Chapter 18 PPT

Information about Chapter 18 PPT

Published on October 22, 2007

Author: Alien

Source: authorstream.com

Content

Chapter 18 America Claims an Empire Global competition prompts the United States to expand its influence and territory, engage in conflicts around the globe, and build the Panama Canal.:  Chapter 18 America Claims an Empire Global competition prompts the United States to expand its influence and territory, engage in conflicts around the globe, and build the Panama Canal. Section 1: Imperialism and America Beginning in 1867 and continuing through the century, global competition causes the United States to expand.:  Section 1: Imperialism and America Beginning in 1867 and continuing through the century, global competition causes the United States to expand. American Expansionism:  American Expansionism Global Competition Imperialism—policy of extending control over weaker nations In 1800s, Europeans divide up most of Africa, compete for China Japan joins race for China; U.S. decides to expand overseas Slide4:  Desire for Military Strength Admiral Alfred T. Mahan urges U.S. to build up navy to compete U.S. builds modern battleships, becomes third largest naval power Slide5:  Thirst for New Markets U.S. farms, factories produce more than Americans can consume U.S. needs raw materials, new markets for goods Foreign trade: solution to overproduction, unemployment, depression Slide6:  Belief in Cultural Superiority Some combine Social Darwinism, belief in superiority of Anglo-Saxons Argue U.S. has duty to Christianize, civilize “inferior peoples” The United States Acquires Alaska:  The United States Acquires Alaska Early Expansion William Seward—Secretary of State under Lincoln, Johnson 1867, arranges purchase of Alaska from Russia for $7.2 million - has trouble convincing House to fund purchase - Alaska called “Seward’s Icebox,” “Seward’s Folly” Alaska rich in timber, minerals, oil The United States Takes Hawaii:  The United States Takes Hawaii The Cry for Annexation Since 1790s, U.S. merchants stop in Hawaii on way to China, India 1820s, Yankee missionaries found schools, churches on islands Mid-1800s, American-owned sugar plantations 75% of islands’ wealth Slide9:  1887, U.S. pressures Hawaii to allow naval base at Pearl Harbor becomes refueling station 1890 McKinley Tariff eliminates duty-free status of Hawaiian sugar Planters call for U.S. to annex islands so will not have to pay duty The End of a Monarchy:  The End of a Monarchy 1887, businessmen force King Kalakaua to limit vote to landowners Queen Liliuokalani tries to remove landowning requirement With help of marines, business groups overthrow queen Slide11:  Set up government headed by Sanford B. Dole President Cleveland cannot make Dole surrender power to queen recognizes Republic of Hawaii Under President McKinley, Congress proclaims Hawaii U.S. territory Section 2: The Spanish-American War In 1898, the United States goes to war to help Cuba win its independence from Spain.:  Section 2: The Spanish-American War In 1898, the United States goes to war to help Cuba win its independence from Spain. Cubans Rebel Against Spain:  Cubans Rebel Against Spain American Interest in Cuba U.S. long interested in Cuba; wants to buy Cuba from Spain During 1868–1878 war for independence, American sympathies with Cuba 1886 abolition of slavery leads to U.S. investment in sugar cane Slide14:  The Second War for Independence José Martí—poet, journalist—launches second revolution in 1895 Guerrilla campaign destroys American-owned sugar mills, plantations U. S. public opinion split: business wants to support Spain others favor Cuban cause War Fever Escalates:  War Fever Escalates Spain Takes Action 1896, General Valeriano Weyler sent to Cuba to restore order Puts about 300,000 Cubans in concentration camps Headline Wars Newspapers exploit Weyler’s actions in circulation war Yellow journalism—sensational writing used to lure, enrage readers Slide16:  The de Lôme Letter Headlines increase American sympathy for independent Cuba McKinley wants to avoid war, tries diplomacy to resolve crisis Private letter by Spanish minister Enrique Dupuy de Lôme published - calls McKinley weak, swayed by public Spain apologizes, de Lôme resigns; American public angry Slide17:  The U.S.S. Maine Explodes U.S.S. Maine sent to pick up U.S. citizens, protect U.S. property Ship blows up in Havana harbor; newspapers blame Spain War with Spain Erupts:  War with Spain Erupts The U.S. Declares War Spain agrees to most U.S. demands, public opinion still favors war U.S. declares war April 1898 Slide19:  The War in the Philippines First battle with Spain occurs in Spanish colony of the Philippines Commodore George Dewey destroys Spanish fleet in Manila harbor Filipinos, led by Emilio Aguinaldo, support Dewey August 1898, Spanish troops in Manila surrender to U.S. Slide20:  The War in the Caribbean U.S. blockades Cuba; Spanish fleet in Santiago de Cuba harbor Unlike navy, U.S. army has small professional force, many volunteers volunteers ill-prepared, ill-supplied Slide21:  Rough Riders Rough Riders—Leonard Wood, Theodore Roosevelt lead volunteer cavalry Roosevelt declared hero of attack on strategic San Juan Hill Spanish fleet tries to escape blockade, is destroyed in naval battle U.S. troops invade Puerto Rico soon after Slide22:  Treaty of Paris Spain, U.S. sign armistice August 1898; meet in Paris to make treaty Spain frees Cuba; hands Guam, Puerto Rico to U.S.; sells Philippines Slide23:  Debate over the Treaty Treaty of Paris touches off great debate over imperialism McKinley tries to justify annexation of Philippines on moral grounds Opponents give political, moral, economic arguments against Section 3: Acquiring New Lands In the early 1900s, the United States engages in conflicts in Puerto Rico, Cuba, and the Philippines:  Section 3: Acquiring New Lands In the early 1900s, the United States engages in conflicts in Puerto Rico, Cuba, and the Philippines Ruling Puerto Rico:  Ruling Puerto Rico Military Rule During Spanish-American War, General Nelson A. Miles occupies island Puerto Rico under military control People split on independence, statehood, self-government under U.S. Slide26:  Return to Civil Government PR strategic as post in Caribbean, for protection of future canal 1900, Foraker Act sets up civil government -president appoints governor, upper house 1917, Puerto Ricans made U.S. citizens; elect both houses Cuba and the United States:  Cuba and the United States American Soldiers U.S. recognizes Cuban independence from Spain Teller Amendment says U.S. has no intention of taking over Cuba After war U.S. occupies Cuba; has same officials in office as Spain -Cuban protestors imprisoned or exiled American military government helps rebuild the country Slide28:  Protecting American Business Interests U.S. wants strong political presence to protect American businesses Some object to colonial entanglements, do not think colonies needed U.S. state department continues to push for control of Latin America Filipinos Rebel:  Filipinos Rebel Philippine-American War Filipinos outraged at Treaty of Paris call for annexation 1899, Emilio Aguinaldo leads fight for independence against U.S. U.S. forces Filipinos to live in designated zones in poor conditions - white U.S. soldiers see Filipinos as inferior - black troops troubled at spreading prejudice 20,000 Filipinos die in fight for independence Slide30:  Aftermath of the War U.S. president appoints governor who appoints upper house - people elect lower house July 4, 1946, Philippines become independent Foreign Influence in China:  Foreign Influence in China U.S. Interest in China U.S. sees China as vast potential market, investment opportunity France, Britain, Japan, Russia have settlements, spheres of influence Slide32:  John Hay’s Open Door Notes U.S. Secretary of State John Hay issues Open Door notes Notes ask imperialist nations to share trading rights with U.S. Other powers reluctantly agree Slide33:  Platt Amendment U.S. makes Cuba add Platt Amendment to its 1901 constitution Platt Amendment does not allow Cuba to go into debt; also stipulates - no treaties that let foreign power control land - U.S. has right to intervene - U.S. can buy, lease land for navy Protectorate—country whose affairs partly controlled by stronger one Slide34:  The Boxer Rebellion in China Europeans dominate most large Chinese cities Chinese form secret societies, including Boxers, to expel foreigners Boxers kill hundreds of foreigners, Chinese converts to Christianity U.S., Britain, France, Germany, Japan put down Boxer Rebellion Slide35:  Protecting American Rights Hay issues new Open Door notes saying U. S. will keep trade open Open Door policy reflects beliefs about U.S. economy: - growth depends on exports - U.S. has right to keep markets open - closing of area threatens U.S. survival The Impact of U.S. Territorial Gains:  The Impact of U.S. Territorial Gains The Anti-Imperialist League McKinley’s reelection confirms most Americans favor imperialism Anti-Imperialist League has prominent people from different fields For various reasons, agree wrong to rule others without their consent Section 4: America as a World Power The Russo-Japanese War, the Panama Canal, and the Mexican Revolution add to America’s military and economic power.:  Section 4: America as a World Power The Russo-Japanese War, the Panama Canal, and the Mexican Revolution add to America’s military and economic power. Teddy Roosevelt and the World:  Teddy Roosevelt and the World Roosevelt the Peacemaker Roosevelt does not want Europeans to control world economy, politics 1904, Japan, Russia dispute control of Korea Roosevelt negotiates Treaty of Portsmouth: - Japan gets Manchuria, Korea - Roosevelt wins Nobel Peace Prize U.S., Japan continue diplomatic talks - pledge to respect each other’s possessions Slide39:  Panama Canal U.S. wants canal to cut travel time of commercial, military ships U.S. buys French company’s route through Panama Negotiates with Colombia to build Panama Canal; talks break down French company agent helps organize Panamanian rebellion U.S. gives military aid U.S., Panama sign treaty; U.S. pays $10 million for Canal Zone Slide40:  Constructing the Canal Construction of canal is one of world’s greatest engineering feats - fight diseases, geographic obstacles - at height, 43,400 workers employed The Roosevelt Corollary Roosevelt fears European intervention if Latin America defaults Reminds Europeans of Monroe Doctrine, demands they stay out Roosevelt Corollary—U. S. to use force to protect economic interests Slide41:  Dollar Diplomacy Early 1900s, U.S. exercises police power on several occasions Dollar diplomacy—U.S. guarantees foreign loans by U.S. business Woodrow Wilson’s Missionary Diplomacy:  Woodrow Wilson’s Missionary Diplomacy The Mexican Revolution Missionary diplomacy—U.S. has moral responsibility: - will not recognize regimes that are oppressive, undemocratic Under dictator Porfirio Díaz, much U.S. investment in Mexico 1911, peasants, workers led by Francisco Madero overthrow Díaz General Victoriano Huerta takes over government; Madero is murdered Wilson refuses to recognize Huerta’s government Slide43:  Intervention in Mexico Huerta’s officers arrest U.S. sailors, quickly release them Wilson orders Marines to occupy Veracruz Argentina, Brazil, Chile mediate to avoid war Huerta regime falls; nationalist Venustiano Carranza new president Slide44:  Rebellion in Mexico Francisco “Pancho” Villa, Emiliano Zapata oppose Carranza Zapata wants land reform Villa a fierce nationalist Wilson recognizes Carranza’s government; Villa threatens reprisals Villa’s men kill Americans Slide45:  Chasing Villa Brig. Gen. John J. Pershing leads force to capture Villa Carranza demands withdrawal of U.S. troops; Wilson at first refuses U.S. faces war in Europe, wants peace on southern border Wilson orders Pershing home Mexico adopts new constitution: government controls oil, minerals restricts foreign investors 1920, Alvaro Obregón new president; ends civil war, starts reforms

Related presentations


Other presentations created by Alien

Physical Security Lecture
05. 01. 2008
0 views

Physical Security Lecture

GREEK THEATRE
15. 10. 2007
0 views

GREEK THEATRE

Singapore National Symbols
14. 09. 2007
0 views

Singapore National Symbols

Origins of the Cold War
23. 12. 2007
0 views

Origins of the Cold War

CG43SlideSet
30. 04. 2008
0 views

CG43SlideSet

kaiser pres
28. 04. 2008
0 views

kaiser pres

GoldDifferences
22. 04. 2008
0 views

GoldDifferences

visn8
17. 04. 2008
0 views

visn8

Nov24 Regulatory approaches
16. 04. 2008
0 views

Nov24 Regulatory approaches

dr rom
14. 04. 2008
0 views

dr rom

file 6943
13. 04. 2008
0 views

file 6943

The Peak Oil Context Tom Petrie
10. 04. 2008
0 views

The Peak Oil Context Tom Petrie

H106g
09. 04. 2008
0 views

H106g

JapaneseGeography
07. 04. 2008
0 views

JapaneseGeography

Hamburg 2007
14. 09. 2007
0 views

Hamburg 2007

lfg
14. 09. 2007
0 views

lfg

Eddie Final Presentation
14. 09. 2007
0 views

Eddie Final Presentation

chalmers
14. 09. 2007
0 views

chalmers

The Rain Forest Final
14. 09. 2007
0 views

The Rain Forest Final

ECAKnowledgeFair
12. 10. 2007
0 views

ECAKnowledgeFair

Ch18part1
15. 10. 2007
0 views

Ch18part1

WNV AVB 02212006
21. 10. 2007
0 views

WNV AVB 02212006

giraffe pp
14. 09. 2007
0 views

giraffe pp

giraffe powerpoint
14. 09. 2007
0 views

giraffe powerpoint

giraffe
14. 09. 2007
0 views

giraffe

COOL STUFF ABOUT GIRAFFES
14. 09. 2007
0 views

COOL STUFF ABOUT GIRAFFES

ub041104
23. 10. 2007
0 views

ub041104

STORY OF THEME AND PLOT
23. 10. 2007
0 views

STORY OF THEME AND PLOT

PhiladelphiaZooPPP
14. 09. 2007
0 views

PhiladelphiaZooPPP

qu10 11
01. 12. 2007
0 views

qu10 11

Angelos CME Energetics
02. 11. 2007
0 views

Angelos CME Energetics

pptPanama s
22. 10. 2007
0 views

pptPanama s

hirotani
13. 11. 2007
0 views

hirotani

bon2003 mpls
29. 10. 2007
0 views

bon2003 mpls

PROF AZZA
23. 10. 2007
0 views

PROF AZZA

Fenton
29. 10. 2007
0 views

Fenton

Countering Offshore
29. 12. 2007
0 views

Countering Offshore

walters082902
23. 11. 2007
0 views

walters082902

razbash
26. 11. 2007
0 views

razbash

DVMRPandMOSPF
01. 01. 2008
0 views

DVMRPandMOSPF

One 783Ngupta
04. 01. 2008
0 views

One 783Ngupta

History of NAIS John Wiemers
20. 08. 2007
0 views

History of NAIS John Wiemers

BSP2D
14. 09. 2007
0 views

BSP2D

costarica1 ftparraud
22. 10. 2007
0 views

costarica1 ftparraud

mcmc2000a
06. 11. 2007
0 views

mcmc2000a

050317lc
16. 11. 2007
0 views

050317lc

ALA2003 OAI
04. 10. 2007
0 views

ALA2003 OAI

fwing
22. 10. 2007
0 views

fwing

acute 060727 transfusionmed
23. 10. 2007
0 views

acute 060727 transfusionmed

bckexpk3b
09. 07. 2007
0 views

bckexpk3b

anorexia
09. 07. 2007
0 views

anorexia

070207 Adjektiv
09. 07. 2007
0 views

070207 Adjektiv

A Brachmann
09. 10. 2007
0 views

A Brachmann

mueller jun07
19. 10. 2007
0 views

mueller jun07

Late Classic Maya Collapse
16. 02. 2008
0 views

Late Classic Maya Collapse

ISLAS GALAPAGOS
14. 09. 2007
0 views

ISLAS GALAPAGOS

Heatingoilwebsection ppp
24. 02. 2008
0 views

Heatingoilwebsection ppp

PIndustrialTrucks
26. 02. 2008
0 views

PIndustrialTrucks

ethanap
14. 09. 2007
0 views

ethanap

Propulsion CEV
07. 11. 2007
0 views

Propulsion CEV

MichelleWatt
20. 02. 2008
0 views

MichelleWatt

newsletterfall04
11. 03. 2008
0 views

newsletterfall04

EC T9 2008 Conference Proposal
12. 03. 2008
0 views

EC T9 2008 Conference Proposal

drugstatistics
17. 12. 2007
0 views

drugstatistics

icfa chep06
23. 10. 2007
0 views

icfa chep06

Hubert CW8
14. 09. 2007
0 views

Hubert CW8

A mi Papi 2089
19. 06. 2007
0 views

A mi Papi 2089

An ode to Mothers
19. 06. 2007
0 views

An ode to Mothers

LoffPresentation
17. 10. 2007
0 views

LoffPresentation

Maschera
19. 06. 2007
0 views

Maschera

manual
19. 06. 2007
0 views

manual

Luces De Navidad 1848
19. 06. 2007
0 views

Luces De Navidad 1848

leer
19. 06. 2007
0 views

leer

Lean Six SigmaATL011706
19. 06. 2007
0 views

Lean Six SigmaATL011706

lexisnexis
05. 10. 2007
0 views

lexisnexis

OAT Presentation v5
19. 06. 2007
0 views

OAT Presentation v5

moscatelli
19. 06. 2007
0 views

moscatelli

moon split
19. 06. 2007
0 views

moon split

money plus
19. 06. 2007
0 views

money plus

MKCL
19. 06. 2007
0 views

MKCL

Journey of the Spirit Lesson 6
01. 10. 2007
0 views

Journey of the Spirit Lesson 6

2 Jornada BISHOP
10. 10. 2007
0 views

2 Jornada BISHOP

No esperes
19. 06. 2007
0 views

No esperes

Amores locos 1992
19. 06. 2007
0 views

Amores locos 1992

College English book 2 Unit 7
24. 02. 2008
0 views

College English book 2 Unit 7

A vista de pajaro II 2109
19. 06. 2007
0 views

A vista de pajaro II 2109

Ammosov Vladimir ammosov pra
12. 10. 2007
0 views

Ammosov Vladimir ammosov pra

Amber la mejor de todas
19. 06. 2007
0 views

Amber la mejor de todas

CP317 lecture 6 Huck II 05
11. 12. 2007
0 views

CP317 lecture 6 Huck II 05

AHQA031204Mck
09. 07. 2007
0 views

AHQA031204Mck

Evergreen
03. 01. 2008
0 views

Evergreen

04 NJIT3
02. 01. 2008
0 views

04 NJIT3

Poster A4 Glasgow nov04
04. 10. 2007
0 views

Poster A4 Glasgow nov04

Ally McBeal
09. 07. 2007
0 views

Ally McBeal

sara paige
14. 09. 2007
0 views

sara paige

36181003
24. 10. 2007
0 views

36181003

MusicApprecBaroque 2
22. 11. 2007
0 views

MusicApprecBaroque 2

ELE386 Malware
20. 08. 2007
0 views

ELE386 Malware

RohanShah
12. 10. 2007
0 views

RohanShah

1022MAS net big picture
03. 01. 2008
0 views

1022MAS net big picture

Lo Suficiente 1744
19. 06. 2007
0 views

Lo Suficiente 1744

gm3 jp item14 Mangrove ITTO
22. 10. 2007
0 views

gm3 jp item14 Mangrove ITTO

2005AuditResults
09. 07. 2007
0 views

2005AuditResults

HABIC1 summary
17. 11. 2007
0 views

HABIC1 summary

aro ald informalsession
24. 10. 2007
0 views

aro ald informalsession

etu ambassadeurs juin 07 en
13. 03. 2008
0 views

etu ambassadeurs juin 07 en

Gobert poster
03. 10. 2007
0 views

Gobert poster

Kistenev
15. 11. 2007
0 views

Kistenev

6 History of Chemistry I
12. 10. 2007
0 views

6 History of Chemistry I

Jan2000report
04. 01. 2008
0 views

Jan2000report

course 4
03. 01. 2008
0 views

course 4