Published on June 15, 2007
BODY LANGUAGE: BODY LANGUAGE by Alleen Pace Nilsen and Don L. F. Nilsen AMERICAN SIGN LANGUAGE: AMERICAN SIGN LANGUAGE Contrast sign language and finger spelling. Iconic Sign Language: Male-Female, Past-Future, Hand shape, location, movement, palm orientation, finger spelling FACE: FACE Frown Giggle Grimace Grin Guffaw Laugh Scowl Smile Smirk Snarl HEAD: HEAD Flutter eyelashes Grit teeth Hold nose Nod head (yes) Raise eyebrows Shake head (no) Stick out tongue Wink Wrinkle nose Yawn SHOULDERS: SHOULDERS Rolling shoulder suggestively Shrugging shoulders in disbelief or wonderment HANDS, FINGERS & THUMB: HANDS, FINGERS andamp; THUMB Applauding Extending pinkey Crossing fingers (to lie) Giving the finger Holding hands Pointing Shaking hands (note gender andamp; ethnic differences) Thumbing a ride Thumbs up Twiddling thumbs UNCLE SAM’S FINGER: UNCLE SAM’S FINGER There is a very effective recruitment poster showing Uncle Sam wagging his index finger at the reader. It reads… 'I want you!' (Mey 223) DAVE CHAPPELLE’S THUMB: DAVE CHAPPELLE’S THUMB Chappelle tells about a high-jacked airplane in which he sees another Black male and they do a a thumbs up to each other. 'We were just communicating that we understood the situation. We were both seeing the same thing. What we understoodwas simply—terrorists don’t take black hostages. (Chappelle 2003) ARMS: ARMS Limp wrist Raise hand in class Sign of the cross Waving hand (note gender differences) Sports Signals (See the next slide) SPORTS BODY LANGUAGEAND SPECIAL WORDS: SPORTS BODY LANGUAGE AND SPECIAL WORDS Baseball Basketball Bowling Boxing Football Ping Pong Tennis LEGS & FEET: LEGS andamp; FEET Crossing legs (note gender andamp; ethnic differences) Sitting on a park bench Sitting on a bus seat Slapping knee while laughing SPACE BUBBLES:: SPACE BUBBLES: Asian vs. Latin American Doorway, Subway, Elevator University of Texas: Texas Tower Sniper TIME EXPECTATIONS: TIME EXPECTATIONS Latin American vs. Mormon Cocktail Party vs. Dinner vs. Class UNINTENTIONAL BODY LANGUAGE: UNINTENTIONAL BODY LANGUAGE blinking blushing cowering cringing shuddering trembling twisting hair weeping BODY METAPHORS:: BODY METAPHORS: To be on your toes To be stuck up To be up in arms To break a leg To count noses To foot the bill To have your tongue in your cheek To keep a stiff upper lip To keep your chin up To play it by ear To put your foot in your mouth To see eye to eye To shake a leg To throw in the towel !INTONATION: !INTONATION Use only the words 'John' and 'Marsha' to indicate the following: Anger vs. Fear Resignation vs. Exhuberance Sadness vs. Surprise Pretentiousness vs. Aloofness Hate vs. Passion !!PARALANGUAGE: !!PARALANGUAGE Giddyup (plus lateral click) Hiss Huh? Raspberry (Bronx Cheer) Shush Swearing (*andamp;#@+andamp;%[email protected]~*) Tsk tsk Uchhhhh Uh huh (yes andamp; no) Wolf whistle Yuchhhh !!!EXPLAIN HOW THE FOLLOWING GESTURES ARE INTERPRETED DIFFERENTLY IN DIFFERENT COUNTRIES: !!!EXPLAIN HOW THE FOLLOWING GESTURES ARE INTERPRETED DIFFERENTLY IN DIFFERENT COUNTRIES Biting your thumbnail Kissing someone on the cheeks Putting your hands on your hips Using arm gestures Using eye gestures Using finger gestures Using hand gestures Using lip gestures Slide19: References # 1: Chappelle, Dave. Killing Them Softly: Dave Chappelle. Dir. Stan Latham. Urbanworks Entertainment, 2003 (originally aired in 2000). Clark, Virginia, Paul Eschholz, and Alfred Rosa. Language: Readings in Language and Culture, 6th Edition. New York, NY: St. Martin’s Press, 1998. Emmorey, Karen. 'Sign Language' (Clark, 78-95) Slide20: References # 2 Kemp, William and Roy Smith. 'Signals, Signs, and Words: From Animal Communication to Language' (Clark, 658-680) Mey, Jacob L. Pragmatics, An Introduction, 2nd Edition. Oxford, England: Blackwell, 2001. Miller, George A. 'Nonverbal Communication' (Clark 96-110) Nilsen, Alleen Pace. Living Language Needham Heights, MA: Allyn and Bacon, 1999. Nilsen, Alleen Pace, and Don L. F. Nilsen. Encyclopedia of 20th Century American Humor. Westport, CT: Greenwood, 2000.