Published on January 13, 2018
1. From: psoba via FASlink [email protected] Subject: [FASlink] Resend: Behavior Scale and 1996 Final Report Date: December 23, 2017 at 7:38 AM To: [email protected] The following are behavioral problems from "A Fetal Alcohol Behavior Scale" published in the *Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research* journal by Dr. Ann Streissguth <http://depts.washington.edu/fadu>. Behaviors in the Scale can include the following and are presented in order of frequency: unaware of consequences of an action poor attention (may not be true attention deﬁcit disorder) can't take hints overreacts mood swings interrupts poor judgment likes to be the center of attention loses things overstimulated ﬁdgety likes to talk demands attention often described as "...tries hard but..." out of context overly friendly sleep problems superﬁcial friendships hygiene problems messy touches people frequently chats but no content klutzy poor manners talks fast physically loving can't play team sports difﬁculty performing even though can repeat instructions unusual topics of conversation inappropriate behavior at home inappropriate behavior outside the home repeats often sensitive to noises loud, unusual voice problems with sexual function Other Central Nervous System symptoms that have been reported by other researchers may include: mental retardation (IQs of these children can range from 40 to 130) Cerebral Palsy symptoms epilepsy symptoms short term memory loss intermittent long term memory problems perseveration (does things over and over) attachment disorder speech and language problems receptive/expressive language disorder sensory integration dysfunction disorderly conduct has trouble learning new motor skills ﬁne motor skills are problematic sensitive or insenstive to bright lights has dry, ﬂakey skin distinct odor to self or room or clothes stomach and/or bowel problems unusual eye and hearing problems problems with menstrual periods may often be diagnosed as: ADHD, Asperger's. Autistic, Pervasive Developmental Delay, Antisocial Personality, Hyperactivity, Borderline Personality Disorder.
2. Behavioral problems might be apparent at birth, start with schooling or may not appear until the child begins puberty. The description of the parents often includes the phrase, "There is something wrong but I just can't put my ﬁnger on it." Children with full FAS are more easily recognized as having problems. Children with Fetal Alcohol Effects (FAE)/Alcohol Related Neuodevlopmental Disorders (ARND)/partial FAS do not have all of the physical signs of FAS but have most of the behavioral problems. The majority of behavioral problems are not clearly evident until the child enters school. From The August 1996 Final Report: Understanding the Occurrence of Secondary Disabilities in Clients with Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS) and Fetal Alcohol Effects (FAE). This report may be ordered through the Fetal Alcohol and Drug Unit, University of Washington, 180 Nickerson, Suite 309, Seattle, Washington 98109-9112. Tel: 206-543-7155. Website: http://depts.washington.edu/fadu _____________________________________________________________________ *****"The most outstanding characteristics of FAS are bad judgment and the inability to make the connection between an act and its consequences."***** Dr. Ann Streissguth, University of Washington _____________________________________________________________________ Note: Many researchers are now saying that Secondary Disabilities might be primary in accordance with the initial damage to the cells of the brain by the alcohol. Secondary disabilities are deﬁned as those disabilities that a person is not born with and those disabilities that could be prevented or made less severe through better understanding and practical intervention. In a study conducted by the University of Washington on 473 clients, the following results were noted: 178 clients (almost 38%) were diagnosed with full FAS and had an average IQ of 79. (In all evaluations, a score of 100 is considered to be normal) Average Reading score was 78; Average Spelling score was 75; Average Math score was 70; Average Adaptive Behavior Score was 61. 295 clients (over 62%) were diagnosed as having Fetal Alcohol Effects, most commonly called FAE and medically referred to as Alcohol Related Neurodevelopmental Disorders and had an average IQ of 90. Average Reading score was 84; Average Spelling score was 81; Average Math score was 76; Average Adaptive Behavior score was 67. Of these clients, 415 were selected for a life history questionniare and these were the results: Mental Health Problems were by far the most prevalent secondary disability experienced over the entire age sample (94%). (Ages 3-51 years). The following results were found for those age 12 and older: *Disrupted school experience (deﬁned as having been suspended or expelled from school or having dropped out of school) was experienced by 60% of the clients. *Trouble with the law (deﬁned as ever having been in trouble with authorities, charged or convicted of a crime) was experienced by 60% of the clients. *Conﬁnement (including inpatient treatment for mental health problems or alcohol/drug problems, or ever having been incarcerated for a crime) was experienced by almost 50% of the clients. 90 clients age 21 and older were selected for questions about self sufﬁciency or independent living skills. 80% of the clients, age 21 and older, were not self sufﬁcient in the areas of *Getting Dressed *Using Public Transportation *Personal Hygiene *Staying Out of Trouble *Structuring Leisure Time *Cooking Meals *Grocery Shopping *Interpersonal Relationships *Getting Medical Care *Getting Social Services *Making Decisions *Managing Money 80% of the 90 adults age 21 and over were still having employment problems that dealt with *Lying *Problems with Supervisor *Anger Management *Unreliability *Social Problems *Poor Judgment *Poor Task Comprehension *Easy Frustration ***Clients with FAE or Alcohol Related Neurological Disorders have a higher rate of ALL secondary disabilities except for mental health problems. Mental Health Problems were by far the most prevalent secondary disability experienced over the entire age sample (94%). (Ages 3-51 years).***
3. entire age sample (94%). (Ages 3-51 years).*** To read this in Japanese, please go to http://www.fasjapan.web.fc2.com To read this in Chinese (Simpliﬁed or Traditional), please go to: http://www.fasin.org FAS in Spanish: http://www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/Spanish/fas/default.htm FAS Center for Excellence: http://fascenter.samhsa.gov/ The FASD Center for Excellence in Spanish: http://fasdcenter.samhsa.gov/fasdsp/index.cfm National Directory of Professionals, Treatment Centers and Support Groups for the United States: http://www.nofas.org/resource-directory/ National Directory for Canada: http://www.ccsa.ca For help in diet, exercise and different types of therapy, please go to http://www.betterendings.org/ For free brochures, please go to http://www.fasalaska.com Canadian Brochures on FASD (Various Topics) http://www.fasdoutreach.ca/teacher-resources/print-resources/print-resources#1TDRTHA Canadian eLearning videos http://www.fasdoutreach.ca/elearning/modules-guide/modules-guide EDUCATIONAL RESOURCE SITES Understanding Tests and Measurements: http://www.wrightslaw.com/advoc/articles/tests_measurements.html Characteristics of Students with FAS: http://www.bced.gov.bc.ca/specialed/fas/charstu.htm School Advocacy: http://www.come-over.to/FAS/schooladvocacy.htm IDEA: http://www.come-over.to/FAS/IDEA97notes.htm IEP Guide: http://www.ed.gov/parents/needs/speced/iepguide/iepguide.doc When Your Child Does Not Qualify for Special Education: http://www.come-over.to/FAS/IDEA504.htm Training Teachers about FAS/E: http://www.come-over.to/FAS/teachertraining.htm Array of Disabilities: http://come-over.to/FAS/array.htm Using the Vineland Adaptive Scales: http://www.come-over.to/FAS/VinelandRationale.htm Teaching Students with Fetal Alcohol Syndrome: http://www.bced.gov.bc.ca/specialed/fas/under.htm http://www.edu.gov.mb.ca/k12/specedu/fas/pdf/4.pdf http://www.education.gov.ab.ca/k_12/specialneeds/fasd/fasd.pdf http://www.education.gov.yk.ca/publications.html (Making a Difference: Working with students who have Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders) http://education.alberta.ca/media/932737/redeﬁning_ﬁnal.pdf http://www.usd.edu/medical-school/center-for-disabilities/fetal-alcohol-spectrum-disord ers-education-strategies-handbook.cfm Vocational Rehabilitation Program: http:www.come-over.to/FAS/WhatWorksForJohn.htm Legal Issues: http://www.americanbar.org/groups/child_law/what_we_do/projects/child_and_adolescent_health/fasd.html http://njjn.org/media/resources/public/resource_383.pdf
4. http://njjn.org/media/resources/public/resource_383.pdf <http://www.epnet.com> or <FederalLegalPublications.com> (In particular, the Winter 2010 and Spring 2011 issues of the Journal of Psychiatry and Law.) Central Nervous System Abnormalities Associated with Fetal Alcohol Syndrome: http://cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/rr541a2.htm Alcohol Equivalents for Different Drinks: http://www.iprc.indiana.edu/publications/iprc/factline/alcdoses.html#DOSES University of Washington <depts.washington.edu/fadu> Fascets <www.fascets.org> FASLink <www.faslink.org> . FASlink Website: http://www.faslink.org Moderator's E-Mail: [email protected] Manage Your Member Account: http://mail.acbr.com/mailman/listinfo/faslink_acbr.com Current Discussions: http://mail.acbr.com/mailman/private/faslink_acbr.com/ FASlink Archives: http://www.faslink.org -- You received this message because you are subscribed to the Google Groups "FASlink" group. To unsubscribe from this group and stop receiving emails from it, send an email to [email protected] To post to this group, send email to [email protected] Visit this group at https://groups.google.com/group/faslink. To view this discussion on the web, visit https://groups.google.com/d/msgid/faslink/16084064613-1720-2ce5f%40webjas- vad213.srv.aolmail.net. For more options, visit https://groups.google.com/d/optout.