to automate and what to manually test The framework provides the basis of test automation and simplifies the automation effort. 33 More information: More information http://www.slideshare.net/lfingerman/test-automation-best-prcatices-with-soa-test-approach http :// opuntia.cs.utep.edu/utjml/utest.html http:// www.slideshare.net/yogindernath/understanding-of-automation-framework-presentation http:// www.ibm.com/developerworks/rational/library/591.html http:// www.satisfice.com/presentations/agileauto.pdf http://automation-beyond.com/2009/05/30/test-automation-practices-recordplayback / http:// en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Test_automation http:// www.slideshare.net/directi/automated-testing-vs-manual-testing-391121 34 Thank you!: Thank you! 35 Question ???: Question ??? What is the benefit of automated testing? What are the common types of automated testing methods? What are the common types of frameworks? What components come to framework? What are the examples of automated testing tools? 36

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