bk International missions lakew

Information about bk International missions lakew

Published on January 9, 2008

Author: Quintino

Source: authorstream.com

Content

Upcoming International Missions to the Moon:  Upcoming International Missions to the Moon Brook Lakew Code 693 Lunar Exploration Science Working Group(LESWG) member Jan 11, 2007 Outline:  Outline European SMART-1 Upcoming International Missions Japanese missions Indian mission Chinese mission International Missions and Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter (LRO) Conclusion Lunar Missions- 1990-2014:  Lunar Missions- 1990-2014 Immediate past: ESA’ s Smart-1 (Sept 03- Sept 06):  Immediate past: ESA’ s Smart-1 (Sept 03- Sept 06) SMART-1 (Small Missions for Advanced Research and Technology) 1 + year to get to the moon 18 months in operation at the moon First of a planned series of low cost missions. Primarily a technology demo mission Intentionally crashed on the Moon in Sept 2006. Objectives: Demonstrate Solar-electric ion engine propulsion Operate 7+ miniaturized instruments- with European PIs. Conduct science measurements SMART-1 SMART-1 Instruments :  SMART-1 Instruments 350 kg total 15 kg of science payload 72 kg of Xenon propellant Science instruments include: Autonomous onboard navigation (OBAN) Imaging X-ray Spectrometer(D-CIXS) Visible and near IR camera (AMIE) Solar X-ray experiment (XSM) Laser link experiment Infrared spectroscopy of lunar surface (SIR) Four Upcoming International Missions:  Four Upcoming International Missions JAPAN: SELENE - launch late 2007 Lunar- A- launch TBD-2010? INDIAN: Chandrayaan -1- launch late 2007 CHINA: Chang’e-1 - launch mid 2007 SELENE JAPAN Japan Space Agency (JAXA) SELENE :  Japan Space Agency (JAXA) SELENE SELENE SELenological and ENgineering Explorer Launch expected in late 2007 Ambitious mission “Biggest lunar exploration project since the Apollo Program” 13 + experiments on board Preceded by “Hiten”: Launched in 1990 Marked the start of the Japanese lunar exploration Crashed intentionally on the moon in 1993 SELENE -Objectives:  SELENE -Objectives Objectives Study lunar origins and evolution Explore “possibility of future utilization of the Moon for human endeavors” Develop and test technology for future lunar missions SELENE - Diagram:  SELENE - Diagram LUNAR-A Launch 2010 ?:  LUNAR-A Launch 2010 ? Japan Space Agency (JAXA) Japan Space Agency’s (JAXA) LUNAR-A- Objectives:  Japan Space Agency’s (JAXA) LUNAR-A- Objectives Launch date: No earlier than late 2007 - TBD Launch delayed several times Technical and budget problems Dry mass: 550 kg Objectives: Conduct seismic study of the Moon Conduct heat flow measurements Determine core size - if it exists Demonstrate technology for future planetary seismology LUNAR-A -Instruments:  LUNAR-A -Instruments Mapping camera on the Orbiter Two 13 kg penetrators Dim: 75cm x14 cm Deployed near the lunar Equator In each penetrator: seismometer heat flow probe tiltmeter accelerometer radio transmitter and an antenna. Chandrayaan-1 Launch -late 2007:  Chandrayaan-1 Launch -late 2007 Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) Chandrayaan-1:  Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) Chandrayaan-1 First Indian mission to the Moon. Idea of a lunar mission discussed in 1999. Launch expected in late 2007 Dry mass: 540 kg Mission objectives: Upgrade and test India's technological capabilities in space Return scientific information on the lunar surface. Chandrayaan-1:  Chandrayaan-1 Payload/ Instruments 5 Indian 3 European 1 Bulgarian 2 US Selection of international instruments via an AO by ISRO. Chang’E- 1 Launch - 2007:  Chang’E- 1 Launch - 2007 Chinese Aerospace Science and Technology Corporation Chinese Aerospace Science and Technology Corporation Chang’E- 1:  Chinese Aerospace Science and Technology Corporation Chang’E- 1 Named after an angel in a Chinese fairy tale First of 3 planned missions Launch: As early as April 2007 or later in 2007 Dry mass: 2000 kg Science payload 150 kg Objectives Test technology for future missions Study lunar environment and surface regolith Slide22:  Science Instruments on Upcoming Missions Slide23:  Follow on missions and international participation Conclusion:  Conclusion 2007-2010- busy end of decade. All technology demo missions. US clearly has large lead. US and China have identified follow on missions. Science and utilization of the Moon for economic gain are now intertwined. Slide25:  NASA/Goddard’s NSSDC moon page http://nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov/planetary/planets/moonpage.html

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