Published on November 10, 2014
Beginner’s QA Testing of Websites By Quontra Solutions: Email : [email protected] Contact : 404-900-9988 Website : www.quontrasolutions.com Beginner’s QA Testing of Websites By Quontra Solutions What is Quality Assurance?: What is Quality Assurance? QA is part of all good production processes. Quality Assurance (QA) is part of the process that ensures: Quality in work Activities are being performed effectively The product meets requirements What’s unique about Website QA?: What’s unique about Website QA? = It’s Not Equal: Website QA has some differences: functions, benefits and production costs are not as easily measured as a physical product when a website is deployed, it is not necessarily “complete”... it lives, it evolves, is updated. “Finished” is a term applied for the purpose of releasing it for use. It’s Not Equal The Challenge: Processes and methods to manage, monitor, and measure quality in websites and apps can be as fluid and elusive as the defects they are meant to keep in check. For processes and methods to be most effective, you need to implement both web standards and company guidelines . The Challenge QA Testing is not limited to Usability or Cross-Browser Testing: Usability is an essential part of QA Cross-browser testing is tests for acceptable display in modern browsers QA tests the entire process, including functional accuracy QA Testing is not limited to Usability or Cross-Browser Testing QA Function, Design and Usability The Benefits of QA: Improved client satisfaction: profitable relationships, good testimonials, waves of referrals Reduced cost of development: fewer defects, streamlined and simplified stages of development, retesting runs smoothly, deployment on time, on budget Reduced cost of maintenance: good development is less troublesome to support, support is costly The Benefits of QA Methodology of QA: Validation testing: entering erroneous data to test for an expected result what is the expected result? should this error have happened? if this error is likely to happen, is there any way we might prevent its occurrence? Methodology of QA Form Validation: character limit, add more chars than the field do the unexpected, try to break the form form submits when numbers or characters are entered in the fields: 1,2,3,4,5 etc. “ ” & ‘ ( ) ’ Form Validation Methodology of QA: Data comparison: compares the output of an application to previously entered data if the appropriate data types are entered, are we getting the correct result? does the way the page delivers or displays those results make sense? is there anything about this part of the application that should be more obvious? Methodology of QA Data Input vs. Output : does it make sense? any inconsistencies with the data entry? test and change the data entry and see if output updates the same way Data Input vs. Output Methodology of QA: Usability Testing : tests out how users actually use a website, to match it more closely to what user needs is the user doing what we expected in the manner we expected? are they finding and performing tasks? where are the weaknesses in the design? where and why are tasks not being completed? how can we assist the user? Methodology of QA Usability: does it make sense? how can we improve the design? how can we help the user know what to do? how can we assist workflow? Usability Slide14: Testing often and little is far more valuable and cost effective than doing one whopping big usability test of an entire site when it is almost finished. Testing Guidelines: Test by developer repeatedly as critical sections are finished, to validate functionality Test when all sections are ready and “code complete” not involved with the site in any way new to the website (don’t ask them twice) familiar with the web in general Use an outside user or colleague who is: colleagues may provide very useful feedback Testing Guidelines Learn the requirements: Examples of requirements: A streamlined, purposeful interface that is easy to understand and navigate, with obvious links, and no clutter Forms use inline validation to assist user Actions which cannot be undone should ask for confirmation An online forum where users can add topics, edit their posts, and comment Learn the requirements Gather use cases from the developer and account management team: Use cases specify how users carry out a task in the website. Examples include: Complete application start to finish Start, Save, then Continue later Change status; Verify update to status Filter and reorder list Add or Edit an item Search for an item Gather use cases from the developer and account management team Draft a Checklist for the tester for what to test: Draft a Checklist for the tester for what to test Content spelling, grammar, mechanics all critical information is present titles, headers, and navigation labeled correctly Graphics and layout image quality download time text layout alignment of elements color accuracy User preference font size and link colors Browser compatibility check on different platforms check on different browsers Functionality form validation erroneous data input vs. output meets expectations makes sense Draft a questions for the tester to ask during testing: Does the user: gets the point of the page(s) understands the navigation system can guess where to find things. In a general test you want to know: how do users interact with the web site? what is difficult to do? where do they get lost? what makes sense to them? what makes them feel distrustful or insecure? what do they like and hate? In a specific test you might want to know, for example: can the user accomplish a key task? can the user find something specific Draft a questions for the tester to ask during testing Create a testing matrix: Create a testing matrix Then... Test!: Test in all browsers needed to meet requirements: Firefox 2 Safari Internet Explorer 6 Internet Explorer 7 Document findings!!! Then... Test! Get the Benefits: No surprises late in the game You KNOW it works and can stand by it confidently You can sleep at night Happy clients Long-term clients Deliver real value Get the Benefits Thank You!! : Thank You !!