cases

Information about cases

Published on February 24, 2008

Author: Me_I

Source: authorstream.com

Content

The German Case System:  The German Case System Kasus Grammatik: German Case system:  Grammatik: German Case system Nominative Case. Ask yourself: who or what before the verb: Subject The dog bites the man Who bites the man? The dog. (subject, nominative) Grammatik: German Case system :  Grammatik: German Case system Nominativobjekt: Auf Deutsch fragt man: wer oder was? Der Hund beißt den Mann Wer beißt den Mann Der Hund. (Nominativobjekt) Grammatik: German Case system:  Grammatik: German Case system Accusative Case Ask yourself: whom or what after the verb: direct object The dog bites the man. The dog bites whom? The man (direct object, accusative). Grammatik: German Case system:  Grammatik: German Case system Akkusativobjekt Auf deutsch fragt man wen oder was: Der Hund beißt den Mann. Wen beißt der Hund? Den Mann (Akkusativobjekt) word order versus articles:  Dog bites Man Subject: dog Direct object: man Subject: man Direct object: dog Summary: English case is governed by word order word order versus articles word order versus articles:  Nominative case (subject): der Hund Accusative case (direct object): den Mann Der Hund beißt den Mann Summary: German case governed by inflection of articles, not word order word order versus articles word order versus articles:  Nominative Case (subject): der Hund accusative case (direct object): den Mann Den Mann beißt der Hund Summary: German case governed by inflection of articles, not word order word order versus articles word order versus articles:  Den Hund beißt der Mann Nominative case (subject): der Mann Accusative case (direct object): den Hund Summary: German case governed by inflection of articles, not word order word order versus articles Grammatik: German Case system:  Grammatik: German Case system Dative Case Ask yourself to whom or for whom after the verb: indirect object. The father gives his son a Bicycle. The father gives a bicycle to whom? To his son (indirect object, dative). Grammatik: German Case system:  Grammatik: German Case system Dativobjekt Auf deutsch fragt man wem oder was: Der Vater schenkt seinem Sohn ein Fahrrad. Wem schenkt er ein Fahrrad? Seinem Sohn (Dativobjekt) Grammatik: German Case system:  Grammatik: German Case system Genitive Case Ask yourself whose or of what after a noun: Possessive object. The name of the City is Karlsruhe. The name of what is Karlsruhe? the Name of the city (possessive object) Grammatik: German Case system:  Grammatik: German Case system Genitive Case Ask yourself whose or of what after a noun: Possessive. My wife’s sister is German Whose sister is German? My wife’s sister. (possessive object) Grammatik: German Case system:  Grammatik: German Case system Genitivobjekt Auf deutsch fragt man wessen. Die Schwester meiner Frau ist Deutsche. Wessen Schwester ist Deutsche? die Schwester meiner Frau. (Genitivobjekt). Other Uses of Nominative Case:  Other Uses of Nominative Case Predicate Nominative Nouns that follow the following verbs take the nominative case, i.e., “predicate nominative” sein, bleiben, werden Er ist mein bester Freund Er bleibt mein bester Freund Er wurde ein alter Mann Other Uses of Accusative Case:  Other Uses of Accusative Case Expressing distance and measurement: Wir sind eine Meile gelaufen Das Kind ist erst einen Monat alt After the phrase es gibt and after prepositional phrases Es gibt diese Woche keinen Aufsatz Ich bin durch den Park gelaufen Other uses of Dative Case:  Other uses of Dative Case Verbs with Dative Objects: Many verbs take a dative object when one might expect an accusative object in English. Ich danke dir. Der Detektiv ist dem Dieb gefolgt. Das schadet dir nicht. glauben takes dative object with people, accusative object with things Ich glaube ihm nicht Ich glaube seine Antwort nicht Other uses of Dative Case:  Other uses of Dative Case Some German verbs take a dative object that would be the subject in English fehlen Das Geld fehlt uns we lack the money gefallen Der Film hat den Kritikern nicht gefallen The critics didn’t like the film gelingen Die Aufgabe gelingt den Kindern The children succeed in doing the task Leid tun Er tut mir Leid I feel sorry for him Other uses of Dative Case:  Other uses of Dative Case Some Verbs with ent-, nach-, bei-, and zu as prefix Der Hund ist seinem Herrchen entlaufen Wir müssen dem Hund nachlaufen Ich stimme dir zu Ich trete morgen dem neuen Sportverein bei Other uses of Genitive Case:  Other uses of Genitive Case Verbs with genitive objects Diese Sache bedarf unserer Aufmerksamkeit this matter demands our attention Der Film erfreut großer Beliebtheit The film is enjoying great popularity Some prepositions take genitive objects Wir tun es trotz des Widerstands

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