chap015s

Information about chap015s

Published on March 10, 2014

Author: tapshere

Source: authorstream.com

Content

15S: 15S Maintenance Learning Objectives: 15S- 2 Learning Objectives Explain the importance of maintenance in production systems Describe the range of maintenance activities Discuss preventative maintenance and the key issues associated with it Discuss breakdown maintenance and the key issues associated with it State how the Pareto phenomenon pertains to maintenance decisions Introduction: 15S- 3 Introduction Maintenance All activities that maintain facilities and equipment in good working order so that a system can perform as intended Two basic categories Building and grounds Equipment maintenance Goal of Maintenance: 15S- 4 Goal of Maintenance To keep production systems in good working order at minimal cost Reasons for maintenance To avoid production or service disruptions To not add production or service costs To maintain high quality To avoid missed delivery dates Reactive vs Proactive: 15S- 5 Reactive vs Proactive Reactive Maintenance: Breakdown maintenance Reactive approach; dealing with breakdowns or problems when they occur Proactive Maintenance: Preventive maintenance Proactive approach; reducing breakdowns through a program of lubrication, adjustment, cleaning, inspection, and replacement of worn parts Maintenance Reasons: 15S- 6 Reasons for keeping equipment running Avoid production disruptions Not add to production costs Maintain high quality Avoid missed delivery dates Maintenance Reasons Breakdown Consequences: 15S- 7 Production capacity is reduced Orders are delayed No production Overhead continues Cost per unit increases Quality issues Product may be damaged Safety issues Injury to employees Injury to customers Breakdown Consequences Total Maintenance Cost: 15S- 8 Total Maintenance Cost Breakdown and repair cost Optimum Amount of preventive maintenance Cost Total Cost Preventive maintenance cost Table 15S.1 Preventive Maintenance: 15S- 9 Preventive maintenance : goal is to reduce the incidence of breakdowns or failures in the plant or equipment to avoid the associated costs Preventive maintenance is periodic Result of planned inspections According to calendar After predetermined number of hours Preventive Maintenance Example S-1: 15S- 10 Frequency of breakdown If the average cost of a breakdown is $1,000, and the cost of preventative maintenance is $1,250 per month, should we use preventive maintenance? Example S-1 Number of breakdowns 0 1 2 3 Frequency of occurrence .20 .30 .40 .10 Example S-1 Solution: 15S- 11 Number of Breakdowns Frequency of Occurrence Expected number of Breakdowns 0 1 2 3 .20 .30 .40 .10 1.00 0 .30 .80 .30 1.40 Expected cost to repair = 1.4 breakdowns per month X $1000 = $1400 Preventive maintenance = $1250 PM results in savings of $150 per month Example S-1 Solution Predictive Maintenance: 15S- 12 Predictive Maintenance Predictive maintenance An attempt to determine when best to perform preventive maintenance activities Total productive maintenance JIT approach where workers perform preventive maintenance on the machines they operate Breakdown Programs: 15S- 13 Breakdown Programs Standby or backup equipment that can be quickly pressed into service Inventories of spare parts that can be installed as needed Operators who are able to perform minor repairs Repair people who are well trained and readily available to diagnose and correct problems with equipment Replacement: 15S- 14 Replacement Trade-off decisions Cost of replacement vs cost of continued maintenance New equipment with new features vs maintenance Installation of new equipment may cause disruptions Training costs of employees on new equipment Forecasts for demand on equipment may require new equipment capacity When is it time for replacement?

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