Bhutan Hunger presentation RCC

Information about Bhutan Hunger presentation RCC

Published on January 4, 2008

Author: FunSchool

Source: authorstream.com

Content

Slide1:  Preparing MDG-Based National Development Strategy TTF1- Agriculture and rural development Cluster Needs Assessment for Goal 1: Eradicate Extreme Poverty and Hunger Bhutan 22nd August, 2006 Goal 1: Eradicate Extreme Poverty & Hunger:  Goal 1: Eradicate Extreme Poverty & Hunger Target 1: Halve, between 1990 and 2015, the proportion of people whose income is less than a dollar a day. Target 2: Halve, between 1990 and 2015, the proportion of people who suffer from hunger (Proportion of underweight children below five years of age and the proportion of population below the minimum level of dietary energy requirement) Agriculture and Rural Development Cluster:  Agriculture and Rural Development Cluster Increase Increasing food output and Rural Income Reduce poverty Reduce Hunger Water & Sanitation Environmental Sustainability Rural Youth Employment Gender Equality Overview of Hunger Needs Assessment Model:  Overview of Hunger Needs Assessment Model Hunger has multiple causes– 1. lack of adequate food production 2. lack of purchasing power to buy adequate quantities of food 3. lack of appropriate nutrients in the food consumed In most cases it results from a combination of these three drivers. The analysis in this model focuses on interventions by investment cluster, (5 clusters) not by target –like nutrition interventions are made under health. Hunger and food insecurity can be addressed by implementing a well coordinated strategy to increase agriculture productivity by three times supplemented by income-generation activities, nutrition programs, and emergency food assistance programs. Escaping poverty and hunger trap -Breaking six Barriers:  Escaping poverty and hunger trap -Breaking six Barriers Poverty & Hunger Trap High transport cost- Small markets Low productivity Agriculture Low diffusion of technology Adverse Geopolitics High fertility Rate A very high disease burden Interventions to enhance agricultural productivity:  Interventions to enhance agricultural productivity To combat hunger, MDG interventions to increase agricultural productivity should focus on food-insecure farmers and include: • Investments to increase soil health (green manure, agro-forestry, chemical fertilizers, soil erosion control). • Provision of improved inputs (improved seeds, high breed livestock and fish, community tree nurseries, fodder crops). • Investments in small-scale water management for agriculture (traditional water harvesting and conservation, pumps, drip irrigation, wells). • Agriculture and irrigation extension services with a special focus on training women extension workers and paraprofessionals. • Research in agriculture. Interventions for rural income generation:  Interventions for rural income generation Support for off-farm income-generating activities includes the following: • Increased access to quality financial services, especially microfinance • Building food storage facilities to reduce post-harvest losses and seasonal fluctuation of prices • Building market spaces to reduce information asymmetry with buyers and food for work, farmer associations • Investments to support value added activities, such as food processing technologies, input trade and market information. Policies to encourage income generation would require supporting the development of networks of agro-dealers and regulatory structures that encourage credit and savings facilities in rural areas. Interventions to improve nutritional outcome :  Interventions to improve nutritional outcome Direct nutritional interventions to pregnant women and lactating mothers Encourage complementary feeding for infants School meals and complementary feeding Reduce under-nutrition of children under 5 years Reduce vitamin and mineral deficiency through micronutrient supplementation targeted at vulnerable groups Emergency relief (early warning systems, safety nets, directed food aid, emergency feeding assistance) Hello! Hello! Interventions to improve water supply and sanitation :  Interventions to improve water supply and sanitation • Provision and operation of infrastructure for domestic water supply. • Construction and operation of sanitation facilities, including drainage systems and facilities for disposal of wastewater. • Hygiene education, including awareness campaigns in primary schools, through community-based organizations, media, and so on. • Provision and operation of infrastructure for water supply and sanitation for such institutions as schools and health centers. • Provision and maintenance of water storage and other infrastructure for water management (such as watershed management) • Hydrological monitoring. Interventions to Improve transport:  Interventions to Improve transport • Establishing systems for operating and maintaining community-based local modes of transports such as bicycles, carts and motorized vehicles to support the provision of essential social services and infrastructure maintenance. • Upgrading and construction of footpaths, paved secondary, or district roads as well as small paved feeder and community roads for linking with markets These interventions will need to be underpinned by supportive policies, such as the deregulation of transport markets, designing institutional structure and funding arrangements for adequate road maintenance, and support to small- scale transport entrepreneurs. Interventions to improve energy supply :  Interventions to improve energy supply • Distribution of efficient cooking stoves, modern fuels for cooking and space heating, including canisters. • Interventions to reduce the adverse health impacts from cooking with biomass (improved ventilation, chimneys, smoke-hoods, etc). • Interventions to increase sustainable biomass production (agro-forestry, woodlots or community forestry, area closures, etc). • Provision of diesel generators, hybrid systems, or solar home systems together with necessary wiring to all schools, hospital, clinics, community health centers, & other community facilities. • Interventions to facilitate community-level access to electricity & mechanical power through support for electrification, fuel, & devices for cooperatives, small businesses, & community centers. • Extension of the electric power grid and non grid electrification. Interventions to promote urban private sector development:  Interventions to promote urban private sector development Provision of infrastructure to support the development of manufacturing and service industries including the establishment of export processing zones, industrial parks and other designated areas for private sector development Promote other positive enabling environment for informal sector including the avenues for production and marketing Provision of quality financial services, in particular microfinance, including banking, insurance, and money transfer services to SMEs. Slide13:  Outcome of MDG Interventions by Target: Hunger Increasing agricultural productivity through investments in soil health, water management, extension services, and research increases food availability. Rural incomes and access to markets (improved access to credit, storage facilities, processing, and value-added technologies) raise incomes, together with access to markets, farmer cooperatives/ associations, and physical market spaces. Nutrition ensure micronutrient intake. Direct food assistance in food-scarce areas alleviates short-term hunger. Education to more productive farming and better management of nutritional needs. Slide14:  Outcome of MDG Interventions by Target: Hunger Gender equality. Land rights allow women to increase agricultural production. Increased access to work and higher incomes, purchase adequate food for themselves and their families. Health. Reducing parasitic and infectious disease burden improves nutrition levels. Birth spacing protects maternal and child nutrition and health. Environment. Improved water resource management and protection of water catchments areas can raise crop yields. Biodiversity protection sustains pollination and seed dispersal mechanisms necessary for agricultural production. Slide15:  Outcome of MDG Interventions by Target: Hunger Water and sanitation. Safe drinking water reduces the incidence of diarrheal diseases. Access to sanitation reduces the incidence of diarrheal disease. Integrated water resources management sustains adequate water supply for agriculture. Slum upgrading and urban planning. Slum upgrading interventions help raise incomes and reduce urban hunger. Improved transport infrastructure lowers the cost of food products, further reducing hunger. Science and technology. Increased agricultural research is critical for improving seed varieties, cropping systems, pest control, and water management to increase agricultural productivity, thus reducing hunger. Increased access to higher education can help increase the number of agricultural extension workers. Information and communications technology improves farmers’ market information, raising agricultural production. Slide16:  Outcome of MDG Interventions by Target: Hunger Energy Improved access to electricity and liquid fuels can power diesel pumps for irrigation, facilitate agricultural mechanization, and power agro-processing machinery, thus increasing agricultural output and reducing hunger. Improved energy services lower transportation and marketing costs, which reduces food prices. Access to improved cooking fuels is necessary to ensure safe cooking of food. Transport Footpaths, roads, and improved transport services lower the cost of agricultural inputs, increase farm-gate prices, and facilitate marketing, which can increase agricultural production. Improved transport infrastructure reduces post-harvest losses through accelerated transport of products to markets. Slide17:  THANK YOU

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