Career Planning-1

Information about Career Planning-1

Published on July 23, 2009

Author: amit.kursija

Source: authorstream.com

Content

Career Planning : Career Planning Meaning : Meaning Career planning is the process by which one selects career goals and the path to these goals. Career development is those personal improvements one undertakes to achieve a personal career plan. Career management is the process of designing and implementing goals, plans and strategies to enable the organization to satisfy employee needs while allowing individuals to achieve their career goals. So, due to this career planning and development is necessary to each and every employee in an organization. The need of career planning and development is felt in each and every organization of today’s global world. Components of Career Planning : Components of Career Planning Need for Career Planning : Need for Career Planning Career Planning is necessary due to the following reasons: 1. To attract competent persons and to retain them in the organization. 2. To provide suitable promotional opportunities. 3. To enable the employees to develop and take them ready to meet the future challenges. 4. To increase the utilization of managerial reserves within an organization. 5. To correct employee placement. 6. To reduce employee dissatisfaction and turnover. 7. To improve motivation and morale. Slide 5: Career development is essential to implement career plan. Career development consists of personal improvements undertaken by the individual employee, training, development and educational programmes provided by the organization and various institutes. The most important aspect of career development is that every employee must accept his/her responsibility for development. Various career development actions prove useful if an employee is committed to career development. Career Development Process of Career Planning & Development : Process of Career Planning & Development The following are the steps in Career Planning and Development: 1. Analysis of individual skills, knowledge, abilities, aptitudes etc. 2. Analysis of career opportunities both within and outside the organization. 3. Analysis of career demands on the incumbent in terms of skills, knowledge, abilities, aptitude etc., and in terms of qualifications, experience and training received etc. 4. Relating specific jobs to different career opportunities. 5. Establishing realistic goals both short-term and long-term. 6. Formulating career strategy covering areas of change and adjustment. 7. Preparing and implementing action plan including acquiring resources for achieving goals. Steps involved in Career Development System : Steps involved in Career Development System There are four steps in establishing a career development system. They are: Needs: -Defining the present system i.e. this step involves in the conducting a needs assessment as in a training programme. Establish roles and responsibilities of employees, managers, and the organization. Identify needs; establish target groups. Establish cultural parameters; determine organizational receptivity, support, and commitment to career development. Assess existing HR Programme or structure; consider possible links to a career development programme. Determine prior attempts at solving the problem or need. Establish the mission or philosophy of the programme. Design and implement needs assessment to confirm the data or collect more data. Establish indicators or criteria of success. Steps involved in Career Development System : Steps involved in Career Development System 2. Vision: -The needs of the career system must be linked with the interventions. An ideal career development system known as the vision links the needs with the interventions. Create a long-term philosophy. Establish the vision or objectives of the programme. Design interventions for employees, managers, and the organization. Organize and make available career information needed to support the programme. Steps involved in Career Development System : Steps involved in Career Development System 3. Action Plan: -An action plan should be formulated in order to achieve the vision. The support of the top management should be obtained in this process. Assess the plan and obtain support from top management Create a pilot programme Assess resources and competencies. Establish an advisory group. Involve advisory group in data gathering, programme design, implementation, evaluation and monitoring Steps involved in Career Development System : Steps involved in Career Development System Results: -Career development programme should be integrated with the organization’s on-going employee training and management development programmes. The programme should be evaluated from time to time in order to revise the programme. Create long-term formalized approaches. Publicize the programme. Evaluate and redesign the programme and its components. Advantages of Career Planning and Development : Advantages of Career Planning and Development For Individuals: 1. The process of career planning helps the individual to have the knowledge of various career opportunities, his priorities etc. 2. This knowledge helps him select the career that is suitable to his life styles, preferences, family environment, scope for self-development etc. 3. It helps the organization identify internal employees who can be promoted. 4. Internal promotions, upgradation and transfers motivate the employees, boost up their morale and also result in increased job satisfaction. 5. Increased job satisfaction enhances employee commitment and creates a sense of belongingness and loyalty to the organization. 6. Employee will await his turn of promotion rather than changing to another organization. This will lower employee turnover. 7. It improves employee’s performance on the job by taping their potential abilities and further employee turnover. 8. It satisfies employee esteem needs. Slide 12: For Organizations: - A long-term focus of career planning and development will increase the effectiveness of human resource management. More specifically, the advantages of career planning and development for an organization include: i. Efficient career planning and development ensures the availability of human resources with required skill, knowledge and talent. ii. The efficient policies and practices improve the organization’s ability to attract and retain highly skilled and talent employees. iii. The proper career planning ensures that the women and people belong to backward communities get opportunities for growth and development. iv. The career plan continuously tries to satisfy the employee expectations and as such minimizes employee frustration. v. By attracting and retaining the people from different cultures, enhances cultural diversity. vi. Protecting employees’ interest results in promoting organizational goodwill. Limitations of Career Planning : Limitations of Career Planning 1. Dual Career Families: - With the increase in career orientation among women, number of female employees in on increase. With this, the dual career families have also been on increase. Consequently, one of those family members might face the problem of transfer. This has become a complicated problem to organizations. Consequently other employees may be at disadvantage. 2. Low ceiling careers: -Some careers do not have scope for much advancement. Employees cannot get promotions despite their career plans and development in such jobs. 3. Declining Career Opportunities: -Career opportunities for certain categories reach the declining stage due to the influence of the technological or economic factors. Solution for such problem is career shift. 4. Downsizing/De-layering and careers: - Business process reengineering, technological changes and business environmental factors force the business firms to restructure the organizations by de-layering and downsizing. Downsizing activities result in fixing some employees, and degrading some other employees. Slide 14: FOR MORE USEFUL EDUCATIONAL PRESENTATIONS AND TECHNOLOGICAL DOCUMENTATIONS LIKE THESE VISIT WWW.THECODEXPERT.COM

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