Camera mouse

Information about Camera mouse

Published on July 28, 2014

Author: nidhinkannan56

Source: authorstream.com

Content

The Camera Mouse: Visual Tracking of Body Features to Provide Computer Access for People With Severe Disabilities: The Camera Mouse: Visual Tracking of Body Features to Provide Computer Access for People With Severe Disabilities By, NIDHINKUMAR.N S5 C.H.M ROLL NO:31 Outline: Outline Introduction System overview Choice of parameters Hardware specifications Discussion of feature choices Experimental results Conclusion Introduction: Introduction People who are quadriplegic and nonverbal From cerebral palsy Traumatic brain injury Stroke Often have great difficulties communicating their desires, thoughts, and needs Assistive technology devices Automated wheelchairs Introduction: Introduction Assistive technology systems that use switches to control a computer Without complicating the visual display Severe disabilities -retained the ability to rotate their heads There are various commercial mouse alternatives Use infrared emitters Glasses 、 Head band 、 Cap Young children, dislike to be touched on their faceand vehemently object to any devices attached to their heads. Introduction: Introduction Other commercial systems Corneal reflection systems Careful calibration Not inexpensive Any interruption requires recalibration Is too difficult for very young children EOG Do not want the electrodes to be attached to their faces The user perspires Introduction: Introduction Goal Develop a nonintrusive Comfortable Reliable Inexpensive Easily adaptable Quadriplegic people Especially suitable for children System overview: System overview Camera Mouse system Two computers that are linked together Vision computer Executes the visual tracking algorithm and sends user computer received signals and runs any application The two computers could be integrated into one computer Without interrupting the user’s actions The system involves two computers: the vision computer, which does the visual tracking, and the user’s computer, which runs a special driver and any application software the user wishes to use. : The system involves two computers: the vision computer, which does the visual tracking, and the user’s computer, which runs a special driver and any application software the user wishes to use. System overview The Camera Mouse system. System overview: System overview (a)Thirty-month-old Camera Mouse user with cerebral palsy. (b)Visual tracking interface of the vision computer. (c) The Camera Mouse user playing with educational software. The video camera is placed underneath the user computer’s monitor. Choice of parameters: Choice of parameters Tracking performance depends on the “complexity” of the template. To quantify tracking performance the normalized correlation coefficient is at least 0.8 Hardware specifications: Hardware specifications Vision Computer The vision computer is a 550-MHz Pentium II PC with the Windows NT operating system, a Matrox Meteor-II video capture board, and a National Instruments Data Acquisition Board Sony EVI-D30 CCD camera with zoom, tilt, and pan mechanisms User Computer The user computer is a 550-MHz Pentium II PC with the Windows 98 operating system and a National Instruments Data Acquisition Board Discussion of feature choices: Discussion of feature choices Since the appearance of body features differs among people, tracking performance varies between individuals Illustrates the tracking performance of several features, the eye, nose, mouth, and thumb were tracked Discussion of feature choices: Discussion of feature choices Illustrates the brightness variations of the template images Discussion of feature choices: Discussion of feature choices Nose Tracking The nose is a desirable tracking feature for several reasons It is easy for a computer user to point The nose is essentially in the center of the face The user’s head moves significantly The nose tends to be brighter than the rest of the face It is slanted and therefore oriented toward the overhead light Discussion of feature choices: Discussion of feature choices Eye Tracking Shows the eye being tracked at various positions It is not the pupil but the whole eye that is being tracked in sequence It is a relatively difficult feature Rotating the head may cause the eye to be blocked by the nose and not be visible at all Discussion of feature choices: Discussion of feature choices Lip Tracking It is a good tracking location Head movement is not always an option Opening and closing the mouth Discussion of feature choices: Discussion of feature choices Thumb Tracking To test other body features Although it was tracked successfully, it has two main flaws Focuses on the objects in the background The thumb is its small surface area Slow movements are necessary Discussion of feature choices: Discussion of feature choices Dark Lighting Mouse was able to track the person’s nose in these lighting conditions Discussion of feature choices: Discussion of feature choices Multiple Points For example To compute the distances between the nose and pupils for gaze detection Experimental results: Experimental results Spelling board Aliens game Experimental results: Experimental results People With Disabilities Ten have cerebral palsy Two have traumatic brain injury Nine of the people are continuing to use the Camera Mouse Six can use the Camera Mouse to spell using an onscreen keyboard system Three of the people did not have sufficient muscle control EagleEyes Experimental results: Experimental results Conclusion: Conclusion The Camera Mouse can successfully provide computer access for people with severe disabilities The system tracks many body features and does not have any user-borne accessories A single-computer version of the system is being developed. Any Question..??: Any Question..?? PowerPoint Presentation: Thanks to all….

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