C3A6

Information about C3A6

Published on January 4, 2008

Author: BAWare

Source: authorstream.com

Content

Turfgrass Pest Management (Category 3A):  Turfgrass Pest Management (Category 3A) Pesticide Safety Chapter 6 Slide2:  Contact the MDA or MSU Extension to keep current with changing pesticide rules and regulations! Slide4:  Applicator Safety You must comply with label guidelines Clean, service or replace gear regularly Wash gear and yourself Wear more gear with frequent applications or if pesticide-sensitive Minimum: gloves, face and eye protection when mixing, plus hat and respirator for overhead applications. PLCAA Protective Gear Recommendations:  PLCAA Protective Gear Recommendations Filling and Mixing: Dry fertilizer only dust mask or respirator with dust filter Pesticides goggles/face shield, head gear, apron, boots, gloves, full respirator with dust filter when mixing powdered pesticides Hand cans gloves PLCAA Protective Gear Recommendations:  PLCAA Protective Gear Recommendations During Application: Fertilizer only: boots, gloves Insecticides or liquid slow release N: boots, gloves, goggles (when high pressure spraying) PLCAA Protective Gear Recommendations:  PLCAA Protective Gear Recommendations Handling Spills: Wear all protective clothing and equipment recommended for the material spilled. Applicator Cholinesterase Level:  Applicator Cholinesterase Level For users of carbamate and organophosphate insecticides Off-season baseline level required Testing program implemented by a doctor Slide9:  Review PLCAA Cholinesterase Testing Recommendations for more specific information. Talk to your doctor or medical advisor. Slide10:  Most poisonings result from accidents, careless or ignorant use! But even careful applicators may be exposed! Slide11:  The best defense against harm is to be prepared! Slide12:  First Aid & Safety Materials Pesticide label MSDS Syrup of Ipecac First aid kit Eye wash Detergent Clean water Rubber gloves Change of clothing Spill absorbent Fire extinguisher Poison Center phone # Hospital contacts phone # doctor directions Poisoning Symptoms:  Poisoning Symptoms Vary with: type of pesticide where exposed amount absorbed health of individual Onset of symptoms can happen: suddenly slowly Slide14:  Remember, poisoning symptoms can be similar to other ailments such as heat exhaustion, asthma or food poisoning. *Never give alcohol! Slide15:  Symptoms of Pesticide Poisoning Symptoms of Pesticide Poisoning:  Symptoms of Pesticide Poisoning Fungicides- general: headache skin irritation sweating muscle twitching or fatigue coughing, hoarseness, chest pains burning sinuses, throat, lungs Symptoms of Pesticide Poisoning:  Symptoms of Pesticide Poisoning Phenoxy herbicides: skin or eye irritation mouth/throat irritation abdominal pain, vomiting diarrhea chest pain muscle twitching or weakness Symptoms of Pesticide Poisoning:  Symptoms of Pesticide Poisoning Arsenical herbicides mild skin irritation ingestion may result in burning of the throat, stomach irritation, vomiting and bloody diarrhea Symptoms of Pesticide Poisoning:  Symptoms of Pesticide Poisoning Insecticides- general: headache blurred vision abnormal eye pupils greatly increased sweating, salivation, tearing, or respiratory secretions. Symptoms of Pesticide Poisoning:  Symptoms of Pesticide Poisoning Insecticides- cholinesterase inhibiting: Mild poisoning: fatigue, headache dizziness, blurred vision excessive sweating, salivation nausea, vomiting stomach cramps, diarrhea Symptoms of Pesticide Poisoning:  Symptoms of Pesticide Poisoning Insecticides- cholinesterase inhibiting: Moderate poisoning: unable to walk weakness chest discomfort pinpoint pupils earlier symptoms become more severe Symptoms of Pesticide Poisoning:  Symptoms of Pesticide Poisoning Insecticides- cholinesterase inhibiting: Severe poisoning: unconsciousness severe pin point pupils muscle twitching secretions from mouth and nose breathing difficulty coma, death Slide23:  Small doses of organophosphates “add up” in the nervous system. Poisoning may result without obvious symptoms. Let your doctor decide whether pesticide poisoning has occurred. Applicator and Doctor:  Applicator and Doctor Slide25:  First Aid Procedures Varies according to the type of exposure. Symptoms may not occur immediately. After severe exposure DO NOT put off first aid until you feel bad - Act immediately! Slide26:  Dermal Exposure Remove contaminated clothing Drench skin with water Wash with soap Rinse completely Wash and rinse again Dry, wrap in blanket or clean clothing. Slide27:  Inhalation Exposure Get to fresh air Don’t attempt rescue in enclosed area without proper respiratory gear Keep victim quiet Prevent chilling, don’t overheat Loosen tight clothing Resuscitate, if necessary Keep air passages clear Slide28:  Eye Exposure Act immediately! Wash eyes with a gentle stream of water. Use large amounts of water. Continue washing for 15+ minutes. Use pure water only. Get medical attention if there is pain or reddening of the eye Slide29:  Oral Exposure If pesticide has entered mouth, but not swallowed: Rinse thoroughly If swallowed: Follow label directions on whether to induce vomiting Slide31:  Don’t waste time, get to the hospital ASAP! Do not attempt to administer antidotes! Slide32:  Safe Pesticide Handling Slide33:  Equipment Safety Check for: Worn hoses Leaks Applicator accuracy Truck and trailer safety Brakes Lights Tires Slide34:  Mixing and Loading Pesticides Mixing and loading pesticide concentrates are some of the most hazardous activities for the applicator and environment. Slide35:  Mixing Safely Wear protective clothing. Do not eat, smoke, chew gum. Lighted, well ventilated area, shelter from wind. Attend tank while filling. Follow label directions. Backflow prevention device.:  Backflow prevention device. Slide37:  Mixing Pesticides Safely Keep fill hose out of solution. Anti-siphon valve. Pour below eye level. Measure accurately. Rinse measuring tools. Triple rinse containers immediately. Slide38:  Triple Rinse & Pesticide Removal Pesticide Fate?:  Pesticide Fate? Pesticides: Undesirable Effects:  Pesticides: Undesirable Effects Suppression of thatch decomposers Destruction of predator & parasites Risk to applicator Exposure to people and pets Pesticides: Undesirable Effects:  Pesticides: Undesirable Effects Effect on wildlife Runoff to streams, ponds Groundwater contamination Slide42:  Since most turf stands are in areas frequented by people, it is especially important for 3A applicators to be safety conscious. People depend on you to protect them from pesticide residues. Slide43:  Applying Pesticides Safely Check over the fence. Clients should: move cars, close windows Remove, cover or wash pet dishes, toys, bird feeders, etc. Be aware of food plants Explain reentry intervals Slide44:  Pesticide application equipment is attractive to children. Never leave equipment unattended! Slide45:  Storing hazardous materials poses a great potential for accidents and liability. Limit the amount of pesticides kept in storage. Slide46:  Chemical fires can be toxic. You may need to report storage of certain chemicals. Check with MDNR (MDEQ) or MSUE about SARA Title III requirements. Slide47:  Exterior Pesticide Storage Slide48:  Interior Pesticide Storage Slide49:  Storage regulations may change. Contact MDA or MSUE for updates. Storage Slide50:  Pesticide Containers Keep in original container Protect labels Label all containers Do NOT use food containers! Slide51:  Pesticide Containers Reseal open packages Use old or damaged first Mark mixing containers Triple rinse and puncture Buy refillables or recycle Slide52:  Pesticide wastes can be a problem. - don’t stock up - mix only what is needed - apply leftovers according to the label - use material in open containers Slide54:  Pesticide Spills Control and stop the spill Contain the spill Clean up the spill Report the spill Contact MDA, MSUE, MDEQ for procedures. Slide55:  Regulation 637 Slide56:  Professional Applicator Communicate Keep up to date Train employees Look and act professionally Slide57:  Sell your skills and knowledge... consult! Educate your customers! Slide58:  Educate Customers Not all organisms are pests Natural control allows some pests Aesthetic or health threatening Timing for pest management Slide59:  Educate Customers Inspect turf regularly Targeted control tactics Pesticides may or may not be the best method of pest management Slide60:  Professional Applicator

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