Published on August 4, 2014
Adoption: The Impact at Home and at School: Adoption: The Impact at Home and at School Chelsea Smith SPED 610-700 Summer II Adoption: Adoption The social, emotional, and legal process in which children who will not be raised by their birth parents become full and permanent legal members of another family, while maintaining genetic and psychological connections to their birth family 2000 census reported that 2.5% of children were adopted, which is 2.1 million of the children in the United States Effects on the Adopted Child: Effects on the Adopted Child Diversity Age Later versus earlier adoption Stages of development and Erikson’s psychosocial tasks of development Infancy—Resolving the trust-versus-mistrust stage Preschool Years—Resolving autonomy versus shame and doubt and of initiative versus guilt Middle Childhood (Elementary School Years)—Resolving the issue of industry versus inferiority Adolescence—Resolving of identity versus role confusion Young Adult—Resolving intimacy versus isolation Emphasis on resiliency leads to more positive outcomes Effects on the Adoptive Parents: Effects on the Adoptive Parents Diversity Couples or singles, with or without their own children, a stepparent, a family member participating in a kinship adoption, closed or open adoption, an intercountry adoption and other forms of adoption Grief of “loss” or inability to have a biological child Needs: Support and recognition in their “realness” as their adopted child’s parent. Help from teachers in supporting their child’s acceptance of the adoption, even to the point of assisting when telling the child about their adoption. To be shown respect as part of the adoption triad Support network that will help with achieving adoption family stability Effects on the Birth Parents: Effects on the Birth Parents Diversity Unplanned pregnancies, loss of custody, death of both parents, and many others As a part of the adoption triad, they should also be treated and spoke of with respect Initial decision makers Child Adoption Agency Form of Adoption Difficult Grieving process Forms of Adoption: Forms of Adoption Kinship Adoptions Lambie , 2008—“being viewed as part of the solution to the large number of children in the foster care system” Closed Adoptions Siegel, 2012—“biological and adoptive parents…accept total secrecy, anonymity, and separation” Open Adoptions Siegel, 2012—birth parents have been given the opportunities to meet/choose their baby’s adoptive parents, based on a list for different agencies International ( Intercountry Adoptions) Trolley, Wallin & Hansen (1995)—“the culture of birth can be understood and appreciated…if there is a commitment in the adoptive family to a bicultural household.” Tribal adoption Effects on Teachers: Effects on Teachers A majority of adopted children will become a part of a classroom setting Adoption awareness allows teachers to “work more effectively with adoptive parents, but also help them support young children who are trying to understand, and adjust to, their adoptive status” (Stroud, Stroud, & Staley, 1997). Teachers model positive and supportive attitudes towards adoption for their students Normalization Minimize the stigma attached to adoption in the minds of other students How can teachers help?: How can teachers help? Working with Adoptive Parents Stroud, Stroud & Staley (1997) Respect feelings of entitlement Understand the legacy of loss Know your role in the telling process Modify your language Familiarize yourself with adoption services and resources How can teachers help?: How can teachers help? Working with Adopted Children Stroud, Stroud & Staley (1997) Select curriculum activities and materials which represent diverse families Reconsider “adopt-a” projects Listen carefully to children’s questions Avoid bias toward adopted children Consider bibliotherapy Mattix and Crawford (2011) The “Precious” child The Search for Identity The Pursuit of Adoption The Need to Establish a Sense of Belonging References: References Adoption. Children's Bureau, Administration for Children and Families, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services . Retrieved from https://www.childwelfare.gov/adoption/ Dann , R. (2011). Look out! "Looked after"! Look Here! Supporting "Looked after" and Adopted Children in the Primary Classroom. Education 3-13, 39(5), 455-465. Gajda , R. (2004). Responding to the Needs of the Adopted Child. Kappa Delta Pi Record , 40(4), 160-164. Lambie , R. (2008). Family systems within educational & community contexts understanding children who are at risk or have special needs. (3rd ed.). Denver: Love Publishing Company. Mattix , A. A., & Crawford, P. A. (2011). Connecting the Dots: Exploring Themes in Adoption Picturebooks . Early Childhood Education Journal , 39(5), 313-321. Meese, R. (1999). Teaching Adopted Students with Disabilities: What Teachers Need To Know. Intervention In School And Clinic , 34(4), 232-35. Siegel, D. H. (2013). Open Adoption: Adoptive Parents' Reactions Two Decades Later. Social Work , 58(1), 43-52. Stroud, J. E., Stroud, J. C., & Staley, L. M. (1997). Understanding and Supporting Adoptive Families. Early Childhood Education Journal , 24(4), 229-34. Trolley, B. C., Wallin , J. & Hansen, J. (1995). International Adoption: Issues of Acknowledgementof Adoption and Birth Culture. Child And Adolescent Social Work Journal , 12(6), 465-79.