Bhuj Earthquake_Ankit Windlas

Information about Bhuj Earthquake_Ankit Windlas

Published on July 23, 2014

Author: ankitwindlas



EARTHQUAKE RISK MANAGEMENT BHUJ, GUJARAT JANUARY 26, 2001: EARTHQUAKE RISK MANAGEMENT BHUJ, GUJARAT JANUARY 26, 2001 PowerPoint Presentation: What is EARTHQUAKE ? Earthquake refers to the result of a sudden release of energy in the Earth's crust that creates seismic waves. It may also refer to sudden and violent shaking of the ground, sometimes causing great destruction. PowerPoint Presentation: What CAUSES Earthquakes? An earthquake is caused by a sudden slip on a fault. Stresses in the earth's outer layer push the sides of the fault together. Stress builds up and the rocks slips suddenly, releasing energy in waves that travel through the earth's crust and cause the shaking that we feel during an earthquake . PowerPoint Presentation: HOW COMMON ARE EARTHQUAKES? Magnitude (Richter Scale) Number per Year 0 – 3.4 > 800,000 4.9 – 5.4 1400 5.5 – 6.1 500 7.0 – 7.3 15 >8 1 every 10 years PowerPoint Presentation: Date: January 26, 2001 Magnitude 7.7 M W Depth 16 kilometers (10  mil) Epicenter Location Yellow star marks epicenter Countries or regions affected   India Intensity High Damage caused: 19,727 believed dead 166,000 injured 40,000 homes destroyed 5.5 billion $ loss of assets BHUJ EARTHQUAKE 2001 DAMAGES BY BHUJ EARTHQUAKE 2001: DAMAGES BY BHUJ EARTHQUAKE 2001 PowerPoint Presentation: 5 year old girl recovers at a hospital in Bhuj on Monday after Friday's massive earthquake Helpless man being trapped under debris DAMAGES BY BHUJ EARTHQUAKE 2001 PowerPoint Presentation: How to mitigate and control the risks from Earthquakes? PowerPoint Presentation: RISK MANAGEMENT PowerPoint Presentation: PROTECTION PowerPoint Presentation: Preparing for an Earthquake Knowledge and Research Become familiar with earthquake terms . Aftershocks Epicenter Fault Focus Intensity Magnitude Mercalli Scale Tidal wave Tsunami PowerPoint Presentation: 2. Safeguard your home by : Bolting bookshelves, water heaters and cabinets to wall studs. Anchoring things so that they will not move or fall during an earthquake. Keeping things in their proper place. Preparing for an Earthquake: Protection PowerPoint Presentation: During Earthquake Get under a heavy table or desk and hold on, or sit or stand against an inside wall. Keep away from windows. If indoors, stay indoors. If outdoors, stay outdoors away from falling debris, trees and power lines. If in a car, stay in the car. Many injuries occur when people act on their impulse to run. Train yourself to take cover where you are. PowerPoint Presentation: Responses Inside Buildings during an Earthquake Drop, cover, and hold on. Get under a table. If there are no tables, get under or down between rows of chairs or against inner walls. Do not stand in a doorway. Buildings today have so much partitioning , much of which is temporary, that many doorways are actually weak points. If you have nothing to get under, sit down against an interior wall or next to a chair, holding on if possible. If you are in bed, it's best to stay there, hold on, and pull the pillows over your head for protection. If children are in another room, take cover in the closest safe place and call to them to do the same. PowerPoint Presentation: Responses If You Are Outside during an Earthquake Outside, get away from buildings, walls, trees and power lines. If you cannot get clear of hazards, getting back inside a building is better than staying on the sidewalk. Sidewalks next to buildings are among the worst places to be. In a car, ease off the accelerator and slow down carefully. Do not stop on or under overpasses and bridges if you can avoid them. Be aware of what traffic around you is doing and act accordingly. 3. If you live in coastal areas, be aware of possible tsunamis. PowerPoint Presentation: Response After Earthquake In addition to the basic precautions undertaken after the earthquake you should: Expect aftershocks. Avoid using vehicles except in emergencies. Check yourself for injuries and protect yourself by putting on shoes, work gloves and any other protective gear at hand. If the electricity is off, turn on a flashlight . PowerPoint Presentation: 5 . Once you are sure that you're all right, check the people around you for injuries. You might ask loudly, "Is everyone okay?" This will also help calm people. The types of injuries that happen most often in an earthquake include cuts, bruises , fractures and physiological shock . 6 . Check the entire building for structural damage and chemical spills. 7. Check chimneys for cracks and damage. The initial check should be made from a distance. Have a professional inspect the chimney for internal damage that could lead to fire. Response After Earthquake PowerPoint Presentation: Gujarat Earthquakes 2001 Earthquake 2006 Earthquake Date 26-Jan-01 6-Apr-06 Location Gujarat Gujarat Damage 20,000 died No deaths Around 166,000 injured Around 40 people were injured. 5.5 billion $ loss of assets Around 1 million $ loss of assets 40,000 homes destroyed Around 50 homes were destroyed Magnitude range (Richter Scale) 5.5 - 8 5.5 - 8 With Risk Management techniques: Knowledge, Protection and Coping, the damage caused by 2006 Earthquake reduced drastically as compared to 2001 Earthquake 2001 Gujarat Earthquake Vs. 2006 Gujarat Earthquake PowerPoint Presentation: THANK YOU

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