Broodmare Nutrition

Information about Broodmare Nutrition

Published on December 8, 2009

Author: VEscobar



Broodmare Nutrition : Broodmare Nutrition What to Feed your Mare during Gestation Valentina Escobar-Gonzalez, Broodmares: Myths and Facts : Broodmares: Myths and Facts Obese mares have a BSC greater than 8 Has no effect on duration of gestation Doesn’t effect placental weight or passage Obesity can affect milk production and could lead to insulin resistance Thin mares with a BSC less than four could mean the thin Mare could create a decrease in milk production Valentina Escobar-Gonzalez, Broodmares: Optimal condition : Broodmares: Optimal condition Fleshy mares with a Body Condition Score of six to eight Have a higher pregnancy rate Can sustain a easier pregnancy Have reduce number of cycles per conception (Cycle at an earlier time in the year) Valentina Escobar-Gonzalez, The 411 on Early Gestation : The 411 on Early Gestation Gestation is broken down into two stages: Early: First six months Late: Month six to eleven It is vital to provide: pasture or good quality forage (hay) to maintain the body condition Supplements such as vitamin and minerals Use grain if the mare needs to gain weight (thin mare) or is given poor quality hay Valentina Escobar-Gonzalez, Late gestation : Late gestation Since this is the period with the greatest foal growth you need to: Feed Good Quality Forage You will need to provide grain depending on the condition of the mare If you are feeding 100% Forage Diet you may beed to supplement with Vitamin/minerals Valentina Escobar-Gonzalez, Lactation : Lactation Fact: Milk production in mares ranges on 2-3% of Mare’s Body weight, then decreases over time Feeding: Feed good quality forage about 50% of Diet Feed grain 40% of Diet Recommend feeding commercial feed for lactating mares or fat-added feeds (even feed for growing horses since foal might end up eating mare’s grain) Feed vitamin or minerals if you are feeding a grain mix not meant for lactating mares or growth (or feeding less than 0.5% Body Weight of a commercial grain mix for lactating mare) Valentina Escobar-Gonzalez, Weaning the foal : Weaning the foal You should eliminate (or reduce) grain one to two weeks prior to weaning because: Assist in reducing milk production Help foal transition into eating solid foods Finally Eliminate Grain two weeks after Weaning Assists in drying the udder Lessens the chance of mastitis Help tone down the discomfort after weaning Valentina Escobar-Gonzalez, Daily intake for broodmares : Daily intake for broodmares Valentina Escobar-Gonzalez, Ending comments : Ending comments Do NOT feed Fescue during last three months of pregnancy or any sorghum-sudan grasses Most importantly, always consult with your Veterinarian or equine Nutritionist before beginning a new diet or changing your horses diet. Valentina Escobar-Gonzalez, Conclusion : Conclusion I obtained most of the content of this presentation from my Equine Nutrition Class at the University of Florida and I would like to thank my professor, Dr. Warren for the knowledge she has passed on to me. Thank you for viewing my show. Please visit: Valentina Escobar-Gonzalez,

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