Published on March 21, 2008
Experiencing English 2: Experiencing English 2 Unit 4 Calamities and Rescues : Unit 4 Calamities and Rescues Slide3: In this unit, you will first listen, and then talk about traffic accidents read about calamities and rescues learn new words and expressions write to describe how an airplane crash takes place practice the use of subject clauses write to apply for holiday insurance visit Culture Salon for an introduction to the Red Cross Unit 4 Calamities and Rescues home: • Lead in • Dialogue Samples • Passage A Teaching procedures I. Listen and Talk II. Read and Explore III. Culture Salon Related Information Notes to the Text Summary of the Text Words and Expressions Understanding the Text Think About It home Unit 4 Calamities and Rescues: Listen Unit 4 Calamities and Rescues Talk Part I Unit 4 Calamities and Rescues: Unit 4 Calamities and Rescues Directions: Listen to the following passage and try to fill the missing words. Click here to listen. Nature imposes difficult conditions upon the earth from time to time. The tornado and forest fire, pictured below, destroy natural 1. _______, homes and other structures, and very often harm or kill people. Technological tragedies happen with little or no warning as we see trains crash and airplanes fall from the sky shortly after take-off. As tragic as calamities are, they seem to 2. _______ the best in human nature. People trained in 3. _______ care arrive at the scene and begin assisting the injured. Others come with equipment to remove debris. Men, women, and young people willingly come to the scene of an 4. _______ hoping to be of help in some way. These selfless acts of 5. _______ make our world a better place. Compassion eases the wounds of calamities. American Airlines flight number 587 crashed less than three minutes after 6. _______ from JFK Airport in New York in November, 2001. 7. _______ saw an engine fire develop on the plane’s number one engine located under the left wing of the 8. _______. Seconds later, the airliner 9. _______ eight homes, completely destroying four of them. All 260 people 10. _______ the airplane were killed along with six people at the crash site, leaving many people to mourn the loss of their loved ones. The residents (people who live in the area of the crash) rallied together to comfort those grieving, while others removed bodies from the wreckage and did the necessary clean-up. Slide7: Keys: 1. resources 2. bring out 3. emergency 4. accident 5. kindness 6. taking off 7. Witnesses 8. aircraft 9. crashed into 10. aboard Slide8: Dialogue Samples Dialogue 1 Talking About a Traffic Accident Key words and patterns: ◆You saw the bus accident? Tell me about it. ◆Did the van slow down at all? ◆Were there any people on the bus? ◆Do you think many of them were injured? ◆Do you know what hospital they’re taking to? We should go see him. Slide9: Dialogue 2 Visiting the Injured of the Accident key words and patterns: ◆Hey, man, that was a really terrible accident you were in yesterday. ◆We really need you on the team. So you’d better work hard. ◆Cheer up! Just think about all the great-looking girls who will be lining up to see you! ◆And you know, Jimmy, we’ll be there for you; whatever you need. Unit 4 Calamities and Rescues: Unit 4 Calamities and Rescues Listen to the following paragraphs and decide which picture is described in detail. Click here to listen. Unit 4 Calamities and Rescues: Unit 4 Calamities and Rescues The photos are all related to Calamities and Rescues. Describe them to your classmates with the help of the following question. What are natural calamities or disasters? Give examples. What basic skills do you need to become a first-aid worker? Some pictures of 1976 Tang Shan earthquake: Some pictures of 1976 Tang Shan earthquake Volcano（火山） : Volcano（火山） Natural calamities Tornado （龙卷风）: Tornado （龙卷风） Slide17: Typhoon（台风） Slide18: What to Do in an Emergency Even if you're prepared for a disaster, there are several things that will need to be done during and after the fact. Use this guide to make sure you know what to do. 1. Remain calm. If you've formed and practiced your plan, this is the time to use it. 2. Check for injuries. Help seriously injured people as soon as you can. Slide19: 3. Keep a battery-powered radio handy. Stay tuned to a local channel for news and instructions. 4. Check for damage in your home. Shut off any damaged utilities, and clean up anything flammable that may have spilled. Check for gas leaks, and shut off the gas and evacuate your family if you smell anything or suspect a leak. Make sure to use flashlights, rather than matches or candles. Slide20: 5. Secure any pets. 6. Call your family contact. Do not make any more phone calls except in case of an emergency. 7. Check on your neighbors, especially elderly or disabled ones. 8. Make sure you have an adequate water supply in case the service is cut off. 9. Avoid downed power lines. Unit 4 Calamities and Rescues: Read Unit 4 Calamities and Rescues Explore Part II Passage A: Death of a Dream Passage A Slide23: Words & Expressions of passage A 1.beam v. smile brightly and happily 眉开眼笑 eg: He beamed as he opened the door. beam n. 1) a line of light shining out from some bright object eg: a moonbeam 一道月光 2) a bright look or smile eg: “How nice to see you!” she said, with a beam of welcome 2. bound a. 1) going to or intending to go to 驶往 eg: The train is bound for Beijing Slide24: 2) certain, sure eg: It’s bound to rain. 3) having a duty to do sth eg: You are not legally bound to answer these questions 4) bound up in: very busy with or interested in eg: She is bound up in her own problems 5) bound up with: dependent on; connected with eg: His future is closely bounded up with that of the company. Slide25: 3. char v. cause to become black by burning eg: There was nothing left of the house but a a few charred remains 4. Dangle v. hang or swing loosely 悬荡 eg: He sat on the edge of the table dangling his legs. 5. Dazzle v. impress somebody greatly through beauty, knowledge, skill, etc. 使目眩 eg: The lights of the car dazzled me. 6. Devastating a. 1) completely destructive a devastating storm Slide26: 2) very good, attractive eg: You look devastating in that new dress. 7. Distress n.1) state of danger or great difficulty eg: Send out a distress signal; the ship is sinking. 2) great suffering of the mind or body; pain or great discomfort eg: The sick man showed signs of distress 8. Flame n. a hot, glowing quantity of burning gas that comes from something on fire 火焰 Slide27: eg: The dry sticks burst into flames. flame v.1) brightly filled with the colours of flame eg: The evening sky flamed with red and orange 2) break out with sudden violence eg: He was flaming with anger. 9. Giggle v. laugh quietly in an uncontrolled way 咯咯地笑 eg: Stop giggling, girls; this is a serious matter. Slide28: 10. Rear v.1) rise upright （飞机）急遽拉高 2) care for until fully grown 养育 eg: She’s reared a large family. 3) lift up eg: The lion reared its head. 11. Scatter v. 1) separate or cause to separate widely 使散落 eg: The birds scattered at the sound of gun. 2) spread widely in all directions by throwing eg: The farmers were scattering seed on the Slide29: fields. 12. steep a. rising or falling quickly or at a large angle 急遽的 eg: a steep rise in prices. steep v. 1) stay in a liquid, for cleaning eg: The shirts are steeping 2) steeped in : thoroughly filled or familiar with eg: The daily lives of the tribe were steeped in custom and tradition. 13. strew v. scatter irregularly 使散落 eg: There were papers strewn all over the floor 14. stun v.1) shock or surprise greatly 使震惊 Slide30: eg: He seemed completely stunned by the news of his death. 2) make unconscious by hitting on the head. eg: I was stunned by the fall. stunning adj. 1) extremely attractive or beautiful eg: stunning scenery 2) very surprising or shocking eg: stunning news 15. tragic a. very sad, unfortunate 悲惨的 Slide31: eg: a tragic accident tragedy n.1) a serious play that ends sadly eg: “Hamlet” is one of Shakespeare’s best known tragedies. 2) a terrible, unhappy, or unfortunate event eg: Their holiday ended in tragedy when their hotel caught fire. Phrases and Expressions 1. in any case :no matter what happens eg: In any case, you should prepare for the worst. Slide32: 2. come in :arrive eg: Reports are coming in 3. end in:have as a result at the end eg: The argument between the two men ended in a fight. Lead-in Pictures: Lead-in Pictures Before reading Passage A, describe the following pictures . Lead-in Questions: Lead-in Questions 1. Do you often travel by air? Do you enjoy it? Explain. 2. It is said that traveling by air is safer than any other form of transportation. Do you agree? 3. How do you feel when you hear of, or read about, an air disaster? (Click the button below to go to each part.) Notes to the Text: Notes to the Text Click the following words to listen to the text. Listen to the whole text. Listen to paragraph 1. Listen to paragraph 2. Listen to paragraph 3. Listen to paragraph 4. Listen to paragraph 5. Listen to paragraph 6. Listen to paragraph 7. Listen to paragraph 8. Listen to paragraph 9. Summary of the Text: Summary of the Text In 1961 the 18 members of the US figure skating team boarded a plane to travel to Belgium on their way to the world championships in Czechoslovakia. As the plane approached Brussels the weather was good but something was wrong with the plane. Twice it descended as if to land but pulled up and ascended again. Summary of the Text: Summary of the Text The second time it exploded and crashed to the ground. All 83 people on the plane were killed and there were ten families that had lost at least two dear members. The crash site was a scene of total destruction. Later three pairs of melted skates were found dangling from one of the wings. The competition in Prague was cancelled to honor the dead. Never before had such a terrible tragedy occurred in the sport of skating. Understanding the Text: Understanding the Text 1. Who was a better skater, Laurie or her sister Maribel? Laurie was a better skater. Understanding the Text: Understanding the Text 2. What was the weather like that day? The weather was very good. It was warm and sunny with no storms or high winds. Understanding the Text: Understanding the Text 3. How many times did the pilot try to land? The pilot tried to land twice but failed. Understanding the Text: Understanding the Text 4. When did officials in the Brussels control tower sense that there must be something wrong with the plane? They sensed that something must be wrong when the pilot lost contact with the control tower during the last few minutes before the scheduled landing. Understanding the Text: Understanding the Text 5. Did anyone on the plane survive the crash? No, no one survived the crash. Understanding the Text: Understanding the Text 6. What do you think was the impact of this plane crash on the sport of skating in the U.S.? Open. Slide44: Death of a Dream They boarded the plane in New York City with high hopes. The 18 members of the United States figure skating team would fly to Brussels, Belgium. Then they were to go on to Prague, Czechoslovakia, for the world ice skating championships. A photo was taken of the team members as they stood on the steps of the Sabena Airlines 707 jet. The best of America’s skaters beamed for the camera. Mostly young, they laughed and giggled, their eyes dancing with excitement. This was going to be the time of their lives. Slide45: There were three ice skating pairs on the plane. Two were brother-and-sister teams: Laurie and William Hickox and Ida and Ray Hadley. There was also the husband-and-wife team of Patricia and Robert Dineen. But the brightest star of all was a singles skater. Her name was Laurence “Laurie” Owen. Only 16 years old, she had won the North American title for women just two days earlier. Laurie had great skill, dazzling grace, and a winning smile. Slide46: Laurie came from a skating family. Her mother, Maribel, had won the U.S figure skating championship nine times. Laurie had an older sister who shared her mother’s name. Maribel Owen, age 20, was not quite as strong a skater as Laurie.Still, she had just won the U.S. senior pairs championship. All three of the Owen women were on the plane bound for Brussels. Slide47: Sabena Flight 548 took off at 7:30 P.M. on February 14, 1961. The flight across the Atlantic was pleasant. Early the next day, the plane neared the airport at Brussels. There seemed to be no cause for concern. There was no distress signal of any kind from the pilot, Captain Louis Lambrechts. There were no storms or high winds in the region. In fact, the weather was perfect. It was warm and sunny. Slide48: But something must have gone wrong in the cockpit. During the last few minutes before the scheduled landing, Captain Lambrechts did not contact the Brussels airport. Just before 10:00 A.M., he lowered the wheels of the jet and began his approach to land. But, at the last moment, he pulled the plane up. Perhaps he saw another jet taking off and feared a collision. Or perhaps he already knew that something was wrong with his plane. In any case, he circled the airport and prepared to try again. Slide49: Lambrechts came in a second time, flying about 500 feet over a farm near the village of Berg, northeast of Brussels. Then he suddenly increased his speed and pulled the plane into a steep climb. By this time, officials in the Brussels control tower could tell that something was very wrong. “We saw the crash coming,” said one official. “They couldn’t have been faster,” the official said. “But there was nothing they could do.” Slide50: A man riding on a train saw that the plane was in trouble. “The plane appeared to be making a normal approach to land when it suddenly reared up into the sky,” he said. “Then it fell back like a great stone and we heard the explosion.” It was 10:05 A.M. when the Sabena jet hit the ground and exploded in a ball of flames. It just missed hitting a row of houses. All 72 Slide51: people on board were killed, including 49 Americans and 11 members of the crew. There was nothing anyone could do. The crash site was a scene of total destruction. Debris was scattered over 200 yards. Charred remains and body parts were strewn all over the area. Several couples on the plane were found locked in a final embrace. The crash stunned skaters and figure skating fans around the globe. Never before had anything so tragic happened in their sport. To honor the dead, the Prague Slide52: competition was canceled. The crash was particularly devastating for some families. In addition to the Owen family, with its loss of three women, nine other skating families suffered more than one death. The hopes and dreams of these athletes had ended in a flash. All that remained as rescuers combed through the wreckage were three pairs of melted skates dangling from one of the wings. New York City: New York City New York city is the largest city in the United States, the home of the United Nations, and the center of global finance, communications, and business. Unlike most American cities, which make up only a part of a particular county, New York is made up of five separate counties, which are called boroughs. They are Manhattan, Queens, Brooklyn, the Bronx and Staten. New York City is unusual among cities because of its high residential density, its extraordinarily diverse population, its hundreds of tall office and apartment buildings, its thriving central business district, its extensive public transportation system, and its more than 400 distinct neighborhoods. http://home.nyc.gov Figure Skating: Figure Skating The major types of competitive figure skating are individual men’s and women’s competitions, pairs skating, ice dancing, and precision skating. In individual competitions a single skater performs required elements and is judged on how cleanly and artistically the motions are executed. Pairs skating consists of two skaters performing together. In ice dancing partners carry out the artistic motions of dance on skates. Precision skating, which is a highly structured activity, consists of a team of skaters who perform choreographed maneuvers. American Skater Michelle Kwan German skater Katarina Witt Brussels: Brussels Brussels is a city in central Belgium, capital and largest city of the country. Bilingual Brussels became one of Belgium's three federal regions in 1993, along with Dutch-speaking Flanders and French-speaking Wallonia. The city is located on the Senne River, and boasts tree-shaded boulevards, splendid parks, imposing monuments, and beautiful buildings. Centrally situated in northern Europe, Brussels is internationally important as the headquarters of the European Union and the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO). http://www.bruxelles.irisnet.be/ Belgium: Belgium Belgium is a constitutional monarchy in northwestern Europe, bounded on the north by The Netherlands and the North Sea, on the east by Germany and Luxembourg, and on the south and southwest by France. With The Netherlands and Luxembourg, Belgium forms the Low, or Benelux, Countries. It is about 280 km long, measured in a southeast-northwest direction, about 145 km wide, and is roughly triangular in shape. The area is 30,528 sq km. The capital and largest city is Brussels. http://belgium.fgov.be/ The Royal Family Click the flag to listen to the Anthem of Belgium Prague: Prague Prague is the capital and largest city of the Czech Republic, located in the west central part of the country, in the region of Bohemia. Often called the City of a Hundred Spires because of its many churches and towers, Prague is the chief commercial, industrial, and cultural center of the Czech Republic. Unlike much of central Europe, the city was not seriously damaged in World War II and remains one of the most beautiful cities on the continent. From 1918 to 1993, Prague was the capital of Czechoslovakia, which came under Communist control after World War II. http://www.a-zprague.cz/ Sabena Airlines: Sabena Airlines Sabena was founded in 1923, and opened its first scheduled service between Brussels and Strasbourg (France) in 1924. Scheduled services were further opened to London, Paris and Amsterdam.The first successful flight between Brussels and Léopoldville occurred in 1925, and a scheduled service between these two cities opened in 1938. In 1947, the first transatlantic service to New York was opened.In 1953, SABENA was the first airline in the world to launch an helicopter scheduled service, between Brussels and the European capitals. In April 2001, the fleet included 12 long-haul aircrafts and 66 median-haul aircrafts. SABENA has 11,000 employees and 1,500 more in outstations. http://www.brussels-airlines.com/ Words and Expressions: Words and Expressions 1. championship: a competition held to determine the champion, position of a champion Examples: An American team won the pairs championships. They won the men's and women's singles championships respectively. Words and Expressions: Words and Expressions 2. senior: older in years, higher in rank, authority, etc. Examples: Mr. Gray is a senior officer in this bank. He is too senior to try for a young man's job. Words and Expressions: Words and Expressions 3. distress: a state of danger or great difficulty Examples: If the storm continues on the mountain, the climber will be in distress by morning. The lifeboat went out to rescue a ship in distress. Words and Expressions: Words and Expressions 4. contact: get in touch with (someone) Examples: I shall contact you by telephone. I must contact my lawyer before I make my final decisions. Words and Expressions: Words and Expressions 5. lower: move or let down in height Examples: Lowering the window shade will keep out the sun. He sat quite still, with his gaze lowered to the carpet. Words and Expressions: Words and Expressions 6. approach: (n.) the act of approaching Examples: Our approach drove away the wild animals. With the approach of the Spring Festival the weather turned cold. Words and Expressions: Words and Expressions 6. approach: (v.) come near or nearer Examples: Walk softly as you approach the bed. I saw a figure approaching towards me. Words and Expressions: Words and Expressions 7. in any case: whatever happens Examples: In any case, I shall return in a day or two. In any case, I would insist upon your being paid. Words and Expressions: Words and Expressions 8. explode: burst or cause to burst violently and noisily Examples: The boiler exploded and many people were injured by the hot steam. He pumped the ball up too much and it exploded. Words and Expressions: Words and Expressions 9. scatter: separate or cause to separate widely Examples: A flock of birds scattered when the shot was fired. The government scattered the factories instead of concentrating them in a single area. Words and Expressions: Words and Expressions 10. tragic: very sad, unfortunate Examples: The tragic accident took eight lives. The driver of the car made a tragic mistake. Words and Expressions: Words and Expressions 11. wreckage: the broken parts of a destroyed thing Examples: After the accident, the wreckage of the cars was removed from the highway. The shore was covered with the wreckage of the destroyed ship. Notes to the Text: Notes to the Text 1. This was going to be the time of their lives. (para. 1) This was going to be their most important and memorable experience. 这将成为他们生命中蔚为珍贵的一刻。 Notes to the Text: Notes to the Text 2. The crash site was a scene of total destruction. (para. 8) The place where the plane crashed was completely covered with wreckage. 失事现场一片狼藉。 Notes to the Text: Notes to the Text 3. The crash stunned skaters and figure skating fans around the globe. (para. 12) The crash shocked figure skaters and their fans everywhere in the world. 这场空难震惊了全球的滑冰界以及热爱花样滑冰的人们。 Notes to the Text: Notes to the Text 4. All that remained as rescuers combed through the wreckage were three pairs of melted skates dangling from one of the wings. (para. 11) When rescue workers carefully looked through the wreckage, the only things they found (to remind them of the skaters) were three pairs of melted skates suspending from one of the wings. 救援人员仔细搜寻了遇难现场，所能找到的只有三双已经烧焦的冰鞋在残留的机翼上摇曳。 Culture Salon: Culture Salon ICRC – yesterday and today International Committee Red Cross (ICRC) is an international nongovernmental organization headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland, that seeks to aid victims of war and to ensure the observance of humanitarian law by all parties in conflict. The work of the ICRC in both World Wars was recognized by the Nobel Prize for Peace in both 1917 and 1944. It shared another Nobel Peace Prize with the League of Red Cross Societies in 1963, the year of the 100th anniversary of the ICRC's founding. The International Committee of the Red Cross was formed in response to the experiences of its founder, Jean-Henri Dunant, at the Battle of Solferino in 1859. Dunant witnessed thousands of wounded soldiers left to die for lack of adequate medical services. Soliciting help from neighbouring civilians, Dunant organized care for the soldiers. In 1862 he published an account of the situation at Solferino; by 1863 he had garnered so much support that the Geneva Society for Public Welfare helped found the International Committee for the Relief of the Wounded. In 1875 this organization became the International Committee of the Red Cross. Culture Salon: Culture Salon ICRC – yesterday and today The ICRC is now one component of a large network including national Red Cross and Red Crescent societies and the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies. (The Red Crescent was adopted in lieu of the Red Cross in Muslim countries.) The governing body of the ICRC is the Committee, consisting of no more than 25 members. All the members are Swiss, in part due to the origins of the Red Cross in Geneva but also to establish neutrality so any countries in need can receive aid. The Committee meets in assembly 10 times each year to ensure that the ICRC fulfills its duties as the promoter of international humanitarian law and as the guardian of the Fundamental Principles of the Red Cross: “humanity, impartiality, neutrality, independence, voluntary service, unity, and universality.” You may visit ICRC’s website at http://www.icrc.org/. Goal Checking: Goal Checking On a scale of A to E, where A stands for “very well”, B for “well”, C for “moderately well”, D for “not very well”, and E for “not at all”, rate how well you have achieved the goals set at the beginning of this unit. A B C D E talk about traffic accidents A B C D E understand the two reading passages A B C D E use the new words and expressions A B C D E describe how an airplane crash takes place A B C D E use subject clauses A B C D E apply for holiday insurance A B C D E understand the introduction to the Red Cross If you have given yourself a C or lower rating on any of these goals, please: -visit the Experiencing English website for additional help. -review the section that you found difficult. -ask your teacher for extra help. -work with a peer or form a study group to reinforce your progress. Thank You!: Thank You!