BETWEEN THE WARS

Information about BETWEEN THE WARS

Published on April 13, 2008

Author: Julie

Source: authorstream.com

Content

THE ROARING 20’S:  THE ROARING 20’S POST-WAR PERIOD 1918-1921:  POST-WAR PERIOD 1918-1921 WILSON'S LOSS OF POPULARITY ECONOMIC RECESSION LABOR DISPUTES 2400 STRIKES RED SCARE ? PALMER RAIDS ? BLACK SCARE / INCREASED RACIAL TENSIONS CHARACTERISTICS OF ROARING 20’S:  CHARACTERISTICS OF ROARING 20’S POLITICAL CONSERVATISM ECONOMIC CONSERVATISM BOOM AND BUST MIXED FOREIGN POLICY CULTURAL CHANGE POLITICAL CONSERVATISM:  POLITICAL CONSERVATISM DESIRE TO “TURN BACK THE CLOCK” AND RETURN TO THE “GOOD OLD DAYS” DISILLUSIONED BY WWI REACTION AGAINST PROGRESSIVISM AND LIBERALISM RED SCARE BLACK SCARE POLITICAL CONSERVATISM:  POLITICAL CONSERVATISM ELECTION OF 1920 REP. - WARREN G. HARDING “RETURN TO NORMALCY” DEM. – JAMES COX SOC. – EUGENE V. DEBS POLITICAL CONSERVATISM:  POLITICAL CONSERVATISM HARDING ADMINISTRATION (1921-1923) DEATH CALVIN COOLIDGE ? SCANDALS OHIO GANG ? TEAPOT DOME ? ALBERT FALL ? POLITICAL CONSERVATISM:  POLITICAL CONSERVATISM COURT MARTIAL OF BILLY MITCHELL ? INSUBORDINATION KU KLUX KLAN ? SACCO AND VANZETTI ? ECONOMIC CONSERVATISM:  ECONOMIC CONSERVATISM RETURN TO TRADITIONAL REPUBLICAN POLICIES LAISSEZ FAIRE TRICKLE DOWN ECONOMICS HIGHER TARIFFS RUGGED INDIVIDUALISM CLOSE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN BUSINESS AND GOVERNMENT ECONOMIC CONSERVATISM:  ECONOMIC CONSERVATISM ANDREW MELLON ? “SPARE THE RICH” (TRICKLE DOWN ECONOMICS) HIGH TARIFFS LOW TAXES LOWER GOV’T SPENDING AID TO SOLDIERS AND FARMERS ECONOMIC CONSERVATISM:  ECONOMIC CONSERVATISM ELECTION OF 1924 REP. – CALVIN COOLIDGE “KEEP COOL WITH COOLIDGE” DEM. – JOHN W. DAVIS PROG. – ROBERT M. LAFOLLETTE ECONOMIC CONSERVATISM:  ECONOMIC CONSERVATISM ELECTION OF 1928 REP. – HERBERT HOOVER “A CHICKEN IN EVERY POT AND TWO CARS IN EVERY GARAGE” DEM. – ALFRED SMITH BOOM AND BUST:  BOOM AND BUST UNPARALLELED ECONOMIC GROWTH FOLLOWED BY STOCK MARKET CRASH AND GREAT DEPRESSION BOOM AND BUST:  BOOM AND BUST INSTALLMENT BUYING ? RADIO / ADVERTISING FLORIDA LAND BOOM BIG BULL MARKET ? BOOM AND BUST:  BOOM AND BUST STOCK MARKET CRASH THURSDAY OCTOBER 24, 1929 $11 BILLION LOST J. P. MORGAN TUESDAY OCTOBER 29, 1929 ? $14 BILLION LOST CAUSES OVERSPECULATION EXCESSIVE MARGIN PURCHASES ? LOSS OF CONFIDENCE MIXED FOREIGN POLICY:  MIXED FOREIGN POLICY ISOLATION LEAGUE OF NATIONS ECONOMIC NATIONALISM IMMIGRATION POLICY EMERGENCY QUOTA ACT – 1921 NATIONAL ORIGINS ACT – 1924 RESTRICTED IMMIGRATION FROM SOUTHERN AND EASTERN EUROPE MIXED FOREIGN POLICY:  MIXED FOREIGN POLICY COOPERATION WAR DEBTS AND REPARATIONS ? DAWES PLAN – 1924 YOUNG PLAN – 1929 HOOVER MORATORIUM – 1931 LAUSANNE PACT – 1932 WASHINGTON NAVAL CONFERENCE – 1921 ? KELLOGG-BRIAND PACT – 1928 ? CULTURAL CHANGE:  CULTURAL CHANGE SOCIAL AND CULTURAL LIBERALISM REBELLION AGAINST TRADITION NEW FORMS OF CULTURAL EXPRESSION TECHNOLOGY CULTURAL CHANGE:  CULTURAL CHANGE PROHIBITION – “THE NOBLE EXPERIMENT” VOLSTEAD ACT ? BOOTLEGGER ? SPEAKEASY ? AL CAPONE ? ST. VALENTINE’S DAY MASSACRE 2/14/1929 ? Slide22:  HEROES, VILLIANS, AND SCANDALS CULTURAL CHANGE:  CULTURAL CHANGE LEOPOLD AND LOEB – MAY 21, 1924 ? CLARENCE DARROW ? JOHN T. SCOPES-1925 MONKEY TRIAL ? WOMEN’S SUFFRAGE ? CULTURAL CHANGE:  CULTURAL CHANGE CHARLES LINDBERGH ? HENRY FORD ASSEMBLY LINE MODEL T ? RADIO KDKA ? MUSIC ? DANCE ? FLAPPERS ? CULTURAL CHANGE:  CULTURAL CHANGE HARLEM RENAISSANCE ? MARCUS GARVEY ? UNIA ? LITERATURE LOST GENERATION ? “ALL GODS DEAD, ALL WARS FOUGHT, ALL FAITHS IN MAN SHAKEN” CULTURAL CHANGE:  CULTURAL CHANGE MOTION PICTURES RUDOLPH VALENTINO ? THE JAZZ SINGER ? SPORTS BABE RUTH ? JACK DEMPSEY ? BOBBY JONES ? THE GREAT DEPRESSION:  THE GREAT DEPRESSION CHARACTERISTICS:  CHARACTERISTICS AGRICULTURAL PLIGHT DUST BOWL ? OKIES ? GRAPES OF WRATH ? STOCK MARKET CRASH BANK RUNS DOWNWARD SPIRAL BUSINESS FAILURES UNEMPLOYMENT LESS SALES $50,000,000,000 lost in 2 weeks 86,000 business failed in 3 years 9,000,000 savings accounts wiped out in 3 years 12,000,000 unemployed CAUSES:  CAUSES WORLDWIDE ECONOMIC DISORDER HIGH TARIFFS FORDNEY-MCCUMBER TARIFF - 1922 HAWLEY-SMOOT TARIFF - 1930 EXCESSIVE BORROWING INSTALLMENT BUYING MARGIN PURCHASES OVERPRODUCTION UNEVEN DISTRIBUTION OF WEALTH INITIAL STEPS TAKEN BY HOOVER:  INITIAL STEPS TAKEN BY HOOVER RUGGED INDIVIDUALISM “PROSPERITY IS JUST AROUND THE CORNER” “TOO LITTLE, TOO LATE” RFC – 1932 ? HOME LOAN BANK ACT – 1932 ? VOLUNTARY COOPERATION OF BUSINESS URGED CITIES AND STATES TO INCREASE SPENDING CUT INCOME TAXES $45 MILLION TO HELP FARMERS FEED LIVESTOCK BONUS ARMY MARCH ? ELECTION OF 1932:  ELECTION OF 1932 REP. – HERBERT HOOVER DEM. – FRANKLIN DELANO ROOSEVELT NEW DEAL FOR THE FORGOTTEN MAN ISSUE - DEPRESSION Slide36:  FDR 22,821,277 57.4% HOOVER 15,761,254 39.7% NEW DEAL AIMS:  NEW DEAL AIMS RELIEF ? REFORM ? RECOVERY ? FIRESIDE CHATS ? PUMP PRIMING ? JOHN MAYNARD KEYNES ? BRAIN TRUST ? 100 DAYS:  100 DAYS BANK HOLIDAY ? CCC ? PWA ? WPA ? FERA ? 21ST AMENDMENT ? FDIC ? NRA (NIRA) ? ALPHABET SOUP:  ALPHABET SOUP AAA ? SCDAA ? FCA ? RA ? SEC ? WAGNER ACT ? NLRB ? CIO ? JOHN L. LEWIS ? HOLC ? FHA ? SSA ? TVA ? NYA ? REA ? GOLD RESERVE ACT ? RECIPROCAL TRADE AGREEMENTS ? MOST FAVORED NATION ? CORDELL HULL ? GOOD NEIGHBOR POLICY ? VETERAN’S BONUS BILL ? Slide42:  NYA PIED PIPERS OF PROSPERITY:  PIED PIPERS OF PROSPERITY HUEY P. LONG SHARE OUR WEALTH ? EVERY MAN A KING ? PIED PIPERS OF PROSPERITY:  PIED PIPERS OF PROSPERITY FATHER CHARLES E. COUGHLIN RADIO PRIEST OF DETROIT NATIONAL UNION FOR SOCIAL JUSTICE PLAN ? ? ANTI ? PIED PIPERS OF PROSPERITY:  PIED PIPERS OF PROSPERITY DR. FRANCIS E. TOWNSEND REVOLVING PENSION PLAN ? ELECTION OF 1936:  ELECTION OF 1936 DEM. – FDR REP. – ALF LANDON UNION PARTY HUEY P. LONG DR. CARL WEISS ? WILLIAM LEMKE ISSUES BALANCING THE BUDGET NEW DEAL Slide47:  FDR 27,752,648 60.8% LANDON 16,681,862 36.5% LEMKE 892,378 2.0% FDR’S 2ND TERM:  FDR’S 2ND TERM SUPREME COURT COURT PACKING ? FINANCING THE NEW DEAL DEFICIT SPENDING INFLATION RAISE TAXES TO “SOAK THE RICH” INCOME – INHERITANCE – CORPORATE ELECTION OF 1940:  ELECTION OF 1940 DEM. – FDR REP. – WENDELL WILKIE ISSUES 3RD TERM WWII Slide52:  WHAT BASIC ECONOMIC AND POLITICAL POLICIES WERE PURSUED BY THE CONSERVATIVE REPUBLICAN ADMINISTRATIONS OF THE 1920’S? Slide53:  IN WHAT WAYS WERE THE TWENTIES A SOCIAL AND CULTURAL REACTION AGAINST THE PROGRESSIVE IDEALISM THAT HELD SWAY BEFORE AND DURING WORLD WAR I? Slide54:  HOW DID NEW TECHNOLOGICAL AND ECONOMIC INNOVATIONS HELP BRING ABOUT SOCIAL CHANGES IN THE 20’S?

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