Published on January 14, 2008
Chemical Hazards& Hazard Communication: Chemical Hazards & Hazard Communication Chemical Exposures: Chemical Exposures Chemicals Last 50 Years – Number of New Chemicals Have Increase Exponentially Chemicals Released Into the Environment Air Water Ground Exposure to People – Focus on Workplace Exposures Chemical Exposures – Routes of Entry : Chemical Exposures – Routes of Entry Inhalation - Lungs Breathe 20,000 – 25,000 Times Per Day At Rest – Inhale 10,000 to 14,000 Liters of Air Per Day Absorption – Skin Ingestion – Digestive Tract Injection – Typically Through Sharps Types of Chemical Exposures: Types of Chemical Exposures Acute – Short Term Chronic – Over a Long Period of Time Chemical Exposures May or May Not Result in Adverse Impact, Depending on the Amount of the Exposure (i.e., the Dose) "Dosis facit venenum" - The Dose Makes the Poison: "Dosis facit venenum" - The Dose Makes the Poison All substances are poisons; there is none which is not a poison. The right dose differentiates a poison…." Paracelsus (1493-1541) 10 Grams Caffeine – Usually Fatal 150 mg – Stimulate Entire Spinal Cord 65 to 350 mg in 8 oz. of Coffee 55 mg in 12 oz Can of Mountain Dew® 45 mg in 12 oz Can of Coke® or Diet Coke® UCOP Potential Chemical Exposures: UCOP Potential Chemical Exposures Primarily Office Environment Chemical Exposure Issues Indoor Air Quality Issues Building Ventilation Building Remodeling Office Supplies Printers/Copying Machines New Furniture Cleaning Supplies Personal Items Indoor Air Quality Issues: Indoor Air Quality Issues Building Ventilation Each Morning – Ventilation Turned Up Prior to Arrival of Employees Building Remodeling - Facilities Administration Relocation & Furniture Manager (7-9293) Coordinates Projects with Department Schedule Project During Off Hours/Weekends Temporarily Relocate Employees Office Supplies: Office Supplies Marking Pens, White Board Cleaners, and Liquid Paper Can Contain: Ethyl Alcohol; and/or Isopropyl Alcohol; and/or N-Butyl Acetate; Small Quantities Acute Health Effects Eye Irritation Headaches Respiratory Tract Irritation Printers and Copiers: Printers and Copiers Ink Cartridges & Toner Cartridges Copiers & Printers – May Emit Ozone Ozone – Eye & Respiratory Irritation Do Not Place in Room with Poor Ventilation Do Not Point Printer Exhaust at Individuals Hewlett Packard Study on Printers Ozone Levels: <0.001 ppm to 0.016 ppm Cal/OSHA Permissible Exposure Limit: 0.2 ppm New Furniture: New Furniture UCOP Furniture Vendor – Steelcase Products “Green Guard” Certified Low Chemical & Particulate Emissions for Furniture Meet Indoor Air Quality Standards within 5 Days of Unpacking Cleaning Supplies: Cleaning Supplies UCOP Owned Building Require the Use of “Green Seal Certified” Cleaning Materials – Undiluted Cleaner: Non-Toxic Not a Skin Sensitizer Does Not Contain Substances Which Contribute to Poor Indoor Air Quality Cleaning Supplies Meet Green Seal Standard #37 www.greenseal.org Personal Items: Personal Items Fragrances, Perfumes After Shave Lotion Nail Polish Remover Acetone Be Aware of Your Co-Workers Cal/OSHA “Right to Know” – Hazard Communication Regulation: Cal/OSHA “Right to Know” – Hazard Communication Regulation Workers Right to Know - Hazards of Chemicals Which They Are Exposed To 1977–Chemical Plant in Lathrop, Calif. Workers Exposed to a Pesticide, 1,2-Dibromo-3-Chloropropane (DBCP) Reproductive Hazard Research Literature was Published Right To Know – Hazard Communication Regulation: Right To Know – Hazard Communication Regulation Cal/OSHA Hazard Communication Regulation Promulgated in 1981 List of Hazardous Substances Required Manufacturers to: Develop a Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS) for Each Hazardous Substance They Manufacture Provide Employers with Access to MSDSs Major Requirements in Hazard Communication Regulation: Major Requirements in Hazard Communication Regulation MSDS Available for Hazardous Substances in the Workplace Exemption for Consumer Products If Exposures Not Greater Than the Consumer Exposure During Use Hazardous Materials Labeled Employees Trained in the Hazards Written Hazard Communication Program UCOP Hazard Communication Program: UCOP Hazard Communication Program Use of Office Supplies – Not Significantly Greater Than Consumer Use Training MSDS for Office Supplies Available at: http://www.ucop.edu/riskmgt/ehs/msds.html Questions/Concerns – Contact UCOP Safety Officer, Larry Wong, CIH at 510-987-9772 or [email protected] Home Use Products: Home Use Products National Institute for Health (NIH) Home Products Data Base Commonly Used Household Products Ingredients Health Effects Safety and Handling http://householdproducts.nlm.nih.gov/products.htm Questions?: Questions?