Published on November 5, 2007
Readiness Assessment Test #1 Chapter 1 Reading : Readiness Assessment Test #1 Chapter 1 Reading Where do most engineers work after graduation? What type of engineer would design a pacemaker? What does “engineer” mean? What is the three most popular engineering disciplines? What are the first names of your team members? Chapter 2: Chapter 2 Engineer Ethics Let’s take notes... Vocabulary Words: Vocabulary Words Etiquette Laws Morals Ethics 2.1 Interaction Rules: 2.1 Interaction Rules Etiquette rules of acceptable personal behavior and courtesy e.g. proper dress, answering the phone, language, talking about others Laws a system of rules and punishments clearly defined e.g. legal driving age Slide5: Morals personal rules of right and wrong behavior e.g. derived from a person’s upbringing, religious beliefs Ethics a code or system of rules defining moral behavior for a particular society Appendix B: Appendix B Professional Engineers Code of Ethics Paraphrasing: “Engineers do not lie, cheat or steal and always have safety in mind.” Slide7: Case Study: Murder Legal? Moral? Ethical? Good Etiquette? Answers: Illegal Immoral Unethical Bad etiquette! Slide8: Case Study: Driving over the speed limit when you are late for class Legal? Moral? Ethical? Good Etiquette? Answers: Illegal Moral to some, immoral to others Unethical Bad etiquette if it effects other drivers Slide9: Case Study: Driving over the speed limit when you are having a baby. Legal? Moral? Ethical? Good Etiquette? Answers: Illegal Moral Ethical Etiquette does not apply Slide10: Example 2.1 (Team Exercise – Closed Book) A chemical company develops a new process that has a waste by product. Their internal studies show this by-product is carcinogenic. However, the by-product is not on a government list of banned chemicals because it is new. Legal? Moral? TEAM DISCUSSION (1 minute) Answers: Legal but immoral Slide11: Example 2.3 (Team Exercise – Closed Book) Government self-regulations require that all purchases be made through purchasing agents. An engineer wishes to purchase an old alternator from a junkyard and does so with his own money. He reimburses himself with computer disks of equivalent value. Legal? Moral? TEAM DISCUSSION (1 minute) Answers: Moral but illegal Slide12: Moral Theories Ethical Egoism A moral theory stating that an act is moral provided you act in your enlighten self-interest Utilitarianism Moral activities are those that create the most good for the most people Rights Analysis Golden Rule: Do unto others as you would have them do unto you Slide13: Example 2.6.1 – Challenger Explosion Read section 2.6.1 in Chapter 2. Ethical Egoism A moral theory stating that an act is moral provided you act in your enlighten self-interest Utilitarianism Moral activities are those that create the most good for the most people Rights Analysis Golden Rule: Do unto others as you would have them do unto you Chapter 2: Chapter 2 Engineer Ethics 2.2 Settling Conflicts: 2.2 Settling Conflicts A conflict is a result of a… Moral Issue if it can only be resolved by appealing to moral principle. Conceptual Issue if the morality of an action is agreed upon, but there is no written definition of the company rule or law Application Issue if it is unclear if a act violates a written rule or law. Factual Issue if more data is needed. Noise Complaint Example: Noise Complaint Example Source of Sound Loudness (db) Threshold of Hearing 0 Conversation 60 Ear Damage Begins 85 Amplified Music 110 Jet Airplane at 30 meters 140 Background Information (Handout): City Ordinance: No sounds above 90 decibels after 10:00 PM. You have a problem with your neighbor making loud noises. Identify the type of issue for these conflicts. Background Information (Handout) Slide18: Case 1: You are angry about some loud music coming from your neighbor’s party. You both measured the loudness at 1:30AM. You measured 100db and she measured 85 db. This leads to a heated discussion. What type of issue lead to this conflict? Case 2: You and your neighbor Sam both complain to the apartment manager about a car alarms sounding too often in the apartment complex. Every Saturday afternoon you take a nap around noon after working out in the gym. One Saturday Sam’s car alarm wakes you up. You are upset by this and go next door to discuss it with Sam. Slide19: Case 3: Your neighbor plays music on Halloween night at 11:30pm with a loudness of 70 db. You are worried about that the children in the neighborhood will be “emotionally scarred” by the strange music and call the police. Case 4: You live near a company that cleans glass with ultrasound starting at midnight when the workers are at home sleeping. The ultrasound is 110db but is not audible. You are bothered because it shakes the picture frames in your home and go to the company to complain. Slide20: Case 5: You awake at 2:30 AM to find that your neighbor has started a heavy metal band. The music is 115db at your doorstep. You go ask the band if they can play in the daytime instead but the band refuses. What type of issue lead to this conflict? Settling Conflicts in Business: Final Thoughts Consider the Golden Rule Get a Second Opinion Keep a “Cool Head” Be a Professional Settling Conflicts in Business Engineering 111: Engineering 111 Foundations of Engineering Chapter 3 Multiple Choice Standardized Exam : Multiple Choice Standardized Exam Case Study Example (Pairs): Case Study Example (Pairs) Defective Chip Case Study Handout Document Using the information presented in Part I, answer the questions in Parts II and III Case Study Answers: Case Study Answers 0.667% Answers will vary. (a) 100,000 × $4 + 667 × $2 = $401,334 (b) 100,000 × $4 = $400,000 (c) 667 × $9 = $ 6,003 Case Study Answers: Case Study Answers What issues are involved in following Rob's recommendation? * Public Deception * Public Safety Case Study Answers: Case Study Answers Is it acceptable to follow Rob's suggested course of action, based on your calculations above? * If public safety is an issue, then it would not be acceptable. Case Study Answers: Case Study Answers How could the engineer, Shane, present his case to Rob, his superior, if he has a differing opinion? Shane might point out the possible effects on the company’s reputation for quality. Case Study Answers: Case Study Answers As an engineer, what would you do? Would you choice be legal, moral and ethical and still make money? Answers will vary. Individual Exercise (5 minutes) : Individual Exercise (5 minutes) Given: A student is in a stationary hot-air balloon that is momentarily fixed at 1325 ft. above a piece of land. This pilot looks down 60o (from horizontal) and turns laterally 360o. Required: a) Sketch the problem b) How many acres of land are contained by the cone created by her line of site? c) How high would the balloon be if, using the same procedure, an area four times greater is encompassed?