Beauty

Information about Beauty

Published on March 8, 2008

Author: Donato

Source: authorstream.com

Content

The changing nature of beauty. Stravinsky – The Rite of Spring (1914) Jazz :  The changing nature of beauty. Stravinsky – The Rite of Spring (1914) Jazz Jackson Pollock – Eyes in the Heat (1946) Slide2:  Pruitt-Igoe Before – AIA Award (1952) After – demolished (1972) Slide3:  2. How is nature beautiful? For the Romantics, ‘priority [was] given to natural beauty over the beauty of art.’ (Osborne, 26) The artist was inspired, not by some external force that channeled through him, but by the unconscious part of his own being. “The word ‘unconsciousness’ was used in the literature of the Romantics well before it entered into formal psychology. It was used by Wordsworth. Carlyle, distinguishing between artificial and natural, or inspired poetry, said: ‘The artificial is the conscious, mechanical; the natural is unconscious, dynamic.’ And he says: ‘Unconsciousness is the sign of creation; consciousness at best that of manufacture” (Osborne, 1968:139) Joseph Mallord William Turner The Junction of the Thames and the Medway, 1807 Widener Collection Slide4:  3. Is beauty in the object itself (objective) or in our perception of the object (subjective)? Does it relate, then, to an analysis of the object’s organization, composition? (this, of course, rarely relates to natural objects. We cannot talk about the composition of the sunset.) Or, does it relate to our appreciation of it – in other words, the emotions that we bring to it? Further, what is that object? Consider a play or a piece of music. In what way are these objects at all? Each of these ‘works of art’ require the interpretation not only of the audience but of the director or the conductor, the actors or musicians who themselves interpret the words or notes of the ‘artist’. In such cases, of course, the ‘art object’ – the play or symphony – will be different every time it is performed. So, just what is consistently being perceived that we can then refer to it as a ‘work of art’? Slide5:  Can an object of beauty be separated from its utility? “Buildings create and perpetuate environments for social interaction. In this, they are more similar to bodies of law than to paintings. And although one might scruple to condemn a still life on moral grounds, such legal acts as the fugitive slave law are readily censured. Why not, then, the plantation architecture that was as integral a part of slavery as the laws supporting it? We have been taught to hesitate on the grounds that art is somehow above moral judgment – a modern view that would have sounded as strange to ancient ears as its contrary does now.” (Stephen Kurtz, Wasteland, pg. 5) Slide7:  This same argument can be applied to architecture that fails to meet standards of sustainability ( like a gas guzzling car). Learning from Las Vegas is an example of this kind of divorced thinking. Is it possible even to look at these things both formally and socially and, on the one hand, call it beautiful and, on the other, reprehensible? The Greeks did not separate ‘art’ from its utility. They considered works of art ‘as artefacts made for a purpose. They are regarded as successful according to their effectiveness for their purpose . . .” (Osborne, 1969:15) The discussion of the arts related more “to their educational function and their social impact. . . .Was a work of art effective for its purpose and was the purpose a good one?” Of these two questions, the latter was more important. In this, the Greeks were followed by the Marxists in their assessment of artistic activity being subordinated by social value. Under such circumstances does ‘fine art’ become trivialized? What social value does a Beethoven quartet have? A poem? If we can’t elicit some social value out of it, is it meaningless? The notion of beauty being related to its utility or function was, of course, taken up later by the American sculptor, Horatio Greenough who spoke of the relation of form to function. This notion was echoed by the American architect Louis Sullivan who originated the famous phrase: “Form follows function”. Le Corbusier’s variation on that theme was that the house was a ‘machine for living in’. However, as Herbert Read pointed out in 1934, ‘the mistake is to assume that the functional efficiency is the cause of beauty; because functional, therefore beautiful. That is not the true logic of the case.’ Slide8:  5. What is the difference between the pleasures of the senses and aesthetic pleasure? In the former, says Santayana, we gratify our senses and passions. In the contemplation of beauty we are raised above ourselves (p. 24). THREE VALUES: Sensory values – generated by pleasurable sensations. The higher senses (sight and hearing) are more important to the aesthetic appreciation of an environment Formal values – the order of sensory material – structure, patterns Expression or associational values – aesthetic practical and negative. Slide9:  6. Can we define ‘beautiful’ as that which brings us closer to the sacred? To the mystical? Plotinus – the beauty of art and nature is a manifestation of the unity of being. Plotinus ascends from the unity of individual souls to the unity of the general or world soul, and from that to the intellect thinking itself. Ultimately all dualities of knowing and known, subject and object, are overcome by the self-identity of the self-reflective thought. It is to this wholeness that all orders of creation aspire, and from it that all have been created. Clearly this concerns more than analysis of composition. Beauty then could be seen to achieve at least two things: To understand or perceive the world in a new and enriched way To move us outside ourselves That concept can lead us in two directions: The relationship between the beautiful and the good – the path of architectural determinism The relationship between the beautiful and the sacred – the discussion of sacred places

Related presentations


Other presentations created by Donato

The Rise of Dictators
20. 04. 2008
0 views

The Rise of Dictators

csharp
21. 02. 2008
0 views

csharp

Conference Brochure web
10. 01. 2008
0 views

Conference Brochure web

P17 Biljakovic
11. 01. 2008
0 views

P17 Biljakovic

10 02 ed406a
12. 01. 2008
0 views

10 02 ed406a

Physical descriptions Bible
13. 01. 2008
0 views

Physical descriptions Bible

4 Mining
14. 01. 2008
0 views

4 Mining

Role of Race and Ethnicity
14. 01. 2008
0 views

Role of Race and Ethnicity

main stream school as a deaf
14. 01. 2008
0 views

main stream school as a deaf

InfantWellness
15. 01. 2008
0 views

InfantWellness

434 L18 Marine Pollution 07
15. 01. 2008
0 views

434 L18 Marine Pollution 07

WinRDBI
16. 01. 2008
0 views

WinRDBI

Alexander von Humboldt fertig
17. 01. 2008
0 views

Alexander von Humboldt fertig

Mesa Teen Dating Violence65466
17. 01. 2008
0 views

Mesa Teen Dating Violence65466

water LCHS
17. 01. 2008
0 views

water LCHS

galileo new
17. 01. 2008
0 views

galileo new

Colonies Powerpoint
19. 01. 2008
0 views

Colonies Powerpoint

OSTP Lewis
21. 01. 2008
0 views

OSTP Lewis

pptEarlyBCNewspapers
21. 01. 2008
0 views

pptEarlyBCNewspapers

SumerOL
22. 01. 2008
0 views

SumerOL

Whole Show Welch 2007
23. 01. 2008
0 views

Whole Show Welch 2007

JC NIH INRIA160407ppt
05. 02. 2008
0 views

JC NIH INRIA160407ppt

Wedding Presentation email
05. 02. 2008
0 views

Wedding Presentation email

InfoSec120804 web 2
04. 02. 2008
0 views

InfoSec120804 web 2

The Civil War Era
12. 02. 2008
0 views

The Civil War Era

Psychotherapy
28. 01. 2008
0 views

Psychotherapy

energysecurity
06. 02. 2008
0 views

energysecurity

david35
07. 02. 2008
0 views

david35

Fichner Rathus CH09
11. 02. 2008
0 views

Fichner Rathus CH09

wipo smes ge 07 www 81572
12. 02. 2008
0 views

wipo smes ge 07 www 81572

rpc dae
09. 01. 2008
0 views

rpc dae

Klein
09. 01. 2008
0 views

Klein

Android Idea
25. 02. 2008
0 views

Android Idea

Peds Asthma
28. 02. 2008
0 views

Peds Asthma

Cubism
03. 03. 2008
0 views

Cubism

ppt00022
04. 02. 2008
0 views

ppt00022

George Mucibabici Deloitte
07. 03. 2008
0 views

George Mucibabici Deloitte

African Culture
10. 01. 2008
0 views

African Culture

04 TransmissionMedia
24. 03. 2008
0 views

04 TransmissionMedia

Performance Driven Government
31. 03. 2008
0 views

Performance Driven Government

i20083241155
14. 04. 2008
0 views

i20083241155

Israel Paralympics
16. 04. 2008
0 views

Israel Paralympics

MDiazGELSS2003
17. 01. 2008
0 views

MDiazGELSS2003

Skarb sport reng
22. 04. 2008
0 views

Skarb sport reng

H105l
14. 01. 2008
0 views

H105l

f7
07. 02. 2008
0 views

f7

Hood Canal CD Final 25Jan08 1
24. 04. 2008
0 views

Hood Canal CD Final 25Jan08 1

US Fed Indian Policy
11. 03. 2008
0 views

US Fed Indian Policy

Introduccion al Fast Track
06. 05. 2008
0 views

Introduccion al Fast Track

CHINA ROHS SEMI CONWEST redick
07. 05. 2008
0 views

CHINA ROHS SEMI CONWEST redick

obrien
08. 05. 2008
0 views

obrien

GMO EU Bans
08. 05. 2008
0 views

GMO EU Bans

audvotpowpoint
30. 04. 2008
0 views

audvotpowpoint

Abo dar3 hav mots
07. 02. 2008
0 views

Abo dar3 hav mots

vpbusiness 2004
11. 02. 2008
0 views

vpbusiness 2004

LA STEM pres5
16. 01. 2008
0 views

LA STEM pres5

Polarhide And Roof Heat Edited
25. 01. 2008
0 views

Polarhide And Roof Heat Edited

Games2
22. 01. 2008
0 views

Games2

tvp urg
17. 01. 2008
0 views

tvp urg

wombwithaview
08. 01. 2008
0 views

wombwithaview

Proposal slides
08. 04. 2008
0 views

Proposal slides

corporate partnership
22. 01. 2008
0 views

corporate partnership

POA June 2006
10. 01. 2008
0 views

POA June 2006

LifeShapes 1
29. 01. 2008
0 views

LifeShapes 1

Clavel
22. 01. 2008
0 views

Clavel