chintoda

Information about chintoda

Published on May 7, 2008

Author: Pasquale

Source: authorstream.com

Content

Current Political Economy Regime in China’s Mainland:  Current Political Economy Regime in China’s Mainland Combination of liberalization and authoritarianism Political economy regime:  Political economy regime Combination of economic liberalization and political authoritarianism regime of political economy public policy profile market-oriented reforms and political grip political and economic institutions strong reformist state retreats from economy socioeconomic coalition base co-optation of newly-emerged social sectors “Reforms & opening up”:  “Reforms & opening up” Deng Xiaoping’s reforms since 1978 economic liberalization break the monopoly of state sector “socialist market economy” political authoritarianism the “four basic principles” last one is the key: “leadership of the CCP” allow no organized opposition to the party Deng’s handpicked successors:  Deng’s handpicked successors First two were selected as economic reformers were purged for political liberalization Hu Yaobang CCP General Secretary from 1978-87 Zhao Ziyang CCP General Secretary from 1987-89 Deng’s handpicked successors:  Deng’s handpicked successors Last two were selected as technocrats politically “reliable” economic reformers Jiang Zemin CCP General Secretary from 1989 Hu Jintao CCP General Secretary since 2002 From Jiang Zemin to Hu Jintao:  From Jiang Zemin to Hu Jintao CCP General Secretary (2002) 16th National Party Congress Hu Jintao replaced Jiang Zemin PRC State President (2003) 10th National People’s Congress Hu Jintao replace Jiang Zemin the first peaceful and orderly leadership succession in PRC history Crack down political dissidents:  Crack down political dissidents CCP has allowed no organized opposition to the Party leadership Three waves of pro-democracy movements late 1970s: “democracy wall” movement late 1980s: Tian’anmen Square protests late 1990s: China Democracy Party each followed immediately by suppression Broader programs of reform:  Broader programs of reform Separate Party from government halted after 1989 Tian’anmen Separate state from economy market mechanism and de facto privatization Separate government from enterprises reinforced after 2001 WTO introduce competition and deregulate industries increase role for law limit corruption Price adjusted by market:  Price adjusted by market Economic liberalization accelerated since 1990s in 2001, prices of another 107 kinds of commodities and service were deregulated State management of economy:  State management of economy break down bureaucratic interests that have fostered economic paternalism 1998: industrial ministries were reorganized as bureaus 2000: industrial bureaus were eliminated 2003: State Development Planning Commission was reorganized as the State Development and Reforms Commission State management of economy:  State management of economy Further restructuring of state institutions 2003: State Economic and Trade Commission was eliminated 2003: the Ministry of Foreign Trade and Economic Cooperation and the Ministry of Internal Trade were merged into the new Ministry of Commerce foster professionalism within government Competition and deregulation:  Competition and deregulation Introduction of competition into formerly monopolized industries telecommunications industry electric power industry railway industry airline industry break down bureaucratic interests that have fostered economic paternalism State retreats from economy:  State retreats from economy State sector continues to shrink downsized, privatized, or go bankrupt non-state sector continues to grow Potential challenges:  Potential challenges Potential challenges to the current regime of political economy globalization demographic changes political instability China Joined WTO in 2001:  China Joined WTO in 2001 Culmination of 15 years of the PRC government’s efforts Impact of WTO:  Impact of WTO Expansion of trade & foreign investment trade volume $0.6 trillion for 2002 22% increase from 2001 direct investment US$55 billion for 2002 13% increase from 2001 Economists estimate WTO membership will add 1.5% to China’s annual growth rate after 5 years Impact on WTO:  Impact on WTO weed out inefficient SOEs erode local protectionism curtail industrial monopolies urban-rural divide regional differences unemployment social unrest International Covenants:  International Covenants In October 1997, PRC government signed the International Covenant on Economic Social and Cultural Rights In October 1998, PRC government signed the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights

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