Cherry Mine Disaster Presentation

Information about Cherry Mine Disaster Presentation

Published on July 16, 2014

Author: robertjhaley3



Trapped The 1909 Cherry Mine Disaster: Book by Karen Tintori Presentation by Robert Haley PAD 5398– EM Planning and Policy Trapped The 1909 Cherry Mine Disaster Background on the Book and Author: Background on the Book and Author Trapped by Karen Tintori is the telling of the horrific events that occurred in the tiny town of Cherry, Illinois The author used many different sources to create her work. The author utilized diaries, letters, and written accounts of survivors and testimony from the coroner’s inquest to paint a picture of men fighting for their lives deep beneath the earth. Tintori is also the granddaughter of one of the mine survivors. The story is told from two perspectives: those trapped below, and those waiting above. Start of the Fire: Start of the Fire On November 13, 1909 a fire starter in the Cherry Coal Mine Each day fresh hay was dropped into the mines to feed the mules On this fateful day, the typically fireproof hay caught fire due to a mixture of fresh air, kerosene accelerants for lamps, and an open flame that had caught on the hay. Fire outbreak : Fire outbreak The mine was divided into three levels—the men sent the fire to the third level Timbers supporting the roof had started to catch fire The mines giant Clifford- Capell fan used to feed oxygen to the lower levels was turned off to try and stop the fire from spreading more. Fleeing the fire: Fleeing the fire Men started to flee, noticing that the fire was too large and not a normal hay fire. One indication of this was the chocking smoke that began to surround the men working. The problem was, as the men tried to flee up, they found the majority of the second vein/level of the mine was a giant inferno and wall of smoke blocking their exits. There are two causes for why so many became trapped in the mines 1) The fan was turned off at one point, allowing smoke to flood through the mines 2) the fan was turned on in reverse, further pulling the fire and smoke into places of the mine that men were hiding and able to find fresh air. Survivors from within the third level: Survivors from within the third level 20 men stuck in the mines for eight days Walled themselves in because of black damp—a bi-product of mining that kills quickly. These men ate their shoes, belts, and clothes to fight starvation. They dug holes and drank the putrid water that came up from the earth. They made one final escape attempt, tearing down their protective wall. These men were discovered by fire-fighters who had finally put out the fire for the time being. Extremely weak and on the verge of death, all but one survived. Tragedy of the mine: Tragedy of the mine Many of the men fought hard to help in whatever way they could to rescue friends, family, and fellow miners. One group of rescue workers were roasted alive on a mine cage because of a miscommunication as to raise or lower the cage. Many men who didn’t die from smoke, fire, or black death were boiled alive when the fire department poured thousands of gallons of water into the mines hoping to put out the fire. One group of men were killed by a gun, farmers reported hearing gun shots from below ground, and it turned out that a small group were all found in a circle with a bullet in each of their heads. More than 200 widows were made that day, 1300 children lost a parent, and more than 30 children were born in the following weeks of the disaster. Controversies: Controversies The initial response of the mine company was good, “save the men, damn the mine” However, many of the witnesses seemed “coached” or “rehearsed” before giving testimonies in favor of the mine bosses. Some of the men were whisked away from down in the dead of night, never to be seen again. Negligence in safety protocols. Electric wiring; no escape route EM/Mining Policy reform post-disaster: EM/Mining Policy reform post-disaster The new regulations required better firefighting equipment in the mines, and key workers, such as hoist operators, were required to be state-certified for their positions. The General Assembly also appropriated funds for more mine rescue stations, and in 1911 it passed a liability act that became the basis for the Illinois Workmen's Compensation Act . The U.S. Bureau of Mines was established to help improve government oversight Resources: Resources jpg.html disaster.html MAGCVR.asp workers 68 0a7fdaac7b5b.html Free

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