CIMMYT 02

Information about CIMMYT 02

Published on October 4, 2007

Author: Elodie

Source: authorstream.com

Content

Recently, the top investors in CIMMYT have included::  R Recently, the top investors in CIMMYT have included: A Worldwide Research Program:  CIMMYT relies on more than 100 scientific staff from 40 nations and more than 600 support staff CIMMYT headquarters are in Mexico, and outreach staff are based in 17 countries In our research, we collaborate with as many as 100 nations A A Worldwide Research Program CIMMYT Headquarters, Mexico City.:  CIMMYT Guatemala City, Guatemala San José Costa Rica Cali, Colombia Santa Cruz, Bolivia Montevideo, Uruguay Harare, Zimbabwe Nairobi/Njoro, Kenya Addis Ababa, Ethiopia Ankara, Turkey Aleppo, Syria Kathmandu, Nepal Dhaka, Bangladesh Beijing, China Los Baños, Philippines Almaty, Kazakhstan New Delhi, India CIMMYT Headquarters, Mexico City. Importance of Regional Research Programs:  I Importance of Regional Research Programs Our scientists in regional programs provide a key link to our national program partners, conducting joint research, facilitating the exchange of improved genetic materials and research results, and ensuring that our products meet the needs of those we strive to help Slide5:  C Cd. Obregón 39 m Agua Fría 60 m El Batán* 2249 m Tlaltizapán 940 m Mexico City Toluca 2640 m CIMMYT Research Stations in Mexico Impacts of Our Work:  I Impacts of Our Work “By 1982, Borlaug’s wheats and their direct descendants had spread across 125 million acres of farmland…. A single gene from a seemingly unimportant variety of wheat has saved 100 million lives.” Paul Raeburn, “The Last Harvest” CIMMYT Maize and Wheat: Grown Worldwide:  C CIMMYT Maize and Wheat: Grown Worldwide CIMMYT-related wheat varieties are planted on more than three-fourths of the area planted to modern wheat varieties in low-income countries CIMMYT-related maize varieties cover nearly half of the area planted to modern maize varieties in non-temperate environments of developing countries Additional Grain, Worth Billions, for Poor Farmers and Consumers:  A Additional Grain, Worth Billions, for Poor Farmers and Consumers Wheat breeding: Estimates of the value of the additional grain production attributable to wheat breeding by CIMMYT and its partners range from US$ 2 billion to US$ 4 billion per year Maize breeding: The economic value of the additional grain production attributable to maize breeding by CIMMYT and its partners is likely to exceed US$ 2 billion per year More Food, Better Nutrition for Poor People:  M More Food, Better Nutrition for Poor People Malnutrition in developing countries declined from 46.5% in 1970 to 31% in 1995, partly because more food was available to more people Food has become more affordable for consumers: between 1982 and 1995, real world wheat prices fell by 28%, and world maize prices dropped by 43% Source: Smith and Haddad (2000), Pinstrup-Andersen, Pandya-Lorch, and Rosegrant (1999). Some Environmental Benefits:  S Some Environmental Benefits If the developing world had attempted to meet its food requirements in 1995 without the improved varieties of food crops developed since the Green Revolution, an additional 426 million hectares of cropped area would be needed (a five-fold increase over cropped area in 1965) This land savings helped to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 35% “Without the Green Revolution…the atmospheric concentration of greenhouse gases would be significantly higher than they are at present and the actual onset of climate change may have hastened.” Source: Grace et al. (2000). Research Tools and Knowledge:  Bad soil scenario Good soil scenario Runoff Yield Runoff CIMMYT information products and research networks improve the efficiency of researchers in more than 100 countries Information products include user-friendly geographic information systems (GIS), laboratory protocols, field guides for diseases and pests, guides to breeding methods and seed production, research manuals on economic analysis, and manuals for disease screening and control Our researchers have made numerous original contributions to the advancement of agricultural science, ranging from developing practical research techniques to clarifying the genetic basis of disease resistance in maize and wheat R Research Tools and Knowledge Simulation layer Crop models Yield Genetic Resources for Research:  G Genetic Resources for Research Between 1987 and 1998, CIMMYT delivered nearly 40,000 shipments of wheat seed and more than 20,000 shipments of maize seed to researchers in developing and developed countries The vast majority of these shipments went to public research programs in developing countries These shipments, which included improved materials developed by CIMMYT breeders and accessions from our germplasm banks, represented a valuable source of genetic resources for research organizations Human Resource Development:  H Human Resource Development More than 9,000 researchers from around the world have benefited from CIMMYT's training efforts More than 600 persons have completed MS or PhD degrees with CIMMYT support CIMMYT alumni lead major breeding programs, public and private, throughout the world New courses in new areas of interest, such as marker-assisted breeding, are continually being developed Genetic Resources: Research and Other Activities:  Preserving and distributing maize and wheat seed collections: CIMMYT’s Wellhausen-Anderson Plant Genetic Resources Center (funded in part by the Japanese Government) Using wild relatives and landraces of maize and wheat in breeding programs to confer important traits (disease resistance, stress tolerance) Developing better information systems so that research partners can identify potentially useful germplasm Conserving and characterizing diversity in situ. Developing measures of diversity at the farm level and studying farm families’ management of genetic resources G Genetic Resources: Research and Other Activities Organization:  CIMMYT has 5 major research programs: maize, wheat, economics, natural resources, and biotechnology. All work toward our common mission. The efforts of these programs are complemented by the work of various research support units. O Organization CIMMYT Governance:  C CIMMYT Governance Board of Trustees: Includes representatives from national agricultural research programs, the Government of Mexico (CIMMYT’s host country), universities and other advanced research institutes, and philanthropic and non-governmental organizations Research Coordinating Committee: Deals with the content and conduct of CIMMYT’s research programs Management Advisory Committee: Deals with administrative policies and budgeting CIMMYT Research Projects:  C CIMMYT Research Projects CIMMYT’s research is organized into 21 multidisciplinary projects, including global, regional, and frontier projects Global and regional projects encompass research that is best conducted from either a worldwide or specifically regional perspective, though the interaction between the two kinds of projects is considerable Frontier projects often involve more novel research approaches or more specialized research objectives than global or regional projects; all frontier projects are designed to produce results with specific regional and/or global applications

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